淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-3007200707444400
中文論文名稱 政治信任的來源與民主效果:以機構信任為分析焦點
英文論文名稱 The Sources and Democratic Effests of Political Trust: Focusing on the Institutional Trust
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Public Administration
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 梁淑芬
研究生英文姓名 Shu-Fen Liang
學號 693550013
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-07-10
論文頁數 68頁
口試委員 指導教授-林聰吉
委員-游清鑫
委員-陳陸輝
中文關鍵字 政治信任  政體機構 
英文關鍵字 political trust  regime institution 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學行政與地政
中文摘要 政治信任是維繫民主政權合法性的關鍵,並能提升政府運作的效率。本文主要以「政體機構」作為民眾政治信任的對象。政體機構包括:中央政府、立法院、政黨、軍隊、警察及法院等六個政治機構。具體研究問題為:(1)台灣民眾政治信任分布情形?(2)影響政治信任的因素為何?是政治、經濟表現或是政治文化?(3)政治信任的民主效果為何?對民主適合度、民主評價與投票參與影響程度為何?並以「東亞民主化與價值變遷:比較調查」研究計劃(East Asia Barometer)資料為研究資料來源。
研究結果發現台灣民眾的政治信任並不高,僅有軍隊享有民眾高度信賴。政治信任的來源包括政治、經濟評價及政治文化三大因素。貪腐經歷對政治信任有嚴重侵蝕效果,而民主滿意度、社群主義則對政治信任有正面影響。對目前及未來總體經濟評價悲觀的民眾,政治信任較低。另外,政治信任對民主發展也有正面助益,包括對民主適合度、民主評價與投票參與皆有正面影響。
英文摘要 Political trust is the key that provides the legitimacy for the maintenance of democratic regime, and enhancing the effectiveness of government. This study focuses on the regime institution as the object of citizens’ political trust. Regime institutions include the national government, Parliament, political parties, the military, the police, and the courts. This study is intended to explore the following research questions as: (1) What is the distribution of political trust in Taiwan? (2) What are the sources of political trust? Is that political, economic or political culture? (3) What are the democratic effects of political trust? What is the influence of democratic effect of political trust on suitability of democracy, evaluate of democracy, and election participation? The data come from the East Asia Barometer.
This study reveals that the political trust in Taiwan is not in the high level. Only the military enjoys the trust of citizens. The sources of political trust including the political factor, economic performance and the political culture. Political corruption can reduce citizens’ political trust, but satisfaction with democracy and communitarianism can enhance it. To present and the future overall economic evaluation pessimistic populace, the political trust will be low. Moreover, political trust help the development of democracy, including suitability of democracy, evaluate of democracy, and election participation.
論文目次 第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與目的1
第二節 文獻檢閱4
第三節 研究設計21
第二章 政治信任、政治文化與施政評價25
第一節 政治信任的分布情況26
第二節 台灣民眾的政治文化及施政評價34
第三章 政治信任的來源與民主效果46
第一節 政治信任的來源40
第二節 政治信任的民主效果46
第四章 結論50
第一節 研究發現50
第二節 研究限制與建議52
附錄一53
附錄二54
附錄三55
參考文獻59
中文部分59
英文部分61
圖表目錄
圖1-1 政治信任來源項目圖23
圖1-2 政治信任的民主效果項目圖24
表2-1 台灣民眾的政治信任分布情形28
表2-2 政治信任跨國分布情形32
表2-3 台灣民眾對社群主義觀念的看法34
表2-4 台灣民眾對政治施政的評價36
表2-5 台灣民眾對經濟狀況的評價38
表3-1 影響台灣民眾政治信任的因素44
表3-2 政治信任的民主效果49
參考文獻 壹、中文部分
王淑慧
2003 〈警察形象認知及行銷策略研究〉。《行政暨政策學報》,第37期,
頁97-136。
王靖興、孫天龍
2005 〈台灣民眾民主政治評價影響因素之分析〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第2卷,第3期,頁55-79。
朱雲漢
2004 〈台灣民主發展的困境與挑戰〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第1卷,第1期,頁142-162。
吳明隆、塗金堂
2006 《SPSS與應用統計分析》。台北:五南。
吳重禮、鄭文智、崔曉倩
2006 〈交叉網路與政治參與:2001年縣市長與立法委員選舉的實證研究〉。 《人文及社會學集刊》,第18卷,第4期,頁599-638。
