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中文論文名稱 石黑一雄《別讓我走》中的物件探討
英文論文名稱 The Objects in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 戴崇育
研究生英文姓名 Chong-Yu Dai
學號 606110095
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2020-06-18
論文頁數 57頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳佩筠
委員-鄧秋蓉
委員-林宛瑄
中文關鍵字 石黑一雄  班雅明  戀物  不平等的關係  幻滅 
英文關鍵字 Kazuo Ishiguro  Benjamin  fetishism  unequal relation  disillusionment 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文以物件研究的角度來討論石黑一雄的《別讓我走》,並藉由戀物、靈光及錯誤思想的關連性,進一步的探討主角們如何在物件的誘導下把他們的理想世界漸漸的變成幻滅。

第一章〈物件的戀物〉聚焦在凱西和夫人是如何被這兩種物件(錄音帶和克隆人的藝術作品)所吸引,以致於成為戀物癖者,透過了解成為戀物癖的過程中,很明顯的看出他們的確對於物件有著極大的渴望。

第二章〈物件的靈光〉探討物件複製的靈光性如何影響凱西和夫人之間的相互關係,憑藉著擁有複製的靈光性,凱西也發現到克隆人和外界社會存在著一種不平等的階層關係。

第三章〈物件引發的錯誤思想〉將承襲一、二章的議題,也就是,前兩章所宣稱的凱西和夫人不僅身為戀物癖者而且處於不平等關係狀態下,此外,更糟的是他們的思想也再次因物件而受到扭曲,因此,本章將探究著這兩種物件(藝術作品和克隆人)是如何扭曲他們的思想,以導致他們的理想世界逐漸走向破滅。

總結以上對於石黑一雄《別讓我走》的討論,可以看出物件的迷戀、物件的靈光和物件引發的錯誤思想在故事中是如何擄獲他們的內心、揭露他們不平等的關係和誤導他們的思想,藉此也顯示出外界社會對於將克隆人當成物件並與他們生活在一起的行為是否具有公平的省思。
英文摘要 This thesis provides an object reading of Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go, to investigate the manipulative function of fetishism, aura, and mistaken thinking. This study also further examines how the protagonists gradually turn their ideal world into disillusionment under the influence of objects.

Chapter One, The Fetishism of Objects, focuses on how the objects (cassette and clones’ arts) seize Kathy and Madame’s mind and make them fetishists. By comprehending the process of becoming fetishists; it is obvious that they indeed have a craving for the objects.

Chapter Two, The Aura of Objects, examines how the aura of reproduction affects the correlation between Kathy and Madame. With the trait of aura, Kathy also discovers that there exists an unequal relationship between clones and society.

Chapter Three, The Mistaken Thinking evoked by Objects, will continue the issues in Chapter One and Two. These two chapters claim that not only the objects make Kathy and Madame fetishists, but also they have an unequal relationship with each other. Even worse, their thoughts are twisted by the objects again. So, this chapter will explore how these two objects (artworks and clones) contort Kathy’s and Madame’s thought, which brings about their ideal world gradually breaks down in the end.

In analyzing of Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go, the issues of the fetishism of object, the aura of object, and the mistaken thinking evoked by object point out that how the objects in the story capture their mind, disclose the unequal relation between them, and twist their thought, which also shows if it is fair that the society regard clones as objects and human being live together with them.
論文目次 Introduction .......................................................................................................1
Chapter One: The Fetishism of Objects ..........................................................14
Chapter Two: The Aura of Objects ..................................................................24
Chapter Three: The Mistaken Thinking evoked by Objects ............................36
Conclusion ......................................................................................................50
Works Cited ....................................................................................................55
參考文獻 Benjamin, Walter. “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” Translated by, Harry Zohn, Illuminations: Essays and Reflections. Schocken Books, 2007.
Cohen, Margaret. “Walter Benjamin’s Phantasmagoria.” New German Critique, vol. 48, 1989, pp. 87-107.
Ellen, Roy. “Fetishism.” Man, vol. 23, no. 2, 1988, pp. 213-35.
Geller, Jay. “A Paleontological View of Freud’s Study of Religion: Unearthing the ‘Leitfossil’ Circumcision.” Modern Judaism, vol. 13, no. 1, 1993, pp. 49-70.
Gilbert, Jane. “‘Self-Knowledge is the Prerequisite of Humanity’: Personal Development and Self-Awareness for Aid Workers.” Development in Practice, vol. 15, no. 1, 2005, pp. 64-69.
Gordon, Robert M.. “Fear.” The Philosophical Review, vol. 89, no. 4, 1980, pp. 560-78.
Graham, George. “Russell’s Deceptive Desires.” The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 143, 1986, pp. 223-29.
“Hierarchy.” Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries. Web. 18 June 2020. .
Ishiguro, Kazuo. Never Let Me Go. Vintage Books, 2006.
Jaeger, Stephen C.. “Aura and Charisma: Two Useful Concepts in Critical Theory.” New German Critique, vol. 114, 2011, pp. 17-34.
Kekes, John. “Fear and Reason.” Philosophy, vol. 88, no. 346, 2013, pp. 555-74.
Kittsteiner, Heinz D., et al. “Walter Benjamin’s Historicism.” New German Critique, vol. 39, 1986, pp. 179-215.
Long, Christopher P.. “Art’s Fateful Hour: Benjamin, Heidegger, Art and Politics.” New German Critique, vol. 83, 2001, pp. 89-115.
Martel, James R.. “Walter Benjamin’s Black Flashlight: Promoting Misreading Over Persuasion to Decenter Textual and Political Authority.” Political Theory, vol. 43, no. 5, 2015, pp. 575-99.
Myuskovic, Ben. “Marx and Engels on Idealism and Materialism.” Journal of Thought, vol. 9, no. 3, 1974, pp. 157-68.
Patnaik, Nishad. “Fetishism and Its Relation to Time.” Social Scientist, vol. 34, no. 9, 2006, pp. 72-93.
“Personality.” Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries. Web. 18 June 2020. .
Phillips, George Micajah. “Structures of Irony: Curiosity and Fetishism in Late Imperial London.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, vol. 44, no. 3, 2011, pp. 424-43.
Robbins, Bruce. “Cruelty is Bad: Banality and Proximity in ‘Never Let Me Go.’” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, vol. 40, no. 3, 2007, pp. 289-302.
Shaddox, Karl. “Generic Considerations in Ishiguro’s ‘Never Let Me Go.’” Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 2, 2013, pp. 448-69.
“Soul.” Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries. Web. 18 June 2020. .
Whitehead, Anne. “Writing with Care: Kazuo Ishiguro’s ‘Never Let Me Go.’” Contemporary Literature, vol. 52, no. 1, 2011, pp. 54-83.
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