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系統識別號 U0002-2806201317102600
中文論文名稱 智利參與聯合國維和行動之研究: 海地行動之重要性 (2002-2012)
英文論文名稱 Chile’s Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Importance of the Mission in Haiti (2002-2012)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 任玫雅
研究生英文姓名 Maia del Sol Renucci Gonzalez
學號 600330442
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2013-05-29
論文頁數 148頁
口試委員 指導教授-李大中
委員-王高成
委員-谷瑞生
中文關鍵字 聯合國  維持和平行動  智利  海地  合作 
英文關鍵字 United Nations  Peacekeeping Operations  Chile  Haiti  MINUSTAH  MIFH  Cooperation 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 智利於1945年聯合國設立時便開始參與維和任務,然而其參與聯合國在海地的多國維和行動及聯合國海地穩定特派團時,智利便主動並開始擴大參與聯合國的維和行動。

本論文的主要目標是分析從2002年至2012年智利所參與過的維和任務,並且著重討論在海地所執行之聯合國維和任務對於智利的重要性、智利之外交政策與制度主義的各自差異與此次海地任務中所學到並可以給予未來智利維和部隊的經驗。

智利從2004年便開始參與聯合國海地維和任務及聯合國海地穩定特派團,此項任務對智利來說是一項大工程,智利亦秉持積極有效率的態度來進行這項任務。至此之後,對於聯合國任務能夠作出更好的反應,智利的法律與組織架構便開始有了許多變化。

由於多個拉丁美洲國家也參與了在海地的聯合國維和任務,新的合作機制也在拉丁美洲國家之間油然而生,這些機制對於各個安全議題甚為重要,對於區域安全上也有相當重要的進展。

本論文欲說明參與了海地的維和任務對智利來說,是為其參與聯合國維和行動的一個轉戾點,更是為智利融入到國際社會的一個重要結果。再者,本文意旨在發掘引導智利藉由參與海地維和任務的方式,來達成與外交政策相關聯結之利益的各個原因。其中最重要的一項便是,智利欲於2014至2015年成為安理會非永久會員的目的。
表單編號:ATRX-Q03-001-FM030-01
英文摘要 Chile has participated in peacekeeping operations since the beginning of the United Nations in 1945. However, is with its participation in the Multinational Interim Force in Haiti MIFH and in the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti MINUSTAH, that Chile began an active and massive involvement in peacekeeping operations of the UN.
This thesis is based on a main objective, to analyze Chile’s Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO) from 2002 to 2012, giving special attention to the importance of the Mission in Haiti for Chile; the variations in Chile’s institutionalism and Foreign Policy; and lessons learned from this operation for future engagement by Chile’s blue helmets.
Chile participates in MIFH and MINUSTAH since 2004. The deployment of this mission was a great effort of the state, giving an effective response. Since then, many changes have occurred in the legal and organizational structure of Chile to better respond to the call of the UN.
Thanks to the massive participation of Latin American countries in the Haiti mission, new systems of cooperation have arisen between them. These mechanisms are of great importance in matters of security, and could entail significant progress on regional security.
This research seeks to demonstrate that Chile’s participation in the Haiti mission represents a turning point in the country’s participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, having as a consequence the country’s integration into the international arena. Furthermore, this study aims to discover the reasons that lead Chile to participate in Haiti, which are related to the foreign policy’s interests fulfilled by the engagement in this mission. One of the most important ones is the intention of Chile to be part of the Security Council as a nonpermanent member for the period of 2014-2015.
表單編號:ATRX-Q03-001-FM031-01
論文目次 LIST OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.1
1. BACKGROUND.1
2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES.5
3. RESEARCH SCOPE.6
4. LITERATURE REVIEW.7
5. HYPOTHESIS.11
6. METHODOLOGY.12
7. CHAPTER ARRANGEMENT.12

CHAPTER II. PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.15
1. THE UNITED NATIONS AND ITS ROLE.15
a. UNITED NATIONS FOUNDATION.15
b. UNITED NATIONS PRINCIPLES AND STRUCTURE.17
2. CONCEPT AND EVOLUTION OF PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.20
a. CONCEPT OF PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.20
b. EVOLUTION OF PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.23
b.1. Observations Missions.24
b.2. Traditional Peacekeeping.24
b.3. Second-Generation Peacekeeping Operations.26
3. FORMATION OF A PEACEKEEPING OPERATION AND CURRENT OPERATIONS.28
a. PEACEKEEPING OPERATION FORMATION.28
b. CURRENT PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.34
4. SUMMARY.37

CHAPTER III. CHILE, THE UNITED NATIONS AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.38
1. CHILE IN THE UNITED NATIONS.38
a. BRIEF OVERVIEW OF CHILE’S PARTICIPATION IN THE GLOBAL SPHERE.38
b. HISTORICAL AND CURRENT INTERACTIONS OF CHILE AND THE UNITED NATIONS.40
c. CHILEAN FOREIGN POLICY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE UNITED NATIONS PEACE OPERATIONS.44
c.1. Chilean Foreign Policy and its Relationship with the United Nations Peace Operations during the Cold War.47
c.2. Chilean Foreign Policy and its Relationship with the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations after the Cold War.48
2. CHILE AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.54
a. CHILE’S PARTICIPATION IN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.54
a. 1. Concluded Peace Operations.55
a. 2. Current Peace Operations.58
b. FACES OF EVOLUTION OF THE CHILEAN PARTICIPATION.59
b.1. Classic Period.60
b.2. Transition Period.61
b.3. Multi-agency and Integrated Period.62
c. MECHANISMS TO CONSTITUTE AN OPERATION.64
3. SUMMARY.70

