淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-2602200811062900
中文論文名稱 經濟全球化下歐洲聯盟科技合作的發展
英文論文名稱 Development of Science & Technology Cooperation in European Union under Economical Globalization
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 96
學期 1
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 林京瑋
研究生英文姓名 Ching-Wei Lin
學號 694030361
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-12-18
論文頁數 189頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭秋慶
委員-張福昌
委員-洪德欽
中文關鍵字 經濟全球化  歐盟  科技合作  科技政策 
英文關鍵字 European Union  Science& Technology Cooperation  Economic Globalization  EU RTD Policy 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 經濟全球化的時代下,「科技研發」成為提升各領域的競爭力-如資訊、通信、環保、安全、外交等-的重要工具,其重要性已不容忽視。有鑒於此,歐盟便在科技政策的形成中,引導歐洲科技發展由純科學轉變為工業科技政策,再轉變為科技研發政策。歐洲科技合作自戰後便開始,而歐盟在擴張自己的權力同時也以政策逐步主導歐洲的科技發展,並在其後的科技合作計畫、科技框架計畫、資訊策略研究計畫、太空合作計畫中,逐漸影響歐洲國家科技發展的方向。

在科技政策的演進及科技發展的過程中,歐盟面臨許多問題:由科技政策帶領歐洲科技發展,是否較各國單獨發展科技有益?科技政策究竟擔任何種角色,並且能夠發揮到何種功能?藉由科技政策的帶領,便能有效提高歐洲科技發展的水準和速度嗎?政策由上而下推動科技發展,勢必遇到與國家利益、市場利益相衝突的困境,而歐盟在決定以政策決定各國的科技發展方向時,便不斷的面臨到這些問題的考驗。

本論文檢視歐盟科技合作發展的歷史及歐盟在當中的角色,並藉由數個歐盟主導和非歐盟主導的科技合作計畫,觀察歐盟在經濟全球化的環境下如何統整歐洲科技發展的方向以提升全球競爭力,並探討科技政策對科技的發展能發揮的功效與意義。在科技發展必須由下而上、由市場需求推動的情況下,歐盟擔任協調者和整合者的角色,對於真正推動科技的發展和競爭力,市場及企業的實力仍是關鍵;然而科技政策對消除歐盟內部科技差距、提升就業率和培育高科技人才仍有重要的影響,因此在科技發展的過程中,科技政策亦能發揮統整合作資源和人力的功效。
英文摘要 Innovation of Research & Technology Development became a crucial element to enhance the competitiveness of diverse sectors such as information and technology, environmental protection, security and foreign policy etc. under the circumstance of Economic globalization. The formation of EU RTD Policy thus shifts its focuses from scientific research to industry technology, and gradually from information technology to innovation policy. During the process of EU extending its power of Research Policy, and thus steers R&D development with several means such as "European Co-operation in the Field of Science and Technology" in 1971,"Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development" since 1984, European Strategic Programme in Information Technology in 1984, and finally 2003 Galileo Project on European Satellite Navigator System.

Nevertheless, on the path of extending its power, EU confronts challenges: does it work better to build technology cooperation on EU level rather than respective national level? As what role does EU RTD Policy act, does it help or hinder to motivate RTD innovation? Does "top-down" model stimulate growth and competitiveness of EU? To stimulate the development of technology and innovation, EU confronts conflicts of EU interests and market interests all the way.

