|| October 18 to 24, 2017, the 19th CPC National Congress was held in Beijing. At the meeting, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, proposed the report on “Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era".During the 19th CPC National Congress, Xi Jinping won the second term as the leader of the Communist Party of China, added his ideology in the Constitution of The Communist Party of China, and revised the constitution in March 2018 to deepen Xi's personal dominance over the party and the nation.
After the 19th CPC National Congress, Xi Jinping thoughts come into mature with concretization and practicality in his second term, developed from the prototype which was given during the first term. Xi’s thoughts is the continuation of "Peaceful Reunification", "One country, Two systems" and "One China”, which are Chinese mainland’s policies towards Taiwan since Deng Xiaoping period. In addition, after the 18th CPC National Congress, the “92 Consensus" was added into the political report. The 19th CPC National Congress re-emphasized its core connotation, and gradually added Xi Jinping's personal ideology and characteristics in it, among which, the concepts of "cross-strait family" and "equal treatment" are the integration development strategy of Xi Jinping's "spiritual fit" promotion to Taiwan.
Currently, it is the main focus on the integration of economic and social development between the cross-strait in the CPC’s policy toward Taiwan. After the "19th National Congress", the CPC has gradually released the " preferential policy 31 items of Taiwan" and "residence permit" issues, which means that the CPC maintains a consistent two-handed strategy —“Opposition to Independence" and "Promotion of Unification”towards Taiwan. Which should be noticed is the " Promotion of Unification" is executed strongly than the "Opposition to Independence". Due to the relations between cross-strait is drastically changed with public opinion and during the time. After the “Sun Flower Movement” in Taiwan in 2014, the CPC has to envisage the young generation and grassroots group in Taiwan and face up to the “Fear of China” mindset which is generated by the rapid exchanges between the cross-strait during the Ma Ying-jeou government. After the Tsai Ing-wen government took office, the changes of public opinion in Taiwan made the CPC evolute into unilateral control. The CPC attracts the attention of people between cross-strait by manipulating issues.
Under the international order, Taiwan and mainland China are one of the hot spots which contains potential conflicts. The development of cross-strait relation will inevitably affect the stability of the international community. Dealing with the Chinese government, how could Taiwan reduce hostility and develop a peaceful development? This paper will analyze the Chinese mainland’s policy towards Taiwan, and mainly focus on the study of "Opposition to Taiwan Independence" and "Promotion of Unification" Policy before and after 19th CPC National Congress.