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中文論文名稱 H2O2/UV氧化程序處理家庭一級出流水之研究
英文論文名稱 Treatment of Domestic Primary Effluents by H2O2/UV Oxidation Processes
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 水資源及環境工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 李彬豪
研究生英文姓名 Bin-Hao Li
學號 697480878
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-06-29
論文頁數 69頁
口試委員 指導教授-徐錠基
委員-康世芳
委員-顏幸苑
中文關鍵字 H2O2/UV  礦化  氧化  家庭一級出流水 
英文關鍵字 H2O2/UV  oxidation  mineralization  domestic primary effluent 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學環境工程
中文摘要   本研究評估H2O2/UV程序處理家庭污水一級出流水之特性,以台北縣家庭污水處理廠之初級沉澱池(一級)出流水為實驗用水樣,其水質濃度COD、DOC及SS分別為106-143、14.6-19.7及34-46 mg/L。實驗採批次式H2O2/UV反應槽,以pH、氧化時間、H2O2加藥量與UV照光強度為操作參數,以DOC、UV254與分子量分布等項目評估有機物氧化或礦化效果。研究結果顯示於pHs 3-4時之DOC與UV254去除率皆較pH 7時佳,此乃因於pHs 3-4較pH 7衍生較多氫氧自由基(OH.)所致。最適氧化時間為90-120分鐘時,DOC與UV254去除率與H2O2分解速率皆可以擬一階反應動力表示,且UV254去除率大於DOC去除率。此外,依H2O2加藥量與UV照光強度之條件不同,於氧化時間大約於120分鐘時,殘留DOC有增加趨勢,此乃因膠體性有機物被氧化成可檢測的(detectable)DOC所致。UV254去除率皆隨UV照光強度增加而提高;相對地,DOC與UV254去除率不隨H2O2加藥量增加而提高,存在一最適H2O2加藥量,此乃因過高H2O2加藥量因競爭OH.所致。由氧化處理後殘留之有機物(DOC)分子量變化,顯示高分子量(0.45μm-100 KD) DOC分解為中、低分子量DOC,且殘留DOC以低分子量(小於1 KD)DOC為主,佔95%以上。本研究處理家庭污水一級出流水之最適操作條件為pH 4、氧化時間為90分鐘、H2O2加藥量600 mg/L及UV照光強度96
Watts,DOC與UV254去除率分別達70與80%。
英文摘要 This study evaluated the treatability of domestic primary effluents by H2O2/UV oxidation process. The primary effluents were sampled from a wastewater treatment plant located at Taipei County. The concentrations of chemical oxygen demand (COD), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and suspended solids (SS) were 106-143, 14.6-19.7, and 34-46 mg/L, respectively. All experiments were conducted in a batch H2O2/UV photo-reactor. The experimental parameters included pH, oxidation time, H2O2 dosage and UV intensity. The oxidation and mineralization of organics in water samples was demonstrated by the change in DOC, UV254, and molecular weight (MW) fraction of DOC.
The results showed that the removal of DOC at pHs 3-4 was better than that at pH 7 due to the higher production of hydroxyl free radicals (OH.). The optimum oxidation time ranged from 90 to 120 mins for the removals of DOC and UV254. The removal rates of DOC and UV254, and the degradation of H2O2 followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics. The removal of UV254 was faster than the removal of DOC. For most experimental conditions, the residual DOC showed a decreasing tend within first of the 90 mins oxidation time. In contrast, the residual DOC began to increase again as oxidation time was extended beyond 120 mins. This might be due to the colloidal organics being oxidized into detectable DOC. The removal of UV254 increased with increasing UV intensity and H2O2 dosage. Due to the competition for OH.between DOC and H2O2, the removal of DOC and UV254 did not increase with the increase of H2O2 dosage after an optimum H2O2 dosage had already been added. Furthermore, the DOC of a high molecular weight fraction was oxidized into DOC of medium and low MW fractions. After treatment, DOC of low MW(less than 1 KD) fractions predominated more than 95% of the residual DOC. It was concluded in this study that the optimal operational conditions for treating domestic primary effluents consisted of pH of 4, oxidation time of 90 min, H2O2 dosage of 400 mg/L and UV intensity of 96 watts. At the optimal operational condition, the removal DOC and UV254 reached 70 and 80%, respectively.
論文目次 目錄
目錄 I
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
前言 1
1-1 研究源起 1
1-2 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 家庭污水處理技術 4
2-2 H2O2/UV程序原理 6
2-2-1 H2O2/UV程序原理 6
2-3 H2O2/UV程序去除有機物之影響因素 10
2-3-1 pH之影響 10
2-3-2 H2O2加藥量之影響 12
2-3-3 UV光之影響 14
2-3-4 鹼度的影響 16
2-4 分子量分布 17
第三章 實驗方法與材料 18
3-1 實驗材料 18
3-1-1 實廠家庭一級出流水 18
3-1-2 實驗設備 19
3-2 實驗方法 25
3-2-1 H2O2/UV程序及Fenton程序實驗操作步驟 25
3-2-2 分子量分布之測定步驟 27
3-2-3 DOC溶出 27
3-3 水質分析 28
第四章 結果與討論 29
4-1 H2O2/UV與Fenton程序處理家庭一級出流水之性能 29
4-1-1 H2O2/UV與Fenton程序去除有機物之比較 29
4-1-2 Fenton程序去除有機物機制 34
4-2 pH對H2O2/UV氧化程序處理家庭一級出流水之影響 37
4-2-1 pH對有機物去除之影響 37
4-2-2 pH對有機物去除動力常數之影響 40
4-2-3 pH對有機物分子量分布之影響 43
4-3 H2O2加藥量對H2O2/UV氧化程序處理家庭一級出流水之影響 46
4-3-1 H2O2加藥量對有機物去除之影響 46
4-3-2 H2O2加藥量對有機物去除動力常數之影響 51
4-3-3 H2O2加藥量對有機物分子量分布之影響 54
4-4 UV照光強度對H2O2/UV氧化程序處理家庭一級出流水之影響 56
4-4-1 UV照光強度對有機物去除之影響 56
4-4-2 UV照光強度對有機物去除動力常數之影響 61
4-4-3 UV照光強度對有機物分子量分布之影響 64
第五章 結論 66
參考文獻 67