CHAPTER IV. CHILE AND ITS PARTICIPATION IN THE HAITI MISSION.72
1. HAITI AND THE UNITED NATIONS.72
a. BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW OF HAITI.72
b. UNITED NATIONS INTERVENTIONS IN HAITI.76
b.1. International Civilian Mission in Haiti (MICIVIH).76
b.2. United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH).77
b.3. United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH).79
b.4. United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH).79
b.5. United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH).80
b.6. United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH).80
2. CHILE IN MIFH AND MINUSTAH.85
a. DECISION AND REASONS FOR THE PARTICIPATION OF CHILE IN THE HAITI MISSION.85
b. ESTABLISHMENT AND INVOLVEMENT IN THE HAITI MISSION.90
c. IMPLICATIONS THAT THE MISSION IN HAITI BROUGHT TO CHILE.96
c.1. National Military Authority (ANAMIL).97
c.2. Law No. 20.297.97
c.3. Restructure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.98
c.4. Restructure of the Ministry of Defense.98
c.5. Chilean Joint Peacekeeping Operations Centre (CECOPAC).99
c.6. Uniformed Police or Carabineros.99
3. IMPLICATIONS OF THE MISSION IN HAITI TO CHILE ON MATTERS OF COOPERATION.101
a. COOPERATION BETWEEN CHILE AND OTHER COUNTRIES FOLLOWING THE MINUSTAH.102
a.1. Mechanism 2x9 of international cooperation for Haiti.102
a.2. Chile-Ecuador Joint Company of Engineers.104
a.3. ABC Group.105
a.4. Southern Cross Combined Joint Peacekeeping Force.106
b. CHILE’S AID IN OTHER FIELDS.108
4. SUMMARY.111

CHAPTER V. EVALUATIONS OF CHILE’S PARTICIPATION IN THE HAITI MISSION.113
1. CONSEQUENCES OF THE MISSION FOR HAITI.113
2. CONSEQUENCES OF THE HAITI MISSION FOR CHILE.116
3. LESSONS LEARNED FOR CHILE IN THIS MISSION.121
4. SUMMARY.125

CHAPTER VI. CONCLUSION.127
1. MAJOR RESEARCH FINDINGS.127
2. SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.133

VII. BILIOGRAPHY IN ENGLISH.134
1. BOOKS.134
2. JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES.136
3. ELECTRONIC RESOURCES.137
4. WEBSITES.139

VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY IN SPANISH.140
1. BOOKS.140
2. JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES.141
3. ELECTRONIC RESOURCES.144
4.INTERVIEWS.148
4.WEBSITES.148
參考文獻 BILIOGRAPHY IN ENGLISH
1. Books
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2. Journals and Magazines
- Diehl, Paul F., and Druckman, Daniel. “Revisting the Framework: Extensions and Refinements”. Journal of International Peacekeeping 16, 3-4 (2012): 343-353.
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- Diehl, Paul F., and Druckman, Daniel. “Peace Operations Success: The Evaluation Framework”. Journal of International Peacekeeping 16, 3-4 (2012): 209-225.
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- Fermandois, Joaquin. “Pawn or Player? Chile in the Cold War (1962-1973).” Estudios Publicos 72 (1998). Accessed November 3, 2012. http://www.cepchile.cl/dms/lang_2/doc_1150.html#.UJXSpm_A8fw
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- Schwid, Sarah. “United Nations and Haiti: UNDP, MINUSTAH and Civil Society.” Drake Undergraduate Social Science Journal (2009). Accessed April 12, 2013. http://artsci.drake.edu/dussj/2009/schwid.pdf
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- United States Government Accountability Office. “PEACEKEEPING: Cost Comparison of Actual UN and Hypothetical U.S. Operations in Haiti.” United States Government Accountability Office GAO-06-331 (2006). Accessed November 3, 2012. http://www.gao.gov/assets/250/249049.pdf
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3. Electronic Resources
- Bello, Maria. “Two Year Later: Reimagining Haiti.” Huffington Post, December 1, 2012. Accessed March 22, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/maria-bello/haitis-future-women-are-t_b_1200502.html
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- Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. “An Agenda for Peace: Preventive Diplomacy, Peacemaking, and Peacekeeping” (Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the statement adopted by the Summit Meeting of the Security Council on 31 January 1992). Accessed May 8, 2013. http://www.unrol.org/files/A_47_277.pdf
- CECOPAC (Chilean Joint Peacekeeping Operations Centre). “ALCOPAZ. Latin American Association of Peacekeeping Operations Training Centres.” CECOPAC (2010). Accessed April 24, 2013. http://www.cecopac.cl/ingles/pko_news/2010/alcopaz.pdf
- CECOPAC. “Landmarks and Achievements of Chile’s interventions in modern peacekeeping operations (1991-2009).” CECOPAC 2009. Accessed April 24, 2013. http://www.cecopac.cl/ingles/chile_en_opaz/pdf/modern_peacekeeping_1991_2009.pdf
- Chile In EUFOR. Youtube EUFOR. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnaS33r3wHQ
- Chilean International Cooperation Agency. “History of AGCI.” Accessed April 23, 2013. http://www.agci.cl/english/index.php/about-agci/history-of-agci
- Chilean International Cooperation Agency. “Our Projects: Haiti.” Accessed April 23, 2013, http://www.agci.cl/english/index.php/our-projects/haiti
- Equipo Otramerica. “Haiti’s old enemy Minustah.” Otramerica, January 11, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2013. http://otramerica.com/especiales/haiti-ingles-frances/haitis-old-enemy-minustah/1255
- Grandin, Greg, and Keane Bhatt. “10 Reasons Why the UN Occupation of Haiti Must End.” The Nation, September 26, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2013. http://www.thenation.com/article/163632/10-reasons-why-un-occupation-haiti-must-end#
- Gutman, Benny, Stefan Fournier, Jacqueline Wolfe, and Amanda DeSadeleer-Michel. “Haiti: A Risk Assessment Brief.” The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs. Accessed April 12, 2013. http://www4.carleton.ca/cifp/app/serve.php/1254.pdf
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- United Nations Cartographic Department. “MINUSTAH Deployment Map, February 2013.” Accessed April 17, 2013. http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/dpko/minustah.pdf
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- United Nations Department of Public Information. “Crisis in Haiti: Seeking a Political Solution.” Accessed April 12, 2013. http://www.un.org/rights/micivih/rapports/crisis.htm
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- United States Army. “Army South builds peacekeeping training MOUT site in Chile.” April 2, 2012. Accessed March 22, 2013. http://www.army.mil/article/77044/Army_South_builds_peacekeeping_training_MOUT_site_in_Chile/
- United States Central Intelligence Agency. “The World Factbook: Haiti.” Accessed April 11, 2013, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html