The thesis thus focuses on the history of EU RTD policy and the intention EU steering the course of Technology development, in the meantime observes the efficiency of RTD policy. It concludes that market demand which stimulates motivation of technology and innovation from a "bottom-up" process, in which entrepreneurship and market act as essential actors; RTD policy acts yet as an "important" subordinate role which eliminates the disparity of technology ability of member states, enhances the employment rate and breeds more researchers. To sum up, EU RTD policy acts as an indispensable supporting role.
論文目次 目錄 i
圖目錄 iii
表目錄 iv
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究方法與架構 6
第三節 文獻回顧 13
第二章 經濟全球化下的背景 15
第一節 經濟全球化下的全球科技發展背景 16
一、經濟全球化的背景 16
二、經濟全球化與「科技的全球化」 21
第二節 科技合作的必要性 28
第三章 歐盟科技合作的背景 33
第一節 科技合作發展之起源與背景 33
第二節 歐盟的國際科技合作 43
第三節 歐洲主導科技合作之過程 48
一、歐洲科技合作計劃的提出及價值性 49
二、歐洲資訊科技策略計畫及歐洲先進通訊技術研究計劃的價值性 55
三、歐洲企業創新合作計劃的價值性 63
第四章 歐盟科技合作的政策工具 73
第一節 科技框架計畫的誕生 75
第二節 里斯本策略的導引 96
第三節 歐洲研究區的建立 105
第五章 歐洲太空科技合作的發展 111
第一節 歐洲太空總署之功能 113
第二節 伽利略計畫之推動 118
第三節 伽利略衛星計畫之意義與非歐盟科技合作 128
一、伽利略計畫的推動對歐盟的意義 128
二、非歐盟科技合作的存在 132
第六章 歐盟科技合作的總評 137
第一節 科技政策在歐洲科技發展的角色 137
一、課題一:科技政策協助歐盟區域發展 137
二、課題二:提升歐盟競爭力 138
三、科技合作的要素 139
四、企業與政策扮演的角色 141
第二節 科技合作的限制 143
一、科技補助的優點與限制 144
二、課題三:聯繫科技社會中產業、官方與學術三方的互動 145
第三節 經濟全球化下歐洲面對之科技發展的挑戰 149
一、以科技創新政策促進社會發展 149
二、科技政策與經濟全球化 153
第七章 結論 157
參考文獻 163
圖目錄
(圖1-1) 研究架構圖...................................................................................................12
(圖5-1) 伽利略衛星計畫運作部門圖.....................................................................122
(圖5-2) 歐盟接管後之伽利略計畫組織圖.............................................................127
(圖6-1) 科技社會中不同的利益族群(作者繪製)..................................................147
(圖6-2) 由需求面推動創新研究的發展(作者繪製)..............................................148
表目錄
(表1-2) 重要相關文獻...............................................................................................13
(表2-1) 1987 年歐洲單一法案(Single European Act)修正部份...............................20
(表2-2) 經濟全球化一覽表.......................................................................................21
(表2-3) 科技研發全球化的表現...............................................................................24
(表2-4) 科技全球化對國家經濟的影響...................................................................30
(表3-1) 1987 年歐洲單一法案(Single European Act)增訂部份...............................37
(表3-2) 歐洲科技合作計劃領域...............................................................................50
(表3-3) 歐洲資訊科技計畫及歐洲先進通訊技術研究計畫...................................63
(表3-4) 尤里卡計畫與歐洲科技合作計畫相異點...................................................69
(表4-1) 第一期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................76
(表4-2) 第二期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................79
(表4-3) 第三期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................80
(表4-4) 第四期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................83
(表4-5) 第五期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................88
(表4-6) 第六期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................91
(表4-7) 第七期框架計畫主題與預算.......................................................................93
(表5-1) 伽利略衛星導航計畫時間表.....................................................................121
(表5-2) 歐盟伽利略計畫財政補助修正後金額.....................................................127
(表6-1) 執委會研究總屬職務分配表.....................................................................150
(表6-2) 科技政策落實在各個領域.........................................................................153
參考文獻 書籍

1. 中文書籍
王泰銓主編(2006)。歐洲聯盟條約與歐洲共同體條約一文及重要參考文件,台北:瀚蘆出版社。

丹尼爾.貝爾(Daniel Bell)(1995),後工業社會的來臨(The coming of post-industrial society)(高銛、王宏周、魏章玲譯)。台北:桂冠圖書股份有限公司。

羅伯特‧吉爾平(Robert Gilpin)(1994)。國際關係的政治經濟分析(The political economy of international relations)(楊光宇等譯)。台北:桂冠圖書公司。

哈羅德‧詹姆斯(Harold James)(2000)。經濟全球化:一九七五年十一月十五日,朗布依耶(Die globalisierung der wirtschaft : Rambouilleti, 15. Novembert)(朱章才譯)。台北:麥田出版社。

紀登斯(Anthony Giddens)(2002)。第三條路及其批評(The third way and its critics.)(許家豪譯)。台北:聯經出版社。

保羅‧赫斯特/ 格拉姆‧湯普森(Paul Hirst/ Grahame Thompson)(2002)。全球化迷思(Globalization in question : the international economy and the possibilities of governance)(朱道凱譯)。台北:群學出版社。

翁明賢(2002)。全球化時代的國家安全,新店:創世文化事業出版社。

麥可‧波特(Michael E. Porter)(1996) 。國家競爭優勢(下)( The competitive advantage of nations)(李明軒、邱如美譯)台北:天下文化出版社。

郭秋慶(1999)。歐洲聯盟概論,台北:五南出版社。

郭秋慶(2006)。歐洲國家的外交與安全政策,台北:瀚蘆出版社。

得呂依(Jean De Ruyt)(1991)。透視單一歐洲法案:從歐市邁向聯盟之路(L'Acte Unique Europeen)(許連高譯)。台北:遠流出版社。

黃偉峰主編(2003)。歐洲聯盟的組織與運作,台北:三民書局。

華特斯(Melcolm Walters)(2000)。全球化(Globalization)(徐偉傑譯)台北:弘智文化事業公司。

楊雪冬(2003)。全球化。台北:揚志文化事業。

赫爾德(David Held)等(2004)。全球化衝擊:全球化對政治,經濟與文化的衝突(Global transformations : politics, economics and culture)(沈宗瑞,高少凡,許湘濤,陳淑鈴譯)。台北:韋伯文化國際出版公司。

2. 西文書籍
Caracostas, Paraskevas / Muldur, Ugur (1998). Society, the Endless Frontier- A European vision of research and innovation policies for the 21st century, European Commission, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Chesnais, François / Ietto-Gillies, Grazia / Simonetti, Roberto (eds.)(1999). European Integration and Global Corporate Strategies, London: Routledge.

Cram, Laura (1997). Policy-making in the European Union: Conceptual Lenses and the Integration Process, London and New York: Routledge.

