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系統識別號 U0002-2706201910460400
中文論文名稱 中美洲的融合:通往發展的道路
英文論文名稱 INTEGRATION OF CENTRAL AMERICA: A PATHWAY TO DEVELOPMENT
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 卡洛思
研究生英文姓名 Juan Carlos Barahona Rodriguez
學號 606335031
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-06-10
論文頁數 94頁
口試委員 指導教授-何思因
委員-陳一新
委員-黃介正
中文關鍵字 中美洲  SICA  一體化  共同市場  關稅同盟  發展  制度  協議  改革 
英文關鍵字 Central America  SICA  integration  common market  customs union  development  institutions  agreement  reform 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 中美洲地區正在經歷一個整合過程,即在設計和性能方面,是歐盟之後的世界第二個複雜的一體化集團。中美洲一體化的故事可以追溯到1951年,當時地峽通過與區域一體化的聯合實現了實現發展的真正的第一步。現在,近七十年後,中美洲的一體化進程取得了重大進展,並且隨著時間的推移,它正在適應新的挑戰。
這項研究將分析中美洲一體化的故事以及該地區選擇遵循融合道路的模式。它還將研究中美洲一體化進程的製度演變,並確定其不同階段,利弊,共同市場,關稅聯盟,重大進展和挑戰。
從這項研究中獲得的分析將使讀者深入理解中美洲通過制度框架的區域一體化模式正在做什麼,可以改進哪些以及需要克服哪些挑戰才能取得重大成果。它的政治和經濟發展進程。
英文摘要 The region of Central America has been undergoing a process of integration that is, in terms of design and performance, the world’s second complex integration bloc after the European Union. The story of Central American integration dates from 1951, when the isthmus made the real first step toward reaching development through uniting with the creation a regional integration. Now, nearly seven decades after, the integration process in Central America has attained significant advances and it has evolved as it is adapting to newer challenges appearing through time.

This research will analyze the story of Central American integration and the model the region has chosen to follow the path toward integration. It will also study the institutional evolution of the Central American integration process and identify its different phases, pros and cons, common markets, customs union, significant advances and challenges.

The analysis obtained from this study shall take the reader to a deep comprehension of what Central America through a model of regional integration through an institutional framework is doing right, what can be improved and what challenges are to be overcome in order to attain significant results in its process of political and economic development.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Acknowledgements i
Abstract iii
List of Figures and Graphs vii
List of Tables vii
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations viii
Chapter I 1
Introduction 1
Section I: Background 2
Section II: Research Motives and Objectives 5
Section III: Methodology 6
Section IV: Literature Review 7
Section V: Expected Contributions 7
Chapter II 9
Central America’s Integration Attempts and The Rise of SICA 9
Section I: The Creation of the Organization of Central American States 9
Section II: The Central American Common Market 12
Section III: The Rise of SICA 24
Section IV: Conclusion 32
Chapter III 33
Challenges for the Integration of Central America 33
Section I: SICA’s Five New Pillars 33
Section II: Institutional Improvements and Setbacks in the Integration Process 36
Section III: Challenges for SICA System and Regional Foreign Policy 52
Section IV: Conclusion 59
Chapter IV 61
Progresses and Advances in Central America Integration 61
Section I: Main Advances in Central America 61
Section II: The European Union’s Role in the Integration of Central America 64
Section III: The Partnership Agreement between EU and Central America 70
Section IV: The Forming of Customs Union 76
Section V: Conclusion 78
Chapter V 80
Central America’s Expectations for the Future 80
Section I: Cooperation between the United States and Central America 80
Section II: The United States’ Cut off Aid to Central America 82
Section III: The Impact of Aid Cut in Central America 86
Section IV: Conclusion 87
Chapter VI 88
Conclusion 88
Bibliography 91


List of Figures and Graphs

• Graph 2.1 ………………………………………………….………………………… 14
• Figure 2.1 ………………………………………….………………………………… 30
• Figure 3.1 ……………………………………………………………………………..35
• Figure 3.2 ……………………….…………………………………………………… 53
• Figure 3.3 ………………….………………………………………………………… 54
• Figure 3.4 …….……………………………………………………………………… 55

List of Tables

• Table 1.1 .………..…………………………………...……………………………… 3
• Table 2.1 .…………………..………………………………………………………… 16
• Table 2.2 .………..…………………………………………………………………… 17
• Table 2.3 .…..………………………………………………………………………… 26
• Table 3.1 .……..……………………………………………………………………… 58
• Table 4.1 .…..………………………………………………………………………… 73
• Table 4.2 .………..…………………………………………………………………… 74
• Table 5.1 .…..………………………………………………………………………… 85

參考文獻 Bibliography

• Vasquez Vicente, Guillermo. Nacimiento y ocaso de la Federación de Centro América: entre la realidad y el deseo. 2011.

• Solis, Luis; Solano, Patricia. The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL). Central America: The difficult road towards integration and the role of Canada. 2001.

• Booth, John A.; Wade, Christine J.; Walker, Thomas W. Understanding Central America, Global Forces, Rebellion and Change. Sixth Edition. Westview Press. 2015.

• Cordero, Martha. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Central American Economic Integration. 2016

• Caldentey del Pozo, Pedro. Fundacion ETEA para el Desarrollo y Cooperacion. EL SICA y la UE, La Integracion regional en una perspectiva comparada. 2010.

• European External Action Service. The Official Journal of European Union. Partnership Agreement EU-CA. Article 12. 2012

• International Organization for Migration. Estado de la Gestion Migratoria en America Central. 2002


Documents

• Dipublico.org / Derecho Internacional. Carta de la Organización de los Estados Centroamericanos – Carta de San Salvador. 1951

• SICA. General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration. 1960.

• SICA. Agreement on the Central American Customs and Tariff Regime. 1984

• SICA. Protocol of Tegucigalpa to the Charter of the Organization of Central American States. 1991.

• SICA. Joint Declaration – Extraordinary Summit of Presidents of SICA for the Relaunching of the Central American Integration Process. 2010

• SICA. XIX Summit of SICA Presidents. Central American Integration System. Guidelines for Strengthening and Rationalization of Regional Institutionality. 1997

• SICA. Constitute Treaty for the Central American Parliament and other Political Instances. 1997.

• SICA. XXIII Presidential Summit. Declaration of Belize. 2003

• SICA. Reforming Protocol to the Central American Parliament Constitutive Treaty. 2008

• European Union. European Commission. Document of Regional Strategy for Central America 2002 – 2006. 2002.

• European External Action Service. The Official Journal of European Union. Partnership Agreement EU-CA. 2012

• European External Action Service. Archives. Brochure–AdA. 2013

• Central American Integration System – General Secretariat. SG – SICA. Secretario General del SICA en Cumbre EEUU-SICA. 2013



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