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中文論文名稱 澳洲高等教育品質保證機制之研究—以澳洲國立大學與墨爾本大學為例
英文論文名稱 Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education: The Case Study of Australian National University and University of Melbourne.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育政策與領導研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Policy and Leadership
學年度 95
學期 1
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 洪曉玉
研究生英文姓名 Hsiao-Yu Hung
學號 693120262
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-01-05
論文頁數 221頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊國賜
委員-楊瑩
委員-王如哲
中文關鍵字 高等教育  品質保證機制  澳洲國立大學  墨爾本大學 
英文關鍵字 Higher Education  Quality Assurance Mechanism  Australian National University  University of Melbourne 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討澳洲高等教育品質保證機制之發展,並以澳洲國立大學與墨爾本大學為案例作深入分析,分析後提出建議,以作為我國高等教育建立品質保證機制之參考。
本研究採用文件分析法及個案研究法,主要探討高等教育評鑑、高等教育品質保證之意涵及世界主要國家高等教育品質機制,深入分析澳洲高等教育品質保證機制之發展,及澳洲國立大學與墨爾本大學二個案品質保證機制之運作與發展計畫。加以分析後,主要的研究發現如下:
一、就澳洲高等教育品質保證機制而言
(一)澳洲高等教育品質保證機制與其高等教育體系之改革有密切之關係。
(二)澳洲高等教育品質保證機制是由非政府的獨立專責單位進行評鑑工作。
(三)品質保證是一綜合性及整體性的過程。
(四)重視競爭力的提升,強調國際化,成為更強大的教育輸出國。
二、就澳洲國立大學與墨爾本大學品質保證機制發展策略而言
(一)重視有效管理。
(二)重視評鑑專責單位的設置。
(三)重視教師專業。
(四)重視品質文化。
(五)訂定品質保證機制之發展相關架構。
(六)重視發展評鑑的相關指南。

本研究最後根據文獻探討與研究結論,提出對台灣未來高等教育品質保證機制發展之建議,供教育主管機關與高等教育機構參考。
英文摘要 This purpose of this study is to investigate the development of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”, and to analyze that how the quality assurance mechanisms work in “Australian National University” and “University of Melbourne”. After analyzing the cases, propose practical suggestions for the establishment of quality assurance mechanism in Taiwan higher education.
This study mainly, via the method of document analysis and case study, aims to explore the meaning of higher education review and quality assurance system in higher education. Besides that this study analyzes unique quality assurance mechanism in the main countries of the world. To clearly realize how to work and develop the improvement plan for quality assurance mechanism in “Australian National University” and “University of Melbourne”.
Therefore, the main findings of this study are described as below:
1.The condition of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”:
1.1On the whole, the relationship between “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education” and “Australian Higher Education System” was really close together.
1.2According to the analysis of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”, the most important thing is that the quality was reviewed by an independent non-government unit.
1.3 The process of “Quality Assurance in Australian” was synergy and integrative.
1.4 It pays attention to the improvement of competitiveness and internalization, which becomes the largest export country of education all over the world.
2. The focus of “Higher Education Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian National University and University of Melbourne” includes the six points: (1) to emphasis on effectiveness of management; (2) to set the independent unit which is responsible for the review of quality; (3) to focus on teachers’ professional knowledge and ability; (4) to create the unique quality culture; (5) to establish the framework which related to the development of quality assurance mechanism; (6) to set the guideline of quality review.
Based on the above findings, this study concluded with some practical suggestions to educational administrative authorities and higher education institutions in Taiwan.
論文目次 目 次
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機……………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題………………………………………… 5
第三節 研究方法與研究步驟………………………………………… 6
第四節 名詞釋義與研究限制………………………………………… 11
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 高等教育評鑑之意涵………………………………………… 15
第二節 高等教育品質保證之意涵…………………………………… 22
第三節 世界主要國家品質機制……………………………………… 37
第三章 澳洲高等教育品質保證機制
第一節 澳洲高等教育制度…………………………………………… .53
第二節 澳洲高等教育品質保證架構之發展………………………….92
第四章 澳洲大學應用品質保證機制之個案分析
第一節 澳洲國立大學之個案分析……………………………………119
第二節 墨爾本大學之個案分析………………………………………141
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論……………………………………………………………177
第二節 建議……………………………………………………………182
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………….185

表 次
表3-1 2006年澳洲人口統計表.......................................................................54
表3-2 澳洲統一國家系統中學生和教職員的數量........................................66
表3-3 2004年澳洲主要學術組織單位中學生與學術教師的比例.............66
表3-4 1996~2003年澳洲高等教育院校收入及支出來源...........................75
表3-5 澳洲高等教育品質保證機制主要途徑及方法................................112
表4-1 澳洲根據研究績效的五種指標所做的主要研究型大學的比較…129
表4-2 澳洲國立大學研究績效的指標........................................................130
表4-3 澳洲畢業生就業或升學調查............................................................133
表4-4 1997年-1999年澳洲國立大學的課程經驗問卷等級…….............135
表4-6 1999年澳洲五所大學的媒體引用數量............................................136
表4-7 澳洲八所大學的網際網路引用........................................................137
表4-8 澳洲國立大學與全部的澳洲大學行政與其他一般機構總支出中所占
的服務支出例.......... .......... .......... ...................................................138
表4-9 2004年墨爾本大學統計...................................................................142

圖 次
圖1-1 研究流程……………………………………………………………...10
圖3-1 澳洲升學流程圖……………………………………………………...57
圖3-2 1993-2004年澳洲高等教育機構師生比……………………………..67
圖3-3 1981-2002澳洲高等教育研究和發展支出與OECD、EU-15 GDP之比較……68
圖3-4 澳洲高等教育的發展………………………………………………....82
圖3-5 澳洲品質保證架構…………………………………………………....96

附 錄
附錄一……………………………………………………………………….199
附錄二……………………………………………………………………….201
附錄三……………………………………………………………………….204
附錄四……………………………………………………………………….206
附錄五……………………………………………………………………….212
附錄六……………………………………………………………………….216
附錄七……………………………………………………………………….219
附錄八……………………………………………………………………….221


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