Guzetti, Luka (2000). Science and Power- The Historical Foundation of Research Policies in Europe, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Keohane, Robert O. (1984). After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Keohane, Robert O. (ed.)(1986). Neorealism and its critics, New York: Columbia University Press.

Keohane, Robert O. / Nye, Joseph S. (eds.)(1989). Power and Interdependence, London: Harper Collins Publishers.

Peterson, John/ Sharp, Margaret (1998). Technology Policy in the European Union, London: Macmillan Press.

INCOPOL: International Co-operation Policies of the EU/ EEA Countries in Science and Technology, Synthesis Report edited by Barbara Rhode/ Josephin Stein, July 1999, available from
http://www.ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/regions/oth-doc1.pdf ,
accessed: December 30th 2007.
James N. Rosenau (1990). Turbulence in World Politics, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Sandholtz, Wayne (1992). High-Tech Europe: the Politics of International Cooperation , Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.158-159, 168-169, 187,257, 268.

Stajano, Attilio (2006). Research, Quality, Competitiveness: European Union Technology Policy for the Information Society, New York: Springer Science+ Business Media, Inc.

Sanford, Lakoff / York, Herbert (1989). A Shield in Space? Technology, Politics, and the Strategic Defense Initiatives. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Thornton, David (1995). Airbus Industrie: The Politics of an International Industrial Collaboration, New York: St. Martin’s Press, p.23.

期刊論文
1. 中文期刊論文
王玉葉(1999)。〈歐洲聯盟之輔助原則〉,《歐美研究》,第30卷2期,89年6月,頁1-30。

王勁松(2003)。〈歐盟研究與技術開發框架計劃〉,《科學對社會的影響》,2003年第1期,頁10-13。

朱錦鵬(2003)。歐洲聯盟發展合作政策之研究:以地中海夥伴關係建構為例,
《遠景基金會季刊》,第4卷第4期,頁67-116。

宋興洲(1997)。〈國際合作理論與亞太區域經濟〉,《問題與研究》,第36卷第3期,頁27-59。

吳東野(1994)。〈歐洲聯盟條約「輔助原則」條款之理論分析〉,《問題與研究》,第33卷11期,1994年11月,頁11-20。

吳東野(2006)。〈歐洲聯盟與中亞國家關係之回顧與展望〉,第六屆台灣與中亞論壇國際學術會議,桃園,頁6。

林山霖(2000)。〈歐盟電信自由化之研究〉,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文,2000年6月。

洪美蘭(2002)。〈歐盟經援中東歐轉型國家之模式〉,《中華民國經濟部經濟情勢暨評論季刊》,第8卷第3期,2002年12月。

郭秋慶(2004)。〈經濟全球化與歐洲聯盟里斯本議程〉,歐洲聯盟研究論壇研討會,歐洲聯盟研究論壇,2000年4月。

郭秋慶(2006)。〈歐洲聯盟與中國科技合作的發展〉,歐盟小組會議,中華歐亞基金會,2006年8月。

鄭端耀(1997)。〈國際關係-新自由主義理論之評析〉,《問題與研究》,第36卷第12期,頁1-22。

2. 西文期刊論文
Aked, N.H. / Gummett, P. J. (1976). Science and technology in the European Communities: the history of the COST projects, Research Policy, Vol.5, pp.270-294.

Archibugi, Daniele / Michie, Jonathan (1995). The Globalization of Technology: a New Taxonomy, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol.19, pp. 121-140.

Archibugi, Daniele (2000). The Globalization of Technology and the European Innovation System, Prepared as part of the project “Innovation Policy in a Knowledge-Based Economy” commissioned by the European Commission, Italian National Research Council.

Banchoff, Thomas (2002). The politics of the European Research Area, American Consortium on European Union Studies working paper, Washington: American Consortium on European Union Studies, EU Center.

Barnes, Timothy N. (2007). Miscalculations of GALILEO: European’s answer to GPS is floundering, Center for Defense Information, available from
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4105&programID=68&from_page=../friendlyversion/printversion.cfm ,
accessed: December 30th 2007.

Begg, Iain (2007). Lisbon II, Two Years On: An Assessment of the Partnership for Growth and Jobs, Special CEPS Report, Center for European Policy Studies.

Blanke, Jennifer / Lopez-Claros, Augusto (2004). The Lisbon Review 2004: an Assessment Policy and Reforms in Europe, Switzerland: World Economic Forum, 2004

Blanke, Jennifer (2006). The Lisbon Review 2006: Measuring Europe’s Progress in Reform, Switzerland: World Economic Forum, 2006.

Br′ecard, Doroth′ee / Fougeyrollas, Arnaud / Le Mou‥el, Pierre / Lemiale, Lionel / Zagam′e, Paul (2006). Macro-economic consequences of European research policy: Prospects of the Nemesis model in the year of 2030, Research Policy, Vol. 35, pp. 910-924.

Brickman, Ronald (1977). National Science Policy Coordination in the European Community, International Organization, Vol.31, No. 3, pp.473-496.

Carayannis, Elias G. / Jeffrey Alexander/ Anthony Ioannidis (2000). Leveraging knowledge, learning, and innovation in forming strategic government- university-industry (GUI) R&D partnerships in the US, Germany and France, Technovation, Vol. 20, p.477-488.

