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系統識別號 U0002-2806200716254000
中文論文名稱 在台外籍教授之跨文化效能調查
英文論文名稱 Investigation of the Intercultural Effectiveness for the International University Faculty in Taiwan
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際商學碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Executive Master's Program of Business Administration (EMBA) in International Commerce
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 宋明凱
研究生英文姓名 Ming-Kai Song
學號 793400226
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-05-15
論文頁數 68頁
口試委員 指導教授-韓必霽
委員-蔡政言
委員-韓必忠
中文關鍵字 全球化  在台外籍教授  韓必霽博士  跨文化效能  高等教育國際化 
英文關鍵字 intercultural effectiveness  Han  international university faculty in Taiwan  baseline data 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 本研究以調查在全球化浪潮下,台灣之外籍大學教授所具備的跨文化效能為主題,以期充實本地之全球師資跨文化效能底線資料庫,進而提昇高等教育的品質,強化台灣全球競爭力。此外,從國內外學者文獻中,以Han(1997)對於跨文化效能理論為研究基礎,介紹韓必霽博士的五大跨文化效能學說;而對於高等教育國際化理論及台灣高等教育國際化的現況,亦以國外學者學說及教育部的官方資料作理論與實務之介紹。本研究對國內各大學之外籍教授以便利抽樣方式進行問卷調查,用MANOVA及ANOVA實證分析為工具,針對各教授之性別、年齡、學歷、學術主修、生長地、在台工作時間、語言能力、有否接受過跨文化訓練、來台前之工作型態及經驗、以及未來生涯之展望、來台前之異文化工作及生活經驗等變項與跨文化五大效能做交叉分析。根據分析結果推演,發現學術主修及生長地對於外籍教授的跨文化效能影響最大;而受跨文化訓練與否、來台前之工作型態及經驗、以及未來生涯之展望、來台前之異文化工作及生活經驗等變項對於外籍教授的跨文化效能亦呈現顯著的影響,最後結論則針對台灣之高等教育國際化向各大學的人資部門、政府及後續研究者提出建言。
英文摘要 The topic of this research is to investigate the intercultural effectiveness (ICE) competence for the international faculty in Taiwan, expecting to enhance the ICE baseline data for Taiwan’s global faculty and lifting the competition of Taiwan’s higher education. The researcher quoted the five ICE competences by Han(1997) as the research foundation, Moreover, in this study keeps both the theoretical description and official statistical information by government to demonstrate the present condition of the higher educational internationalization in Taiwan.
The study applied the scale of Han(2006) to investigate the ICE competences of international university faculty by convenient sampling ,after using MANOVA and ANOVA as the method of evidence-based analysis to measure the significance between the dependent and independent variables, the study concluded that;
The academic major and the motherland of the international faculty affect their whole five ICE competences significantly. Besides, the experience of cross-cultural training, the past work experiences in their own countries, the previous work type, the career aspiration, the previous overseas experiences and the experiences to get along with foreigners in working environment affect their ICE competences significantly as well.
Finally, the study gave recommendations to the HR department of Taiwan’s universities, government and the future study.