圖目錄
圖3-1 UV反應槽設備 22
圖4-1 H2O2/UV與Fenton程序對DOC殘留率之影響 31
圖4-2 H2O2/UV與Fenton程序對UV254殘留率之影響 31
圖4-3 H2O2/UV與Fenton程序對H2O2殘留率之影響 33
圖4-4 Fenton程序對DOC溶出之影響 36
圖4-5 pH於反應時間60分鐘時各水質項目殘留率 39
圖4-6 pH於反應時間120分鐘時各水質項目殘留率 39
圖4-7 pH操作之H2O2殘留反應動力 41
圖4-8 pH操作之DOC殘留反應動力 41
圖4-9 pH操作之UV254殘留反應動力 42
圖4-10 pH操作條件分子量分布 45
圖4-11 H2O2加藥量對H2O2殘留率之比較 49
圖4-12 H2O2加藥量對DOC殘留率之比較 49
圖4-13 H2O2加藥量對UV254殘留率之比較 50
圖4-14 H2O2加藥量之H2O2殘留反應動力比較 52
圖4-15 H2O2加藥量之DOC殘留反應動力比較 52
圖4-16 H2O2加藥量之UV254殘留反應動力比較 53
圖4-17 H2O2加藥量操作條件分子量分布 55
圖4-18 UV照光強度對H2O2殘留率之比較 59
圖4-19 UV照光強度對DOC殘留率之比較 59
圖4-20 UV照光強度對UV254殘留率之比較 60
圖4-21 UV照光強度之H2O2殘留反應動力比較 62
圖4-22 UV照光強度之DOC殘留反應動力比較 62
圖4-23 UV照光強度之UV254殘留反應動力比較 63
圖4-24 UV照光強度分子量分布 65

表目錄
表2-1 不同氧化劑之氧化力比較 9
表3-1 台北縣污水處理廠水質現況 18
表4-1 H2O2/UV程序分解H2O2及礦化DOC、UV254之反應動力常數 42
表4-2 H2O2/UV程序分解H2O2及礦化DOC、UV254之反應動力常數及殘留率 53
表4-3 不同UV照光強度H2O2/UV程序的處理能力 63

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