Castells, Manuel (1999). Information Technology, Globalization and Social Development, UNRISD Discussion Paper No. 114, September 1999, pp.2-3.

Clarysse, Bart / Muldur, Ugur (1999). Regional cohesion in Europe? An analysis of how EU public RTD support influences the techno-economic regional landscape, Research Policy, Vol.30, pp. 275-296.

Cucit, Lorella / Nosella, Anna/ Petroni, Giorgio / Verbano, Chiara (2004). Management and organizational models of the European Space Agencies: the results of an empirical study, Technovation, Vol. 24, pp.1-15.

Dosi, Giovanni / Llerna, Patrick / Mauro (2005). Science- Technology-Industry links and the “European Paradox”: Some notes on the dynamics of scientific and technological research in Europe, Laboratory of Economics and Management Working Paper Series, (Pisa: Laboratory of Economics and Management, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies), May 2005.

Dupas, Alain / Janichewski, Stephane/ Wulf von Kries/ Schogl, Kai-Uwe (2001). A Franco- German view of Europe’s ambition in space for the 21st century, Space Policy, Vol.17, pp.103-110.

Fenske, John (1986). France and the Strategic Defence Initiative: Speeding up or Putting on the Brakes? International Affairs, Vol. 62, No. 2, pp.231-246.

Francis, John G. / Pevzner, Alex F. (2006). Airbus and Boeing: Strengths and Limitations of Strong States, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 121, No.4, pp.629-651.

Fölster, Stefan (1995). Do subsidies to cooperative R&D actually stimulate R&D investment and cooperation? Research Policy, Vol. 24, pp.403-417.

Galbraith, James K. (2003). What is the American Model Really About? Soft Budgets and the Keynesian Devolution’, Public Policy Brief Levy Institute, No. 72, p.7.

Gelauff, George M.M. / Lejour, Arjan M. (2006). The New Lisbon Strategy: an estimation of the economic impact of reaching five Lisbon Targets, Industrial Policy and Economic Reforms Paper No.1, European Commission.

Geroski, Paul A. / Jacquemin, Alexis / Vickers, John / Venables, Anthony (1985). Industrial Change, Barriers to Mobility, and European Industrial Policy, Economic Policy, Vol.1, No.1, pp.169-218.

Golich, Vicki L. (1992). From Competition to collaboration: The Challenge of Commercial class aircraft manufacturing, International Organization Autumn/1992, Vol. 46, Issue: 4, p.899-934.

Kang, Nam-Hoon / Sakai, Kentaro (2000). International Strategic Alliances: Their Role in Industrial Globalization, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers, 2000/5, OECD Publishing, p.33.

Philip H. Gordon (2004). Globalization: Europe’s Wary Embrace, Yale Global, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, 1 November 2004, available from http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=4790, accessed February 14 2008.

Grande, Edward. / Peschke, Anke. (1999). Transnational Co-operation and Policy Networks in European Science Policy-Making, Research Policy, 28:43-61.

Grant, Robert (1985). French Defense Policy and European Security, Political Science Quarterly, Vol.100, Issue3, pp.411-426.

Hayward, Keith (1988). Airbus: Twenty Years of European Collaboration, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs), Vol.64, No.1, pp.11-26.

Johnson, Rebecca (2006). Europe’s Space policies and their relevance to ESDP, Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union of the European Parliament, June 19th 2006, as cited in Nicolas Peter (2007): The EU’s emergent space diplomacy, Space Policy, Vol.23, p.102.

Krahmer, Frieder Meyer / Reger, Guido (1999). New Perspectives on the innovation strategies of multinational enterprises: lessons for technology policy in Europe, Research Policy, Vol. 28, pp.751-776.

Kriege, John / Russo, Arturo/ Sebesta, L. (2000). A History of the European Space Agency: 1958-1987, European Space Agency , Vol.1/ Vol. .2, pp.1235.

Kolovos, Alexander (2002). Why Europe needs space as part of its security and defence policy, Space Policy, Vol.18, pp. 260-261. pp.257-261.

Leena, Thacker-Kumar/ Campbell, Joe (1999). Fostering Inter-European Cooperation: Technology Collaboration Among Nations of the European Union, The Social Science Journal, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp.103-116.

Lehr, William / Kiessling, Thomas (1998). Telecommunication Regulation in the United States and Europe: The Case for Centralized Authority, paper presented to the 26th Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, U.S.

Lembke, Johan (2001). The Politics of Galileo, European Policy Paper No 7, European Union Center, University of Pittsburgh, Philadelphia.

Lindström, Gustav / Gasparini, Giovanni (2003). The GALILEO satellite system and its security implications, European Union Institute for Security Studies Ooccasional Papers No. 44.

Luukkonen, Terttu (2002). Technology and market orientation in company participation in the EU framework programme, Research Policy, Vol. 31, pp. 437-455.

McDougall, Walter A. (1985). Space-Age Europe: Gaullism, Euro-Gallism, and the American Dilemma, Technology and Culture, Vol.26, No.2, pp.179-203.

