淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-2801200721531300
中文論文名稱 從台灣電子產業的觀點分析桃園航空自由貿區的功能與未來發展的目的
英文論文名稱 The Analysis Of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone’s Function And Further Development Purpose From The Perspective Of Taiwan’s Electronic Industry
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際商學碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Executive Master's Program of Business Administration (EMBA) in International Commerce
學年度 95
學期 1
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 吳崇仁
研究生英文姓名 Chung-Jen Wu
學號 793400218
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-01-12
論文頁數 123頁
口試委員 指導教授-鮑世亨
委員-楊曉文
委員-蔡正言
中文關鍵字 自由貿易區  自主管理  境內關外 
英文關鍵字 Free Trade Zone  Autonomous Management  Within National Territory But Outside the Customs Territory 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 因應高科技化的挑戰、產業投資和專業經理人的外移至中國大陸,行政院於二OOO年五月
提出「挑戰2008國家重點發展計畫」,其中建設台灣成為一個自由化與國際化的自由貿易
區為目標之一。桃園航空自由貿易區不僅結合空運、配銷、加值、倉儲與運籌五大功能,
並且將電子產業列為最適合進駐此自由貿易區之潛在投資者,因此,此研究要從台灣電子產
產業的觀點分析桃園航空自由貿區的功能與未來發展的目的。

研究結果發現台灣電子產業建議政府能夠開放兩岸直航、制訂明確的兩岸經貿政策、積極的
的加入區域性的經濟組織並且落實自由化與國際化的目標;如此,桃園航空自由貿易區應該
可以為台灣帶來實質的經濟效益且不至於被排除於全球經濟體系之外。
英文摘要 In response to technological challenges and a loss of investments and skilled managers to mainland China, the Executive Yuan proposed the “Challenge 2008” National Development Plan in May 2002, one of the goal is to establish Taiwan as a free trade zone and to promote liberalization and internationalization. Not only Taoyuan Free Trade Zone can consolidate five major functions-air cargos, distribution, value-adding, warehousing and logistics but also electronic industry is listed as the most suitable investor to move in Taoyuan Free Trade Zone, thus, this research aims to find out Taoyuan Free Trade Zone’s function and further development purpose from the Perspective of Taiwan’s electronic Industry.

The results reveal that Taiwan’s government should open “direct transportation” between Taiwan and mainland China, enact definite economic and trade policy between two sides, participate in regional economic organization actively and bring liberalization and internationalization into practice, then Taoyuan Free Trade Zone will bring the substantial economic benefits to Taiwan, and Taiwan could avoid to be marginalized by global economic system.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abstract…..……………………………………………………………………………….I
Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………………...III
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………...IV
List of Figures…………………………………………………………………………....VI
List of Tables……………………………………………………………..……………..VII

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Research Background and Motivation…………………………………………..1
1.2 Research Objective and Purpose…….…………………………………………..5
1.3 Research Limitation…………………………………….……..…………………6
1.4 Research Procedure……………..……..………………………………………..10

Chapter 2 The Introduction of Free Trade Zone……………………………………….12
2.1 The lecture review of Free Trade Zone………………………………………….12
2.1.1 The definition of Free Trade Zone………………………………………….12
2.1.2 The function of Free Trade Zone…………………………………………...16
2.2 The History of Free Trade Zone…………………………………………………18
2.3 The Introduction of Practical Experience in Developing Free Trade Zone……..19
2.3.1 Hong Kong…………………………………………………..………….......19
2.3.2 Singapore…………………………………………………………………...22
2.3.3 Netherlands………………………………………………………………....24
2.3.4 China………………………………………………………………………..26
2.3.5 USA…………………………………………………………………………30
2.3.6 Korea………………………………………………………………………..32
2.4 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………37
Charpter 3 The Current Status of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone and Taiwan’s Electronics
Industry……………………………..…………………………………………..………38
3.1 The General Information of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone…….…………………...38
3.2 The Planning and Implementation of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone………….…….42
3.2.1 The Features of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone…………………………………42
3.2.2 The SWOT Analysis of Taiwan’s Free Trade Zones……………………….50
3.3 The Evolution of Taiwan’s Electronics and Electrical Industry…………………52
3.4 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………….60

