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中文論文名稱 心智化能力涉入個別諮商情境之研究—以專家與新手諮商心理師為例
英文論文名稱 Mentalization Ability Involve in Counseling —The Comparison Between Expert and Novice Counselors
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Psychology and Counseling
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 林星翔
研究生英文姓名 Xing-Xiang Lin
學號 601690414
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2019-01-23
論文頁數 95頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯志恩
委員-李麗君
委員-洪素珍
中文關鍵字 心智化  心智化能力  專家諮商心理師  新手諮商心理師 
英文關鍵字 Mentalization  Mentalization ability  Expert and Novice Counselors 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要   本研究旨在探討在個別諮商情境中,心智化能力的涉入情況,並進一步分析專家諮商心理師與新手諮商心理師在諮商情境中涉入的心智化能力與其差異。透過訪談專家與新手諮商心理師,了解其心智化能力涉入個別諮商情境中的情形、專家與新手諮商心理師的差異、以及如何運用心智化能力技巧介入協助諮商工作發展,將可為未來諮商教育訓練、提升諮商心理師自我能力的參考。本研究採質性研究的深度訪談法,以半結構式的訪談大綱,分別對專家與新手進行訪談。以心智化為本的治療模式的介入原則為主要研究工具,以主題編碼方式分析歸納,本研究研究結果如下:
一、專家較關注會談發展,新手較關注自我表現
二、專家採取關係導向,新手只關注問題表層的解決
三、專家較能即時在會談情境中使用心智化能力,新手需經驗累積
四、新手從督導過程學習心智化能力,專家則透過經驗與自我反思
五、心智化能力的應用中,專家較新手準確而迅速,但仍有假設偏誤,並逐步修正假設
六、專家與新手評估會談情境的深度有差異
七、專家在會談情境中的彈性與幽默感優於新手
八、心智化能力是建構諮商心理師專業成長的重點
  最後研究者按照研究結果提出限制與建議,以提供諮商實務、訓練、自我成長及未來研究的參考。
英文摘要   The purpose of this study is to explore how mentalize ability involve in counseling situation, and further analyze the differences between expert and novice counselors in counseling situation, their mentalize ability, the differences they use mentalize ability to improve the development of counseling and relationship with client. Through quality research based on in-depth interviewing, this research uses semi-structured as guideline to interview expert and novice counselors. The analyses base-on mentalization-base therapy’s seven principles. Furthermore, we can summarize to provide advice to counseling education, counselors training, self-efficiency improve.
The research result consists of eight points:
1.Experts focus on counseling development, novice counselors focus on performance.
2.Experts focus on relationship, novice counselors focus on problem solving.
3.Experts use mentalize ability in counseling situation immediately, novice counselors need more experiences.
4.Novice counselors learn mentalize ability through supervisor, Experts learning through experience and introspection.
5.Experts are more accurate in counseling situation and adjust their intervention and strategy in counseling situation.
6.There are differences between experts and novice counselors of awareness the depth of client’s problem.
7.Experts are more flexible and humor in counseling situation.
8.Mentalization ability is important to counselors’ profession improve.
  The research finally provide suggestion based on the results, which assist expert and novice counselors training or learning and guild to further research.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 研究問題 7
第四節 名詞解釋 7
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 心智化理論及相關研究 11
第二節 專家與新手相關研究 19
第三章 研究方法 27
第一節 研究設計 27
第二節 研究對象與研究參與者 28
第三節 研究工具 32
第四節 研究程序 36
第五節 資料分析 40
第六節 信效度檢核 41
第四章 研究結果 43
第一節 新手諮商心理師在諮商情境中涉入的心智化能力 43
第二節 專家諮商心理師在諮商情境中涉入的心智化能力 59
第三節 專家與新手諮商心理師在諮商情境中涉入的心智化能力比較分析 70
第五章 研究結論與建議 77
第一節 結論 77
第二節 建議與限制 80
參考文獻 86
中文文獻 86
英文文獻 87
附錄
 附錄一 研究邀請函………………………………………………………………94
 附錄二 訪談同意書………………………………………………………………95

表次
表3-1 受訪者基本資料……………………………………………………………30
表3-2 訪談大綱對照表……………………………………………………………33

圖次
圖3-1 研究流程……………………………………………………………………39



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