Menédez, Luiz Sanz / Borrás, Susanne (2000). Explaining changes and continuity in EU technology policy: The politics of ideas, Unidad de Políticas Comparadas (CSIS) working paper 00-01, (Madrid: Unidad de Políticas Comparadas,CSIS) p.7.

Neven, Damien / Seabright, Paul / Grossman, Gene M. (1995). European Industrial Policy: The Airbus Case, Economic Policy, Vol.10, No. 21, pp.315-358.

Papon, Pierre (2004). Introduction – Scientific and Technological Institutions and the New Knowledge-Based Society: A European Perspective, Minerva, No.42, 2004, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.pp.61–76.

Pavitt, Keith (1998). The inevitable limits of EU R&D funding, Research Policy, Vol. 27, pp. 559-568.

Peter, Nicolas (2007). The EU’s emergent space diplomacy, Space Policy, Vol.23, pp.97-107.

Peterson, John (1993). Assessing the performance of European collaborative R&D policy: the case of EUREKA, Research Policy, Vol.22, No.3, pp.243-246.

Pianta, Mario (1988). New Technology across the Atlantic: US Leadership or European Autonomy? The United Nations University Tokyo, available from
http://www.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/uu38ne/uu38ne0c.htm#4.9.%20the%20case%20of%20the%20us%20strategic%20defence%20initiative ,
accessed: February 14 2008..

Pisano, Marco (2006). Moving Europe towards a more effective procurement of Space-based assets, Space Policy, Vol.22, pp.176-184.

Paul Runci/ Jim Dooley (2004). Energy R&D in the European Union, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Technical Report PNWD-3474, (Washington: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), p.4.

Prange, Heiko (2003). Technology and Innovation Policies in the European System of Multi-Level Governance, Technikfolgenabschätzung, Nr. 2, 12. Jahrgang, available from http://www.itas.fzk.de/tatup/032/pran03b.htm ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Romer, Paul Michael (1986). Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol.94, No.5, pp.1002-1037.

Romer, Paul Michael (1994). The Origins of Endogenous Growth, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 8, No.1, pp.3-22.

Rycroft, Robert W. (2002). Technology-Based Globalization Indicators: The Centrality of Innovation Network Data, Occasional Paper Series of George Washington Center for the Study of Globalization October 7, 2002, p.1.

Soete, L. /Arundel A. (eds)(1993). An Integrated Approach to European Innovation and Technology Diffusion Policy. A Maastricht Memorandum, as cited in Thomas Rödiger-Schluga/ Michael J. Barber (2006): The Structure of R&D collaboration networks in the European Framework Programmes, United Nations University Working Paper Series 2006-036, p.7.

Sousa, Helena (1996). Telecommunications reforms in Portugal and the European Union, Telecommunication Policy, Vol.20, No.9, pp.659-665.

Taylor, Trevor (1986). Britain’s Response to the Strategic Defense Initiative, International Affairs, Vol. 62, No. 2, pp.217-230.

Tripsas, Mary / Schrader, Stephan / Sobrero, Maurizio (1995). Discouraging opportunitistic behavior in collaborative R&D: A new role for government, Research Policy, Vol. 24, pp.367-389.

Von der Dunk, Franz (2003). Towards one captain on the European spaceship- why the EU should join ESA, Space Policy, Vol.19, pp.83-86.

von Preuschen, Rüdiger Freiherr (1978). The European Space Agency, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol.27, No.1, p.46-60.

von Kries, Wulf (2003): Which future for Europe’s space agencies? Space Policy, Vol.19, pp.157-161.

Wagner, Caroline S. / Brahmakulam, Irene / Jackson, Brian / Wong, Anny / Yoda, Tatsuro (2001). Science and Technology Collaboration: Building Capacity in Developing Countries? RAND Science and Technology report MR-1357.0-WB, March 2001, p.13.

Watts, Susan (1989). Esprit gives Brussels a good name: The Success of Europe’s ten-year research programme on information technology has overturned the notion that Brussels is merely a comfortable haven for overpaid administrators, New Scientist magazine, London, December 16th 1989, issue 1695, available from
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg12416952.000-esprit-gives-brussels-a-good-name-the-success-of-europestenyear-research-programme-on-information-technology-has-overturned-thenotion-that-brussels-is-merely-a-comfortable-haven-for-overpaidadministrators-.html,
accessed: December 30th 2007.

Wobbe, Werner (2003). Foresight Concepts in the European Commission, Technikfolgenabschätzung- Theorie und Praxis, No.2, June 12th 2003, p.50.


官方文件

Council resolution of 14th January 1974 on the coordination of national policies and the definition of projects of interest to the Community in the field of science and technology established a Scientific and Technical Research Committee (Crest), Official Journal of the European Communities C 7, 29. 01.1974, p. 2

Council Resolution of 28th June 1983 on a Community plan of action relating to the evaluation of Community research and development programmes, Official Journal of the European Union C 213, 08.09.1983, pp.1-4.

European Council Resolution: 30th June 1988 on the Development of the common market for telecommunications services and equipment up to 1992; Office Journal of the European Union C 257, 4.10.88, p.1.

Council resolution of the Ministers of States Participating in European Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research, 27.05.1991.