Chapter 4 Research Methodology……………………………………………………..61
4.1 Sample Description and Analysis……………………………………….………61
4.2 The Analysis of the Respondents’ Background…………………………………61
4.3 The Description of Analyzing the Connection Between the Preferential Policy
of Taoyuan FTZ and the Electronic Industry…………………………………...64
4.4 The Verification in Checking if the Factor of the Industry’s Background Affect the Intention for Taiwan’s Electronics Industry Invest or Move in Taoyuan FTZ………..…….………………………………………………………………68
4.4.1 Manipulation Checks…………….…………………………………….…...69
4.4.2 Conclusion…………………….……………………………………………72
4.5 The Factors of Impacting on the Intention for Taiwan’s Electronic Industries to Invest Taoyuan …………..………..……………………………………….……73
4.6 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………76

Chapter 5 Conclusion………………………………………………………………….78
5.1 Conclusion……..…………………………..……………………………………78
5.2 The Suggestion of Further Research……………………………………………88

Reference List……………………………………………………………………………89
Appendices……..………………………………………………………………………...92
Appendix A: Questionnaire……………………………………………………………92
Appendix B: The Output of Observed Frequencies, Expected Frequencies, Data
and Results…………………………………….………………………103
Appendix C: The Name List of Investing Taoyuan Free Trade Zone.……………….108
Appendix D: 2004 Taiwan’s Top 30 Export Goods to China……..…….....………...110
Appendix E: 2004 Taiwan’s Top 30 Import Goods from China……………………..113
Appendix F: The Percentage of 2004 Taiwan’s Top 30 Export Goods to China via
Air Transportation….………………………………………………….116
Appendix G: The Percentage of 2004 Taiwan’s Top 30 Import Goods from China
via Air Transportation…………………………………………………120





LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1.1: The location of FTZs in Taiwan………………………………………………8
Figure 1.2: The research procedure………………………………………………………11
Figure 3.1: Geographic location of Taoyuan Free Trade Zone…………………………..39
Figure 3.2: The design of five major function parks…………………………………….41
Figure 3.3: CKS Airport statistics (freight) 1991~2004…………………………………41
Figure 3.4: Organization chart for operation and management in FTZ…..……………...42
Figure 3.5: The application procedure for operating business in free ports……………..43
Figure 3.6: The incentive for attracting business to free ports…………………………..44
Figure 3.7: The free flows of commodities………………………………………………47
Figure 3.8: The free flows of commodities………………………………………………47
Figure 3.9: The tracking system of electronic data transmission and cargo……...….......48
Figure 3.10: The diagram of taxation measures………………………………………….49
Figure 3.11: The entry process for foreign business personnel………………………….49
Figure 4.1: Region of rejection and nonrejection when testing for independence in an
r x c contingency table using the X2 test……………………………………..68
Figure 5.1: Taiwan’s export amount to China via air transportation…………………….82
Figure 5.2: Import amount to Taiwan via air transportation……………………………..82



