林聰吉
2007 〈社會網絡、政治討論與投票參與〉。即將出版。
莊天憐
2000 〈我國「獨立選民」的發展與變遷(1989-1999)〉。《選舉研究》,第8卷,第1期,頁71-116。
陳陸輝
2000 〈台灣選民政黨認同的持續與變遷〉。《選舉研究》。第7卷,第2期,頁109-139。
2002 〈政治信任感與台灣選民投票行為〉,《選舉研究》。第9卷,第2期,頁39-52。
2003 〈政治信任、施政表現與民眾對台灣民主的展望〉。《台灣政治學刊》,第7卷,第2期,頁149-188。
2006a 〈政治信任的政治後果-以2004年立法委員選舉為例〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第3卷,第2期,頁39-62。
2006b 〈民眾對中央和地方政府的政治信任對其縣市長選舉的影響〉,論文發表於「臺灣選舉與民主化調查:2006國際學術研討會」。10月21日,台北。
盛杏湲、黃士豪
2005 〈台灣民眾為什麼討厭立法院?〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第3卷,第3期,頁85-127。
盛治仁
2003 〈台灣民眾民主價值及政治信任感研究〉。《選舉研究》,第10卷,第1期,頁115-69。
羅致政
2005 〈2000年政黨輪替後的政黨政治〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第2卷,第1期,頁167-175。
貳、西文部分
Abramson, Paul R.
1983 Political Attitudes in American: Formation and Change. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Company Press.
Abramson, Paul R., and Ada Finifter
1981 “On the Meaning of Political Trust: New Evidence from items Introduced in 1978.” American Journal of Political Science, 25(2):297-307.
Almond, Gabriel A., and Sidney Verba
1963 The civic culture. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Anderson, Christopher, and Yuliya Tverdova
2003 “Corruption, Political Allegiances, and Attitudes toward Government in Contemporary Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science, 47(1):91-109.
Barber, Bernard
1983 The Logic and Limits of Trust. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Bardhan, Pranab
1997 “Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues.” Journal of Economic
Literature, 35(3):1320-11346.
Bond, Michael Harris
1991 Beyond the Chinese Face: Insight from psychology. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.
Braithwaite, Valerie ,and Margaret Levi eds
1998 Trust and governance. New York: Russell Sage.
Bratton, Michael, Yun-han Chu, Marta Lagos, and Richard Rose.
2005 “The People’s Voice: Trust in Political Institutions.” In Ten Years of Supporting Democracy Worldwide. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, pp 61-71.
http://www.idea.int/publications/anniversary/upload/Inlay_senttoprint_30May05.pdf (accessed September 30, 2006).
Bianco, William.
1994 Trust: Representatives and constituents. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Catterberg, Gabriela, and Alejandro Moreno
2006 “The Individual Bases of political Trust: Trends in New and Established Democracies.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 18(1):31-48.
Canache, Damarys, Jeffery J. Mondak, and Mitchell A. Seligson
2001 “Meaning and Measurement in Cross-National Research on Satisfaction with Democracy.” Public Opinion Quarterly, 65(4): 506-28.
Chang, Eric C.C. and Yun-han Chu
2006 “Corruption and Trust: Exceptionalism in Asian Democracies” Journal of Politics, 68(2):259-271
Chang, Yu-tzung, and Yun-han Chu
2002 Confucianism and Democracy: Empirical Study of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. ABS Working Paper Series: No.10 Issued by Asian Barometer Project Office National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica Taipei http://www.asianbarometer.org/newenglish/publications/ (accessed July 15, 2006).
Chanley, Virginia A.
2002 “Trust in Government in the Aftermath of 9/11:Determinants and Consequences.” Political Psychology, 23(3): 469-483.
