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系統識別號 U0002-2806200505570100
中文論文名稱 人力資本架構與組織績效相關性之研究
英文論文名稱 The Relationships between Human Capital Architecture and Organizational Performance
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 會計學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Accounting
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 張國榮
研究生英文姓名 Kuo-Jung Chang
學號 692470833
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2005-06-15
論文頁數 56頁
口試委員 指導教授-林谷峻
委員-鍾彩焱
委員-黃曼琴
中文關鍵字 人力資本  價值  組織績效 
英文關鍵字 human capital  value  organizational performance 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 歷來人力資本與組織績效之學術研究,常探討企業員工對組織績效的影響,然而Lepak 與 Snell 在1999年提出,對企業而言,並非所有員工皆對企業具有相同價值,企業會根據預期員工所能帶來的貢獻,建立不同的僱用模式。因此人力資本與組織績效的關聯性有再進一步區分探討的必要。
再者,過去相關研究受限於資料庫,常以「薪資費用」作為人力資本之代理變數,然而人力支出項目繁多,舉凡招募、訓練、維護,乃至於獎酬等都是企業對人力資本之投資,如單就薪資費用項目探討,範圍亦不夠廣泛。
本研究為增進人力資本與組織績效相關研究之內涵,以個案研究的方式,參照Lepak 與 Snell所提出的人力資本架構,以「人力資本價值」將個案公司員工區分為二,並搭配Flamholtz於1973倡導之人力支出分類,擴充人力資本代理變數的項目,以探討並比較不同類型員工對組織績效的影響。實證結果顯示個案公司中,高價值特性與低價值特性的員工對組織績效的影響確實有顯著不同,應依員工的特性發展不同的僱用模式,以便就企業有限之資源作最佳分配,提昇對績效的貢獻。
英文摘要 Researches for human capital and organizational performance are often discussing the relationship between business employees and their effect to organizational performance. However, Lepak and Snell suggest that not all employees provide equal value to firms. Companies usually establish different employment mode according to the expected contribution provided by their employee. Thus, it is necessary to clarify the relationship between human capital and organizational performance.
On the other hand, due to the limitation of accounting database, researches usually take “salary expenses” as the only proxy of human capital. However, businesses investments in human capital include expenditures such as recruiting, training, maintaining, and rewarding. The discussing of human capital will not be extensive unless the proxy number of human capital can be increased.
In order to extend the content of human capital and to study the relationship between human capital and organizational performance. This paper visited a company, use it as the target case, followed the concept of human capital architecture (developed by Lepak and Snell) and the classified human capital expenditure (developed by Flamholtz). Then we divided target employees into two groups according to their “human capital value”. The result suggests that in the target company, the performance of “high human capital value” employees is significant different from the performance of “low human capital value” employees. Companies should observe the characteristic of their employees and use different employment mode to optimize business resource, then gain organizational performance.
論文目次 目錄 頁次
表目錄...........................................................三
圖目錄...........................................................四
第一章 緒論......................................................1
第一節 研究動機..........................................1
第二節 研究目的..........................................3
第三節 研究流程..........................................5
第二章 文獻探討..................................................6
第一節 人力資本..........................................6
第二節 人力資本理論.....................................12
第三節 人力資本架構.....................................14
第四節 人力支出分類原則.................................18
第五節 人力資本與組織績效...............................21
第三章 研究方法.................................................26
第一節 觀念性架構.......................................26
第二節 研究命題.........................................27
第三節 研究設計.........................................28
第四節 研究模型.........................................30
第五節 研究對象與資料來源...............................34
第四章 實證結果與分析...........................................35
第一節 個案公司背景簡介.................................35
第二節 個案公司人力資本的辨認...........................37
第三節 敘述統計分析.....................................40
第四節 迴歸分析.........................................43
第五節 迴歸診斷.........................................47
第五章 結論與建議.............................................. 48
第一節 結論.............................................48
第二節 研究限制.........................................50
第三節 研究建議.........................................50
參考文獻.........................................................51
中文部分.................................................51
英文部分.................................................52


表目錄
頁次
表 2-1-1 人力資本定義彙整表.......................................10
表 2-3-1 Lepak and Snell(1999)理論模型............................15
表 2-5-1 組織績效衡量指標彙整表...................................23
表 3-4-1 各僱用模式下具代表性職務別...............................30
表 3-4-2 變數定義與代號彙整表.....................................33
表 4-1-2 個案公司與同業「營業毛利率」比較表.......................35
表 4-1-2 個案公司與同業「資產報酬率」比較表.......................35
表 4-2-1 個案公司人力資本辨認.....................................37
表 4-3-1 「高價值員工」之敘述統計量...............................40
表 4-3-2 「低價值員工」之敘述統計量...............................40
表 4-4-1 迴歸分析摘要表-虛擬變數..................................43
表 4-4-2 迴歸係數估計值-虛擬變數..................................43
表 4-4-3 迴歸分析摘要表-「高價值員工」............................44
表 4-4-4 迴歸分析摘要表-「低價值員工」............................45
表 4-4-5 迴歸係數估計值-「高價值員工」............................45
表 4-4-6 迴歸係數估計值-「低價值員工」............................45
表 4-5-1 多元迴歸模型誤差項常態檢定結果彙整表.....................47


圖目錄
頁次
圖 1-3-1 研究流程圖................................................5
圖 2-4-1 Flamholtz(1973)人力支出分類原則架構圖.....................20
圖 2-5-1 Balanced Performance Measurement System (Knight,1999).....25
圖 3-1-1 觀念性架構圖..............................................26
圖 4-2-1 個案公司組織架構圖........................................39
參考文獻 參考文獻
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