LIST OF TABLES
Table 1.1: Free trade ports in Taiwan……………………………………………………..8
Table 2.1: The classification of free trade zone………………………………………….18
Table 2.2: Hong Kong’s development experience in Free Trade Zone…………………..20
Table 2.3: Singapore’s development experience in Free Trade Zone……………………23
Table 2.4: Netherlands’ development experience in Free Trade Zone…………………...24
Table 2.5: China’s development experience in Free Trade Zone………………...………26
Table 2.6: The United States of America’s development experience in Free Trade Zone.30
Table 2.7: Korea’s development experience in Tariff Trade Zone……………………….33
Table 2.8: Comparison of operating FTZs……………………………………………….35
Table 3.1: SWOT analysis for Taiwan’s Free Trade Zone……………………………….50
Table 3.2: Major export commodities………………………………………………..…..54
Table 3.3: Chiang Kai-shek International Airport cargo export by major export
commodities………………………………………………………………….58
Table 3.4: The relevant models’ features for global logistics management……………...60
Table 4.1: The summary of questionnaire in recall………………………………………61
Table 4.2: The summary of the background for the respondents………………………...62
Table 4.3: The survey in the importance of the preferential policies in Taoyuan FTZ…..65
Table 4.4: Observed frequencies of respondents between overseas FTZs- investing
and Taoyuan FTZ-investing…………………………………………………...69
Table 4.5: Observed frequencies of respondents between the years of establishment
and Taoyuan FTZ-investing…………………………………………….……70
Table 4.6: Observed frequencies of respondents between sales amount and Taoyuan
FTZ-investing…...…………………………………………………………...70
Table 4.7: Observed frequencies of respondents between the number of employees
and Taoyuan FTZ-investing………………………………………………….71
Table 4.8: Observed frequencies of respondents between overseas markets- investing
and Taoyuan FTZ-investing………………………………………………….72
Table 4.9: The chi-square test of independence results………………………………….73
Table 4.10: The survey of Taiwan’s electronic industries has invested/ will invest
Taoyuan FTZ……………………………………………………………….73
Table 4.11: The summary of the factors of choosing to move in the zone………………74
Table 4.12: The summary of the respondents have moved into the area in Taoyuan
FTZ…………………………………………………………………………74
Table 4.13: The summary of the factor of choosing not to move in the zone……………76
Table 5.1: Trade volume between cross-strait via air transportation…………..………...82

Table 5.2: The economic indicators for ASEAN plus China, Japan and Korea, South
in 2004……………………………………………………………….………84
Table 5.3: Republic of China’s trade with Asia, January 18, 2006………………………86