Council resolution of the Ministers of States Participating in European Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST), Official Journal of the European Union C333, 21.11.1991.

Council Decision of 25th January 1999 adopting a specific programme for research, technological development and demonstration on competitive and sustainable growth (1998 to 2002), Official Journal of European Union 1999/169/EC L64, 12.03.1999, p.40.

Council Decision of 25th January 1999 adopting a specific programme for research, technological development and demonstration on promotion of innovation and encouragement of SME participation (1998 to 2002), Official Journal of European Union 1999/172/EC L 64, 12.03.1999, p.91

Council Decision of January 25th 1999 adopting a specific programme for research, technological development and demonstration on improving the human research potential and the socioeconomic knowledge base (1998 to 2002), in Official Journal of the European Union, 1999/173/EC, L64, 25.01.1999, p.105.

Presidency Conclusions: Helsinki European Council at December 10th and 11th 1999, available from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/summits/hel1_en.htm ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Presidency Conclusions: Lisbon European Council March 23rd/ 24th 2000, (Lisbon: European Council), available from
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/summits/lis1_en.htm,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Council resolution of 5th April 2001 on Galileo, Official Journal of the European Union 2001/C 157, 30.05.2001, pp.1-3.

Council Regulation (EC) No 876/2002 of 21st May 2002 setting up the Galileo Joint Undertaking, Official Journal of the European Union L 138, 28.05.2002, pp.1-8.

Extract of Article 2 of the Annex of Recommendation 2003/361/EC; Official Journal of the European Union L124, 20.05.2003, p.36.

Agreement on the Promotion, Provision and use of Galileo and GPS Satellite-based Navigation Systems and related application, June 28 2004, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/energy_transport/galileo/documents/doc/2004_06_21_summit_2004_en.pdf, accessed: February 14 2008.

Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24th 0ctober 2006: establishing a Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (2007 to 2013), in Official Journal of the European Union 1639/2006/EC, L310, 09.11. 2006, p.15.

Council joint action 2006/998/CFSP of 21st December 2006 amending Joint Action 2001/555/CFSP on the establishment of a European Union Satellite Centre (acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union), Official Journal of the European Union L 405, 30.12.2006, p.60

Commission Decision of 2nd February 2007-establishing the European Research Council (Text with EEA relevance), in Official Journal of the European Union 2007/134/EC, L57, 24.02.2007, p.14.

Council resolution on GALILEO 2805th Transport, Telecommunication and Energy Council meeting in Luxembourg, 6th-8th June 2007, Brussels: Council of the European Union, pp.1-2.
Communication from the Commission: Pour une politique de recherché et innovation dans la Communauté, COM (68)148final, Annex III.

Single European Act, Official Journal of the European Commission, No. L169, 29.06.1987.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: Towards a European Programme for Research and Development in Information Technologies, COM (82) 287 final, 25.05.1982, p.6.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: Esprit- First European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technologies, COM (83)258 final, 02.06.1983, p.26.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: Strengthening of Technological Cooperation in Europe, COM (85)320 final, 24.06.1985.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: Implementation of the Commission’s Memorandum: Towards a European Technology Community, COM (85)530 final, 30.09.1985, p.5.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: The Second Phase of ESPRIT, COM (86)269 final, May 1986, pp.14-15.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: EUREKA and the European Technology Community, COM (86)664 final, 20.11.1986, pp3-9.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: COST and the European Technology Community, COM (88)191 final, 12.04.1988.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: Reinforce Cooperation between EUREKA and the European Community, COM (88) 291, 24.06.1988, pp.3-5.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: The Community and Space: A coherent Approach, COM (88) 417 final, 26.06.1988.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council: Cooperation in Science and Technology with third countries, COM (90) 256 final, 13.06.1990.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: The European Community and Space: Challenges, Opportunities and new Actions, COM (92)360 final, 23.09. 1992.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Research after Maastricht: an assessment, a strategy, SEC (92)682 final, 09.04.1992.

The European Commission: R&D in advanced communications technologies for Europe (Race)- Final Report on Phase I (1988-1992) of the 10 –year RACE Programme (presented by the Commission pursuant to Article 6(3) and Article 9 of Council Decision 88/28/EEC on the RACE Programme), COM (93) 118 final, 30.03.1993, p.138.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: Perspective for International Cooperation in Research and Technology development, COM (95) 489 final, 18.10.1995.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: The Challenges facing the European Defense-related Industry, a contribution for action at European level, COM (96)10 final, 24.01.1996.

Bulletin of the European Union: The First Action Plan for Innovation in Europe: Innovation for growth and employment-Document drawn up on the basis of COM (96)589 final, Supplement 3/97, 20.11.1996.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Implementing European Strategy on Defense- related Industries, COM (97) 583 final, 04.12.1997.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Towards a Trans-European Positioning and Navigation Network- including a European strategy for Global Satellite Navigation System (GNSS), COM(98) 29 final, 21.01.1998.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: Galileo- Involving Europe in a New Generation of Satellite Navigation Service, COM (99) 54 final, 10.02.1999.

