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系統識別號 U0002-2706200511030800
中文論文名稱 達許.漢密特:冷硬派推理小說大師
英文論文名稱 Dashiell Hammett: Master of Hard-boiled Writing
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 張鈺婷
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Ting Chang
學號 690010136
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2005-06-13
論文頁數 150頁
口試委員 指導教授-莫蘭德
委員-梁孫傑
委員-游錫熙
中文關鍵字 冷硬派  推理 
英文關鍵字 detective  crime  popular writing  Pinkerton  the 1920s  Black Mask  realism 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 達許.漢密特是二十世紀的美國作家,他被公認為冷硬派推理小說的創始人,更被許多學者推崇為最偉大的作家之一。 本論文羅列許多評論家和作家們對漢密特的讚嘆,作為本論文作者研究漢密特的開端,也就是說, 看到那麼多名人學者大力稱讚漢密特, 並將漢密特和馬克.吐溫、海明威等人並列為美國偉大的文學作家,我不禁好奇: 到底漢密特貢獻了什麼, 讓那麼多人讚不絕口? 因此,本論文旨在研究:漢密特的貢獻到底是什麼? 那些貢獻為什麼那麼重要?
為了要充分讓本論文讀者了解漢密特的成就為什麼值得探討,所以我在第一章和第二章簡述推理文學發展的歷史,讓讀者知道, 在漢密特出現之前所建立起來的推理文學寫作的傳統有哪些。 讀者有了推理文學發展方向的概念之後,就能比較漢密特的推理故事與他的前輩建立起來的推理文學格式有什麼不同, 並且能了解為推理文學帶來哪些清新並且重要的元素。
本論文作者從三方面深入探討漢密特的貢獻:他在形塑人物特色方面的貢獻、他在語言和形式方面的貢獻、他對寫實文學方面的貢獻。 本論文作者希望,藉由探究漢密特對推理文學的貢獻, 喚起更多人重視漢密特的文學創作,並且希望吸引不熟悉推理文學的讀者們進入多采多姿的推理世界。
英文摘要 Hammett had been praised to the sky for the way he wrote detective fiction. Hammett’s contribution to the detective form was recognized not only by writers of the genre but also by many critics and scholars, who indicated that Hammett’s accomplishments in American literature were comparable to those of Ernest Hemingway, and Mark Twain. Therefore, I found that the study of Hammett’s contribution as a detective-story writer was of academic value. Consequently, my thesis will show in the introduction the worthiness of Hammett as a topic of further study through the acclamations of the scholars and critics. Subsequently, the achievements and state of the genre into which he made his contribution will be presented. Next, most importantly, Hammett’s specific contributions to the existing detective story will be delineated. They are categorized in three parts—Hammett’s contributions to characterization, to language, and to realism.
論文目次 Preface 1
Introduction 3
Chapter One: European Background/Roots 13
The Eighteenth-century British Crime Writing 16
The Newgate Novel and Sensation Fiction in Britain: 1830-1868 18
French Pioneers of Crime Fiction 22
Successors to Gaboriau 26
The Short Detective Story From Poe to Chesterton 27
The Golden Age Detective Fiction 43
Chapter Two: American Background/Roots 52
Captivity Narratives 52
Popular Adventure Fiction 52
Dime Novels 53
Cheap Detective Fiction 54
Allan Pinkerton 55
Pulp Magazines 55
Chapter Three: Hammett's Contributions to
Characterization 58
The Continental Op 60
Other Continental ops 74
Sam Spade 76
Ned Beaumont 86
Nick and Nora Charles 88
Lesser Known Detectives 90
The Policemen 91
The Lawyers 93
The Femme Fatale 93
The Criminals 95
Chapter Four: Hammett's Contributions to Language 97
Style 97
Meiosis 104
Similes 105
Irony/Sarcasm 106
Colloquialism/Slang 106
Chapter Five: Hammett's Contributions to Authenticity/Realism 109
The 1920's Background 109
The Pinkerton Ethic 116
The Black Mask Writer 124
Chapter Six: Conclusion 128
Appendix: Books by Dashiell Hammett 136
Works Cited 138
Bibliography 143
參考文獻 Works Cited
“Al Capone”. OnlineEssays. Com, 2003.
