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系統識別號 U0002-2906200914445000
中文論文名稱 查維茲的外交政策(1999-2008)
英文論文名稱 Foreign Policy of Hugo Chávez (1999-2008)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Latin American Studies
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 謝雨珊
研究生英文姓名 Yu-San, Hsieh
學號 695310010
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-06-19
論文頁數 145頁
口試委員 指導教授-韋淑珊
委員-陳韻如
委員-熊建成
中文關鍵字 建構主義  查維茲  外交政策  多極世界 
英文關鍵字 Constructivism  Hugo Chavez  Foreign Policy  Multi-polarity 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 九零年代初期,委內瑞拉的經濟狀況一直低迷不振,人民不滿的聲浪也持續高漲。查維茲於1992年發動政變失敗而入獄數年,出獄後查維茲開始參與政治活動,創立了左翼政黨「第五共和運動」。他以拯救委內瑞拉的大量貧窮人口為號召,並於1998年當選總統。

1999年,查維茲提出「委內瑞拉的國家經濟與社會發展計畫」,計畫中提到委內瑞拉面臨的挑戰有:分散國家的經濟出口,同時處理社會問題,並提升窮人的地位。而發展計畫同時列出五項外交政策的主要目標:提倡多極世界、促進拉美整合、鞏固並多元化委內瑞拉的外交關係、提倡新的西半球安全體系以及強化委內瑞拉於世界經濟的地位。、

至2008年,查維茲執政已屆滿十年,本篇論文以建構主義觀點,探討影響查維茲外交決策因素,同時結合實際情況,分析其政策的影響和障礙。
英文摘要 In the February 1992 coup, Hugo Chávez, a former paratrooper, attempted to overthrow the government of President Carlos Andres Perez as anger grew against the President's economic austerity measures. Chávez was unsuccessful and landed up in jail. In 1998, Chávez was elected as the president of Venezuela.

The outlines of Venezuela’s development policy are laid down in the new Constitution, introduced by the Chávez government in 1999, as well as in the National Economic and Social Development Plan for 2001-2007 (Líneas Generales del Plan de Desarollo Económico y Social de la Nación 2001-2007), which defines the principal challenges facing the country as (i) the need to diversify its economy and (ii) to deal with social challenges and the rise in poverty. The development plan lists five main objectives for its foreign policy as: (i)promote multi-polarity, (ii)promote Latin American integration, (iii)consolidate and diversity Venezuela’s foreign relations, (iv)promote a new regime of hemispheric security, (v)strengthen Venezuela’s position in the international economy

After 10 years of taking power, Chávez has reached some progress. The main objective of thesis is to analyze the possible factors that affect Hugo Chávez’s decision in his foreign policy, combine the happening facts and point out the opportunities and obstacles.
論文目次 Introduction 1
A. Purpose of the Study 2
B. Hypothesis 3
C. Methods of the study 4
D. Ambits and Limitations 5
E. Parts of Study 6
F. Flowchart of the Study 8
I. Theoretical Framework 9
A. Concept of Constructivism 10
i. Ontological 11
ii. Anarchy 13
B. Constructivism in the thesis 15
C. Anticipation 18
i. Governance Policy 19
ii. Economic Policy 21
iii. Foreign Policy 21
iv. Social Policy 22
D. Limits 23
E. Brief Conclusion 27
II. Background 29
A. Internal Issues of Venezuela 30
i. Political 31
ii. Petroleum Economics 34
B. Foreign Relations of Venezuela 36
i. Venezuela-U.S. Relation 36
ii. Venezuela-Colombia Relations 38
iii. Venezuela-Cuba Relations 39
iv. Sino-Venezuela Relations 40
C. Hugo Chávez 42
i. Early Life 42
ii. Failured coup 43
iii. The factor of rising 45
D. Left in Latin America 47
i. Left 48
ii. Populism 49
E. Brief Conclusion 51
III. Internal Policy of Hugo Chávez 55
A. Governance Policy 55
i. Constitutional Reform 56
ii. Participatory Democracy 58
iii. 21st Century Socialism 61
B. Economic Policy 62
i. Venezuelan Economic Indicators 63
ii. Economic Survey from 1999-2008 64
iii. PDVSA and Chávez Government 68
iv. Restriction of Currency 69
C. Social Policy 72
i. Education 72
ii. Electoral 74
iii. Food and Nutrition 74
iv. Healthcare 75
v. Housing 76
vi. Identification 76
vii. Indigenous Rights 76
viii. Land Reform 77
ix. Rural Development 78
x. Socioeconomic Transformation 79
xi. Civilian Militia 79
D. Brief Conclusion 79
IV Foreign Policy of Hugo Chávez 81
A. Promote multi-polarity 81
i. Tensions between Venezuela and U.S.. 82
B. Promote Latin American Integration 84
i. ALBA 84
ii. Bank of the South 85
iii. Mercosur 86
iv. Energy 87
C. Consolidate and Diversity Venezuela’s Foreign Relations 91
i. 2006 world tours 91
ii. 2008 world tours 92
D. Promote a New Regime of Hemispheric Security 94
i. Arms purchased 94
ii. Military maneuvers 95
E. Strengthen Venezuela’s Position in the International Economy 97
i. China 97
ii. Iran 99
F. Brief Conclusion 101
V. Perspective 103
A. Internal Opportunities 103
i. The Collapse of the Old Regime 103
ii. Economy 105
iii. Social Programs 107
B. Foreign Influence 108
i. Latin American Integration 108
ii. Multi-polar World 111
C. Internal Obstacles 113
i. Political 114
ii. Economic 117
iii. Social 119
D. Foreign Obstacles 121
i. Interference 122
ii. U.S. Powers 122
iii. Difficult to diversify the petroleum exports 125
E. Brief Conclusion 125
Conclusion 127
Biography 133

Table
Table 1. Venezuela, GDP Annual Growth Rates of Venezuela 63
Table 2. Barrels of Crude Oil per Metric Ton, 1999-2006 63
Table 3. RWTC, Cushing, OK WTI Spot Price FOB (Dollars per Barrel) 63

參考文獻 A. Books

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