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系統識別號 U0002-3006200906211600
中文論文名稱 從關係強化觀點建構B2B產品服務化
英文論文名稱 Building Servitization Roadmap in B2B :A Tie Strength Perspective
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 蔡淑如
研究生英文姓名 Amy,Shu-Ju Tsai
學號 796610425
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-06-16
論文頁數 95頁
口試委員 指導教授-李月華
委員-吳長生
委員-王居卿
中文關鍵字 產品服務化  企業對企業商業模式  關係強化 
英文關鍵字 Servitization  Business-to-Business (B2B)  Tie Strength 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 成功的服務有賴於對客戶的了解, 也就是了解客戶的需求和期望. 如果服務提供者不了解客戶, 將會減損服務的品質, 服務成效將會不彰, 整體營業成果也將受到影響.
在全球愈來愈多的公司正運用服務來加值它們的核心商品. 這個趨勢在各產業隨處可見. 企業為尋求更大收益及競爭優勢則必需專注於平衡顧客及市場導向.
本研究運用關係強化觀點, 並運用深度訪談以尋求客戶的真實需求. 從深度訪談中, 本研究發現 “產品服務化” 是影響B2B客戶採購決策的一項重要因素.因此本研究設計了產品服務化的架構以利買主和供應商達成雙贏合作.
供應商應規劃組織的服務流程來創造競爭優勢. 最好的方法就是以顧客的真實需求為基礎, 籌劃好產品服務化的架構, 以達低價, 差異化和與顧客連繫的優勢. 本研究整合了差異化產品,專業的銷售, 以知識為基礎的技術服務, 還有差異化售後服務建構B2B產品服務化.
英文摘要 Successful service relies on learning about customers; i.e, learning about customers’ needs and customers’ expectation. If service providers do not understand their customers, the quality of the service will be diminished, service productivity will fall, and the overall business performance will suffer.
More and more companies throughout the world are adding value to their core corporate offerings through services. The trend is pervading almost all industries. It is customer demand-driven and perceived by companies as sharpening their competitive edges, company seeking greater profitability and competitive advantage must balance a customer- and market-oriented focus.
This research uses ties strength perspective and through in-depth interview for exploration of customers’ real needs. From in-depth interview, this research find “servitization” is the critical factor when B2B customers make purchase decision. So this research designs a servitization roadmap for win-win cooperation between supplier and buyer.
Suppliers should reorganize their service process to reach competitive advantage. The best method is to stage a servitization roadmap. In order to grab competitive advantage of low costs, differentiation and customer bonds, based on real customer needs, this research integrates product differentiation, professional sales, knowledge based technology service and after sales service differentiation as a B2B servitization roadmap.
論文目次 Table of Contents

Chapter One - Introduction…………………………………………………………… 1
1.1 Research Background…………..……….……………………… 1
1.2 Marine Lubricant Industry Introduction………………… 3
1.3 Research Motives…………………………………………… 4
1.4 Research Objective………………………………………… 5
1.5 Research Process…………………………………………… 6

Chapter Two - Literature Review………………………………8
2.1 Servitization……………………………………………… 8
2.2 Business-to-Business (B2B)…………………………………11
2.3 Tie Strength ………………………………………………13
2.4 Customer Expectation versus Customer Need………… 15
2.5 Service Quality…………………………………………… 18
2.6 The relation between customer expectation
And customer satisfaction…………………………………… 20
2.7 Service process strategy incorporating
Customer’s need………………………………………………… 21
2.8 Customer service process integration………………… 22
2.9 Service innovation………………………………………… 24

Chapter Three - Research Methodology……………………… 28
3.1 Research Method and Research Concept……………………28
3.2 Data Collection and Consolidation……………………..32
3.3 In-depth interview respondent list…………………….32
3.4 Data Collection and Consolidation……………………..33
3.5 The process of in-depth interview………………………33
3.6 Out line of interview ……………………………………34
3.7 Research quality analysis …………………………………37
3.8 Validity ……………………………………………………38
3.8.1 Construct Validity………………………………………38
3.8.2 Internal Validity……………………………………….38
3.8.3 External Validity…………………………………………38
3.9 Reliability……………………………………………………38
3.9.1 Case Study Database……………………………………38
3.9.2 Chain of Evidence……………………………………….38

Chapter Four – Data Analysis and Finding…………………40
4.1 Data …………………………………………………40
4.1.1 In-depth Interview……………………………………..40
4.1.2 Lubricant Supplier Documents …………………………50
4.2 Analysis…………………………………………………………51
4.2.1 Product Challenge………………………………………….53
4.2.2 Sales Challenge…………………………………………………………56
4.2.3 Technical Service Challenge……………………………60
4.2.4 After Sales Services Challenge………………………65
4.2.5 Customers’ Purchase Decision……..…………………69
4.2.6 Integration and Servitization…………………………73

Chapter Five – Conclusions and Discussion …………………78
5.1 Conclusions………………………………………………………78
5.2 Management Implication…………………………………………………………82
5.3 Research Limitations………………………….……….…84
5.4 Suggestions for future studies…………………………85
eferences……………………………………………………………86

Figures

Chapter One - Introduction
Figure 1.1:Research Process………………………………………7

Chapter Two - Literature Review
Figure 2.1:Influence Factor of Service Anticipation
…………………………………………………………………………17

Chapter Three - Research Methodology
Figure 3.1: Research Concept……………………………………………………………29
Figure 3.2: Case Study Method…………………………………31

Chapter Four – Data Analysis and Finding
Figure 4.1: Marine Lubricant Service Process…………………52
Figure 4.2: New Product Development Process…………………56
Figure 4.3: Professional Sales Representative………………60
Figure 4.4: Knowledge-Based Technology Service……………64
Figure 4.5: After Sales Services Framework of Service Differentiation ………………………………………………………69
Figure 4.6: Purchase process of Different Types of purchase ………………………………………………………………71
Figure 4.7: Factors taken into consideration when make
purchase decision ………………………………………………73
Figure 4.8: Servitization Roadmap……………………………76

Chapter Five – Conclusions and Discussion
Figure 5.1: Purchase decision factors VS factors
suggested by this research…………………………………79

Tables

Chapter Three - Research Methodology
Table 3.1: In-depth interview case profile …………………32
Table 3.2: Case Study Tactics for Four Design Tests.37
Table 3.3: Chain of Evidence……………………………………39

Chapter Four – Data Analysis and Finding
Table 4.1: 1st in-depth interview results……………………40
Table 4.2: Marine customer survey result……………………50


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