Chanley, Virginia A., Thomas J. Rudolph, and Wendy M. Rahn
2000 “The Origins and Consequences of Public Trust in Government: A Time Series Analysis” The Public Opinion Quarterly, 64(3):239-256.
Citrin, Jack.
1974 “Comment: The Political Relevance of Trust in Government.” American
Political Science Review, 68(3): 973-88.
Citrin, Jack, and Donald Philip Green.
1986 “Presidential Leadership and the Resurgence of Trust in Government.” British Journal of Political Science, 16(4): 431-53.
Coleman, James S.
1990 Foundations of social theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Crete, Jean, Rejean Pelletier, and Jerome Couture
2006 “Political Trust in Canada: What Matters: Politics or Economics? ” paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canada Political Science Association, June 1-4,Toronto, Canada. http://www.cpsa-acsp.ca/papers-2006/Crete.pdf
(accessed September 20, 2006 ).
Curtis, Gerald L.
1998 “A Recipe for Democratic Development” In Democracy in East Asia, eds. Larry Diamond and Marc F Plattner. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, pp.217-223.

Dalton, Russell J.
1999 “Political support in Advanced Industrial Democracies.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.57-77.
Dasgupta, Partha
1998 “Trust as a Commodity.” In Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, ed. Diego Gambetta. New York: Basil Blackwell, pp.49-72.
Diamond, Larry
1999 Developing Democracy—Toward Consolidation. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
Easton, David
1965 A Systems Analysis of Political Life. New York: John Wiley.
1975 “A Re-Assessment of the Concept of Political Support.” British Journal of
Political Science, 5(4): 435-457.
Fiorina, Morris P.
1981 Retrospective Voting in American Nation Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Fukuyama, Francis
1992 The End History and The Last Man. New York: Free Press.
1995a Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press.
1995b “Confucianism and Democracy” Journal of Democracy, 6(2):20-33.
1998 “The Illusion of Asian Exceptionalism.” In Democracy in East Asia, eds. Larry Diamond and Marc F Plattner. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, pp.224-227.
Gamson, William A.
1968 Power and Discontent. Homewood, IL.: The Dorsey Press.
Gibson, James L. and Gregory A. Caldeira and Vanessa A. Baird
1998 “On the legitimacy of national high courts. American Political Science Review, 92(2):343-358.
Hetherington, Marc J.
1998 “The Political Relevance of Political Trust” American Political Science Review, 92(4): 791-808
1999 “The Effect of Political Trust on the Presidential Vote, 1968-96.” American
Political Science Review, 93(2): 311-326.
2005 Why Trust Matters: Declining Political Trust and the Demise of American Liberalism. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Huntington, Samuel P
1991 The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman and Lond: University of Oklahoma Press.
1997 “After Twenty Years: The Future of Third Wave.” Journal of Democracy, 8(4):3-12
Ikeda, Ken’ichi, Yasuo Yamada and Masaru Kohno
2003 “Influence of Social Capital on Political Participation in Asian Cultural Context” ABS Working Paper Series: No.10 Issued by Asian Barometer Project Office National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica Taipei http://www.asianbarometer.org/newenglish/publications/ (accessed July 15, 2006 )
Inglehart, Ronald
1997 Modernization and postmodernizatiom: Cultural, economic and political
Change in 41 societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kim, Sunhyuk
2004 “Political Trust, Institutional Reform, and Democratic Deepening in Korea” paper presented at the Conference on Political Challenges and Democratic Institutions, December 3-4, Taipei, Taiwan.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
1999 “Mapping political Support in the 1990s: A global Analysis.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.31-56.

Lipset, Seymour Martin, William Schneider
1983 The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind. New York: Free Press.
Listhaug, Ola, Matti Wiberg
1995 “Confidence in Political and Private Institutions.” In Citizens and the State, eds. Hans-Dieter Klingemann and Dieter Fuchs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.298-323.
McAllister, Ian
1999 “The Economic Performance of Government.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 188-203.
Miller, Arthur H.
1974a “Political Issues and Trust in Government: 1964- 1970.” American Political Science Review, 68(3):951-72.
