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中文論文名稱 非預期變數對新產品開發之影響
英文論文名稱 The Influence of Contingency Factors on New Product Development
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Executive Master's Program of Business Administration in Management Sciences
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 魏慶芳
研究生英文姓名 Ching-Fang Wei
電子信箱 anny@digit-view.com
學號 790590359
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2005-06-01
論文頁數 86頁
口試委員 指導教授-李培齊
委員-鄭仁偉
委員-時序時
中文關鍵字 新產品開發  新產品管理  產品創新管理  專案管理  研發管理  行銷管理 
英文關鍵字 New Product Development  New Product Management  Project Management  Product Innovation Management  Marketing Management  R & D Management 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 在競爭激烈的環境,消費者對市場的偏好變化多端,企業無不絞盡腦汁的開發新產品,期望能滿足消費者的需求。產業進步快速,產品壽命周期越來越短,企業為求生存與發展,新產品的開發就越顯得重要。而在新產品開發案進行中,雖然一切評估及測試都依照原先制定的計劃進行,卻並不是每一個開發案都成功。
本研究探討新產品在開發過程中,為何經過層層的計劃執行監控及改善後,成功的機率仍然這麼低,是否因不可預期的變數而造成高失敗率?何種非預期變數會對新產品開發案造成影響?
本研究之問題,以企業的核心競爭力為出發點,研究新產品開發案成功或失敗的原因,探討新產品在開發過程中不可預期的變數對新產品開發案會造成的影響,整理出如何減少新產品開發案因受到不可預期的變數而失敗所造成的損失,並對新產品開發的風險管理提出建議。
英文摘要 In the environment with keen competition as we live now, the consumer’s marker is changeful. To be suit for the consumer’s needs, lots of new products are invented and to be developed as a challenge to all businesses. The industry progresses fast, the product life cycle is short and shorter. As a result, the most important to a business to be survived and developed is how the new products could be created and developed. But, to go on each new project, it is not always success. Even though, the project is followed according to the assessment and the evaluation that plan have made originally.

This article is going to talk about why the average of success to go on a new project is low even the project has planned and has been corrected and corrected step by step. Is it because of non-expect variables? What kind of non-expect variables could be affected to a new project?

The main subject of this article starts with the center competition of a business. It is going to study the reason of going on success or failure of a new project. And, it is going to research the effect of non-expect variables. It is going to make up the failure of non-expect variables to help reducing the amount of losing. And, it also gives some ideas of how to manage the risks when planned a new project.
論文目次 目錄..........................................Ⅰ
圖目錄........................................Ⅳ
表目錄........................................Ⅴ
第一章 緒論...................................1
1.1 研究背景 ................................ 1
1.2 研究動機與研究問題....................... 5
第二章 文獻探討...............................7
2.1 新產品的開發..............................10
2.2新產品開發流程的管理.......................15
2.3新產品開發的流程...........................17
2.4新產品開發的困難點和關鍵成功因素...........28
2.5新產品開發的非預期變數.....................35
第三章 研究設計...............................36
3.1 資料收集對象與過程........................37
3.1-1台耀化學股份有限公司背景.................37
3.1-2正航資訊股份有限公司背景.................38
3.1-3亞旭電腦股份有限公司背景.................38
3.1-4漢光科技股份有限公司背景.................39
3.1-5聲寶集團背景.............................40
3.2 訪談問題描述..............................41
第四章 資料分析...............................42
4.1 訪談資料整理..............................42
4.1-1資料分析(一)...........................42
4.1-2資料分析(二)...........................43
4.1-3資料分析(三)...........................44
4.1-4資料分析(四)...........................45
4.1-5資料分析(五)...........................46
4.1-6資料分析(六)...........................47
4.1-7資料分析(七)...........................48
4.1-8資料分析(八)...........................49
4.1-9資料分析(九)...........................50
4.1-10資料分析(十)......................... 50
4.1-11資料分析(十一)....................... 51
第五章 結論與建議............................ 53
5.1 研究結論..................................53
5.1-1產品生命週期............................ 55
5.1-2研發團隊的應變能力.......................56
5.1-3市場及產品測試...........................56
5.1-4開發步驟及時程掌握.......................57
5.2 建議......................................58
5.1-1目標明確.................................58
5.1-2市場評比.................................58
5.1-3危機應變與流程檢視.......................59
5.3 研究限制..................................59
參考文獻......................................60
一、中文部分..................................60
二、英文部分..................................61
附錄..........................................65
圖目錄
圖 1.1-1 新產品開發流程........................3
圖 2.3-1 織品設計管理流程.....................20
圖 2.3-2 化學業之新產品開發流程...............23
圖 2.3-3 軟體業之開發流程.....................24
圖 2.3-4 服務業之創新服務發展流程.............25
圖 2.3-5 金融商品發展流程.....................26
圖 2.3-6 新產品開發流程整理...................27
表目錄
表 2.3-1 機械設備製造業與電力電子機械業之新產品開發流程.17 表 2.3-2 汽車零組件業之新產品開發流程.........18
表 2.3-3 中西式速食新產品開發流程.............21
表 2.4-1 新產品關鍵成功因素歸納表.............34
表 3.1-1 訪談對象一覽表.......................36
表 5.1-1 研究結果彙總表.......................53
參考文獻 參考文獻
一、中文部分
1.小島敏彥(1996),7月,新產品開發管理,日刊工業新聞社。
2.王魁生,新產品開發品質管理。
3.牧冶鐵治(1981),7月,設計審查,株式會社日科技連出版社。
4.李克華(1984),新產品發展成敗關鍵之研究—台灣高科技企業實證,台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
5.周彤(2002),1月,知識管理觀點之織品設計管理探討之研究,輔仁大學織品服裝研究所碩士論文。
6.員敬宗(2001),6月,台灣西式速食餐廳新產品開發流程之探討,東海大學食品科學研究所碩士論文。
7.陳光正(1996),中式速食連鎖店新產品開發模式之探討,大業工學院事業經營研究所碩士論文。
8.陳秀敏(1993),6月,企業新產品開發、成本管理與經營績效之研究,中山大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
9.張澄(1994),6月,金融服務業新產品發展程序之研究—以保險業、銀行業為例,中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
10.賴士葆,林明杰(1989),研究發展與製造兩部門互動之研究,收於賴士葆編,科技管理論文集。pp.181-210.台北:大葉文教基金會。