Bell, Ian A. “Eighteenth-century crime writing”. Ed. Martin Priestman. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. London: Cambridge UP, 2003.
Bruccoli, Matthew J., and Richard Layman, ed. Hardboiled Mystery Writers: Raymond Chandler, Dashiell Hammett, Ross Macdonald: A Literary Reference. New York: Carroll and Graf pub., 2002.
---. Literary Masterpieces: The Maltese Falcon. New York: The Gale Group, 1999.
---. Literary Masters: Dashiell Hammett. New York: The Gale Group, 2000.
Chandler, Raymond. “The Simple Art of Murder”. Later Novels and Other Writings. By Chandler. Ed. Frank MacShane. New York: Library of America, 1995.
Chesterton, G. K. “A Defense of Detective Stories”. The American Chesterton Society.
Dexter, Collin. Introduction. Nightmare Town. By Dashiell Hammett. London: Picador, 1999. vii-x.
“Emile Gaboriau”. ClassicReader. 2005.
Everett, George. “The Seeds of Red Harvest: Dashiell Hammett’s Poisonville”. 2004.
“G. K. Chesterton”. Wikipedia.
Gillies, Mary Ann. “Dorothy Sayers: The Detection Club Oath.”English 383:Women Mystery Writers. Department of English, Simon Fraser University.
Goulart, Ron. “Dashiell Hammett”. Gale Group, 2002.
Grafton, Sue. Introduction. Ross MacDonald: A Biography. By Tom Nolan. New York: Poison Pen Press, 2001.
Haining, Peter, ed. The Classic Era of Crime Fiction. Illinois: Chicago Review Press, 2002.
Hammett, Dashiell. Complete Novels. Ed. Steven Marcus, New York: Library of America, 1999.
---. Crime Stories and Other Writings. Ed. Steven Marcus, New York: Library of America, 2001.
---. Nightmare Town. London: Picador, 1999.
---. The Big Knockover. New York: Vintage Crime, 1989.
---. The Continental Op, New York: Vintage Crime, 1992.
“Hard-boiled Writing from a Private Eye: a Conversation with Steven Marcus”. The National Humanities Center. 1997.
Henderson, Lesley, ed. Twentieth-Century Crime and Mystery Writers. 3rd ed. Illinois: St. James Press, 1991.
Herbert, Rosemary, Catherine Aird, and John M. Reilly, ed. The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
“History of Crime Fiction”. Wikiepedia.
Horsley, Lee. “Classic Detective Fiction”. The Arts and Humanities Research Board.
“Humorous Quotes Attributed to G. K. Chesterton”. Workinghumor.Com.
Hurwitt, Sam. “Murder and Missives: Hardboiled Bards’ lives in Letters” Eastbayexpress.Com. New Times. 2004.
Kayman, Martin A. “The Short Story from Poe to Chesterton”. Pykett, Lyn. “The Newgate Novel and Sensation fiction, 1830-1868”. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Priestman. London: Cambridge Up, 2003.
Kittredge, William, and Steven M. Krauzer, ed. The Great American Detective: 15 Stories Starring America’s Most Celebrated Private Eyes. New York: New American Library, 1978.
Knight, Stephen. “The golden age”. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Priestman. London: Cambridge Up, 2003.
Lehman, David. The Perfect Murder: A Study in Detection. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press, 2003.
Lochte, Dick. “New collections capture early genius of Dashiell Hammett”. 2000.
Lovisi, Gary. “The Hard-boiled Way”. 2001.
Magill, Frank N., ed. Critical Survey of Mystery and Detective Fiction. California: Salem P, 1988.
Marcus, Steven. Introduction. The Continental Op. By Dashiell Hammett. New York: Vintage Crime, 1992. vii-xxix.
Margolies, Edward. Which Way Did He Go? : the Private Eye in Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Chester Himes, and Ross Macdonald. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1982.
Marling, William. Hard-Boiled Detective Fiction. Case Western Reserve University. 2001.
