||Since the lifting of martial law and the government’s deregulation of restrictions on family visits to the Mainland China in 1987, many Chinese nationals that hope to earn a lot of money for living have illegally entered Taiwan at the risk of being arrested, and what is more, of losing their own life. Owing to maintaining their ground, both sides of Taiwan Strait take rigorous measures against unlawful immigrants. The number of Mainland people that illegally immigrated to Taiwan has declined since 2003. In Fact, the way of illegitimate immigration has been changed: illegal activities are covered by legal ones. For example, Chinese nationals come to Taiwan under the disguise of marriages, family visits, or crew. In other words, they engage in activities inconsistent with their intended purpose of going into Taiwan.
To block illicit entry from Mainland China to Taiwan, the government has devoted a lot of efforts and money to arresting, detaining, and repatriating Mainland stowaways for late twenty years. According to the Cross-Strait political situation, there remains the problem that Mainland people illegitimately immigrate to Taiwan or enter Taiwan in a legal way that covers their illegal activities. As a member of CGA fellows who prevent Chinese nationals’ unlawful entry into Taiwan, I suggest that the best method to solve this problem is to modify the policy and to enhance the achievement of the goals. In this way, the government can efficiently keep Mainland people from illegally entering Taiwan.
This thesis includes eight chapters. Chapter One is the introduction that briefly explains the motive and the purpose of this thesis, the study method, and the range and the limitation of this thesis. Chapter Two explores the situation of unlawful immigration from China to Taiwan after the lifting of martial law, and the statistics and the analysis of the questionnaire on stowaways. Chapter Three investigates the reasons and methods of illegitimate immigration from China to Taiwan after the lifting of martial law. Chapter Four examines regulations prohibiting Mainland stowaways’ illegal immigration, organizations detecting and arresting stowaways, and prevention of stowaways in the two sides of the Strait. Chapter Five discusses the detention and the repatriation of Mainland stowaways, and proposes improvements on this issue. Chapter Six analyzes the impact of Mainland stowaways on National safety, public security, government’s burden, public sanitation, and National image. Chapter Seven is the conclusion－deals with how to effectively forbid Mainland stowaways; in this chapter, I make my suggestion about how to modify the policy and how to effectively strengthen the fulfillment.
Keywords: Mainland China（people）、 Taiwan（people）、stowaways、 the center for the smuggling of illegal immigrants