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系統識別號 U0002-2606201710092400
中文論文名稱 個人幸福感脈絡下之個人適應研究
英文論文名稱 Adaptation in the Context of Subjective Well-Being
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 未來學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Futures Studies
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生中文姓名 歐德曼
研究生英文姓名 Marco Ortmann
學號 603700229
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2017-06-06
論文頁數 53頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳瑞貴
委員-紀舜傑
委員-張翰璧
中文關鍵字 幸福感  打工旅遊  適應 
英文關鍵字 Subjective Well-Being  Working Holiday  Adaptation 
學科別分類 學科別人文學哲學
中文摘要 自2010年起,德國和台灣開啟了讓兩國年輕旅行者可以到對方國家打工旅遊的互惠協定。本研究旨在藉由正向心理學的觀點創建出測量與對照的架構,探討這些打工旅遊者在打工旅遊的主觀個人幸福感與調適。本研究的對象是針六名參與赴德國打工旅遊計畫,並具有運用一整年時間到德國境內不同城市富有挑戰性體驗的台灣青年進行深度訪談。在與研究對象訪談過後,本研究發現最主要的挑戰其實是遇到不同狀況該有不同的解決方法。本研究進一步針對分別為青春期、晚期和初入社會等不同階段所進行打工旅遊計畫的活動探討其優缺點,並給予在不同階段上未來參與彼等打工旅遊計畫在其職涯規畫上的建議。最後,並說明調整自身需求以融入外國文化和打工旅遊計畫的四個未來想像。
英文摘要 Since 2010, a reciprocal agreement between Germany and Taiwan has been in place which allows young travelers to undertake employment in the respective countries to supplement their travel funds. This paper discusses adaptation in the context of Subjective Well-Being in which various concepts from the field of Positive Psychology were used to create a framework of measurement and comparison. The research results are based on a case study on young Taiwanese adults who participated in the Working Holiday program and, therefore, spent one year in various parts of Germany. In interviews with six research subjects, major challenges as well as methods to deal with or overcome those challenges were identified and ranked according to their occurrences. Furthermore, advantages and disadvantages of participation in the working holiday program during three different stages of late adolescence and early adulthood are listed and suggestions in regard to their overall significance in the career planning process are offered. Lastly, four scenarios are used to illustrate the impact of a changing demand in exposure to foreign cultures and changing jurisdiction on the working holiday program in general.
論文目次 Index


Index
i
1. Introduction

1.1. Background
1
1.2. Personal Relevance of the Study
3
2. Literature Review

2.1. Subjective Well-Being
5
2.1.1. Conceptualization and Definitions
5
2.1.2. Pre-determined Aspects of Subjective Well-Being
9
2.1.3. Changeable Aspects of Subjective Well-Being

2.1.3.1. External Factors
10
2.1.3.2. Internal Factors
11
2.2. Adaptation
18
2.3. Self-efficacy
20
3. Methodology

3.1. Research Overview and Objective
21
3.2. Research Philosophy and Research Approach
21
3.3. Research Strategy, Access, Sampling Method and Data Collection
22
3.4. Analysis of Research Findings
23
3.5. Ethics
24
3.6. Limitations
25
4. Research Findings and Analysis

4.1. Cohort Description
27
4.2. Life-Satisfaction After Relocating to Germany
27
4.3. In-depth Description of Challenges and Solutions
28
5. Conclusion and Discussion

5.1. A WH’s Impact on Life-Satisfaction
37
5.2. Scenarios for Specific Circumstances and Personality Types
38
5.2.1. A Working-Holiday at the End of One’s 20s
39
5.2.2. A Working-Holiday After Graduating from University
41
5.2.3. A Working-Holiday After Graduating from High-School
42
5.3. The Future of Working-Holiday Programs
43
5.4. Future Research
45
Reference
47
Appendix
52




Charts

Chart 1: Scenarios 43
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