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系統識別號 U0002-2706201216444500
中文論文名稱 從APEC架構下分析台灣對祕魯軟權力外交研究
英文論文名稱 Taiwan's Soft Power foreign policy towards Peru under the framework of APEC
第三語言論文名稱 Politica Exterior del Poder Blando de Taiwan hacia el Peru bajo el Marco del APEC
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 賈薔安
研究生英文姓名 Rosa A. Garcia G.
學號 699330626
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-06-05
論文頁數 146頁
口試委員 指導教授-翁明賢
委員-古瑞生
委員-李大中
中文關鍵字 台灣  秘魯  軟權力  外交政策  APEC  彈性外交  ADOC  文化  政治理念 
英文關鍵字 Tawan  Peru  soft power  foreign policy  APEC  flexible diplomacy  DOC  culture  political ideals 
第三語言關鍵字 Taiwan, Peru, poder blando, politica exterior, APEC, politica flexible, ADOC, cultura, ideales politicos 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 本文分析台灣對秘魯的外交政策,運用「軟權力」的概念,並在「亞太經濟合作會議」(APEC)的架構下,瞭解其間的相互關係。首先,本論文深入探討「軟權力」的概念、理論及其局限性,藉由這個理論框架與研究途徑,以確認本文的假設:台灣透過其外交政策上「軟權力」的運用,對秘魯保持與提高在經濟,文化的合作關係,而且「亞太經濟合作會議」(APEC)正好扮演主要催化的場景。
透過各章的研究過程,本文得到以下結論:鑑於當前國際經濟和政治密切發展的情況,由於台灣與秘魯沒有外交關係,秘魯對台灣主權的政治立場無法改變,但是,透過軟權力,成為強化兩國關係的重要關鍵。同時,此一軟權力對台灣尤其重要,透過軟權力的推動,台灣不僅獲得國際友人支持,更可以和秘魯與其他南美洲國家建立非正式合作關係。在上述結論下,為了強化台灣的政經實力,增強與秘魯等國家的合作關係,台灣必須通過積極參與「亞太經濟合作會議」(APEC)相關機制與活動,並且透過「軟權力」作為外交政策的戰略考慮核心。
英文摘要 This research paper analyzes Taiwan’s foreign policy towards Peru from a soft power approach, highlighting the importance of APEC.
During my research I deeply discuss the soft power theory and its elements, using this theoretical framework to confirm the assumption that Taiwan is using soft power on its foreign policy towards Peru to maintain and increase economic, cultural and cooperative relations, of which APEC is the focal point of these interactions.
As a result of my research, I conclude that soft power is particularly important for Taiwan, as it allows it to gain international friends, and to establish informal and cooperative relations with Peru and other states. This is as a result of the current international economic and political scenario, as well as Peru’s political position towards Taiwan’s sovereignty.
In this sense, the only way that Taiwan can strengthen and increase their cooperative relations with Peru, is through an active participation in APEC, having soft power as its main foreign policy strategy.
第三語言摘要 Esta investigacion analiza la politica exterior de Taiwan hacia el Peru desde un enfoque del poder blando, recalcando la importancia del APEC.
Durante mi investigacion discutire profundamente la teoria del poder blando y sus elementos, para confirmar la hipotesis de que Taiwan utiliza el poder blando en su politica exterior hacia el Peru, para mantener e incrementar las relaciones economicas, culturales y de cooperacion, siendo APEC el principal escenario para estas interacciones.
Como resultado de mi investigacion, concluyo que el poder blando es particularmente importante para Taiwan, ya que le permite ganar amigos internacionales, y establecer relaciones informales y de cooperacion con Peru y otros estados. Esto se debe al actual escenario economico y politico internacional, asi como la posicion politica del Peru hacia la soberania de Taiwan,
En este sentido, la unica manera de que Taiwan pueda fortalecer y aumentar las relaciones de cooperacion con el Peru, es a traves de una participacion activa en el APEC, bajo una estrategia de politica exterior basada en el poder blando.
