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系統識別號 U0002-2908201313594200
中文論文名稱 物聯網中智慧中央控制系統之設計與實作
英文論文名稱 Design and Implementation of a Central Control System for Internet of Things
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系資訊網路與通訊碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Networking and Communications, Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 高正豪
研究生英文姓名 Zheng-Hao Gao
學號 600420409
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2013-06-01
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-潘孟鉉
委員-張志勇
委員-洪麗玲
委員-潘孟鉉
中文關鍵字 物聯網  智慧中央控制系統  通訊協定  藍芽 
英文關鍵字 IoT  Smart Central Control System  Communication Technologies  Bluetooth 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 近年來,隨著網路與通訊技術的創新以及微機電技術的進步,感知與物件聯網技術已可將感測器與無線通訊晶片嵌入於實體物質或與其高度整合,各式各樣的智慧物件亦隨處可見。但智慧物件所使用的封包編碼格式及傳輸頻率的不同(如Bluetooth、ZigBee、或IrDA等),導致各項裝置的即時資訊及狀態無法被有效地整合。有鑑於此,本論文擬設計一應用於物聯網中的「智慧中央控制系統」,此系統可將異質網路中各種智慧物件的無線通訊技術進行整合,以建立一個智慧化的中控系統,其可減少封包因不同通訊協定轉換之延遲,亦可利用此系統進行即時資訊的交換與狀態之監控,進而提升網路傳輸之效率與品質。
英文摘要 Internet of Things (IoT) are broadly utilized in various wireless communication technologies (such as Bluetooth, ZigBee, IrDA.). However, the devices encode the packet format by using different frequencies which result in the device cannot be effectively integrated in real-time. In order to solve this problem, this paper designed a gateway using the IoT technology, namely Smart central control system, which can allow the information to be integrated with various smart objects. Therefore, the proposed system can gain access to any smart objects to exchange the information for obtaining the devices status, hence improving the efficiency and quality of network transmission.
論文目次 目錄
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
第一章、 簡介 1
第二章、 背景知識 4
2-1 WiFi技術 5
2-2 ZigBee技術 6
2-3 Bluetooth技術 8
2-4 IrDA技術 9
2-5 嵌入式系統 11
第三章、 智慧中央系統架構 12
3-1 系統架構 12
第四章、 智慧中央控制系統之硬體模組架構與實作 16
4-1 系統所使用硬體感測元件 16
脈衝變壓器 16
磁簧開關 17
橋式整流器 17
小信號放大電路 17
繼電器 17
4-2 智慧中央控制系統之硬體模組 18
4-2-1 OctopusX無線感測模組 18
4-2-2 Arduino微電腦控制板 20
4-2-3 ZX-Bluetooth V2.0藍芽晶片模組 22
4-2-4 VS1000音樂模組 23
4-2-5 360度紅外線模組 24
第五章、 智慧中央控制系統設計與實作 26
5-1 各模組內部設計與溝通 26
5-1-1 燈控模組 27
5-1-2 偵測模組 28
5-1-3 通訊模組的設計 30
5-1-4 硬體內部溝通 32
5-2 封包與通訊協定 35
5-3 硬體電路設計 38
第六章、 效能及模擬 42
第七章、 結論 52
參考文獻 53
附錄-英文論文 57

圖目錄
圖 1 智慧化生活的基本架構 5
圖 2 ZigBee無線通訊協定架構圖 7
圖 3 利用藍芽裝置所組成的小型的網路(Piconet) 9
圖 4 智慧中央控制系統架構圖 13
圖 5 智慧會議室運作流程圖 14
圖 6 Octopus X無線感測模組硬體系統架構圖 19
圖 7 Arduino微電腦控制板硬體系統架構圖 21
圖 8 Bluetooth模組之系統架構圖 22
圖 9 VS1000模組硬體系統架構圖 23
圖 10 360度紅外線模組硬體系統架構圖 24
圖 11 燈控模組之實作電路圖 27
圖 12 偵測模組之硬體系統架構圖 29
圖 13 智慧中央控制系統模組之對外通訊設計流程圖 30
圖 14 智慧中央控制系統之硬體內部溝通流程圖 33
圖 15 自訂封包格式 36
圖 16 智慧會議中央控制系統電路整合圖 38
圖 17 智慧會議室之運作效能圖 42
圖 18 智慧會議室展示空間規劃圖 43
圖 19 智慧會議室展示空間施工情況 44
圖 20 智慧會議室之智慧控制箱 45
圖 21 手機UI介面 46
圖 22 手機介面 46
圖 23 WiFi AP 47
圖 24 無線網路分析儀 47
圖 25 ZigBee裝置的數目以及距離對於反應時間的影響 48
圖 26 智慧會議室擺設WiFi-AP與ZigBee裝置的配置圖 49
圖 27 ZigBee傳輸比較 50
圖 28 藍芽傳輸比較 50
圖 29 紅外線傳輸比較 50
圖 30 紅外線各式編碼的傳送封包比較圖 51
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[3] F. Qu, F. Y. Wang, and L. Yang, “Intelligent Transportation Spaces: Vehicles, Traffic, Communications, and Beyond,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 136–142, Nov. 2010.
[4] S. B. Eisenman, E. Miluzzo, N. D. Lane, R. A. Peterson, G. S. Ahn, and A. T. Campbell, “BikeNet: A Mobile Sensing System for Cyclist Experience Mapping,” ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, vol. 6, no. 1, article 6, Dec. 2009.
[5] G. Lopez, V. Custodio, and J. I. Moreno, “LOBIN: E-Textile and Wireless-Sensor-Network-Based Platform for Healthcare Monitoring in Future Hospital Environments,” IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1446–1458, Nov. 2010.
[6] B. Otal, L. Alonso, and C. Verikoukis, “Highly Reliable Energy-Saving MAC for Wireless Body Sensor Networks in Healthcare Systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 553–565, May 2009.
[7] N. A. Streitz, C. Rocker, T. Prante, D. van Alphen, R. Stenzel, and C. Magerkurth, “Designing Smart Artifacts for Smart Environments,” Computer, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 41–49, Mar. 2005.
[8] Y. Ning and T. Sim, “Interactive Portrait Art,” IEEE WACV, Jan. 2008.
[9] M. Karkkainen, “Increasing Efficiency in the Supply Chain for Short Shelf Life Goods Using RFID Tagging,” International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 529–536, 2003.
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[24] OctopusX sensor module, http://163.13.128.59/?page_id=86
[25] VLSI Solution Inc., “VS1000: Datasheet,” http://www.vlsi.fi/datasheets/vs1000.pdf
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