4. Websites
- United Nations Official website, http://www.un.org/en/
- Canadian International Development Agency, http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/home
- CECOPAC Chilean Joint Peacekeeping Operation Centre Official website, http://www.cecopac.cl/
- Chilean International Cooperation Agency, http://www.agci.cl/english/
- Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) Official website, http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/about/work.shtml
- European Union Force, http://www.euforbih.org/
- International Association of Peacekeeping Training Centres, http://www.iaptc.org/
- Latin America Studies Association, http://lasa.international.pitt.edu/eng/
- MINUSTAH Official website, http://en.minustah.org/
- Office of the Special Envoy for Haiti website, http://www.haitispecialenvoy.org/
- Peace Operations Training Institute, http://www.peaceopstraining.org/
- Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations http://chileabroad.gov.cl/onu/en
- Security and Defense Network of Latin America Official website, http://www.resdal.org/ing/
- The United Nations Office at Geneva UNOG, http://www.unog.ch/
- United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Official website, http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/
- United Nations Rule of Law, http://www.unrol.org/


BIBLIOGRAPHY IN SPANISH

1. Books
- Agencia de Cooperacion Internacional de Chile. La Politica de Cooperacion Internacional de Chile periodo 1999-2000. Santiago: AGCI, 1999.
- Alcantara, Manuel, and Leticia Ruiz-Rodriguez, eds. Chile, Politica y Modernizacion Democratica. Espana: Bellaterra, 2006.
- Artaza, Mario, and Cesar Ross, eds. La Politica Exterior de Chile, 1990-2009. Del Aislamiento a la Integracion Global. Santiago: Ril Editores, 2012.
- Bartolome, Mariano (comp.). Seguridad y Defensa en Tiempos del Bicentenario: Visiones desde Argentina y Chile. Washington: National Defense University, 1997.
- Bello, Andres. Principios de Derecho Internacional. Buenos Aires: Atayala, 1946.
- Bernal Meza, Raul. America Latina en el Mundo, El pensamiento Latinoamericano y la Teoria de las Relaciones Internacionales. Buenos Aires: Grupo Editor Latinoamericano S.R.L., 2005.
- Bernal Meza, Raul. Cooperacion y conflicto en la politica exterior latinoamericana: dos enfoques. Mendoza: CERIAL, 1989.
- Cruz-Johnson, Rigoberto, and Augusto Varas, ed. Percepciones de amenaza y politica de defensa en America Latina. Santiago: FLACSO, 1993.
- Drake, Paul, and Ivan Jaksic, eds. El Dificil Camino hacia la Democracia en Chile 1982-1990. Santiago: Flacso-Chile, 1993.
- Fermandois, Joaquin. Mundo y fin de mundo: Chile en la politica mundial, 1900-2004. Santiago: Universidad Catolica de Chile, 2005.
- Figueroa, Uldaricio. La Demanda Maritima Boliviana en los Foros Internacionales. Santiago: RIL Editores, 2007.
- FLACSO/CLADDE. Cambios globales y America Latina. Algunos temas de la transicion estrategica. Santiago: CLADDE-FLACSO, 1993.
- Fuentes, Claudio. La transicion de los militares. Santiago: LOM, 2009.
- Funk, Robert L. El Gobierno de Ricardo Lagos: La nueva via chilena hacia el socialismo. Santiago: Universidad Diego Portales, 2006.
- Garay Vera, Cristian. Las politicas de Defensa Nacional en el MERCOSUR y asociados. Historia, procesos, tendencias 1990-2000. Santiago: Universidad Santiago de Chile, 2003.
- Gay, Claudio. Historia Fisica y Politica de Chile. Charleston: BiblioBazaar, 2008.
- Hartlyn, Jonathan, Francisco Rojas Aravena, Lars Schoultz, Barbara Stallings and Diana Tussie. Escenarios Post 11 de Septiembre. El Futuro de las Relaciones Interamericana. Santiago: FLACSO-Chile, 2002.
- Insulza, Jose Miguel, Marcelo Garcia, et al. Mas alla de las fronteras: institucionalidad y politica de la cooperacion internacional en Chile 1990-1994. Santiago: Corporacion de Cooperacion Internacional, 1993.
- Insulza, Jose Miguel. Ensayos sobre politica exterior de Chile. Santiago: Editorial Los Andes, 1998.
- Le Dantec Gallardo, Cristian. La Fuerza de Paz “Cruz del Sur”. Instrumento del Multilateralismo Chileno-Argentino. Santiago: ANEPE, 2010.
- Le Dantec Valenzuela, Paulina. Chile y las Operaciones de Paz. Estudio comparado de la politica exterior de los tres gobiernos concertacionistas. De la reinsercion internacional a la participacion en Haiti. Santiago: ANEPE, 2006.
- Milet, Paz, ed. Mas voces para la democracia. Los desafios de la sociedad civil. Santiago: Flacso-Chile, 2004.
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. La Politica Exterior de Chile: discursos de S.E. el Presidente de la Republica don Patricio Aylwin Azocar y del Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores don Enrique Silva Cimma. Santiago: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile, 1992.
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. Perspectivas, Proyecciones y Desafios de la Politica Exterior de Chile. Santiago: Gobierno de Chile, 2010.
- Ministry of Defense of Chile, ed. “Libro de la Defensa Nacional de Chile” (1997) (Book of National Defense of Chile). http://www.defensa.cl//wp-content/uploads/LIBRO-DE-LA-DEFENSA-NACIONAL_1997.pdf
- Ministry of Defense of Chile, ed. “Libro de la Defensa Nacional de Chile” (2002) (Book of National Defense of Chile). http://www.defensa.cl/
- Ministry of Defense of Chile, ed. “Libro de la Defensa Nacional de Chile” (2010) (Book of National Defense of Chile). http://www.defensa.cl/
- Munoz, Heraldo, comp. Globalizacion XXI, America Latina y los Desafios del Nuevo Milenio. Santiago: Aguilar Chilena de Ediciones, 2000.
- Ortiz, Eduardo. El Estudio de las Relaciones Internacionales. Mexico-Santiago: Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2004.
- Perez, Carlos Andres, Enrique Silva Cimma, and Ricardo Lagos. America Latina en el umbral del siglo XXI. Santiago: Nueva Sociedad ILDIS, 1989.
- Portales, Carlos, and Heraldo Munoz. Una amistad esquiva: las relaciones Estados Unidos y Chile. Santiago: FLACSO-Chile - PROSPEL - CERC, 1987.
- Ramaccioti, Beatriz. Democracia y Derecho Internacional en las Americas. Cordoba: Lerner, 2010.
- Red de Seguridad y Defensa de America Latina, ed. Atlas Comparativo de la Defensa en America Latina y El Caribe. Edicion 2012. Buenos Aires: RESDAL, 2012.
- Tomassini Luciano, Teoria y Practica de la Politica Internacional. Santiago: Universidad Catolica de Chile, 1989.
- Tulchin, Joseph S., and Ralph H. Espach, eds. America en el Nuevo Sistema Internacional. Barcelona: Bellaterra, 2004.
- Valdivieso, Sergio, and Eduardo Galvez, eds. Chile en la Cuenca del Pacifico. Santiago: Editorial Andres Bello, 1989.
- Varas, Augusto. Los militares en el poder. Regimen y Gobierno militar en Chile 1973-1986. Santiago: FLACSO, 1987.
- Vargas Carreno, Edmundo. Derecho Internacional Publico. Santiago: Editorial Juridica de Chile, 2007.
- Vega, Luis. Estado Militar y y Transicion Democratica en Chile. Madrid: El Dorado, 1991.
- Zalaquett, Jose. Derechos humanos y limitaciones politicas en las transiciones democraticas del Cono Sur. Santiago: CEPLAN, 1991.