The European Commission: The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Towards a European Research Area, COM (2000)6, 18.01.2000.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament : Innovation in a knowledge- driven economy, COM(2000)567, 20.09.2000.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Europe and Space: Turning to a new chapter, ESA document on a European strategy for space, COM (2000) 597 final, 2001, p.6.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Making a reality of The European Research Area: Guidelines for EU Research activities (2002-2006), COM (2000)612 final, 04.10.2000.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: The International Dimension of The European Research Area, COM (2001)346 final, 25.06.2001.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: The Regional Dimension of the European Research Area, COM (2001)549 final, 03.10.2001.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission: More research for Europe- Towards 3% of GDP, COM (2002) 499 final, 11.09.2002.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: State of progress of the Galileo programme, COM (2002)518 final, Official Journal of the European Union 2002/C 248, 15.10.2002, p.2.

Commission of the European Communities: Green Paper on European Space Policy, COM (2003) 17 final, 21.01.2003.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Integration of the EGNOS Programme in the Galileo Programme, COM (2003) 123 final, 19.03. 2003.

Communication from the Commission: Investing in research: an action plan for Europe, COM (2003)226 final/2, 04.06. 2003.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Looking Beyond tomorrow-Scientific research in the European Union, European Commission Directorate General for Press and Communication, 2004, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/publications/booklets/move/48/en.pdf ,
accessed: December 30th 2007.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Facing the challenge: The Lisbon Strategy for growth and employment, Report from the High Level Group chaired by Wim Kok, 2004.

The European Commission: Communication to the Spring European Council: Working together for growth and jobs- A new start for the Lisbon Strategy, Communication from President Barroso in agreement with Vice- President Verheugen, COM (2005)24, 02.02.2005.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: i2020- A European Information Society for growth and employment, COM (2005)229 final, 01.06.2005.

Impact assessment of the Marie Curie fellowships under the 4th and 5th Framework Programmes of Research and Technological Development of the EU (1994-2002), Report written by Daphne van de Sande/ Helen Louise Ackers/ Bryony Gill, IMPAFEL 2, Contract nr. IHP-D2-2003-01, June 2005, available
http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp6/mariecurie-actions/pdf/impact_fellow_en.pdf, accessed: February 14 2008.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Common Actions for Growth and Employment: the Community Lisbon Programme, COM (2005)330 final, 20.06.2005.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Implementing the Community Lisbon Programme: More research and Innovation- Investing for Growth and Enployment: A Common Approach, COM (2005)488 final, 12.10.2005.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Implemennting the Community Lisbon prpgramme modern SME policy for growth and employment, COM (2005) 551 final, 11.11.2005.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Monitoring Industrial Research: Analysis of the 2006 EU industrial R&D investment scoreboard, Directorate General Joint Research Center/ Directorate General Research, 2006, pp.18-19.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Creating an Innovative Europe, Report of the independent Exert Group on R&D and Innovation appointed following the Hampton Court Summit and chaired by Mr. Esko Aho, 2006.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Council: Implementing the renewed partnership for growth and jobs-Developing a knowledge flagship: the European Institute of Technology, COM (2006)77final, 22.02.2006.

The European Commission: Commission Staff Working Paper: i2020-First Annual Report on the European Information Society, COM (2006) 215 final, 19.05.2006, p.4.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Council: The European Institute of Technology: further steps towards its creation, COM (2006)276 final, 08.06.2006.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Putting knowledge into practice: A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU, COM (2006)502 final, 13.09.2006.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Making a reality of The European Research Area: Guidelines for EU Research activities (2002-2006), COM (2000)612 final, 04.10. 2007.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Spring European Council: Implementing the renewed Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs- a year of delivery, COM (2006) 816 final, 12.12.2006, part I, P.3.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: European Commission: Analysis of the 2006 EU industrial R&D investment scoreboard, Technical Report EUR 22694, 2007.

The European Commission: Commission Staff Working Paper: Reporting on the implementation of the Entrepreneurship Action Plan, SEC (2006)1132, 07.09.2006.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: The European Commission: Taking European knowledge society seriously. Report of the Expert Group on Science and Governance to the Science, Economy and Society Directorate, Directorate- General for Research, 2007.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: European Space Policy, COM (2007) 212 final, 26.04.2007.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Galileo at a cross-road: the implementation of the European GNSS Programmes, COM (2007) 261 final, 16.05.2007.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Council: Strategic report on the renewed Lisbon Strategy for growth and jobs: launching the new cycle (2008-2010)-Keeping up the pace for change, COM (2007) 803 final, 11.12.2007.

The European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Concerning the revision of the multiannual financial framework (2007-2013), proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending the Interinstitutional Agreement of 17th May 2006 on budgetary discipline and sound financial management as regards the multiannual financial framework, COM (2007)549 final, 19.09.2007, pp.5-6.

European Commission Research Directorate- General: The Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)-Taking European Research to the Forefront, 2007, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp7/pdf/fp7-brochure_en.pdf,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Directorate- General Energy and Transport: The GALILEO PPP Framework and Procurement Plan, The GALILEO Industry Day, Speech of Oliver Onidi, 18.03.2003, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/energy_transport/galileo/doc/galileo_industry_day_participants.pdf, accessed: February 14 2008.

