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系統識別號 U0002-2806200717261300
中文論文名稱 運用紮根理論建構網路教學環境下之師生角色及其互動
英文論文名稱 Teacher and Student Role Redefinition in E-learning Environment:Use Grounded Theory
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Information Management
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 張家瑜
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Yu Chang
學號 694520247
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-16
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 指導教授-游佳萍
委員-林東清
委員-陳振東
委員-詹前隆
委員-吳錦波
中文關鍵字 網路教學  角色  科技框架  紮根理論 
英文關鍵字 E-learning  Role  Technological Frame  Grounded theory 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
學科別社會科學資訊科學
中文摘要 網路教學中師生扮演的角色及其互動關係,對教學成效有莫大影響。本研究欲探討的是,網路教學活動中師生扮演的角色及其互動。研究對象為實際使用網路教學進行互動的八位網路教學教師,與二十九位網路教學學生進行深度訪談。透過紮根理論研究方式,找出網路教學中師生扮演的角色後,再發展建構出網路教學環境下之師生角色與互動模式。最後藉由科技框架理論中,科技造成組織改變的模式,描述網路教學師生所扮演之角色,與過去傳統扮演角色的差異。

本研究將訪談內容依紮根理論分析後發現,教學者在網路教學上,不止扮演教學者、管理者,與輔導者的角色,比起傳統教學更多了學習者與技術者的角色。而學習者在網路教學中,扮演的是雙向互動的學習者、提供他人知識的教學者、關心他人的輔導者、提供學習資源和自我進度的管理者,以及技術支援者。研究發現,老師與學生在網路教學中具有相同的角色。在教學、輔導,和學習角色上,他們在教學過程中,擁有相同的行為。但是老師與學生在管理和技術角色上則具有不同的行為。

本研究的貢獻在老師角色上,有助於網路教學教師了解他人對網路教師的期望,以降低未來發生角色衝突或角色模糊的可能性,並做為未來教學上的指導參考。在學生角色上,本研究也有助於參加網路教學之學習者了解,富彈性的網路教學裡,學生實際上可以具有多樣化角色,而不再是被動的學習者。
英文摘要 This research will determine teachers and students’ roles in an e-learning environment. We predict that teacher-student interaction in an e-learning environment will affect the study outcome. During our research, we interviewed eight teachers and twenty-night students who actively use the e-learning environment. Through the grounded theory research method, we discovered teacher and student roles, and then constructed the interaction model. Finally, we used the model of technology frame to describe teacher and student roles.

After analysis using grounded theory, we found out teacher’s role as an instruct, a manager, a mentor, a learner and a technology specialist. The role of learner and technology specialist surpass traditional learning environment roles, as defind in recent literature. Students play the role of a learner who gives two-way interaction, an nstructora mentor, a technology specialist and a manger who provides learning resources, and controls the learning process. We discovered teachers and students have the same behavior in instructor, mentor and learner roles. However, they have different behavior in the manager and technology specialist roles.

The contribution of this research on teacher’s roles is to help teachers realize others’ expectations so that they can reduce the posibility of role conflict and role ambiguity. This research also allows students to understand that they can play various roles and that they are not passive learners in an e-learning environment.
論文目次 目錄
1 緒論 1
2 文獻探討 3
2.1 網路教學(E-LEARNING) 3
2.2 角色(ROLE) 4
2.2.1 老師的角色 8
2.2.2 學生的角色 11
2.3 科技框架(TECHNOLOGICAL FRAMES) 13
3 研究方法 15
3.1 紮根理論 15
3.2 樣本描述及程序 15
4 資料分析與探討 19
4.1 訪談基本資料整理 19
4.2 模式建構 20
4.2.1 開放編碼(OPEN CODING) 20
4.2.2 主軸編碼(AXIAL CODING) 22
4.2.3 選擇編碼(SELECTIVE CODING) 34
5 研究發現與討論 37
6 結論與建議 54
參考文獻 57
附錄一 老師訪談問卷項目 62
附錄二 學生訪談問卷項目 64
附錄三 角色之開放編碼概念說明 66
附錄四 主軸編碼與範疇說明 77
附錄五 師生扮演角色次數 86
附錄六 研究人員達成共識過程—以概念(CONCEPT)的形成為例 88
附錄七 研究時程 89

圖目錄
圖 一 開放編碼:概念、指標之間的關係 21
圖 二 開放編碼:範疇、概念、指標之間的關係 22
圖 三 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:個人特質 23
圖 四 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:網路教學活動 25
圖 五 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:管理者 28
圖 六 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:教學者 30
圖 七 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:技術者 31
圖 八 主軸編碼範疇關聯說明:學習者 32
圖 九 主軸編碼階段所建立之網路教學環境下師生角色與互動模式 33
圖 十 網路教學環境下之師生角色與互動模式 34
圖 十一 網路教學中老師與學生扮演的角色 36
圖 十二 網路教學老師角色:完全預期的角色 38
圖 十三 網路教學老師角色:部分預期的角色 38
圖 十四 網路教學老師角色:非預期的角色 40
圖 十五 網路教學學生角色:完全預期的角色 47
圖 十六 網路教學學生角色:非預期的角色 48
圖 十七 網路教學學生角色:非預期的角色 50
圖 十八 網路教學學生角色:非預期的角色 51
圖 十九 網路教學學生角色:非預期的角色 53


表目錄
表 一 角色定義整理 4
表 二 網路教學下之老師角色分類 9
表 三 網路教學下之學生角色分類 12
表 四 老師基本資料整理 19
表 五 學生基本資料整理 19
表 六 網路教學中老師與學生的角色和行為比較 36

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陳向明,社會科學質的研究,台北:五南,2002
簡守邦,社會科學研究的理論與方法,台北:韋伯,2002


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