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系統識別號 U0002-2906201313152800
中文論文名稱 平均每人工作時間與生育率
英文論文名稱 Hours worked and Fertility rate
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 李孟穎
研究生英文姓名 Meng-Ying Lee
學號 600540537
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-06-21
論文頁數 38頁
口試委員 指導教授-李順發
委員-洪小文
委員-盧佳慧
中文關鍵字 生育率  平均每人工作時間 
英文關鍵字 Fertility rate  hours worked 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文建構一個新古典的成長模型,討論平均每人工作時間(勞動供給)和生育率之間的關係。我們發現在某些合理的參數空間下,兩者間具有負向的關係,也符合實證文獻的結果。模型中的效用函數延續Becker and Barro (1988)和Barro and Becker (1989)的精神再加入勞動供給。而養育小孩成本的設計延續Barro and Sala-i-Martin (2004)的方式,以資源的消耗來刻畫其成本。
英文摘要 This paper constructs a neoclassical growth model to discuss the relationship between hours worked (labor supply) and fertility rate. We find that under some reasonable parameter spaces these two variables are negative correlated which is also in line with the result of the empirical literatures. In the model, the setting of the household’s utility function originates from the spirit of Becker and Barro (1988) and Barro and Becker (1989) with labor supply. We also follow Barro and Sala-i-Martin (2004) to assume that the cost of child-rearing is increasing with capital.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 論文架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
第一節 實證相關文獻 3
第二節 理論相關文獻 5
第三章 理論模型 7
第一節 家計單位 7
第二節 廠商行為 10
第三節 模型推導 11
第四節 長期均衡 14
第四章 比較靜態分析 17
第一節 養育小孩成本變動 17
第二節 技術參數變動 29
第三節 工作所帶來的負效用變動 30
第五章 數值分析 31
第六章 結論 34

參考文獻 35

圖1 n有兩個解 15
圖2 α和ρ的合理的參數範圍 33

表1 數值分析 31
表2 參數空間範圍 32
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