論文目次 Chinese abstract………………………………………………………………...i
Abstract…………………………………………………………………………ii
Table of Contents ……………………………………………………….……..iii
List of Tables vi
List of Figures viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Significance for the Study 4
1.3 Research Hypotheses…………………………………………….6
1.3.1 Population Statistics Variable and the ICE Competence 6
1.3.2 Circumstances Variable and the ICE Competence .. 7
1.4 Purpose of Study 8
Chapter 2 Literature Review 10
2.1 Introduction 10
2.2 Globalization and Culture Differences 10
2.2.1 Globalization 10
2.2.2 Cultural identities, Divergence or Convergence 11
2.2.3 Dimensions of cultures 13
2.3 Internationalization of Education 21
2.4 The Higher Education in Taiwan 23
2.4.1 Lessons from the Experiences in Finland and US…………24
2.4.2 Conflict between Internationalization & Localization…….27
2.4.3 Internationalization of the Universities in Taiwan………...30
2.4.4 International Faculty in Taiwan 32
2.5 Intercultural Effectiveness 33
Chapter 3 Research Methodology 38
3.1 Research Design 38
3.1.1 The step of the Research………… 39
3.1.2 Research Process………… 39
3.2 Subject of Research .41
3.3 Research Instrument .41
3.4 Questionnaire Administration .42
3.5 Data Analysis .42
Chapter 4 Research Findings .43
4.1 Receivable on Questionnaire .43
4.2 Sample Analysis .44
4.2.1 Descriptive Data .44
4.2.2 Testing Research Hypotheses .49
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Suggestions .60
5.1 Conclusion .60
5.2 Recommendations .61
5.2.1 Implication for Department of Human Resource in University.62
5.2.2 Implication for Government .62
5.2.3 Implication for Future Study .63
References .64
Web References .68

List of Tables
Table 2-1 Power Distance Rankings for 50 Countries and Three Regions 17
Table 2-2 Individualism Rankings for 50 Countries and Three Regions 18
Table 2-3 Masculinity Ranking for 50 Countries and Three Regions 19
Table 2-4 Uncertainty Avoidance Rankings for 50 Countries and Three Regions 20
Table 2-5 Long-Term Orientation Rankings for 23 countries 21
Table 2-6 The Numbers of Foreign Students in Taiwan (person) 31
Table 2-7 The number of international university faculties in Taiwan 33
Table 2-8 Key criteria for a successful expatriate 36
Table 4-1 Sample analysis from the international university faculties in Taiwan 45
Table 4-2 MANOVA analysis of the independent and dependent to international
university faculties in Taiwan 50
Table 4-3 ANOVA analysis to the academic major of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 53
Table 4-4 ANOVA analysis to the home country of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 54
Table 4-5 ANOVA analysis to the Cross-cultural training of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 55
Table 4-6 ANOVA analysis to the Past work experience of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 56
Table 4-7 ANOVA analysis to the Previous work type of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 56
Table 4-8 ANOVA analysis to the Career aspiration of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 57
Table 4-9 ANOVA analysis to the Previous overseas experience of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 58
Table 4-10 ANOVA analysis to the foreign co-worker of the int’l university faculties and their ICE competences 59

List of Figure
Figure 3-1 Framework of the Research.........….................... 40
參考文獻 1 Agatha Sit(2004)Capitalizing on Knowledge: Mentorship among Teacher-Librarians in Hong Kong
2 Ali, Anees Janee,(2003), “The Intercultural Adaptation of Expatriate Spouses and Children, An empirical study on the determinants contributing to the success of expatriation”, The Netherlands.
3 Carnoy,Martin ,(2005), “Globalization, educational trends and the open society”, OSI Education Conference 2005: “Education and Open Society: A Critical Look At New Perspectives and Demands”.
4 Chen, Ya-Lin, (2007), “The Future Winners”, The Commercial Daily, the 1006 Edition.
5 Chinnammai, S., (2005), “Effects of Globalization on Education and Culture,”
6 D.S Chan/ T.W.Wang/ H.S.Lin, (2006),” When the East Meets the West: Interactions Between Taiwan College Students and Non-Chinese Speaking Professors.”