二、英文部分
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15.David, F. R.(1989). How companies define their mission. Long Range Planning, 22(1), pp. 90-97.
16.Edgett, S. ;Shipley, D.; Forbes, G.(1992). Japanese and British companies compared: Contributing factor to success and failure in NPD, Journal of Product Management, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 3-10.
17.Edwards, Tim.(2000). The Sociological of Translation; Technology Transfer & The Teaching Company Scheme. Aston University Birmingham, RP 0005, March.
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19.Haas, R.W.(1989). Industrial Marketing Management:Texts and Case, 4 Edition, Boston:PWS-Kent Publishing Company, pp.63-86.
20.Hollins, B. and Stuard, P. (1990). Success Product Design, Butterworth, London, pp. 3-16.
21.Kotler, P.(1991). Marketing management: Analysis, Planning, implementation, and control, 7 Edition, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
22.Kotler, P. (2000). Marketing management, 10th Edition, Prentice Hall. pp. 467-468.
23.Michaels, E. A.(1989). New Product development. Small Business Reports, 14(6), pp. 61-66.
24.Page, A. L.(1993). Assessing new product development practices and performance: Establishing crucial norms. Journal of product Innovation Management, 10(4). pp. 273-290.
25.Peter, J. P. & Donnelly, J. H., Jr.(1989). Marketing management, 2 Edition, Boston, Massachusetts: Homewood, IL, pp.128-132.
26.Porter, M.E.(1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations, New York:Frees Press.
27.Robert, J. T.(1993). New Product Development, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
28.Saren, M. A.(1984). A classification and review of models of the intra-firm innovation process. R&D Management, 14(1), pp. 11-24.
29.Shaid, L. A.(1997). Jan E. Bell & the CAM-I Target Cost Core Group, Target Costing: The Next Frontier in Strategic Cost Management, IRWIN Professional Publishing.
30.Song, X. M. & Weiss, M. M. M.(1998). Critical development activities for really new versus incremental products. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 15(2), pp. 124-135.
31.Thomas, R. J.(1993). New products Management:Managing and Forecasting for Strategic Success, New York:John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 7-13.
32.Trott, P.(1998). Innovation Management & New Product Development, London: Pitman Publishing, pp. 119-120, pp. 111-138.
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