2. Journals and Magazines
- Aranda, Gilberto, and Jorge Riquelme. “El comercio como eje de la politica exterior: un eje de la estrategia del modelo chileno.” Cuadernos Latinoamericanos 33 (2008): 11-23.
- Barrachina, Carlos and Juan Rial. “Los Ministerios de Defensa en America Latina y las consecuencias de la multidimensionalidad de las amenazas.” America Latina Hoy 42 (2006).
- Benavente Cresta, Ricardo, and M. Pia Von Chrismar Medina. “La MINUSTAH como el antes y el despues de la experiencia de Chile en las Operaciones de Paz.” Articulos Academicos Academia Nacional de Estudios Politicos y Estrategicos 5 (2012). Accessed April 25, 2012. http://www.anepe.cl/wp-content/uploads/aa_5_benavente-y-von-chrismar.pdf
- Cavalcante, Jose R. “La Participacion de Brasil en operaciones de paz como un factor de articulacion de sus politicas exterior y de defensa.” Revista Estrategia. Julio, 2011. http://www.mdn.gub.uy/public/2276/14__la_participaci_n_brasilena_en_operaciones_de_p_4f98e77abe.pdf
- Colacrai, Miryam, and Maria Elena Lorenzini. “La politica exterior de Chile: ¿excepcionalidad o continuidad? Una lectura combinada de “fuerzas profundas” y tendencias.” Revista Confines ½ (2005): 45-63. Accessed November 3, 2012. http://confines.mty.itesm.mx/articulos2/ColacraiLorenzini.pdf
- Di Nocera Garcia, Enzo, and Ricardo Benavente Cresta. “Construyendo capacidades para America Latina y el Caribe: las operaciones de mantenimiento de paz y el caso Haiti.” Revista Politica y Estrategia 98 (2005): 48-83.
- Diaz Nieva, Jose. “Fuerzas Armadas y Sociedad: El caso de Chile.” Cuadernos de Estrategia 123 (2003): 87-125.
- Donadio, Marcela. “Estado, Seguridad y Democracia: el caso de Haiti.” RESDAL (2006). Accessed March 20, 2013. http://www.resdal.org/producciones-miembros/art-donadio-lasamar06.pdf
- Feldmann, Andreas, and Juan Esteban Montes. “Haiti: tribulaciones de un Estado colapsado.” Ciencia Politica 28 N°1 (2008): 245-264. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2008000100012
- Fermandois, Joaquin, and Maria Jose Henriquez. “Contradiccion o diada? Politica exterior de Chile ante el Mercosur.” Revista de Estudios Internacionales 148 (2005): 55-77.
- Flemes, Daniel and Detlef Nolte. “Alianzas externas para armamento y defensa. Una nueva dimension en la agenda de seguridad latinoamericana.”
Foreign Affairs Latin America 10-1 (2010).
- Fuchs, Ruth. “Hacia una Comunidad Regional de Seguridad? Las Fuerzas Armadas en la Percepcion de las Elites Parlamentarias en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay”. Ciencia Politica 26 N°2 (2006): 29-52. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2006000200002
- Funk, Robert L. “Chile: Segundo Tiempo (Chile: Half-time).” Ciencia Politica 29 N°2 (2009): 301-326. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2009000200004
- Garay Vera, Cristian, and Raimundo Heredia Vargas. “Chile frente al proceso de integracion regional e internacional.” Revista de Historia Universidad de Concepcion 8 (1998).
- Garay Vera. Cristian. “El Mercosur y la integracion subregional.” Revista Contextos 1 (1998): 250-263.
- Garreton M., Manuel Antonio, and Roberto Garreton. “La democracia incompleta en Chile: La realidad tras los rankings internacionales.” Ciencia Politica 30 N°1 (2010). Accessed November 3, 2012.
http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_issuetoc&pid=0718-090X20100001&lng=es&nrm=iso
- Gonzalez Miranda, Sergio, and Cristian Ovando Santana. “Hacia un Pensamiento Integracionista Latinoamericano: Aproximacion a una Lectura de Segundo Orden.” Polis 021 (2008). Accessed March 21, 2013. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/305/30502113.pdf
- Gonzalez Robles, Edmundo. “Chile y las Operaciones de Paz de Naciones Unidas.” Revista Marina 5 (2001). Accessed November 4, 2012. http://www.revistamarina.cl/revistas/2001/5/Gonzalez.pdf
- Gutierrez P., Carlos. “Politica de Defensa de Chile. Una Mirada desde la Transicion Democratica.” Instituto Universitario General Gutierrez Mellado. http://iugm.es/fileadmin/user_upload/ADEFAL/ANALISIS_CHILE.pdf
- Jaksic, Ivan, and Sol Serrano. “El gobierno y las libertades: La ruta del liberalismo chileno en el siglo XIX.” Estudios Publicos 118 (2010).
- Lagos, Ricardo. “Chile en un mundo en cambio.” Foreign Affairs en espanol 1 (2001): 67-81.
