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System No. U0002-1508201911002700
Title (in Chinese) 史特靈製冷機再生器之研製
Title (in English) Development of Stirling Cooler Regenerator
Other Title
Institution 淡江大學
Department (in Chinese) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
Department (in English) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
Other Division
Other Division Name
Other Department/Institution
Academic Year 107
Semester 2
PublicationYear 108
Author's name (in Chinese) 張濬麟
Author's name(in English) Chun-Lin Chang
Student ID 606350113
Degree 碩士
Language Traditional Chinese
Other Language
Date of Oral Defense 2019-07-15
Pagination 101page
Committee Member advisor - Shuan-Wen Kang
co-chair - Meng-Chang Tsai
co-chair - Yu-tang Chen
Keyword (inChinese) 史特靈製冷機再生器研究
再生器摩擦係數f
摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數Remax之關係式
Keyword (in English) Development of Stirling Cooler Regenerator
Regenerator Friction Factor f
Friction Factor f and Maximum Reynolds number’s Correlation equation
Other Keywords
Subject
Abstract (in Chinese)
本實驗模型,藉由參考多篇文獻而設計出史特靈製冷機再生器量測機,可用來量測再生器在震盪流下流體力學相關特性,再生器為孔質材料具有能將熱量儲存的能力,在波紋管壓縮膨脹過程中工作流體通過再生器將能量儲存於其中,可在下次循環釋放熱量來預熱工作流體。
實驗條件為填充壓力6 bar,實驗時間為150 seconds,實驗主要以直徑5 mm、長45 mm、200目、300目及400目三支再生器為主,200目再生器有2組實驗數據,300目再生器有1組實驗數據,400目再生器有3組實驗數據支持,總共實驗數據有6組,每組實驗由25轉至700轉共28個實驗數據,找出其最大壓力梯度與轉速之關係圖、質量流率與最大雷諾數Re_max關係圖及最大雷諾數Re_max與摩擦係數f之關係式Correlation均詳列於實驗結果中。
Abstract (in English)
In this experimental model, the Stirling Cooler Regenerator Measuring Machine is designed by several references , which can be used to measure the Fluid Mechanics characteristics of the regenerator under oscillating flow. The regenerator is a porous material ,with heat storage capability. During the compression process and expansion process of the bellows, the working fluid stores energy in the regenerator, which can release heat in the next cycle to preheat the working fluid.
    The experimental conditions are at filling pressure of 6 bar and each experimental time is 150 seconds. The experiment mainly consists of three regenerators of diameter 5 mm, length 45 mm, 200 mesh, 300 mesh and 400 mesh. Regenerator Mesh Number 200 has 2 sets of experimental data. There are 1 sets of experimental data for the Regenerator Mesh Number 300, and 3 sets of experimental data for Regenerator Mesh Number 400. Totally have 6 sets experiment data . Each experiment set consists of 28 experimental data from 25 RPM to 700 RPM and the relationship between maximum pressure gradient and rotational speed and the maximum Reynolds number Re_max are found. Mass flow rate & maximum Reynolds number Re_max  figures can be found. Correlation of friction coefficient f and maximum Reynolds number Re_max have shown in the result experiment data.
Other Abstract
Table of Content (with Page Number)
致謝	I
中文摘要	III
英文摘要	IV
目錄	VI
表目錄	VIII
圖目錄	IX
符號索引	XIV
第一章 緒論	1
1.1	前言	1
1.2	研究背景	3
1.3	史特靈製冷機介紹	5
1.4	史特靈製冷機工作原理	6
1.5	參考文獻	7
1.6	論文架構	10
第二章 再生器實驗理論	11
2.1	理論架構	11
2.2	初始條件	12
2.3	再生器摩擦係數f之理論	12
第三章 設計與實驗	18
3.1	實驗架構	18
3.2	設計概念	19
3.3	設備與量測	24
3.4	實驗機器組裝	29
3.5	實驗步驟	33
第四章 實驗結果與討論	34
4.1	洩漏測試實驗結果	34
4.2	最大壓力梯度∆Pmax與轉速ω之實驗結果	35
4.3	轉速ω與雷諾數Remax之關係	36
4.4	再生器網目數與最大雷諾數Remax之關係	36
4.5	摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數Remax之關係	37
第五章 總結與未來建議	38
5.1	總結	38
5.2	未來建議	40
參考文獻	41
圖表	45

表目錄
表1.1小型製冷機比較	45
表1.2 測試之再生器材質	45
表1.3不鏽鋼網目性質	46
表1.4 不鏽鋼網目之性質	46
表1.5 金屬網目之物理特性	46
表1.6 不鏽鋼網目之物理特性	47
表2.1本實驗之再生器參數	47
表2.2本實驗之相關參數	47
表3.1本實驗之curve fitting程式碼	48
表4.1_400 mesh再生器實驗參數	49
表4.2_200mesh #1 correlation data	50
表4.3_200mesh #2 correlation data	51
表4.4_200 mesh再生器實驗參數	52
表4.5_400mesh #3 correlation data	53
表4.6_400mesh #4 correlation data	54
表4.7_400mesh #5 correlation data	55
表4.8_300 mesh再生器實驗參數	56
表4.9_300mesh #6 correlation data	57
表4.10_最大壓力梯度與轉速比較表	58
表4.11_最大雷諾數與轉速比較表	59

圖目錄
圖1.1  理想史特靈冷凍循環之P-V圖	60
圖1.2 史特靈製冷機工作圖	60
圖1.3  Tanaka等人設計震盪流實驗設備	61
圖1.4  Zhao等人設計震盪流實驗設備	61
圖1.5  Leong等人設計震盪流實驗設備	62
圖1.6 Sungryel Choi等人設計之震盪流實驗設備	62
圖1.7  Xiao等人設計震盪流實驗設備	62
圖2.1 膨脹室體積V對時間變化圖	63
圖2.2 壓力梯度與轉速之關係圖[8]	63
圖2.3 摩擦係數f與雷諾數之相關曲線(Correlation equation)	64
圖3.1 史特靈製冷機再生器量測機	65
圖3.2 史特靈製冷機再生器量測機系統分配圖	66
圖3.3 再生器管路包覆絕熱材料	66
圖3.4 再生器溫度範圍選擇圖	67
圖3.5 史特靈製冷機再生器量測機前視圖	67
圖3.6 史特靈製冷機再生器量測機等角視圖	68
圖3.7 300目再生器實際圖	68
圖3.8 焊接波紋管	69
圖3.9 焊接波紋管尺寸圖	69
圖3.10法蘭溝槽+ Oring密封	70
圖3.11  swagelok鎖固	70
