||Genghis Khan built Mongol Empire in the northern desert of China in 1206. Mongol Empire is one of the largest empires both in China and world history. Yuan Dynasty made a great contribution not only on mapping out the Chinese territory but also on the publishing and culture business. Yuan inherited and developed the previously booming wood-block printing business in Sung Dynasty. Both public and private wood-block printings were flourishing and the techniques were even better than Sung’s. The publication in Yuan was printed as beautifully as it in Sung, whose value cannot be ignored in the Chinese publishing history.
The dissertation is divided into six sections. The first introductory chapter states the research motivation, purpose, scope, and methodology. The second chapter is “The Historical Context of Publishing Business in Yuan Dynasty.” The publishing and cultural foundation in Sung Dynasty will be the first main focus of this chapter, discussing the results of publication industry of Sung Governmental, civilian workshop engraving, personalbook engraving, the Buddhist temple engraving, academic institutions’ book engraving. Next, the focus will be on six cultural characteristics in the Yuan Dynasty. Last, the demand of knowledge in Yuan Society, both inward or outward cultural development and communication, is the key factor to the eagerness of learning Han culture at that time, stimulating the demand of books in the society and enhancing the publishing business to excellence. The third chapter, “The Publishing Business in Yuan Dynasty,” introduces respectively the publishing of private companies and bookstores, schools and temples, Confucian branches, and the government. The fourth chapter is “The Analysis of the Publishing Content in Yuan Dynasty,” targeting and analyzing six different categories of publication: Confucian texts, books for daily life, literature and leisure reading, religious texts, prints and folk-custom items, and translation. An analysis of the bibliography will lead us to know the culture trends, the governmental cultural and educational policies, and the needs of the populace. The fifth chapter is “Characteristics of Publishing Business in Yuan Dynasty.” According to the wood-carving books and the publishing business in Yuan Dynasty, there are four features, that is, recognizing the importance of management, diversification of printing techniques, catering to the need of publishing markets, and elevation of the printing quality. Thus, Yuan Dynasty proves to be an important transition of Chinese publishing. The last chapter, “Conclusion,” summarizes the contribution of Yuan Dynasty in Chinese culture history, arguing that Mongols cannot be considered as a foreign and barbarian tribe, but an important contributing force to Chinese culture and publishing.