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中文論文名稱 馬來西亞人力發展與外人直接投資技術移轉的關連性之研究
英文論文名稱 The Relationship Between Human Resources Development and Technology Transfer of Foreign Direct Investment in Malaysia
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 東南亞研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 廖先立
研究生英文姓名 Hsien-Li Liao
學號 694230086
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-09
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-林欽明
委員-曾銘深
委員-蔡青龍
中文關鍵字 外人直接投資  技術移轉  人力發展 
英文關鍵字 foreign direct investment  technology transfer  human resources development 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 外人直接投資一直是開發中國家發展經濟的一項利器,馬來西亞便是以外人直接投資來發展國家產業。過去同樣以外人直接投資為發展工具的東亞新興國家,獲得產業的技術移轉,在各自不同產業中逐漸嶄露頭角,而馬來西亞則無法在技術移轉上獲得相當程度的成效。
過去相關文獻均指出馬來西亞人力資源不足的問題,是導致外人無法將技術移轉至當地的主因。因此本研究將就外人直接投資對馬來西亞產業之影響先進行探討,並進一步了解外人直接投資所帶來之技術移轉對勞工技術成長是否有所幫助;再者,以外人對馬來西亞直接投資的事實,證明技術移轉發生的可能性,並探討馬來西亞人力資源與研發的發展,對促進技術移轉的助益與效果。最後,就社會層面探討技術移轉所帶來的所得分配問題。
本研究發現外人在馬來西亞對特定產業投資,就技術發展內容來看,技術提升程度有限,並不利於產業發展。但馬來西亞在人才培育與研發活動上,已有相當大的進步,然而未來能否對於技術移轉與提升帶來幫助,則有待進一步查證與研究;技術移轉所帶來的所得分配問題,仍需政府實施相關政策,方能獲得改善。
英文摘要 Foreign direct investment(FDI) in developing countries has always been a profitable tool for economic and industrial development as well as in Malaysia. However the Malaysia can not get a certain extent on effectiveness of technology transfer such as other emerging East Asian countries that using the same investment in the past, to come to the fore of different industries.

Literature over the past pointed out that foreign technique which can not transfer to local area is due to the problem of inadequate human resources in Malaysia. Therefore, this study will being with explore the impact of foreign direct investment to Malaysia industries, and to go a step further about how foreign direct investment exactly help the growth of labor technique. In addition, here will also show the possibility of technology transfer by the fact of foreign direct investment in Malaysia, and discuss how its benefit the technology transfer when human resources and developments be expanded. Eventually, social problem which about income distribution will be find out in this research as well.

From a view of technology development, this study discovered that technique limitation of specific investment in Malaysia from foreign investors is unfavorable to expand the industries. Although Malaysia has already make a significant progress of manpower cultivation and research and development, the substance effects of technology transfer is still need to be verified, and some of the problems such as income distribution might also depends on effective policies by Malaysia government.
論文目次 目錄

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機目的 1
第二節 研究方法與步驟 7
第三節 研究步驟 8
第二章 文獻回顧 12
第一節 外人直接投資之內涵 12
第二節 外人直接投資相關理論 14
第三節 技術移轉之相關文獻 17
第四節 小結 19
第三章 人力發展與外人直接投資技術移轉關係之初探 20
第一節 外人直接投資與人力資源發展 21
第二節 外人直接投資對於馬來西亞產業結構的影響 23
第三節 外人直接投資與勞工技術關連 31
第四節 勞動力的供給 34
第五節 小結 36
第四章 影響技術移轉與人力資源提升之因素 37
第一節 外資技術移轉之狀況 37
第二節 人力資源的供給與需求配合 42
第三節 研究發展的支援 47
第四節 小結 50
第五章 外人直接投資與所得分配之關聯 51
第一節 新經濟政策的實施 51
第二節 新經濟政策與所得分配不均 53
第三節 所得分配不均對產業發展之影響 57
第四節 小結 59
第六章 總結 60
第一節 研究發現 60
參考文獻 62
附錄 71

表目錄

表3.1 馬來西亞各部門佔GDP比例(1960-2006) 23
表3.2 外人投資計畫金額比例(1985-2007) 25
表3.3製造業出口比例 26
表3.4 馬來西亞各製造業產值 28
表3.5 電子業產品出口結構表 31
表3.6 馬來西亞進口結構表 32
表4.1 高等教育機構數量 43
表4.2 勞工就業職業分布(1995-2005) 44
表4.3 職業內容之教育程度分布 44
表4.4 高等教育就學比例分布 45
表4.5 國家R&D 支出指數 48
表4.6 公私部門R&D支出之分配 48
表5.1 種族與城鄉收入比 53
表5.2 種族與城鄉間之基尼係數 54
表5.3 薪資增加百分比(1993-2000) 56
表5.4 就業狀況依產業類別與種族劃分 57

圖目錄

圖1.1 研究架構圖 10
圖2.1 雁行理論模型 17
圖3.2 產業GDP分布 (1980-2006) 29
圖3.3 外人投資計畫金額分布比例 30
圖3.4 歷年勞工就業結構 33
圖4.1 東協五國與日本電子業垂直產業貿易比例 40
圖4.2 依企業所有權分類之R&D花費 49


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