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系統識別號 U0002-3007201420460600
中文論文名稱 在物聯網環境中設計與實作具監控機能之基地台訊號加強器
英文論文名稱 Design and Implementation of an IoT Access Point with Repeater and Monitor Functionalities
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 廖英僑
研究生英文姓名 Ying-Chiao Liao
學號 601410128
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-06-13
論文頁數 47頁
口試委員 指導教授-張志勇
委員-陳裕賢
委員-陳宗禧
委員-張志勇
中文關鍵字 物聯網  訊號加強器  無線基地台  監控設備  ZigBee 
英文關鍵字 IoT  Repeater  Access Point  Monitoring  ZigBee 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 在物聯網中,有許多的智慧物件採用ZigBee通訊協定來達到低耗能通訊的目的。然而,物聯網中的ZigBee網路通訊範圍有限,所以在一些坪數較大環境中,例如:工廠、樓中樓、公司、別墅等,若僅使用一台WiFi AP,則眾多以Zigbee為傳輸標準之物聯網設備,會因為ZigBee傳輸多跳、訊號強度較弱、容易受到干擾、穿透性較弱等缺點,而導致傳輸效能低落,甚至發生有些地方完全無法連線的情況,而相較於物聯網中的Wi-Fi網路訊號,其傳輸範圍廣、訊號強度較強、訊號具穿透性等優點。基於此,本論文擬研發一「具監控機能之多功能IoT基地台」,使其不但能夠延伸物聯網基地台的Wi-Fi訊號,亦能局部連結環境中的ZigBee裝置,將其資料透過Wi-Fi轉送至物聯網基地台,進而提升網路傳輸品質。本論文所研發訊號加強器亦嵌入Camera模組,使其兼具監控能力,並將其監控畫面利用其Wi-Fi傳遞至物聯網基地台,以符合物聯網環境中隨處需要監控的需求。
英文摘要 In internet of things (IoTs), an amount of smart objects based on ZigBee standard are used for achieving the goal of the low power consumption in communication. However, the small communication range of ZigBee devise cannot fully cover the widely region, including factory, mezzanine floor, villa, office, and so on. Therefore, the problems of limit communication range, multi-hop transmission, low signal strength, and interference result in low network performance even if each device cannot communicate with each other. Compared with ZigBee standard, Wi-Fi standard has larger communication range and better signal strength than that of ZigBee standard. Based on the above-mentioned features of Wi-Fi standard, this thesis propose an “Access Point Repeater with Monitoring Functionality” in weak-signal and multi-hop ZigBee environment. As a result, the proposed repeater not only extend the base station signal of Wi-Fi but also connect the nearby ZigBee device in local environment. Overall, the packets via Wi-Fi base station can forward to the proposed repeater and thus enhance the quality of packet transmission. In addition, the repeater is also embedded camera module to monitor the given region. Then, the snapshot of the monitoring area can be transmitted to Android smartphone by Wi-Fi standard. Consequently, the requirement in monitoring functionality for IoTs can be achieved.
論文目次 目錄
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章、簡介 1
第二章、相關研究 4
第三章、多功能IoT基地台系統架構 7
3.1低耗能之ZigBee通訊協定技術與簡介 7
3.2 Wi-Fi通訊協定技術與簡介 8
3.3多功能IoT基地台之功能描述 9
3.4多功能IoT基地台系統架構 11
第四章、多功能IoT基地台系統實作 13
4.1基地台訊號加強器開發板 13
4.2影像監控模組 15
4.3 Zigbee 低耗能無線傳輸模組 16
4.4多功能IoT基地台之軟韌體設計與實作 17
A. Telnet/HTTP Protocol 18
B. Command Process 19
C. Initial Repeater Service 20
D. Serial Port Component 22
E. ZigBee Packet Buffer 23
F. ZigBee Device Management 24
G. Camera Driver 25
H. Scene Capture 26
I. Read/Write Date 27
第五章、多功能IoT基地台之功能展示 28
5.1多功能IoT基地台系統展示情境硬體設備介紹 28
5.2多功能IoT基地台之設定 29
5.3多功能IoT基地台與智慧物件之操作與顯示 31
5.4多功能IoT基地台監控場景畫面 32
第六章、多功能IoT基地台系統效能分析 34
第七章、結論 40
參考文獻 41
附錄-英文論文 44

圖目錄
圖1. 多功能IoT基地台之應用場景圖 10
圖2. 多功能IoT基地台之系統架構圖 11
圖3. 多功能IoT基地台硬體模組組成 13
圖4. Ralink MT7620開發板架構圖 14
圖5. SONiX SN9C291B相機模組硬體架構圖 16
圖6. Octopus X硬體架構圖 17
圖7. 多功能IoT基地台之軟/韌體架構圖 18
圖8. 多功能IoT基地台與欲延伸之Wi-Fi無線基地台的關係 22
圖9. 自定義的API封包格式及內容 24
圖10. Camera Driver與Scene Capture之關聯 26
圖11. 多功能IoT基地台建置智慧家庭實體圖 29
圖12. 設定多功能IoT基地台畫面(a)Android Wi-Fi連線畫面(b)多功能IoT基地台設定畫面 30
圖13. 顯示與操控家庭智慧物件之畫面展示(a)燈控開關畫面(b)溫度顯示畫面 32
圖14. 多功能IoT基地台監控場景畫面圖 33
