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系統識別號 U0002-3006200916002100
中文論文名稱 母親就業、食品營養標籤使用與小孩肥胖
英文論文名稱 Maternal employment, nutritional label use and childhood obesity
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 楊靜江
研究生英文姓名 Ching-Chiang Yang
學號 696540615
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-10
論文頁數 58頁
口試委員 指導教授-胡登淵
委員-鄒孟文
委員-陳鎮洲
中文關鍵字 母親就業  營養標籤使用  小孩肥胖  trivariate probit model  SAS Qlim 
英文關鍵字 maternal employment  nutritional label use  childhood obesity  trivariate probit model  SAS Qlim 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本研究擬在考量母親使用食品營養標籤下探討母親就業對小孩肥胖的影響,母親就業雖會造成小孩肥胖機率增加,若就業的母親購買食品時使用食品營養標籤,預期對小孩肥胖機率有緩和效果。本研究擬分析民國90年『國民健康訪問調查』(National Health Interview Survey, NHIS)(2001) 資料,擬先利用 bivariate probit model with IVs 模型探討母親就業對小孩 (0-3、3-6與6-12歲) 肥胖的影響效果,以托育成本、家庭人口數、是否僅生產一胎、婚姻狀況與都會區為工具變數處理母親就業對小孩肥胖的內生性問題。再者,考量母親食品營養標籤使用擬以是否注意食品成份標示與否為衡量變數,並使用 trivariate probit model with IVs 模型探討母親就業、食品營養標籤使用與小肥胖,以母親宗教信仰、成年女性肥胖盛行率與食品營養標籤使用盛行率處理母親食品營養標籤使用對小孩肥胖的內生性問題。另外使用Multivariate Limited Dependent Variable model考量食品營養標籤使用的頻率對於母親就業影響小孩肥胖的弱化影響。實證結果顯示:母親就業對小孩肥胖為正向影響,隨著小孩年紀增長其影響效果遞增;母親食品營養標籤使用對小孩肥胖為負向影響,隨小孩年紀增長其影響效果遞減。母親食品營養標籤使用弱化母親就業對小孩肥胖的影響,以小孩3歲到6歲的弱化效果較明顯。母親食品營養標籤使用頻率越高,弱化就業衝擊小孩肥胖發生機率以3歲到6歲小孩比較明顯。
英文摘要 More and more evidence in support of the positive relation between maternal employment and child obesity has been provided by researchers during the last decade. This study examines whether maternal nutritional label use is a moderating factor upon the positive relation by analyzing the NHIS (2001) of Taiwan . Using the trivariate probit model, it finds that maternal nutritional label use provides a statistically significant moderating effect for children with aged 3-6. However, it is not statistically significant for the children aged 0-2 or 7-12. This suggests that the food policy promoting nutritional label use, in order to reduce the probability of child obesity, is relatively more effective for a mother who has a child aged 3-6. Using the multivariate limited dependent variable model, the result is similar.
論文目次 目錄
目錄 ..................................................................................................................................Ⅰ
表目錄 ..............................................................................................................................Ⅱ
母親就業、食品營養標籤使用與小孩肥胖 ............................................................... 1
第一章 前言 .................................................................................................................. 1
第二章 資料來源與變數定義 .................................................................................... 8
第一節 資料來源 ................................................................................................. 8
第二節 資料處理 ................................................................................................. 9
第三節 變數定義與敘述統計 ........................................................................... 10
第三章 實證模型設定 ................................................................................................. 19
第一節 Bivariate Probit 模型 ....................................................................... 19
第二節 Trivariate Probit 模型 ...................................................................... 20
第三節 Multivariate Limited Dependent Variable 模型 ....................... 23
第四章 實證結果 ......................................................................................................... 26
第一節 Bivariate Probit 結果 ........................................................................ 26
第二節 Trivariate Probit 結果 ...................................................................... 27
第三節 Multivariate Limited Dependent Variable 結果 ........................ 31
第四節 討論 ........................................................................................................... 33
第五章 結論 .................................................................................................................. 47
第一節 結論 ............................................................................................................ 47
第二節 研究限制與未來發展 .............................................................................. 47
參考文獻 .......................................................................................................................... 49
附錄 .................................................................................................................................. 53
表目錄
表一 小孩樣本敘述統計表 .................................................................................... 13
表二 平均托育成本 ................................................................................................. 14
表三 小孩肥胖比率統計表 .................................................................................... 15
表四 母親敘述統計表 ............................................................................................ 16
表五 家戶敘述統計表 ............................................................................................ 17
表六 區域盛行率 .................................................................................................... 17
表七 食品營養標籤使用頻率與小孩肥胖比率關係........................................... 18
表八 母親就業與小孩肥胖, bivariate probit 模型估計結果 ............... 35
表九 Trivariate probit結果,0歲到3歲小孩(0≦AGE<3) ..................... 36
表十 Trivariate probit結果,3歲到6歲小孩(3≦AGE<6) ..................... 37
表十一 Trivariate probit 結果,6歲到12歲小孩(6≦AGE<12) ........... 38
表十二 小孩肥胖(cobe)預測機率......................................................................... 39
表十三 小孩肥胖預測機率,母親為非肥胖(mobe=0)....................................... 40
表十四 小孩肥胖預測機率,母親為非肥胖(mobe=1)....................................... 41
表十五 工具變數檢定.............................................................................................. 42
表十六 MLDV 結果,0歲到3歲小孩(0≦AGE<3) ........................................... 43
表十七 MLDV 結果,3歲到6歲小孩(3≦AGE<6) .......................................... 44
表十八 MLDV 結果,6歲到12歲小孩(6≦AGE<12) ....................................... 45
表十九 母親食品營養標籤使用頻率(LU) ordered probit邊際效果 ........ 46
附錄 .............................................................................................................................. 53
附表一 WHO-小孩性別、年紀肥胖定義表 .......................................................... 53
附表二 台灣地區十五至六十四歲已婚女性托育子女之平均費用按地區別分
......................................................................................................................................... 54
附表三 食品營養標籤order probit 結果 ....................................................... 55
附表四 Trivariate probit結果,0歲到3歲小孩(0≦AGE<3),更改食品營養標籤使用定義................................................................................................................ 56
附表五 Trivariate probit結果,3歲到6歲小孩(3≦AGE<6),更改食品營養標籤使用定義................................................................................................................ 57
附表六 Trivariate probit結果,6歲到12歲小孩(6≦AGE<12),更改食品營養標籤使用定義............................................................................................................ 58
參考文獻 參考文獻

中文部份

1. 行政院主計處-2005年人力資源統計年報

2. 食品衛生管理法

3. 衛署食字第0九000五七一二一號,公告「市售包裝食品營養標示規範」及「市售包裝食品營以宣稱規範」

4. BabyLife育兒生活雜誌,2006年5月號,封面故事:四歲 種下肥胖基因

5. 台灣國民營養健康變遷,1997年至2002年

6. 鄒孟婷、鄒孟文(2003)「健康知識、教育程度與肥胖之關係」,《台灣衛誌》22 (4):295-307。

7. 鄒孟婷(2006) 「台灣成年女性肥胖、自覺肥胖和健康知識與教育程度之關係」,《台灣家醫誌》16 (4): 237-249

8. 台灣地區婦女婚育與就業調查統計,民國八十九年與民國九十二年

英文部分

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