- Lagos, Ricardo. “Cumbre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas. Intervencion del Presidente de la Republica de Chile, Nueva York, 6 de septiembre de 2000.” Revista Fuerzas Armadas y Sociedad 3 (2002): 50-51.
- Llenderrozas, Elsa. “Argentina, Brasil y Chile en la reconstruccion de Haiti: Intereses y motivaciones de la participacion conjunta.” Latin America Studies Association: XXVI International Congress (2006). Accessed March 20, 2013. http://www.resdal.org/producciones-miembros/art-llenderrozas-lasamar06.pdf
- Meneses, Emilio. “Politica exterior chilena: Una modernizacion postergada.” Estudios Publicos 12 (1983): 123-144.
- Milet, Veronica Paz. “La Politica Exterior de los Gobiernos de la Concertacion.”Revista Colombia Internacional 56-57. Septiembre, 2002, Junio, 2003. http://colombiainternacional.uniandes.edu.co/view.php/458/view.php
- Montes, Juan Esteban, Andreas Feldmann, and Sandra Piraces. “Haiti: huracanes en un ano de calma” (Haiti: Hurricanes in a year of Calmness). Ciencia Politica 29 N°2 (2009): 453-469. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2009000200010
- Morales Ortiz, Luis. “El destino de la Organizacion de Naciones Unidas despues de la invasion a Irak.” Revista Politica y Estrategia 91 (2003): 91-101.
- Munck, Gerardo L. “Los origenes y la durabilidad de la democracia en America Latina: Avances y retos de una agenda de investigacion.” Ciencia Politica 30 N°3 (2010): 573 – 597. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2010000300001
- Munoz, Heraldo. “El derecho a la democracia en las Americas.” Estudios Internacionales 109 (1995): 58-82.
- Oyarzun Serrano, Lorena. “Sobre la naturaleza de la integracion regional: teorias y debates.” (On the Nature of Regional Integration: Theories and Discussions). Ciencia Politica 28 N° 2 (2008): 94-113. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2008000200004
- Pendola Brondi, Marcelo. “Chile y las operaciones de paz: de la participacion individual a Haiti.” Revista Fuerzas Armadas y Sociedad 1 (2005): 73-84.
- Perazzo, Silvia Alejandra. “Reforma de Naciones Unidas: Redimensionar el Sistema de Seguridad Colectivo.” Revista Politica y Estrategia 107 (2007): 11-25.
- Perry Faure, Mariana. “Las Fuerzas Armadas de Chile y su Proceso de Integracion a las Operaciones de Paz.” UNISCI Discussion Papers 21 (2009): 106-119.
- Portales, Carlos, and Alberto Van Klaaren. “La Politica Exterior Chilena en un Mundo de Cambio.” Revista Proposiciones 25 (1994). Accessed March 20, 2013. http://www.sitiosur.cl/r.php?id=492.
- Quezada, Abraham. “Insercion Internacional de Chile en la Post-Guerra Fria: Concertacion Politica e integracion economico-comercial; dos ejes conceptuales de la politica exterior en el Gobierno de Ricardo Lagos (2000-2006).” Revista Enfoques VIII 13 (2010): 119-134. Accessed November 3, 2012. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=96016546009
- Reserve, Roody. “Haiti Crisis Sin Fin (Haiti Crisis Without End).” Ciencia Politica 30 N°2 (2010): 361-378. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2010000200010
- Ribera Neumann, Teodoro. “Resena Perspectivas, proyecciones y desafios de la Politica Exterior de Chile.” Estudios Internacionales 166 (2010): 173-179.
- Rojas Aravena, Francisco. “Chile: cambio politico e insercion internacional 1964-1997.” Revista de Estudios Internacionales Universidad de Chile 1997. http://www.revistaei.uchile.cl/index.php/REI/article/viewFile/15129/19296
- Saez, Raul E. “La OCDE y el ingreso de Chile.” Estudios Internacionales 166 (2010): 93-112.
- Segura Flores, Valentin. “Chile en el marco de la Cooperacion Internacional: siete decadas en Operaciones de Paz.” Academia Nacional de Estudios Politicos y Estrategicos: Revista Politica y Estrategia 115 (2010): 122-140.
- Tibilett, Luis, and Gilda Follietti. “El debate sobre la participacion latinoamericana en Haiti: una vision desde Argentina.”
Latin America Studies Association: XXVI International Congress (2006).
- Van Klaveren, Alberto. “Chile: hacia un multilateralismo efectivo”. Revista de Estudios Internacionales (2006): 133-145. Accessed March 4, 2013. http://www.revistaei.uchile.cl/index.php/REI/article/viewFile/14447/18985.
- Wilhelmy, Manfred, and Roberto Duran. “Los principales rasgos de la politica exterior chilena entre 1973 y el 2000.” Revista de Ciencia Politica 23 N°2 (2003): 273-286. Accessed November 3, 2012. doi: 10.4067/S0718-090X2003000200014