1974b “Rejoinder to ‘Comment’ by Jack Citrin: Political Discontent or Ritualism?” American Political Science Review, 68(3): 989-1001.
Miller, Arthur H., Ola Listhaug
1990 “The Parties and Confidence in Government : A Comparison of Norway, Sweden and United States.” British Journal of Political Science, 20(3): 357-386.
1999 “Political Performance and Institutional Trust.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.204-216,.
Mishler, William, and Richard Rose.
1994 “Support for Parliaments and Regimes in the Transition toward Democracy in Eastern Europe.” Legislative Studies Quarterly, 19(1): 5-32.
1997 “Trust, Distrust, and Skepticism: Popular Evaluations of Civil and Political Institutions in Post-Communist Societies.” Journal of Politics, 59(2): 418-51.
2001 “What Are The Origins of Political Trust? Testing Institutional and Cultural Theories in Post-Communist Societies.” Comparative Political Studies, 34 (1): 30-62.
2005 “What Are The Political Consequences of Trust? A Test of Cultural and Institutional Theories in Russia.” Comparative Political Studies, 38 (9): 1050-1078
Newton, Kenneth
1999 “Social and Political Trust in Established Democracies.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.169-187.
2001 “Trust, Social Capital, Civil Society, and Democracy” International Political Science Review, 22(2): 201-214.
Norris, Pippa
1999a “Introduction: The Growth of Critical Citizens?” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.1-27.
1999b “Institutional Explanations for Political Support.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris.Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.217-235.
1999c “Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizen and Its Consequences.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government, ed. Pippa Norris.Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.257-272 .
North, Douglass C.
1990 Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nye, Joseph S., Jr.
1997 “Introduction: The Decline of Confidence in Government.” In Why People Don’t Trust Government, eds. Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Philip D. Zelikow and David C. King. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp.1-18 .
Putnam, Robert D
1993 Making Democracy Work: Civic Tradition in Modern Italy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Rogowski, Ronald
1974 Rational Legitimacy: A Theory of Political Support. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Rose, Richard and Ian McAllister
1990 The Loyalties of Voters. London: Sage
Rose, Richard, William Mishler, Yun-han Chu, and Neil Munro
2003 “Asian Values, Post-Communist Legacies and Generic Influences on Political Trust: A Substantive and Methodological Analysis” paper presented at the Conference on How East Asians View Democracy: The Region in global perspective, December 8-9, Taipei, Taiwan.
Scholz, John T., and Mark Lubell
1998 “Trust and Taxpaying: Testing the Heuristic Approach to Collective Action.” American Journal of Political Science, 42(2):398-417.
Scholz, John T., and Neil Pinney.
1995 “Duty, Fear, and Tax Compliance: The Heuristic Basis of Citizenship Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science, 39(2):490-512.
Seligson, Mitchell
2002 “The Impact of Corruption on Regime Legitimacy: A Comparative Study of Four Latin American Countries. Journal of Politics, 64(2):408-433.
Semetko, Holli A., and Valkenburg Patti M.
1998 “The Impact of Attentiveness of Political Efficacy: Evidence From A Three-Year German Panel Study.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 10(3):195-210.
Shi, Tianjian
2001 “Cultural Values and Political Trust: A Comparison of the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan.” Comparative Politics,33(4):401-419.
Shin, Doh Chull, and Jason Wells
2004 “Is Democracy the Only Game in Town?” Journal of Democracy, 16(2): 88-101.
Tam, Henry 1998 Communitarianism: A New Agenda for Politics and Citizenship. New York: New York University Press.
Warren, Mark E.
1999 Democracy and Trust. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Weatherford, M. Stephen
1984 “Economic Stagflation and Public Support for the political System.” British Journal of Political Science, 14(2): 187-205.
1989 “Political Economy and Political Legitimacy: The Link Between Economic Policy and Trust.” In Economic Decline and Political Change, eds. Harold D.Clarke, Marianne Stewart, and Gary Zuk. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, pp.225-252.
1992 “Measuring Political Legitimacy.” American political Science Review, 86(1):149-166.

論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2007-07-31公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2007-07-31起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信