||This essay analyzed novels written by Shi Tiensheng between the years of 1978 and 2005, and used his proses and columns as supporting and clarification materials for related discussions. The essay was divided into two parts based on the nature of his works. Through the development of Shi Tiensheng's writings, we explored how his physical disability experiences were transformed into his care for the 'mental disability' of the the whole world, and also how the 'desire to live' of a disabled person can expand into a multi-narrative of all human being pursuing a metaphysically 'desire of life', so as to fully map out Shi Tiensheng's writing process and discuss the connotations and contributions of his works.
The theme of the first part of the essay was 'disability and the difficulty of desire', which was a research based on Shi Tiensheng's novellas written during the 1980s and early 1990s. First was the discussion on his writings that reflected 'desire to live' which was derived from his disability experience. This included his autobiographical writings and the narrative strategy that centered around 'disability'. From these one can develop preliminary familiarity with Shi Tiensheng's life experiences and the characteristics of his writing content and forms in his early works. Meanwhile, from the brief description of literature study, the discussion entered chapter two, the period between 1985 and 1994. During this time, Shi Tiensheng's works spoke of the incompleteness in a group which in turn generated a reflection on the difficulty for survival. From the beginning of pioneer awareness, we discussed the transformation and characteristics of Shi Tiensheng's shift into metaphysical writing in terms of his creation approaches, and analyzed a series of his novella topics such as 'process philosophy' and 'sin and fate'. The third chapter discussed Shi Tiensheng's view on literature. Focusing on his proses and columns, we related and inferred the association between literature and people, and from the influence of his creation ideology on his writing forms, we further analyzed the forms and content of his novels, which would be used as a start of researching Shi Tiensheng's novels.
The latter part of this essay centered around the topic of 'disability and desire outlet', which was a research that was based on two of Shi Tiensheng's novels written after the 1990s, 'Notes of retreat' published in 1996 and 'My trip to Ding-Yi' published in 2005. The former could be characterized as a summary of his writing topics, characters and text forms; the latter was a demonstration of Shi Tiensheng's new creation approach after his near death experience, the start of dialysis; both has the features of a writer's spiritual autobiography, yet, each written for a different reason, thus resulted in the differences and uniquenesses between the two texts. We first analyzed the multi-text form characteristic of the two novels with Shi Tiensheng's 'form is content' creation idea. From these, we explored the story connotations and artistic features of the 'narrative maze' writing strategy. Finally, we compared and discussed the differences between the continuation and differentiation of character images in the two novels.
This essay engaged in a comprehensive discussion on the 'disability' and 'desire' themes among Shi Tiensheng's novels based on the research agenda and areas mentioned above, intending to perform a holistic representation of the spirit and the quintessence of the creation of the writer and its works, and to provide a basis for future academic literary research on Shi Tiensheng.