3. Electronic Resources
- Apuntes Internacionales. “Cooperacion de Chile en Haiti: “Educacion”.” Accessed March 22, 2013. http://www.apuntesinternacionales.cl/cooperacion-de-chile-en-haiti-educacion-una-senda-que-da-frutos/
- Bachelet Jeria, Michelle. “Las Operaciones de Paz. Evaluacion y perspectivas en el marco de la politica de defensa.” Revista Marina 5 (2002). http://www.revistamarina.cl/revistas/2002/5/bachelet.pdf
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. “Constitucion Politica de la Republica de Chile.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=242302
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. “Historia de la Ley 20,297.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=283311
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. “Historia de la Ley 19,067.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=30434&buscar=19067
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. “Ley 19,067.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=30434&buscar=19067
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. “Ley 20,297.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=283311
- CECOPAC (Chilean Joint Peacekeeping Operation Centre). “Como se forma una Operacion de Paz.” January 17, 2012, http://www.cecopac.cl/actualidad/actual/2012/enero/formacion_de_una_opaz_2012.pdf
- CECOPAC (Chilean Joint Peacekeeping Operation Centre). “Como se forma una Operacion de Paz.” January 17, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.cecopac.cl/actualidad/actual/2012/enero/formacion_de_una_opaz_2012.pdf
- CECOPAC. “Asociacion Latinoamericana de Centros de Entrenamiento para Operaciones de Paz.” November 19, 2010. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.cecopac.cl/actualidad/actual/2010/Noviembre/alcopaz_2010.pdf
- CECOPAC. “Consejo de Seguridad reduce presencia de Cascos Azules en MINUSTAH.” Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.cecopac.cl/actualidad/actual/2011/haiti_octube.pdf
- CECOPAC. “MIFH-MINUSTAH, Fuerza Multinacional Provisional para Haiti y Mision de Naciones Unidas para la Estabilizacion de Haiti.” Accessed April 27, 2013. http://cecopac.cl/opaz/operaciones_de_paz_portada.html
- CECOPAC. “Restauracion del Ejercito en Haiti.” Accessed March 23, 2012. http://www.cecopac.cl/actualidad/actual/2012/enero/ejercito_haiti.pdf
- El Despertar de Haiti. Youtube Misiones Salesianas. Directed by Raul de la Fuente. Navarra: Kanaki Films, 2012. Accessed February 7, 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=laupxvs6bEw
- El Mercurio. “Pinera recibe buque Sargento Aldea tras sus operaciones de paz en Haiti.” Accessed March 23, 2013. http://www.emol.com/noticias/nacional/2012/03/10/530216/pinera-recibe-buque-sargento-aldea-tras-sus-operaciones-de-paz-en-haiti.html
- Emol Chile. “Pinera llega a Haiti para participar en cumbre de jefes de Estado.” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.emol.com/noticias/nacional/2013/04/26/595567/pinera-llega-a-haiti-para-participar-en-cumbre-de-jefes-de-estado.html
- Emol. “Canciller Moreno expreso a la ONU el deseo de Chile de estar en el Consejo de Seguridad.” April 16, 2013. Accessed April 27, 2013. http://www.emol.com/noticias/internacional/2013/04/16/593812/canciller-moreno-expreso-a-la-onu-el-deseo-de-chile-de-estar-en-el-consejo-de-seguridad.html
- Estado Mayor Conjunto Chile. “Fuerza de Paz “Cruz del Sur”.” June 23, 2009. Accessed March 22, 2013. http://www.emc.mil.cl/?page_id=115
- Flacso Argentina. “Mecanismos de Coordinacion de America Latina en Haiti.” Accessed April 23, 2013. http://haitiargentina.flacso.org.ar/La-Reconstruccion-de-Haiti/America-Latina-en-Haiti/Mecanismos-de-coordinacion
- Gobierno de Chile Prensa Presidencia. “Presidente Pinera agradecio al personal de las Fuerzas Armadas que participa de la Mision de Naciones Unidas en Haiti.” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.prensapresidencia.cl/Default.aspx?codigo=11692.
- Guia del Mundo 2007. “Haiti, Historia.” Accessed April 11, 2013. http://www.guiadelmundo.org.uy/cd/countries/hti/History.html
- Haiti, Mujeres por la Paz. Youtube. Directed by Ministerio de Defensa Nacional Gobierno de Chile. Santiago: Gobierno de Chile. Accessed February 7, 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrBveGzRXTs
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- La Nacion. “Mariano Fernandez insiste por Haiti al dejar su cargo ONU.”. January 31, 2013. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.lanacion.cl/mariano-fernandez-insiste-por-haiti-al-dejar-su-cargo-onu/noticias/2013-01-31/102311.html
- Memoria Chilena. “El impacto de la Guerra Fria en Chile.” Biblioteca Nacional Digital de Chile. October 31, 2012, http://www.memoriachilena.cl/temas/index.asp?id_ut=impactodelaguerrafriaenchile
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. “Canciller se reune con Secretario General de Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-Moon.” April 15, 2013. Accessed April 27, 2013. http://www.minrel.gob.cl/prontus_minrel/site/artic/20130415/pags/20130415182914.php
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. “Discurso Subsecretario Fernando Schmidt en: Seminario sobre la Minustah en Haiti.” October 31, 2012. Accessed April 27,2013.http://www.minrel.gob.cl/prontus_minrel/site/artic/20121108/pags/20121108135729.php
