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中文論文名稱 影響民眾政治行為與態度之因素:社會資本理論途徑的分析
英文論文名稱 Factors Influencing Citizen’s Political Behavior and Attitude:An Analysis of Social Capital Theoretical Approach
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Public Administration
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 鄭宏郁
研究生英文姓名 Hong-Yu Zheng
電子信箱 hippo101735@yahoo.com.tw
學號 698640413
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-06-07
論文頁數 97頁
口試委員 指導教授-林聰吉
委員-李仲彬
委員-劉嘉薇
中文關鍵字 社會資本  社會網絡  社會信任  政治支持  政治參與 
英文關鍵字 Social Capital  Social Network  Social Trust  Political Support  Political Participation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 民眾的政治行為與態度一直以來都是政治科學最受矚目的議題之一,而本文嘗試以社會資本途徑來探討其對於此議題所造成的政治效果為何。本研究將使用次級資料分析法並利用「亞洲民主動態調查」之第三波問卷作為資料來源,嘗試回答以下的研究問題:(一)台灣當前社會資本高低狀況為何?(二)不同面向的人口特徵在政治支持與政治參與上所呈現的結果為何?(三)社會資本對於政治支持和政治參與的政治效果為何?
經分析後,得到下列研究結果。首先,台灣當前社會資本的累積頗為豐富,無論是社會網絡密度、網絡連結程度或是社會信任皆是如此。其次,在人口特徵所造成的政治效果上,性別、教育程度、政黨認同等社會屬性對於政治支持或政治參與則有著顯著的關聯性,尤其是政黨認同因素,無論在民眾的行為面或態度面均扮演相當重要的角色。最後,關於社會資本的政治後果,研究發現社會資本確實會影響民眾的政治支持和政治參與。
另外,除了研究結果,本文有以下的研究建議與限制:(一)藉由「縱斷面研究」可以更明確地了解到社會資本累積狀況,以彌補「橫切面研究」的缺陷;(二)受限於資料庫,並非所有學者理論皆能全數納入討論;(三)本文僅以量化研究進行分析,但未來若能再加上質化方式,則更能呈現出數字背後的意涵;(四)台灣社會資本累積狀況若要改善,政府則是相當重要的關鍵因素;(五)本文主要焦點於社會資本的正面評價,如果能再加上負面看法,則更能明確地了解到社會資本在政治上的效果為何。
英文摘要 People’s political behavior and attitude have been one of most popular topics in the political science. This research attempts to explore the political consequences of social capital. By using the Asian Barometer Survey data, this research answers three questions as follows: (1) What is the current status of social capital in Taiwan? (2) What are the effects of demographic difference on political support and political participation? (3) What is the political effect of social capital on political support and political participation?
The results show that: (1) The current accumulation of social capital is quite abundant in Taiwan. Social network density, social network connection and social trust are all well-developed in Taiwan society. (2) Citizen’s demographic characteristics, gender, education level, and party identification are significantly related with political support or political attitude. The Party identification particularly plays the most important role in both people’s political behavior and attitude. (3) Regarding the political consequences of social capital, this study reveals that social capital has effect on political support and political participation definitely.