論文目次 Acknowledgement......................................... i
Abstract (in Chinese)................................... ii
Abstract (in English)................................... iii
Table of Contents....................................... iv
List of Tables ......................................... vi
List of Graphics ....................................... vii
Chapter I Introduction............................................ 1
1.1. Motivation and purpose ............................ 1
1.2. Literature review.................................. 5
1.3. Theoretical framework and hypothesis............... 6
1.4. Scope and research approach........................ 9
1.5. Glossary .......................................... 10
Chapter II
The Concept of Soft Power and Indicators................ 12
2.1. Definition and resources of soft power............. 12
2.1.1. Resources of soft power ......................... 21
2.2. Soft power and foreign policy ..................... 27
2.2.1. Public diplomacy................................. 31
2.3. Taiwan’s perspective of soft power ............... 33
2.3.1. Culture.......................................... 35
2.3.2. Poltical Values ................................. 39
2.3.3. Foreign Policy .................................. 42
2.3.4. Taiwan’s Public diplomacy....................... 45
2.4. Summary............................................ 49
Chapter III
Factors which impact Taiwan and Peru interaction........ 51
3.1. Peru and Taiwan interaction historical background.. 51
3.2. The end of Cold War ............................... 55
3.3. Taiwan’s flexible diplomacy ...................... 63
3.4. The boom of the Asian economy ..................... 68
3.5. Summary............................................ 74
Chapter IV
Interactions between Taiwan and Peru under APEC ........ 77
4.1. Institutional framework of APEC ................... 77
4.2. Regional cooperation within APEC................... 85
4.3. Taiwan – Peru bilateral cooperation .............. 94
4.4. Summary............................................ 107
Chapter V
Analisys of Taiwan and Peru relationship ............... 109
5.1. Cultural .......................................... 110
5.1.1. Influence of Chinese culture .................... 110
5.1.2. Cultural Activities ............................. 111
5.1.3. Education........................................ 112
5.2. Political ideals................................... 113
5.2.1. Human rights and democracy....................... 114
5.2.2. Human capital and technology..................... 114
5.3. Foreign policy..................................... 115
5.3.1. Foreign aid and assistance....................... 116
5.3.2. Business delegations ............................ 117
5.4. Summary............................................ 118
Chapter VI Conclusions............................................. 120
6.1. Key conclusions.................................... 120
6.2. Future development ................................ 127
6.3. Ways forward....................................... 129
Bibliography............................................ 134

List of Table
Table2.1-The three types of power 13
Table2.2-Power dimensions 16
Table2.3-Foundations of soft power 24
Table4.1-Free Trade Agreements between Peru-APEC members 90
Table4.2-Taiwan:Import Partners of Latin America in 1991,1999,2011 93
Table4.3-Taiwan:Export Partners of Latin America in 1991,1999,2011 94
Table4.4-Commercial Demands from Taiwan(2011) 101
Table4.5-Taiwan:Top 10 Products Exported to Peru in 2011 104
Table4.6-Taiwan:Top 10 Products Imported from Peru in 2011 100
Table4.7-Taiwan:Exports and Imports with Peru 1989-2011 105
Table4.8-Taiwan-APEC,Export Partners 1991,1992,1999,2011 106
Table4.9-Taiwan-APEC,Import Partners 1991,1992,1999,2011 106

List of Graphics
Graphics4.1-Taiwan:Exports and Imports with Peru 1989-2011 106
Graphics6.1-Soft Power and Taiwan's Foreign Policy 121
Graphics6.2-Factors that affect Taiwan and Peru Relations 123
Graphics6.3-Factors that affect Taiwan and Peru Relations 132
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Interviews
Hsu, Paul S. P.. "Taiwan's Soft Power." Taiwan Outlook. Public Television Service Foundation, Taiwan. PTS, Taipei: 28 Feb. 2009. Television.
Gordon, Gycs M.. "Expanding Taiwan-Peru Relations." Taiwan Outlook. Public Television Service Foundation, Taiwan. PTS, Taipei: 24 Feb. 2012. Television.
Gordon, Gycs M.. Personal interview. 22 Apr. 2012.
Lin, Marisa Y.W.. Personal interview. 22 Apr. 2012.
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