參考文獻 References

Bhagawati, J. N. and T. N. Srinivasan (1974), “On analyzing the Harris-Todaro model: Policy ranking in the case of sector-specific sticky wages”, American Economic Review, Vol. 64, pp.502-508.
Bhutta, K. S., Huq, F., Frazier, G. and Mohamed, Z. (2003), “An integrated location, production, and investment model for a multinational corporation”, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 86, pp.201-216.
Center for Economic Deregulation and Innovation, CEPD, (2005) “Companies Operating in Taiwan’s Free Trade Zones”, Taiwan New Economy Newsletter No. 68-2 - Special Issue on FTZs in Taiwan
Council for Economic Planning and Development Executive Yuan (2003), “Free Port Planning in Taiwan and Related Analysis and Research in Other Countries”.
Dhaenens-Flipo, C. and Finke G. (2001), “An integrated model for an industrial production-distribution problem”, IIE Transaction, Vol. 33, pp. 705-715.
Din, M. (1994), “Export Processing Zones and Backward Linkages”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 43, pp. 369-385.
Hamada, K. (1974), “An Economic Analysis of the Duty-Free Zone”, Journal of International Economics, Vol. 4, pp. 225-241.
Hamilton, C. and L. Svensson (1982), “On the Welfare Effects of a Duty-Free Zone”, Journal of International Economic, Vol. 13, pp. 45-64.
International Labour Organization (1998), “Labour and Social Issues Relating to Export Processing Zones”, Genevar International Labour Office.
Import Administration (2003), “65th Annual Report of the Foreign-Trade Zones”, Board to the Congress of the United States for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2003”
Framkel, E. G., (1987), “Port Planning and Development”, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 237-241.
Jang, Y., Jang, S. Y., Chang, B. M. and Park, J. (2002), “A combined model of net work design and production/ distribution planning for a supply network”, Computer & Industrial Engineering Vol. 43, pp. 263-281.
James Ho (1998), “Introduction on at Full Speed with the APROC Plan”, Taiwan Opens Up-A Regional Business Center in the Marketing, pp.2.
John T. Mentzer, William DeWitt, James S. Keebler, Soonhong Min, Nancy W. Nix, Carlo D. Smith and Zach G. Zacharia (2001), “Defining Supply Chain Management”, Journal of Business Logistics, Vol. 22, No. 2001, pp. 3-4.
Krugman, P. (2000), “The Move Toward Free Trade Zones in Economic integration and international trade”, ed. by C. Kowalczyk, pp. 310-344.
LaLonde, Bernard J. and James M. Masters (1994), “Emerging Logistics Strategies: Blueprints for the Next Century”, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, Vol. 24, No. 7, pp. 35-47.
Lee, H., D. Roland-Holst and D. van der Mensbrugghe (2004), “China’s emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements”, Journal of Asian Economics, Vol. 15, pp. 697-712.
Lee, Y. H. and Kim S. H. (2002), “Production-distribution planning in supply chain considering capacity constraints”, Computer & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 43, pp. 169-190.
Lin Zu Jia (2005), “The Beginning of Taiwan’s Marginalization if ASEN Free Trade Zone will be implemented in 2010”, National Policy Foundation NPF Research Report.
Ministry of Transportation and Communication (2004), “Article 3 of the General Instruction to the Regulations Governing The Operation and Management of Enterprises within Free Ports Administered”.
Miyagiwa, K. F. (1986), “A Reconsideration the Welfare Economic of A Free Trade Zone”, Journal of International Economics, Vol. 21 (3/4), pp. 337-350.
Samson Pao (2004), “2004 Country Report”, The Association of Airfreight Forwarding & Logistics.
Sparks, Samantha (1990), “EPZs proliferate in developing countries and debate on benefits”, Development Business.
Spinanger, D. (1984), “Objectives and impact of economic activity zones – some evidence from Asia”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archive, pp. 64-89, 120.
Tansuhaj, P. S., and Gentry, J. W. (1987), “Firm Differences in Perceptions of the Facilitating Role of Foreign Trade Zone In Global Marketing and Logistics”, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol.18 (Spring), pp. 19-33.
Warren J. Keegan (2002), “The Global Economic Environment”, Global Marketing Management, Seven edition, pp. 50-51.
Vicent Siew (1997), “APROC Plan Needs Everyone’s Support”, Taiwan Opens Up-A Regional Business Center in the Marketing, pp. 4-5.
Vidal, C. J. and Geotschalckx, M. (1997), “Strategic production-distribution models: A critical review with emphasis on global supply chain models”, European Journal of Operation Research, Vol. 98, pp. 1-18.
Young, L. (1987), “Intermediate goods and the formation of duty-free zones”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 25, pp. 369-384.
Young, L. and K. F. Miyagiwa (1987), “Unemployment and the formation of duty-free zones”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 26, pp. 397-405.
Young, L (1992), “Unemployment and the Optimal Export-processing Zone”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 37, pp. 369-385.

Gu, Yuan-Xiang, Wei, Yan-Shen and Wang, Yao-Yuan (谷源祥、魏燕慎、王耀媛),世界經濟自由區大觀,北京世界知識出版社,民國82年1月。
Lin, Shang-Gen (林上根),「階段式發展台灣全球運籌特區之研究」,財政部高雄關稅局九十一年度專題研究,民國91年。
Zhou, Jian-Zhang (周建張),「國內設置自由貿易區之探討」,台灣經濟金融月刊,第38卷第一期,民國91年,頁70-80。
Zhuang, Yong-Ji (莊永吉),關稅論-政策、制度、實務,台北市,華泰文化,民國82年,第一版。
Yuan, Ming-Ren (袁明仁),「大陸保稅區實務Ⅱ-前進上海外高橋」,大陸財經86期,民國90年頁26-31。
Huang, Wen-Ji, Li, Guo-Liang and Huang, Sheng-Jie (黃文吉、李國良、黃聖傑),「高雄港都發展自由貿易港區之策略規劃」,航運管理學術研討會論文集,民國91年。
Zhang, Fan (張璠),「設置自由貿易港區促進經濟發展之探討」,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,永續(研)092-011號,民國92年。
Yang, Yu-Chi (楊鈺池),「韓國關稅自由區之簡介」,國立高雄海洋技術學院航管系,民國91年。
Zhou, Xian-Zhi(趙先之),「上海市外高橋保稅區之研究」,中國文化大學中國大陸研究所碩士論文民國90年。

論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2011-02-10公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2007-02-10起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信