圖3.12 全周焊接	71
圖3.13 曲軸連結平衡艙室密封系統	71
圖3.14 氦氣鋼瓶	72
圖3.15 實驗架構簡圖	72
圖3.16 實際馬達圖	73
圖3.17 線性滑軌及曲柄軸作動圖	73
圖3.18 不同連軸器	74
圖3.19 壓力傳感器	74
圖3.20 壓力傳感器尺寸圖	75
圖3.21 Al4與Al5壓力傳感器	75
圖3.22  K型熱電偶	76
圖3.23 再生器固定塊與Tir、Tor熱電偶	76
圖3.24  真空泵浦圖	77
圖3.25 資料擷取器	77
圖3.26  馬達轉速計	78
圖3.27  再生器固定塊	78
圖3.28  改良再生器固定塊	79
圖3.29  肥皂測漏圖	79
圖3.30 真空泵浦壓力表	80
圖3.31 氦氣測漏儀	80
圖3.32 氦氣測漏儀探針	81
圖3.33 氦氣測漏儀錶板無洩漏情況顯示	81
圖3.34  氦氣測漏儀有洩漏產生情況顯示	82
圖3.35 刀模	82
圖3.36 裁切完之再生器薄片	83
圖3.37 再生器填塞器	83
圖4.1_初期保壓測試圖	84
圖4.2_最終保壓圖	84
圖4.3_25RPM原始壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.4_25RPM最大壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.5_50RPM原始壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.6_50RPM最大壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.7_75RPM原始壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.8_75RPM最大壓力梯度圖	85
圖4.9_100RPM原始壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.10_100RPM最大壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.11_125RPM原始壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.12_125RPM最大壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.13_150RPM原始壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.14_150RPM最大壓力梯度圖	86
圖4.15_175RPM原始壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.16_175RPM最大壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.17_200RPM原始壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.18_200RPM最大壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.19_225RPM原始壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.20_225RPM最大壓力梯度圖	87
圖4.21_250RPM原始壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.22_250RPM最大壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.23_275RPM原始壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.24_275RPM最大壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.25_300RPM原始壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.26_300RPM最大壓力梯度圖	88
圖4.27_325RPM原始壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.28_325RPM最大壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.29_350RPM原始壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.30_350RPM最大壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.31_375RPM原始壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.32_375RPM最大壓力梯度圖	89
圖4.33_400RPM原始壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.34_400RPM最大壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.35_425RPM原始壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.36_425RPM最大壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.37_450RPM原始壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.38_450RPM最大壓力梯度圖	90
圖4.39_475RPM原始壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.40_475RPM最大壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.41_500RPM原始壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.42_500RPM最大壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.43_525RPM原始壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.44_525RPM最大壓力梯度圖	91
圖4.45_550RPM原始壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.46_550RPM最大壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.47_575RPM原始壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.48_575RPM最大壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.49_600RPM原始壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.50_600RPM最大壓力梯度圖	92
圖4.51_625RPM原始壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.52_625RPM最大壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.53_650RPM原始壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.54_650RPM最大壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.55_675RPM原始壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.56_675RPM最大壓力梯度圖	93
圖4.57_700RPM原始壓力梯度圖	94
圖4.58_700RPM最大壓力梯度圖	94
圖4.59_200目#1轉速與雷諾數關係圖	94
圖4.60_200目#2轉速與雷諾數關係圖	95
圖4.61_400目#3轉速與雷諾數關係圖	95
圖4.62_400目#4轉速與雷諾數關係圖	96
圖4.63_400目#5轉速與雷諾數關係圖	96
圖4.64_300目#6轉速與雷諾數關係圖	97
圖4.65_轉速與雷諾數整體關係圖	97
圖4.66_200目#1摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	98
圖4.67_200目#2摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	98
圖4.68_400目#3摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	99
圖4.69_400目#4摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	99
圖4.70_400目#5摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	100
圖4.71_300目#6摩擦係數f與最大雷諾數關係圖	100
圖4.72_#1 ~ #6 最大壓力梯度與轉速關係圖	101
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