淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)

系統識別號 U0002-2707200713430100
中文論文名稱 氣象與通訊微衛星星系設計暨TUUSAT-1A計畫參數管理
英文論文名稱 Design of Microsatellite Constellation for Weather Observation and Communication Mission, and the Management of the Planning Parameter for TUUSAT-1A
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 溫永全
研究生英文姓名 Yong-Chuang Wen
學號 694340125
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-07-13
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪祖昌
中文關鍵字 衛星軌道  衛星星系  TUUSAT-1A參數管理 
英文關鍵字 orbit  constellation  system parameter 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學機械工程
中文摘要 本文主要分為氣象與通訊微衛星星系設計及TUUSAT-1A參數管理兩個部份。在氣象微衛星星系設計中,根據任務需求分析衛星之任務特性,決定衛星軌道類型為高度為837公里、傾角為60度的重複地面軌跡圓軌道,模擬結果發現Walker參數18/18/4星系可以每小時拼湊獲取台灣預警區域氣象雲圖。在通訊微衛星星系設計中,採用軌道高度為800公里圓軌道,傾角為22度、30度、35度和40度,計算在不同傾角下對衛星數目的影響,模擬結果發現傾角為35度Walker參數36/9/0星系所需衛星數目最少,可以連續覆蓋台灣半徑2000公里內。
在TUUSAT-1A計畫中,為切確掌握TUUSAT-1A微衛星整體的發展情況,必須管理各次系統主要參數,最後發現電源次系統的Power Budget在PPM#3時從10.92瓦增大為23.505瓦,預警了電源次系統。
英文摘要 This dissertation contains two parts: the microsatellite constellation design and TUUSAT-1A Technical Performance Measurement. In weather observation constellation design, the periodical circular orbit of 837km and inclination, which is according to the mission requirement and the characteristics of mission. The calculated result shows that the 18/18/4 Walker constellation satisfactorily meets the mission requirement of piecing the weather warning images of Taiwan on an hourly.
In communication constellation design, adopt the circular orbit of 800km. To investigate the influence of orbital inclination to the satellite numbers of the constellation, the orbital inclination in the calculation of Walker Constellation will be substituted by 22, 30, 35, and individually. The calculated result shows that the minimum number of satellites 36/9/0 Walker constellation, circular orbit of 800km and inclination, which continuous coverage Taiwan radius of 2000km.
To control TUUSAT-1A microsatellite development, must manage the subsystem key technical parameter. The final result warns that the electrical power system of power budget increases from 10.92W to 23.505W in PPM#3.
論文目次 目錄 I
表目錄 III
圖目錄 V
符 號 說 明 VII
第一章 序論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 4
1-3 研究動機與目的 7
第二章 軌道計算與攝動 8
2-1 克普勒定律與衛星軌道 8
2-2 軌道六元素 12
2-3 軌道的攝動 14
2-4 地面追蹤 17
第三章 衛星星系之分析 22
3-1 星系任務規劃之原則 22
3-2 衛星星系參數 24
3-3 覆蓋類型 25
3-4 Walker星系 28
第四章 衛星任務與星系設計 32
4-1任務目標 32
4-2 氣象觀測星系設計 36
4-2-1 軌道與傾角之選取 36
4-2-2 CCD覆蓋範圍 40
4-2-3星系設計 47
4-3通訊衛星星系設計 51
4-3-1 軌道與傾角之選取 51
4-3-2 衛星涵蓋面積 52
4-3-3 星系設計 56
第五章 TUUSAT-1A重要參數管理 64
5-1 TUUSAT-1A微衛星 64
5-2 衛星系統工程 64
5-3 TUUSAT-1A次系統重要參數管理 67
第六章 結論 75
參考文獻 80
表1-1 各類衛星星系 3
表1-2 Sistema Quadrifoglio星系軌道參數 4
表2-1 zonal係數表 15
表 3-1設計衛星星系的參數及選取策略 24
表 3-2 Walker星系的參數 30
表 4-1 不同特性軌道類型 36
表 4-2 軌道高度(km)與軌道傾角(度)的關係 39
表4-3 星系與發生覆蓋間隙模擬 49
表4-4 軌道高度800公里傾角22度,星系與發生覆蓋間隙模擬 57
表4-5 軌道高度800公里傾角30度,星系與發生覆蓋間隙模擬 59
表4-6 軌道高度800公里傾角35度,星系與發生覆蓋間隙模擬 60
表4-7 軌道高度800公里傾角40度,星系與發生覆蓋間隙模擬 61
表4-8 固定軌道高度下的最少總衛星數之軌道傾角 62
表5-1 TUUSAT-1A發展時程規劃 66
表5-2 TUUSAT-1A Mass Budget 70
表5-3 TUUSAT-1A Power Budget 72
表5-4 太陽能板EOL和BOL 73
表5-5 Link Margin 74
表5-6 TUUSAT-1A衛星內部最高和最低溫度 75
圖2-1 二體運動-圓形軌道 9
圖2-2 軌道-能量關係圖 10
圖2-3 橢圓軌道 11
圖2-4 衛星軌道 12
圖2-5 典型的軌道六元素 13
圖2-6 升交點退行率與軌道關係圖 16
圖2-7 衛星之地面軌跡 18
圖2-8 衛星升交點經度調整值 20
圖3-1 衛星涵蓋幾何關係 22
圖3-2 Globalstar衛星星系分佈 31
圖4-1 衛星架構 33
圖4-2 軌道傾角60度,軌道高度837.4公里之週期軌道 40
圖4-3 不同FOV下拍照範圍半徑與軌道高度之關係 40
圖4-4 雲圖擷取部份 41
圖4-5 衛星拍攝角度 42
圖4-6 理想之拍照設點 42
圖4-7 拍攝點之選取 43
圖4-8 CCD最大覆蓋範圍 44
圖4-9 拍照地點設定 45
圖4-10 拍照範圍 45
圖4-11 觀測範圍與FOV關係 46
圖4-12 每個軌道面一顆衛星之地面軌跡 48
圖4-13 每個軌道面兩顆衛星之地面軌跡 48
圖4-14 衛星星系18/18/4之地面軌跡 51
圖4-15 衛星天線場型過大 52
圖4-16 衛星天線場型過小 53
圖4-17 依水平仰角選取天線場型 53
圖4-18 仰角為0度衛星覆蓋面積 54
圖4-19 仰角為5度、10度衛星覆蓋面積 55
圖4-20 傾角22度衛星覆蓋面積可涵蓋台灣半徑2000公里 57
圖4-21 衛星星系36/9/0之地面軌跡 63
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