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. “Politica Exterior.” Accessed April 26, 2013.http://www.minrel.gob.cl/prontus_minrel/site/artic/20080829/pags/20080829155027.php
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- Ministry of Defense of Chile. “Chile puede ser el primer pais latinoamericano que se sume a las Misiones de Paz de la Union Europea.” October 16, 2012. http://www.defensa.cl/2012/10/16/%E2%80%9Cchile-puede-ser-el-primer-pais-latinoamericano-que-se-sume-las-misiones-de-paz-de-la-union/
- Molina J., Carlos. “Gasto Militar en Chile: Mitos y Realidades.” Santiago: ANEPE. Accessed March 23, 2013. http://www.anepe.cl/2012/03/gasto-militar-en-chile-mitos-y-realidades/
- Observatorio de Politica Exterior de Chile de la Universidad de Chile. “Informe de Politica Exterior de Chile N°3 01/05/2010 a 31/05/2010.” November 3, 2012. http://www.gedes.org.br/downloads/40c15820690738aa4024acf8534ec5d7.pdf
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- Observatorio de Politica Exterior de Chile de la Universidad de Chile. “Informe de Politica Exterior de Chile N°2 01/04/2010 a 30/04/2010.” November 3, 2012. http://www.gedes.org.br/downloads/77a3a9947ff6f4cac127838a19c35a5d.pdf
- Organizacion de Estados Americanos. “Secretario General de la OEA establece Grupo de Amigos de Haiti.” Accessed April 23, 2013. http://www.oas.org/OASpage/press2002/sp/a%C3%B1o99/a%C3%B1o2001/octubre01/203esp.htm
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- Permanent Mission of Chile to the UN. “Canciller Moreno expone ante Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas.” September 28, 2012. http://chileabroad.gov.cl/onu/en/2012/10/02/canciller-moreno-expone-ante-asamblea-general-de-naciones-unidas/
- Red de Seguridad y Defensa de America Latina. “Mision de Paz en Haiti. La Historia del Conflicto.” Accessed April 13, 2013. http://www.resdal.org/haiti/main-haiti-crisis.html
- Robledo Hoecker, Marcos. “La politica exterior de Chile: 1990-2010 y la construccion social de la politica internacional: analisis preliminar y perspectivas.” Universidad Diego Portales. http://www.icso.cl/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Marcos-Robledo-Working-Paper-ICSO-Taller-1.pdf
- Ruz, Maria Ines. “Analisis de la implementacion de la Resolucion del Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU 1325 en America Latina y el Caribe, desafios enfrentados y posibles areas de colaboracion con otros organismos regionales como UNASUR.” ECLAC. Accessed March 23, 2013. http://www.eclac.cl/mujer/noticias/noticias/2/44522/Ruz_Mar%C3%ADa_In%C3%A9s_2.pdf
- Sepulveda Castro, Juan Pedro. “La Contribucion de la MINUSTAH.” Apuntes Internacionales. Accessed March 22, 2013. http://www.apuntesinternacionales.cl/la-contribucion-de-la-minustah-al-proceso-de-construccion-de-la-paz-en-haiti-evaluacion-y-proyeccion/
- Sepulveda Castro, Juan Pedro. “La Experiencia de MINUSTAH: Una Contribucion Latinoamericana hacia la Consolidacion de la Paz.” Accessed May 5, 2013, http://www.resdal.org/evento-abril/sepulveda-discurso.pdf.
- TERRA. “Ministro brasileno aboga por multilateralismo para afrontar crisis globales”. Accessed March 4, 2013. http://noticias.terra.cl/mundo/europa/ministro-brasileno-aboga-por-multilateralismo-para-afrontar-crisis-globales,fd72cf677e29c310VgnCLD2000000dc6eb0aRCRD.html
- Tiempo Completo. “El presidente Martelly quiere cambio en Minustah.” August 12, 2011. Accessed May 5, 2013. http://www.tiempocompleto.com.do/?c=132&a=24423
- Tiempo Completo. “El presidente Martelly quiere cambio en Minustah.” August 12, 2011. Accessed May 5, 2013. http://www.tiempocompleto.com.do/?c=132&a=24423
- United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). “Multilateralismo es herramienta eficaz para afrontar los desafios de la humanidad”. Accessed March 4, 2013. http://www.cepal.cl/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/prensa/noticias/comunicados/6/37556/P37556.xml&xsl=/prensa/tpl/p6f.xsl&base=/tpl/top-bottom.xsl
- United Nations. “Haiti: Representante de la ONU aboga por reduccion del personal de la MINUSTAH.” Centro de Noticias ONU, January 24, 2013. Accessed February 1, 2013. http://www.un.org/spanish/News/story.asp?NewsID=25521#.UQtp9R118rU
- United Nations. “Nota de Antecedentes: Mantenimiento de la Paz de las Naciones Unidas.” Centro de Noticias ONU. Accessed February 1, 2013. http://www.un.org/es/peacekeeping/documents/fact_sheet_es.pdf
- Vignolo, Paulo. “Politica Exterior de la Administracion de Michelle Bachelet.” November 3, 2012. http://es.scribd.com/doc/49742098/Politica-Exterior-de-la-Administracion-de-Michelle-Bachelet
- Vignolo, Paulo. “Politica Exterior de la Administracion de Ricardo Lagos.” November 3, 2012. http://es.scribd.com/doc/49742104/Politica-Exterior-de-la-Administracion-de-Ricardo-Lagos
- Vignolo, Paulo. “Politicas Exteriores Latinoamericanas Comparadas: Republica de Chile.” Universidad del Salvador. November 3, 2012. http://es.scribd.com/doc/50415324/Trabajo-Final-Politica-Exterior-CHILE
- Zambrano G., Constanza. “Toma de Decisiones. Chile en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU.” Accessed March 20, 2013. http://usuarios.multimania.es/politicalsciences/Papers/Toma%20de%20Decisiones.%20Chile%20en%20el%20Consejo%20de%20Seguridad.pdf

