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中文論文名稱 謊言中的真相:論阿嘉莎•克莉絲蒂作品中的欺瞞技巧
英文論文名稱 Telling Truth Through Deception:On Agatha Christie’s Poetics of Detective Fiction
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 李依靜
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Jing Lee
學號 693010034
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-06-25
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡振興
委員-錢欽昭
委員-周序樺
中文關鍵字 阿嘉莎•克莉絲蒂  一個都不留  偵探小說  欺瞞技巧  讀者反應 
英文關鍵字 AgathaChristie  AndThenThereWereNone  DetectiveFiction  DeceptionTechnique  ReaderResponse 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文旨在討論阿嘉莎•克莉絲蒂作品中的詩學與技巧。第一章討論讀者與文本的互動關係,並試圖從精神分析的觀點來分析此一關係又是如何與閱讀偵探小說的經驗連結。在第一章中,作者主要討論這兩方面的理論和評論,指出偵探小說是一個平台,能讓讀者履行其想像和演繹文本的間隙部分。第二章主要處理欺瞞技巧在偵探小說所扮演的腳色。在此,本章指出阿嘉莎•克莉絲蒂的欺瞞技巧主要分為三種類型:(1)隱瞞信息,(2)以不相關的事件與可疑線索來造成讀者的分心,以及(3)利用敘述者誤導來讀者。第三章則以《一個都不留》為例,探討阿嘉莎•克莉絲蒂如何使用欺瞞技巧去顛覆傳統偵探小說的規範,但又保有傳統偵探小說的元素。整體而言,克莉絲蒂融合了傳統與若干創新的手法,為偵探小說讀者創造一個更富有互動的閱讀平台。
英文摘要 This thesis aims at laying bare Agatha Christie’s poetics of detective fiction. In Chapter One, I deal with the reading experience from two main aspects: the reader and the text. In Chapter Two, I discuss the types of deception techniques used by Agatha Christie in her works to enhance the playfulness of the text. In this chapter, I point out that there are three major types of deception: concealing information, distraction with suspicious but irrelevant clues, and the use of the narrator to mislead the reader. In Chapter Three, I use And Then There Were None as my speaking example to show how Christie employs the deception techniques to subvert the norms of traditional detective fiction while still maintaining some of the basic elements of this genre. By blending the traditional with her new ideas, Agatha Christie has made the detective novel a more playful platform for crime fiction readers.
論文目次 Table of Contents

Introduction………………………………………………………….…………….1
Three Types of Detective Fiction: Whodunit, Thriller, and Suspense……………...4

Chapter One
On the Poetics of the Detective Fiction...……………………………………….......14

Chapter Two
Types of Deception Techniques in Agatha Christie’s Detective Fiction……………40

Chapter Three
Murder Planning in And Then There Were None……..………………….………….61

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………..77

Works Cited ……………………………………………………………..………….81
參考文獻 Works Cited
Barnard, Robert. A Talent to Deceive: An Appreciation of Agatha Christie. London: Collins, 1980.
Birns, Nicholas, and Margret Boe Birns. “Agatha Christie: Modern and Modernist.” The Cunning Craft: Original Essays on Detective Fiction and Contemporary Literary Theory Ed. Ronald G. Walker and June M. Frazert. Macomb, Ill.: Western Illinois U, 1990. 120-134.
Chernaik, Warren, Martain Swales, and Robert Vilain, eds. The Art of Detective Fiction. London: Macmillan P, 2000.
Christie, Agatha. And Then There Were None. London: Harper, 1993.
---. Death on the Nile. London: Harper Collins, 2002
---. Endless Nights. New York, St. Martin’s, 2002.
---. Hercule Poirot’s Christmas. London: Harper, 1993.
---. Mrs. McGinty’s Dead. London: Harper Collins, 2002.
---. The Mysterious Affair at Styles. New York: Berkley, 1984.
---. The Murder of Roger Ackroyd. New York: Berkley, 2000.
Dove, George N. “The Detection Formula and the Act of Reading.” The Cunning Craft: Original Essays on Detective Fiction and Contemporary Literary Theory Ed. Ronald G. Walker and June M. Frazert. Macomb, Ill.: Western Illinois U, 1990. 25-37.
Freud, Sigmund. “The Dream And The Primal Scene.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 17. Ed. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1991. 29-47.
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---. “Letters to Fliess.” The Freud Reader. Ed. Peter Gay. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1989. 111-16.
Grossvogel, David I. Mystery and Its Fictions: From Oedipus to Agatha Christie.
London: Johns Hopkins UP, 1979.
Hodgson, Jonn A. “The Recoil of ‘The Speckled Band’: Detective Story and Detective Discourse.” Poetics Today 13.2 (1992): 309-24.
Iser, Wolfgang “The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach.” Reader-Response Criticism From Formalism To Post-Structuralism. Ed. Jane P. Tompkins. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1980. 51-69.
Knight, Stephen. “The Golden Age.” The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Martin Priestman. United Kingdom: Cambridge UP, 2003. 77-94.
Most, Glenn W. and William W. Stowe, eds. The Poetics of Murder. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983.
Panek, LeRoy Lad. “The Golden Age.” An Introduction to the Detective Story. Ohio: Bowling Green State UP, 1987. 120-143.
Pederson-Krag, Geraldine. “Detective Stories and the Primal Scene.” Psychoanalytic Quarterly 18 (1949): 207-14.
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Philosophy of Composition.” Graham's Magazine 28.4 (1846): 163-67.
Pyrhönen, Heta. Murder from an Academic Angle: An Introduction to the Study of the Detective Narrative. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1994.
Rowland, Susan. From Agatha Christie to Ruth Rendell British Women Writers in Detective and Crime Fiction. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Todorov, Tzvetan. “The Typology of Detective Fiction.” The Poetics of Prose. Trans. R. Howard. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997.
Van Dine, S. S. “Twenty Rules for Writing Detective Stories.” The Art of the Mystery Story: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Howard Haycraft. New York: Caroll and Graf, 1983. 189-193.
Vice, Sue. Psychoanalytic Criticism A Reader. Cambridge: Polity, 1996.
Wilson, Edmund “A Defense of Detective Stories.” The Art of the Mystery Story: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Howard Haycraft. New York: Caroll and Graf, 1983. 390-397.
Žižek, Slavoj. “The Detective and the Analyst.” Literature and Psychology 36 (1990): 27-46.
---. Two Ways Looking Awry. Cambridge: MIT, 1992.
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