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System No. U0002-1307202110035700
Title (in Chinese) 中共「十九大」後反貪打腐政策之研究-以「一帶一路」反貪腐為例
Title (in English) The research of anti-corruption policy after 19th National congress of communist party of China-The case study in「the Belt and Road」 anti-corruption
Other Title
Institution 淡江大學
Department (in Chinese) 中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
Department (in English) Graduate Institute of China Studies
Other Division
Other Division Name
Other Department/Institution
Academic Year 109
Semester 2
PublicationYear 110
Author's name (in Chinese) 王漢鈞
Author's name(in English) Hann-Chun Wang
Student ID 708270144
Degree 碩士
Language Traditional Chinese
Other Language
Date of Oral Defense 2021-06-29
Pagination 130page
Committee Member advisor - 潘錫堂
co-advisor - 郭展禮
co-chair - 潘錫堂
co-chair - 黃介正
co-chair - 張世熒
Keyword (inChinese) 十九大
反貪打腐
國家監察委員會
廉潔絲綢之路北京倡議
Keyword (in English) 19th National congress of communist party of China
Anti-corruption
National Supervisory Committee
Beijing Initiative for Clean Silk Road
Other Keywords
Subject
Abstract (in Chinese)
習近平自2012年擔任中共總書記後,兩大為人所知的政策對內為「反貪打腐」,對外為「一帶一路」倡議;在歷經十八大期間雷厲風行的反貪腐行動後,許多高官落馬,看似頗具成效,為中國大陸官場帶來清廉的希望,但國際上對其反貪行動評價卻始終趨於保守,認為其以反貪打腐行動始終未擺脫政治清算的影子。
進入十九大(2017年)期間後,在習近平主張「從嚴治黨」及「依法治國」原則下,全國人大通過修改中華人民共和國憲法,於國家組織中增設國家監察委員會,監察權成為行政、立法、司法外的第四權,具憲法位階,並制定監察法,期讓反貪打腐相關措施能於法有據;國家監察委員會並與中共中央紀律委員會合署辦公,對於貪腐案件及涉貪人員達到全覆蓋,反貪打腐力道並未鬆懈;在究責對象上,延續十八大期間對周永康等江澤民派系成員的掃蕩,十九大期間針對江派成員盤據的政法體系反貪打腐現象仍然存在,惟從國際透明組織清廉印象指數評比視之,中國大陸評分並未因習近平反貪打腐而有顯著進步,反貪打腐究竟有無效果,或僅為習近平政治清算的手段,為本文研究重點。
另自一帶一路倡議推行以來,負面爭議事件不斷,其中不乏中國國有企業賄賂沿線國家政府官員的貪腐案件,為扭轉外界對於一帶一路負面印象,習近平於2019年邀集沿線國家簽署「廉潔絲綢之路北京倡議」期能將反貪打腐擴及至較少觸及的國有企業及其海外業務上,形成十九大後反貪打腐另一重點。
本文採歷史研究途徑,研究重點著重分析十九大後反貪打腐趨勢及一帶一路產生之相關貪腐案件,並輔以十八大期間反貪打腐事件作為脈絡,蒐集各類學者著作、期刊、學位論文、媒體報導及網路資源,依據文獻分析法進行客觀分析,最終提出研究發現及建議。
Abstract (in English)
After taking office of Chinese Communist Party's General Secretary in 2012, two well-known policies of Xi, Jing-Ping were “anti-corruption” to internal and the “the Belt and Road Initiative” to external.  After experiencing a far-reaching campaign against corruption during the period of 18th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, many high-ranking officers were removed from office.  Although it seems like very effective and giving the hope for integrity of officialdom in China, the international evaluation to his anti-corruption action is always conservative because they consider that the action could not get away the shadow of malfeasance.
During the period of 18th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, National Congress passed the amendment to Constitutional Law of the People’s Republic of China in principle of “full and strict governance” and “rule by law” proposed by Xi, Jing-Ping.  Accordingly, the National Supervisory Committee was established among the national organizations.  The supervision power has become the fourth power other than administration, legislation and justice, which is equal to the power of Constitutional Law.  Meanwhile, the Supervision Act is also established to allow the measures against corruption be lawful.  National Supervision Committee works unitedly with Central Commission for Discipline Inspection in order to crack down all corruption cases and persons who are involved with the corruption, the force against corruption is never relieved.  Aiming at subjects to be punished, the wiping out of Zhou, Yong-Kang such Jiang’s faction during 18th National Congress is continued.  The fight against corruption aiming at the political and legal system occupied by Jiang Ze-Min’s faction is still existed.  However, from the view of international corruption perception index rating, the score of China is not improved obviously due to Xi’s act of anti-corruption.  The study focuses on if the anti-corruption is effective or is the means of Xi, Jing-Ping for political malfeasance only.
On the other hand, from the introduction of the Belt and Road Initiative, the negative controversy continues.  Among them, many of them are corruption cases that state-owned enterprises in China bribe governmental officers along the road.  In order to turn the negative image of the Belt and Road, Xi, Jing-Ping invited countries along the route to sign “Beijing Initiative for Clean Silk Road” in 2019.  It is expected to expand the fight against corruption to less reached state-owned enterprises and overseas businesses, which has become another key of anti-corruption after 19th National Congress. 
The study adopts historical research focusing on the anti-corruption trend after 19th National Congress and corruption cases arising from the Belt and Road, supplemented by the collection of writings, journals, essays of various scholars, media reports and network resources centered on anti-corruption events during 18th National Congress period to make objective analysis using document analysis and finally propose the research findings and suggestions.
Other Abstract
Table of Content (with Page Number)
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的1
第二節 基本概念之界定4
第三節 研究途徑與研究方法	8
第四節 分析架構之建立	10
第五節 研究範圍與限制	12
第二章 習近平的反貪打腐作為	13
第一節 貪腐的概念與習近平反貪打腐的原因	13
第二節 習近平反貪打腐的成效	22
第三節 中國大陸歷年清廉印象指數分析	29
第四節 小節	33
第三章 「十九大」後中國大陸反貪打腐之分析	35
第一節 「十九大」後反貪打腐之趨勢	35
第二節 各界對於反貪打腐的反應與有關之因應	54
第三節 「十九大」後反貪打腐案例分析	63
第四節 小結	70
第四章 「一帶一路」倡議所產生之貪腐問題	75
第一節 「一帶一路」倡議概述	75
第二節 「一帶一路」貪腐案件分析	85
第三節 對於「一帶一路」貪腐案件之反貪作為	94
第四節 小結	103
第五章 結論	106
第一節 研究發現	106
第二節 研究建議	112
參考書目	115

表目錄
表1-聯合國反貪腐公約11大類犯罪列表	13
表2-十八大期間五大反貪打腐案件簡表	22
表3-兩岸三地華人圈清廉印象指數分數排名表	31
表4-十九大期間反貪打腐代表性案件簡表	63
表5-「一帶一路」省(區市)定位表	80
表6-「一帶一路」負面效應事件簡表	85
表7-「一帶一路」沿線國家清廉指數前後十名國家情況(2016年與2020年)	89

圖目錄
圖1-論文分析架構圖	10
圖2-現行(2019年5月6日迄今)中共中紀委國監委組織機構圖	50
圖3-中共中紀委2014年組織架構圖	51
圖4-一帶一路倡議概念圖	75
References
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