McCann, Sean. Gumshoe America: Hard-boiled Crime Fiction and the Rise and Fall of New Deal Liberalism. Durham N. C.: Duke Up, 2000.
McCullough, David Willis, ed. City Sleuths and Tough Guys: Crime Stories from Poe to the Present. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1989.
---. Introduction. City Sleuths and Tough Guys: Crime Stories from Poe to the Present. Ed. McCullough. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1989. ix-xvi.
“Meet the Writers: Dashiell Hammett”. Barnes and Noble.Com. 1997-2005.
“Nero Wolfe and Archie Goodwin”. www.thrillingdetective.com, 1998-2005.
Nolan, William F. Introduction. Nightmare Town. By Dashiell Hammett. London: Picador, 1999. xi-xxi.
O’Brien, Jeoffrey. Hardboiled America: Lurid Paperbacks and the Masters of Noir. New York: Da Capo Press, 1997.
Panek, Leroy Lad. An Introduction to the Detective Story. Bowling Green: bowling Green State Up, 1982.
Pike, P. A. “Margery Allingham”. The Margery Allingham Society.
Pittard, Christopher. “Classic Detective Fiction”. Arts and Humanity Research Board. University of Exeter.
---. “Victorian Detective Fiction—an Introduction”. Arts and Humanity Research Board. University of Exeter.
Porter, Dennis. “The Private Eye”. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Priestman. London: Cambridge Up, 2003.
---. The Pursuit of Crime: Art and Ideology in Detective Fiction. New York: Yale Up, 1981.
Pykett, Lyn. “The Newgate Novel and Sensation fiction, 1830-1868”. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Priestman. London: Cambridge Up, 2003.
Schutt, Sita A. “French Crime Fiction”. The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Priestman. London: Cambridge Up, 2003.
Seidman, Michael, Julian Symons, Douglas G. Greene, “Detective Story”, Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2005. © 1997-2005 Microsoft Corporation.
Shiach, Morag. “Domesticating the Detective.” Europa. Ed. Keith Cameron. Vol. 2. No.1. 1998.
Thompson, Jon. “Dashiell Hammett's Hard-Boiled Modernism”. The Critical Response to Dashiell Hammett. Ed. Christopher Metress. New York: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Thornton, Mark “ALCOHOL PROHIBITION WAS A FAILURE.” Policy Analysis. No. 157. July 17, 1991.
Wright, Willard Huntington. “The Great Detective Stories”. Mount Royal College. 2000.
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Bruccoli, Matthew J., and Richard Layman, ed. Hardboiled Mystery Writers: Raymond Chandler, Dashiell Hammett, Ross Macdonald: A Literary Reference. New York: Carroll and Graf pub., 2002.
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---. Literary Masters: Dashiell Hammett. New York: The Gale Group, 2000.
Chandler, Raymond. Stories and Early Novels. Ed. Frank MacShane, New York: Library of America, 1995.
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Delamater, Jerome H., and Ruth Prigozy, ed. Theory and Practice of Classic Detective Fiction. New York: Greenwood P, 1997.
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Everett, George. “The Seeds of Red Harvest: Dashiell Hammett’s Poisonville”. 2004.
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Goulart, Ron. “Dashiell Hammett”. Gale Group, 2002.
Grafton, Sue. Introduction. Ross MacDonald: A Biography. By Tom Nolan. New York: Poison Pen Press, 2001.
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Horsley, Lee. “Classic Detective Fiction”. The Arts and Humanities Research Board.
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Lovisi, Gary. “The Hard-boiled Way”. 2001.
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Marcus, Steven. Introduction. The Continental Op. By Dashiell Hammett. New York: Vintage Crime, 1992. vii-xxix.
Margolies, Edward. Which Way Did He Go?: the Private Eye in Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Chester Himes, and Ross Macdonal. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1982.
Marling, William. Hard-Boiled Detective Fiction. Case Western Reserve University. 2001.
McCann, Sean. Gumshoe America: Hard-boiled Crime Fiction and the Rise and Fall of New Deal Liberalism. Durham N. C.: Duke Up, 2000.
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