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系統識別號 U0002-2708201222573400
中文論文名稱 性別二元論-以瑞克里芙.霍爾的寂寞之井為例
英文論文名稱 Gender Binarism in Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 林宛柔
研究生英文姓名 Wan-Jou Lin
學號 697110335
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-05-31
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃逸民
委員-馮品佳
委員-涂銘宏
中文關鍵字 性別二元論  賤斥  性別操演  異性戀主義  陰性書寫  女同志連續體 
英文關鍵字 Gender binarism  Abjection  Gender performativity  Heterosexism  woman writing  Lesbian continuum 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文旨在探討寂寞之井主角—史提芬.霍爾遭受壓迫的性別二元論,與女同志身分認同。此篇論文探討她的女同志身分認同的過程,同時也是人類對於性別認同的探索過程。我希望藉著女性主義的角度檢視史提芬追尋自我的性別認同。
第一章檢視史提芬的母親在父權的壓迫下成為壓迫者,同時也是受壓迫者。朱莉亞.克里斯多娃的賤斥理論有助於分析史提芬在異性戀社會下的寂寞與孤單的異己與可憎的感受。第二章運用巴特勒的性別操演理論來探討史提芬與瑪莉的性別操演。莫尼克.維締格《女人不是「天生」的》女同志主義揭露異性戀主義如何奴役史提芬。第三章,西蘇《梅杜莎的嘲笑》中的陰性書寫理論做為本章的理論框架來展演史提芬藉著書寫而來的力量。安菊.瑞曲的女同志連續體分析不同的女角色的女性連結關係。在結論中,海澀.愛《毀壞的身分認同》討論史提芬的憂鬱進而探討小說最後崩解自我認同的過程。總而言之,本論文試圖揭露在性別二元中,史提芬的孤單與自我認同的崩解。超越史提芬的孤單與憂鬱,本論文不只是藉由女性主義論點分析各角色,更是希望跟著史提芬的掙扎,我們能面對生命中的困境與難題。
英文摘要 The thesis aims to investigate the lesbian identity and the oppression of gender binarism on the protagonist Stephen Gordon in The Well of Loneliness. In the thesis, in dealing with her lesbian identity, Stephen Gordon faces the process in which all human beings try to search the gender identity. I try to offer a study from the perspective of feminism to inspect Stephen’s searching of gender identity.

The first chapter of the thesis examines how Stephen’s mother becomes the oppressor and the oppressed under hegemonic patriarchy. Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection helps to analyze the strangeness and obscenity of heterosexual society and the loneliness and solitude of Stephen. Chapter Two utilizes Judith Butler’s concept of gender performitivity to inspect Stephen Gordon and Mary’s gender performitivity. With Monique Wittig’s lesbianism in her One is Not Born a Woman, this chapter explores how heterosexism enslaves Stephen. In Chapter Three, Cixious’ theory of woman writing in “The Laugh of the Medusa” would be taken as the theoretical framework to represent the strength given through Stephen’s writing. Adrianne Rich’s lesbian existence would analyze the female bonding of different female characters. In the conclusion, Heather K. Love in her “Spoiled Identity: Stephen Gordon’s Loneliness and the Difficulties of Queer History”, shares her point of view on Stephen’s melancholia in order to explore the deconstruction of self in the end of novel. To sum up, this thesis attempts to reveal Stephen’s deconstruction of self-identity and to convey the loneliness under gender binarism. Beyond Stephen’s loneliness and melancholia, the thesis is not only to analyze the characters by feminism perspectives, but rather, to follow Stephen’s struggles and we are able to face the difficulties and dilemma in our lives.
論文目次 Introduction.........................................1

Chapter I............................................10
Chapter II...........................................42

Chapter III..................................................69

Conclusion...........................................91

Works Cited..........................................102
參考文獻 Works Cited

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Green, Laura. “Hall of Mirrors :Radclyffe Hall’s ‘The Well of Loneliness’ and Modernist Fictions of Identity”, Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 49, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 277-297
Hall, Radclyffe. The Well of Loneliness. New York: Anchor Books Doubleday, 1990.
Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity, Durham: Duke University Press, 1998
Irigaray, Luce. “The Sex Which Is Not One.” This Sex Which Is Not One. Trans. Catherine Porter with Carolyn Burke. New York: Cornell U P, 1985.
K. Love, Heather. “‘Spoiled Identity’: Stephen Gordon’s Loneliness and the Difficulties of Queer History”, The Transgender Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 2006. pp. 521-536
Kristeva, Julia. Power of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 2001.
Kosofsky Sedgwick, Eve. “Epistemology of the Closet”, The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 1993. pp. 45-61
Lindenmeyer, Antje. “Postmodern Concepts of the Body in Jeanette Winterson’s ‘Written on the Body” Feminist Review, No.63, Negotiations and Resistances (Autumn,1999), pp.48-63
Lynn Sukenick, “Feeling and Reason in Dorris Lessing’s Fiction”, Contemporary Literature, Vol. 14, No. 4, p518-523
McLaren. Margaret A. Feminism, Foucault, and Embodied Subjectivity. Albany: State of University of New York. 2002. Print.
Moi, Toril. Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory, New York: Routledge, 1994.
Newton, Esther. “The Mythic Mannish Lesbian: Radclyffe Hall and the New Woman”, Signs, Vol. 9, No.4, The Lesbian Issue (summer,1984), pp. 557-575
Prince-Hughes, Tara. “‘A Curious Double Insight’: ‘The Well of Loneliness’ and Native American Alternative Gender Traditions”, Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature, Vol. 53, No. 2 (1999), pp. 31-43
Prosser, Jay. Second Skins: The Body Narratives of Transsexuality, New York: Columbia University Press. 1998
R. Stimpson, Catherine. “Zero Degree Deviancy: The Lesbian Novel in English”, Critical Inquiry, Vol. 8, No. 2, Writing and Sexual Difference (Winter, 1981), pp. 363-379
Rich, Adrienne. “Anger and Tenderness.” Of Woman Born. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc. Reprinted by permission of the author and W.W. Norton & Co., Inc. 1977.
---“Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Blood, Bread, and Peotry: Selected Prose. 1979-1985. New York: Norton, 1944.
Rubin, Gayle. “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality.” Pleasure and Danger. ed. Carole S. Vance. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984.
Stillman Franks Claudia. “Stephen Gordon, Novelist: A Re-Evaluation of Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness”, Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, Vol.1, No.2 (Autumn, 1982), pp.125-139
Sue Silvermarie, “The Motherbond,” Women: A Journal of Liberation, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.26-27
Ticineto Clough, Patricia. Feminist Thought: desire, power, and academic discourse. Oxford UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, 1994.
Wittig, Monique. Eds. Henry Abelove, Michael Aina Barale, David M. Halpenin. “One Is Not Born A Woman.” The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 1993.
---. “The Mark of Gender”, Feminist Issues. Vol.5, No. 2, 1985.
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