7 Daisy Arrendondo Rucinski and Patricia A.Bauch (2006)” Reflective, Ethical, and Moral Constructs in Educational Leadership Preparation,Journal of Educational Administration,Vol 44,No.5,pp.487-508
8 Dowing,P.J.,and Welch D.E.,(2004).”International Human Resource Management. Thomson,4th edition.
9 Galvan,Dennis,(2006), “Globalization and Ethnic Conflict,” INTL 399, Summer 2006 Weekend Course.
10 Gujarati, (2003),”Basic Econometrics”, international edition 2003.
11 Gyohten,Toyoo,(2007),“Convergence or Divergence,” Institute for International Monetary Affaris.
12 Han,P.C.,(1997)”An Investigation of Intercultural Effectiveness of International University Students with Implications for Human Resource Development. Unpublished doctoral dissertation”
13 High Point University Faculty Seminars Fall (2006)”A New Academic Paradigm for HPU:2006 Forward”
14 Hilrop, J.M.,(1998),”Preparing People for the Future: The Next Agenda for HRM. European Management Journal,16(1),pp.70-78
15 Hofstede,G,(1992),”Cultural Dimensions in People Management: The Socialization Perspective in Globalizing Management ed. By Pucik et. AL.Wiley,pp.139-158”
16 Hsiao, Fuyuan, (2006), “Globalization Puts Universities to the Test”.
17 Huang, Jong-Tsun, (2003),“The Current Development and Challenges of Higher Education in Taiwan”, Minister of Education, Republic of China.
18 Jane K.,(2004),”Internationalization of Higher Education Practices and Priorities: 2003 IAU Survey Report ”.International Association of Universities.
19 Kealey, Daniel, (2005), “Research on Intercultural Effectiveness and Its Relevance to Multicultural Crews in Space,” Centre for Intercultural Learning, Canadian Foreign Service Institute.
20 Lee, Sherry, (2006), “The Crisis of Proliferation”.
21 Lu, Mu-Lin, (2002), “21st Century University Education--Its Challenges and Countermeasures,” Ministry of Education, Republic of China.
22 Ma, Ai-Hsuan ,(2006), “Examining the Internationalization of Taiwan’s Higher Education through Student Immigration-A Project Proposal”, National Chengchi University.
23 MAURIELLA,diane H.” Mentoring Helps Set a Professional
Example.”The Cololado Lawyer,Vol.29,No.4,pp.17-19
24 Mentoring Guide,VCU School of Medicine (2002)”Trend in Research Mentoring”,p.18
25 Peter L.,(2003),”Developing Global Leaders” BizEd.
26 Schuler,R.and Dowing,P.J.and Cieri H.De.(1993)”An Integrative Framework of Strategic International Human Resource Management,”Vol.19,No.2 pp.419-459.
27 Wu, Hsian-Hui ,(2006), “A Surprise Encounter in Finland”.
28 Yang,Shen-Keng,(2001),“Dilemmas of Education Reforms in Taiwan: Internationalization of Localization?”, Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society, WASHDC.

中文參考文獻:
1 吳秉恩(1999),「分享式人力資源管理」,漢蘆圖書出版有限公司
2 林俊傑與劉明德(2001),「SPSS10.0與統計模式建構」,文魁資訊股份有限公司.
3 林德成,余慧明,李偉成(2002),「同儕教練:理論與實踐」,香港教育學院
4 林震岩(2007),「多變量SPSS的操作與應用」,智勝文化
5 許惠萍譯(1999),Milkovich and Boudreau著,「人力資源管理」,台灣西書出版社
6 陳美岑譯(2001),Michael Porter等著,「全球化競爭優勢」,商周出版
7 楊世瑩(2005)「SPSS統計分析實務」,旗標出版股份有限公司.
8 趙必孝(2000),「國際經理人駐外支援系統。國際化管理─人力資源觀點」,華泰書局
9 劉兆玄(2004)「校長就職致詞」,東吳大學
10 韓必霽(2000),「台灣經理人跨文化效能檢測調查」

Web References
1 Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan, http://www.cla.gov.tw
2 feweb.uvt.nl/center/hofstede/index.html
3 Geert Hofstede analysis: http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/hofstede.html
4 http://www.csustan.edu
5 http://www.csustan.edu
6 http://www.edu.tw
7 http://www.gsonet.org
8 http://www.harvard.edu
9 http://www.kennesaw.edu
10 http://www.medschool.vcu.edu/intranet.index.html
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