||The thesis mainly discusses the current states of on-job students’ enrollment in the universities of Japan and Taiwan.
In Japan, affected by the low birth rate, the 18-years-old youngsters will decrease significantly, and it has been assumed that in the year 2009 the percentage of entering higher schools will reach to 100%, and the universities would enter the so-called “absolute admission era.” Facing the drastic decrease of high school graduates, the universities will extend their admission to on-job students and international students. Their policies on improving college operation are involved in education the public, regarding to the phenomena of low birth rate, aging population, economic recession, and the break down of lifetime employment system. Due to the evolution of social structure, more and more people feel the necessity of receiving further education after they leave school.
Responding to the changes, the public expects that universities, besides offering courses and doing researches, would play a more important role in the society, making more contributions to it, having a atmosphere more open, and accepting more on-job students.
On the other hand, Taiwan also enters in the “absolute admission era,” with 100% of entering higher schools rate. The number of graduate students has increased, and the on-job students have doubled during a short period of time. Recently, although the lifelong learning is the main stream of Taiwan’s educational reformation, we don’t see any integral policy concerning about it. Taking account objectively of Japan’s open policies, Taiwan would likely take advantage of them, in favor of its educational reformation.