4. Interviews
- Carolina Contreras. Asesora de Genero, para la Subsecretaria para las Fuerzas Armadas del Ministerio de Defensa [Gender Adviser for the Undersecretary for the Armed Forces of the Ministry of Defense], Santiago. Interviewed by Thesis author, December 5, 2012.

5. Websites
- Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (Library of the National Congress of Chile), http://www.bcn.cl/
- Centro de Estudios Publicos, http://www.cepchile.cl/dms/lang_1/home.html
- Chilean Army Official website, www.ejercito.cl
- Estado Mayor Conjunto de Chile, http://www.emc.mil.cl/
- Government of Chile, Official website, http://www.gobiernodechile.cl/
- International Cooperation Agency of Chile, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Official website, http://www.agci.cl/
- Latin American Association of Peacekeeping Operations Centers, http://www.alcopaz.org/
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile Official website, http://www.minrel.gob.cl/prontus_minrel/site/edic/base/port/home.php
- Ministry of National Defense of Chile Official website, http://www.defensa.cl/
- National Academy of Political and Strategic Studies, Ministry of National Defense of Chile, Official website, http://www.anepe.cl/
- Sistema de las Naciones Unidas en Chile (United Nations System in Chile) website, http://www.onu.cl/index_net.html
-Direccion de Presupuestos del Gobierno de Chile, http://www.dipres.gob.cl/574/multipropertyvalues-15145-21672.html
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