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系統識別號 U0002-2809201211365600
中文論文名稱 論亞拉文。雅迪嘉《白老虎》中印度全球化與階級衝突
英文論文名稱 Situating Indian Globalization and Inter-caste Antagonisms in Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 蘇維翎
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Ling Su
電子信箱 mavissu150@gmail.com
學號 697110426
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-06-15
論文頁數 70頁
口試委員 指導教授-包德樂
委員-涂銘宏
委員-蔡仁傑
中文關鍵字 亞拉文。雅迪嘉  白老虎  印度種姓制度  全球化  階級衝突  第三空間  主體性  權力 
英文關鍵字 Aravind Adiga  The White Tiger  Indian caste system  Globalization  Class antagonism  The Third Space  Sujectivity  Power 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 此篇論文旨以援引解構主義與後殖民論述為基底,如傅柯(Foucault)與巴巴(Bhabha)之觀點,探討亞拉文。雅迪嘉《白老虎》一書中印度全球化與階級衝突,並試圖進一步的構想及提出在面臨文本及當今社會中受經濟、文化全球化所影響下所產生的矛盾與衝突之反思與對策。《白老虎》一書中,讀者可藉由主角對於自身經歷之闡述以及作者論述時所採用之手法而對於文中所形塑的印度社會產生一定的認識與想像。在第一章中,此篇論文藉由探討文本中印度種姓制度、殖民主義及全球化對文本中角色所產生的二元化(binary)影響。 並希冀能藉由第一章對於種姓制度、殖民主義及全球化的討論能建構並領略出文中印度的過去與現況對於文中角色所產生的影響與行塑。第二章則由第一章的討論引出主角對於自我認同(identity)之矛盾並藉由分析主角行兇殺害雇主之動機與犯後態度,探討主角自我之形成(self-formation)與主體性(subjectivity)的轉變與展現。以階級間衝突與個人之自我矛盾的探討為脈絡,第三章著重於權力(power)的展現(presentation)與再現(representation),並以對於命名、地景之解讀、主角行兇殺害雇主、以及作者對於論述方式與語調之採用做出權力展現與再現的分析與探討。本論文試圖在看似大勢已定的經濟、文化全球化時代,經由空間(space)的解構與重組打破既定的二元化思考邏輯以提供現今二元化框架外之可能性。
英文摘要 This thesis aims to read Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger in terms of post-colonialism with the discussion of Indian globalization and inter-class antagonism as well as attempts to figure out if there are any other means of action to take when facing the conflict and contradictions presented in the text. In the first chapter, I would like to lead the discussion by exploring the binary influence of the Indian caste system, colonialism and globalism to the protagonist, the people around him and India society in the text. In the second chapter, for the Indian historical complexities, the Indian people, as Balram, face the ambiguities of self-identification. Therefore, the second chapter mainly pays attention to the representation of Balram’s self-formation and subjectivity. In the last chapter, the focus turns to the analysis of power representation in the text. The thesis would like to analyze the exercise of power with the analysis of naming, the reading of landscape, the protagonist’s crime commitment, and the narrative term and tone which the author adopts. With the discussion so far, the thesis would like to argue that the binarism deconstruction would be lead with the deconstruction and reconstruction of space.
論文目次 Table of Contents


Introduction 1
Chapter One
The Influence of Class distinction Colonialism, and Globalization in The White Tiger 15

Chapter Two
Representing Self-formation and Subjectivity in The White Tiger 31

Chapter Three
The Power of Naming, Space and Place in The White Tiger 47

Conclusion 62

Works Cited 68
參考文獻 Work Cited

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Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar. Caste, Culture and Hegemony: Social Domination in Colonial Bengal. New Delhi: Sage, 2004. Print
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Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994. Print
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Yourk: Routledge,1996. 437-448. Print
Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1968. Print
Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge and The Discourse on Language.
Trans. A.M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon Books, 1972. Print
Foucault, Michel. “The Subject and Power.” Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984. Ed. James D. Faubion. Trans. Robert Hurley and others. New York: The New York Press, 1994. 326-348. Print.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
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Husserl, Edmund. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental
Phenomenology. Evaston: Northwest University Press, 1954. Print.
Hutcheon, Linda. Irony’s Edge: The Theory and Politics of Irony. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael. “Coexistence and Synthesis: Cultural Globalization and
Localization in Contemporary Taiwan.” Many Globalizations. Oxford: Oxford
Press, 2002. Print.
Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. Print.
Loomba , Ania. Colonialism/ Postcolonialism. London: Routledge, 1998. Print
Meister, Robert. Political Identity: Think Through Marx. Massachusette: Basil. Blackwell,1990. Print.
Waters, Malcolm. Globalization. London: Routledge, 1995. Print
Schotland, Sara D. “Breaking Out of the Rooster Coop: Violent Crime in Aravind Adiga’s White Tiger and Richard Wright’s Native Son.” Comparative Literature Studies. Vol.48, No.I, 2011.
Mendes, Ana Cristina. “Exciting Tales of Exotic Dark India: Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger.” The Journal of Commonwealth Literature. Vol.45.2(2010): 275-29.
Goh, Robbie B. H. “Narrating ‘Dark’ India in Londonstai and The White Tiger: Sustaining Identity in the Diaspora.” The Journal of Commonwealth Literature. Vol.46 (2011): 327-344.
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