圖15. 一般系統與多功能IoT基地台系統之Wi-Fi訊號強度比較 35
圖16. 一般系統與多功能IoT基地台系統之Wi-Fi訊號強度比較 36
圖17. 一般系統與具多功能IoT基地台系統之ZigBee封包成功接收率 38

表目錄
表1. 指令與功能說明 20
表2. 變數及對應功能說明 21
表3. 裝置列表 25
表4. 數據接收列表 25
表5. 實際測試參數列表 34
表6. 透過Telnet收送命令反應時間 39
參考文獻 [1] 周洪波, 李吉生, 趙曉波, “輕鬆讀懂物聯網:技術、應用、標準和商業模式,”博碩文化股份有限公司, ISBN: 9789862014066, 2010.
[2] ZigBee Alliance, http://www.zigbee.org/
[3] T. Hwang, H. Park, and J. Chung, “Personal Mobile A/V Control Point for Home-to-Home Media Streaming,” International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 54, No 1, Feb. 2008.
[4] Internet-of-Things, http://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/internet-of-things
[5] Antonio J. Jara, Miguel A. Zamora, and Antonio F. Skarmeta, “Knowledge acquisition and management architecture for mobile and personal Health environments based on the Internet of Things,” IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, June 2012.
[6] Ji-De. Huang, and Han-Chuan Hsieh, “Design of Gateway for Monitoring System in IoT Networks,” IEEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications and IEEE Internet of Things and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing, Aug. 2013.
[7] Till Riedel, Nicolaie Fantana, Adrian Genaid, Dimitar Yordanov, Hedda R. Schmidtke, and Michael Beigl, “Using web service gateways and code generation for sustainable IoT system development,” Internet of Things, Nov. 29 2010-Dec. 1 2010.
[8] Minkeun Ha, Seong Hoon Kim, Hyungseok Kim, Kiwoong Kwon, Nam Giang, and Daeyoung Kim, “SNAIL Gateway: Dual-mode Wireless Access Points for WiFi and IP-based Wireless Sensor Networks in the Internet of Things,” IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, Jan. 2012.
[9] Hisakazu HADA, and Jin MITSUGI, “EPC based Internet of Things Architecture,” IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications, Sept. 2011.
[10] Qian Zhu, Ruicong Wang, Qi Chen, Yan Liu, and Weijun Qin, “IOT Gateway: Bridging Wireless Sensor Networks into Internet of Things,” IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, Dec. 2010.
[11] Dahai Han, Jie Zhang, Yongjun Zhang and Wanyi Gu, “Convergence of Sensor Networks/Internet of Things and Power Grid Information Network at Aggregation Layer,” International Conference on Power System Technology, Oct. 2010.
[12] Shang Guoqiang, Chen Yanming, Zuo Chao, and Zhu Yanxu, “Design and Implementation of a Smart IoT Gateway,” IEEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications and IEEE Internet of Things and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing, Aug. 2013.
[13] Yue-Ru Chuang, Wen-Jeng Yang, Shjh-Jie Lin, and Te-Lun Chiu, “Study and Implementation of the Smallest Closed-Area (SCA) Mechanism for Self-Organization Network Architectures in Smart Home Control Systems,” IEEE 17th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, June 2013
[14] Sean Dieter Tebje Kelly, Nagender Kumar Suryadevara, and Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay, “Towards the Implementation of IoT for Environmental Condition Monitoring in Homes,” IEEE Sensor Journal, vol. 13, no. 10, Oct. 2013, pp. 3846 - 3853.
[15] W. Colitti, K. Steenhaut, N. De Caro, Bogdan Buta, and Virgil Dobrota, “REST Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks for Seamless Integration with Web Applications,” IEEE 8th International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, Oct. 2011.
[16] RS-232 for Linux and Windows, http://www.teuniz.net/RS-232/
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