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系統識別號 U0002-2806201013243100
中文論文名稱 研發人員創新行為相關之探討─以組織創新氣候為干擾變項
英文論文名稱 The Study of R&D Personnel Innovation Behavior - Organizational Innovation Climate as Moderate Variable
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Management Science
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 李筱筠
研究生英文姓名 Hsyao-Yunn Lee
學號 697621166
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-05-28
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-牛涵錚
委員-王耀德
委員-陳怡妃
中文關鍵字 創新行為  人格特質  生活型態  生涯發展階段  組織創新氣候 
英文關鍵字 innovation behavior  personal traits  lifestyle  career development  organizational innovation climate 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 組織中的成員即是組織創新的來源,因此,企業在徵才時,如何才能選到具有創新能力的人才是一重要的課題,而本研究希望藉由探討研發人員於人格特質、生活型態與生涯發展階段上的差異,對於創新行為有何影響,如此將有助於企業挑選出適合的員工,並以組織創新氣候為干擾變項。
本研究以高科技產業的研發人員為問卷發放的對象,並以迴歸分析、變異數分析、共變數分析等統計方法驗證研究假設,研究結果發現:
一、人格特質之外向性、嚴謹性、對經驗開放性對創新行為有顯著正向影響。
二、不同生活型態對創新行為有顯著差異,「熱愛挑戰與新知群」與「務實領導群」的創新行為表現優於「謹慎保守群」。
三、不同生涯發展階段對創新行為無顯著差異。
四、人格特質對創新行為之影響會受到組織創新氣候的干擾。
五、生活型態對創新行為之影響,只受到組織創新氣候之「創新支持」構面的干擾。
六、生涯發展階段對創新行為之影響會受到組織創新氣候的干擾。
英文摘要 The study tries to realize the difference of personal traits, lifestyle, and career development and how to affect R&D personnel innovation behavior in high technology industry. And adopt by correlation analysis, ANOVA, and ANCOVA to verify the hypothesis. The results are listed as follow:
(1) Extroversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience have positive effects on innovation behavior.
(2) There was a significant difference between lifestyle and innovation behavior.
(3) There was no significant difference between career development and innovation behavior.
(4) Organizational innovation climate has moderating effect among the relationship between personal traits and innovation behavior.
(5) Innovation support has moderating effect among the relationship between lifestyle and innovation behavior.
(6) Organizational innovation climate has moderating effect among the relationship between career development and innovation behavior.
論文目次 目錄
頁次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 創新行為 6
第二節 人格特質 18
第三節 生活型態 27
第四節 組織創新氣候 34
第五節 職業生涯發展 42
第三章 研究方法 52
第一節 研究架構與假設 52
第二節 研究對象與抽樣方法 54
第三節 研究工具 55
第四節 資料分析方法 57
第五節 生活型態因素分析與集群分析 60
第四章 資料分析 64
第一節 信度分析 64
第二節 樣本結構分析 67
第三節 人口統計變項在創新行為上的差異 68
第四節 人格特質與生活型態之關係 70
第五節 人格特質、生活型態、生涯發展階段與創新行為之關係 77
第六節 組織創新氣候之干擾效果分析 80
第五章 結論與建議 88
第一節 研究結論 88
第二節 實務建議 91
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 93
參考文獻 95
一、中文部分 95
二、英文部分 98
附錄 研究問卷 108



表目錄
頁次
表 2-1 創造力之定義 7
表 2-2 創新之定義 8
表 2-3 創新行為量表測量構面 15
表 2-4 引用Scott & Bruce (1994)創新行為量表的相關研究 16
表 2-5 國內外學者對人格特質定義的看法 19
表 2-6 人格特質類型分類整理 20
表 2-7 五大人格模式各量尺的說明 25
表 2-8 Plummer 生活型態構面 28
表 2-9 CCQ的構面 36
表 2-10 KEYS量表之內容分類與構面描述 38
表 2-11 TCI量表的構面與內涵 39
表 2-12 組織創新氣候量表之衡量構面 41
表 2-13 生涯定義 43
表 2-14 Super之職業生涯發展任務的循環與再循環 48
表 2-15 研發人員樣本結構 50
表 3-1 樣本公司代號與產業分布 54
表 3-2 KMO and Bartlett's檢定表 60
表 3-3 生活型態因素之解釋變異量 61
表 3-4 階層集群Agglomeration 係數分析 63
表 3-5 不同分群對生活型態之變異數分析 63
表 4-1 各量表信度 64
表 4-2 樣本結構特性 67
表 4-3 人口統計變項對創新行為之差異分析 69
表 4-4 人格特質與生活型態交叉表 70
表 4-5 人格特質與生活型態在兩個維度上的分數 72
表 4-6 「熱愛挑戰與新知」與「對經驗開放性」之樣本結構 74
表 4-7 「務實領導」與「外向性」之樣本結構 75
表 4-8 「謹慎保守」、「友善性」與「嚴謹性」之樣本結構 75
表 4-9 人格特質與創新行為之相關分析 77
表 4-10 人格特質對創新行為之迴歸分析 78
表 4-11 生活型態與生涯發展階段對創新行為之變異數分析 79
表 4-12 願景對人格特質與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 80
表 4-13 參與安全感對人格特質與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 81
表 4-14 工作定位對人格特質與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 81
表 4-15 創新支持對人格特質與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 82
表 4-16 願景對生活型態與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 83
表 4-17 參與安全感對生活型態與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 83
表 4-18 工作定位對生活型態與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 84
表 4-19 創新支持對生活型態與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 85
表 4-20 願景對生涯發展階段與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 86
表 4-21 參與安全感對生涯發展階段與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 86
表 4-22 工作定位對生涯發展階段與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 87
表 4-23 創新支持對生涯發展階段與創新行為之共變數分析摘要表 87
表 5-1 研究假設驗證結果 91


圖目錄
頁次
圖 1-1 主要國家研發經費占GDP比例 1
圖 1-2 製造業研發經費-依技術密集度區分2
圖 1-3 研究流程圖5
圖 2-1 創新矩陣 11
圖 2-2 創新行為假設模式13
圖 2-3 SRI’s VALS3 系統架構33
圖 3-1 研究架構52
圖 4-1 人格特質與生活型態之對應分析知覺圖73
圖 4-2 三個群組之創新行為盒形圖76
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