There are some suggestions and limitations of the study: (1) We shall further understand the distribution of social capital by the longitudinal data analysis, which makes up for the defects in the cross-sectional study. (2) Because of restricts of using secondary data, some related theories can’t be test in this research. (3) We can understand the meaning of statistics deeply if using qualitative research and quantitative research at the same time. (4) Government is an important key to developing social capital (5) An evaluation focusing on negative effects of social capital is necessary for a fully understating of this issue.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論...... 1
第一節、研究背景與動機...... 1
第二節、研究目的與問題...... 3
第二章 文獻檢閱... 4
第一節、社會資本之涵義與理論. ..4
第二節、社會資本概念的測量...11
第三節、社會資本之政治後果...17
第四節、小結...... 23
第三章 研究方法... 24
第一節、測量方式與資料來源...24
第二節、研究架構...28
第四章 我國社會資本、政治態度和政治行為...29
第一節、樣本描述性分析...... 29
第二節、政治態度與社會資本的雙變數分析...42
第三節、政治行為與社會資本的雙變數分析...52
第五章 社會資本之政治效果... 61
第一節、社會資本與政治態度...61
第二節、社會資本與政治行為...68
第三節、小結...... 74
第六章 結論.......76
第一節、研究發現...76
第二節、研究限制與建議...... 79
附錄一 變項的測量與處理方式...81
參考文獻...88

圖目錄
圖 3-1、社會資本與其政治後果關係圖.............................28

表目錄
表 2-1、社會資本的定義 ......................................10
表 3-1、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:性別(加權前)..................25
表 3-2、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:年齡(加權前)..................26
表 3-3、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:教育程度(加權前)..............26
表 3-4、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:性別(加權後)..................27
表 3-5、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:年齡(加權後)..................27
表 3-6、訪問成功樣本之代表性檢定:教育程度(加權後).............27
表 4-1、網絡密度概況(對人) ..................................30
表 4-2、網絡密度概況(對組織) .................................30
表 4-3、網絡連結性概況(對外) .................................32
表 4-4、網絡連結性概況(對內) .....................................32
表 4-5、社會信任概況.............................................33
表 4-6、政治社群支持概況(國家認同感之一) .......................35
表 4-7、政治社群支持概況(國家認同感之二) ......................35
表 4-8、民主政體支持概況.....................................36
表 4-9、權威機關支持概況.....................................38
表 4-10、投票概況...........................................39
表 4-11、競選活動概況........................................40
表 4-12、意見表達和陳情概況...................................41
表 4-13、對人的網絡密度與政治社群支持度之單因子變異數分析........43
表 4-14、對人的網絡密度與民主政體支持度之卡方分析表..............44
表 4-15、對人的網絡密度與權威機構支持度之單因子變異數分析........45
表 4-16、對組織的網絡密度與政治社群支持度之相關分析...............46
表 4-17、對組織的網絡密度與民主政體支持度之相關分析...............47
表 4-18、對組織的網絡密度與權威機構支持度之相關分析...............47
表 4-19、網絡連結程度與政治社群支持度之相關分析..................48
表 4-20、網絡連結程度與民主政體支持度之相關分析..................48
表 4-21、網絡連結程度與權威機構支持度之相關分析..................49
表 4-22、社會信任與政治社群支持度之單因子變異數分析..............49
表 4-23、社會信任與民主政體支持度之卡方分析表....................50
表 4-24、社會信任與權威機構支持度之單因子變異數分析..............51
表 4-25、對人的網絡密度與投票參與程度之卡方分析表................53
表 4-26、對人的網絡密度與參與競選活動之單因子變異數分析..........54
表 4-27、對人的網絡密度與意見表達和陳情之單因子變異數分析........54
表 4-28、對組織的網絡密度與投票參與程度之相關分析................55
表 4-29、對組織的網絡密度與參與競選活動之相關分析................56
表 4-30、對組織的網絡密度與意見表達和陳情之相關分析..............56
表 4-31、網絡連結程度與投票參與程度之相關分析....................57
表 4-32、網絡連結程度與參與競選活動之相關分析....................57
表 4-33、網絡連結程度與意見表達和陳情之相關分析.................. 58
表 4-34、社會信任與投票參與程度之卡方分析表......................58
表 4-35、社會信任與參與競選活動程度之單因子變異數分析............59
表 4-36、社會信任與意見表達和陳情之單因子變異數分析..............60
表 5-1、政治社群支持度之線性迴歸模型...........................62
表 5-2、民主政體支持度之二元Logistic迴歸模型....................64
表 5-3、權威機構支持度之線性迴歸模型............................66
表 5-4、投票行為之線性迴歸模型................................69
表 5-5、競選活動參與行為之二元Logistic迴歸模型..................71
表 5-6、意見表達和陳情行為之二元Logistic迴歸模型................72
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