European Commission and COST: Allies in building the European Research Area, Speech of Janez Potočnik on Inauguration of COST Exhibition- a Vision for European Science (EP), SPEECH/06/240, April 19th 2006, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/06/240&format=HTML&aged=1&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Launch of EUROSTARS-Cooperation between the European Community and EUREKA, Speech of Janez Potocnik, Brussels, October 2nd 2007, p.2, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/potocnik/news/docs/20071002_eurostars.pdf , accessed: February 14 2008.

Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Article III -254, Official Journal C 310 of 16 December 2004, available from
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2004/c_310/c_31020041216en00550185.pdf , accessed: February 14 2008.


The European Commission: Appendices: Towards a Dynamic European Economy- Green Paper on the development of the common market for telecommunications services and equipment, COM (87) 290 final, 30.06.1987, pp.111-115.

The European Commission: White Paper: Growth, Competitiveness, Employment: the Challenges and Ways Forward into the 21st Century, COM (93)700, 05.12.1993.

Commission of the European Communities: White Paper on education and training: Teaching and Learning: Towards the learning society, COM (1995)590 final, 29.11.1995.

The European Commission: Green Paper on innovation, COM (95)688 final, December 1995.

The European Commission: Green Paper on Education- Training – Research: the obstacle to transnational mobility, COM (1996)462 final, 02.10.1999.

The European Commission: Green Paper on European Space Policy, COM (2003) 17 final, 21.01. 2003.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Space: A new European Frontier for an expanding Union- an action plan for implementing the European Space Policy, white paper of European Space Policy, COM (2003) 673, 2001.

The European Commission: Green Paper: The European Research Area: New Perspectives (Text with EEA relevance), COM (2007)161 final, 04.04.2007.


Secretariat of European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research: Guide for Proposers of New COST Actions, COST 401/01, Brussels: 09.11.2001, p.6.

Memorandum between COST and the ESF, COST 262/02, ANNEX 1, Brussels: Secretariat of European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research, 10.10.2002, pp.5-6

Secretariat of European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research: Declaration of COST, Conference of European Ministers responsible for Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST), COST252/03, 2003, pp.7-10.

Secretariat of European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research: Towards a New Partnership between COST and the Commission, 2004, COST 270/04.

Office of European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research: About COST: European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research, 2007, p.10.

United Nations Treaties and Principles on Outer Space, Text of treaties and principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, ST/SPACE/11, Part II, §A5.

NAPA/NRC, National Academy of Public Administration/ National Research Council (1995), The Global Positioning System: Charting the Future, Report for the US Congress and Department of Defense, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 14-15.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development: The Knowledge-Based Economy, General Distribution OCDE/ GD (96)102, 1996, pp.7, 18.

PricewaterhouseCoopers(PwC)(2001): Inception study to support the Development of a business Plan for the Galileo Programme- Executive Summary, TREN/B5/23-2001, November 2001, as cited in Gustav Lindström/ Giovanni Gasparini (2003): The GALILEO satellite system and its security implications, European Union Institute for Security Studies occasional Papers No. 44. , p.18.

Office for Official Publications of the EC: European Economy Forecast, Spring 2003, p.3.

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Eurostat Pocketbooks: Science, Technology and innovation in Europe, European Commission, 2007, p.25.

Resolution on the European Space Policy, ESA BR 269, ESA Director General’s Proposal for the European Space Policy, May 22nd 2007, available from
http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/BR/ESA_BR_269_22-05-07.pdf ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

OECD in Figures, 2007 edition, Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007, p.79, available from
http://masetto.sourceoecd.org/pdf/figures_2007/en/oif.pdf,
accessed: February 14 2008.

General public survey on the European Galileo Programme, conducted by The Call up Organization, Hungary upon the request of the DG Energy and Transport, Directorate R – Resources, Information& Communication, Flash EB Series #211, June 2007.

Office for Official Publications of the EC: European Economy Forecast ,Spring 2007-2009, p.3.

新聞報導

Research and the European Union, Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, Summary Report, October 1996, p.2, available from
http://www.parliament.uk/post/pn083.pdf , accessed: February 14 2008.

Washington said to Fear Use of Galileo by Enemy in a War: U.S. Out of Line on Global Positioning, EU Says, International Herald Tribune report, December 19th 2001, available from
http://www.iht.com/articles/2001/12/19/gps_ed3_.php ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

EU and China are set to collaborate on GALILEO the European global system of satellite navigation, EU Press Release, IP/03/1266, September 18th 2003, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/03/1266&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

President Prodi and Mr. Wim Kok announce the establishment of the High-level Group on the Lisbon Strategy, EU Press Release, IP/04/518, April 22nd 2004, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/04/518&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en,
accessed: February 14 2008.

High-level Group on the Lisbon Strategy appointed, European Association for Education of Adults, News, April 26th 2004, available from
http://www.eaea.org/news.php?aid=3298&%20d=2004-04 ,
accessed: February 14 2008..

Galileo and GPS will navigate side by side: EU and US sign final agreement, EU Press Release, IP/04/805, June 28th 2004, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/04/805&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=fr,
accessed: February 14 2008.

EU and Israel seal their agreement on GALILEO, EU Press Release, IP/04/900, June 14th 2004, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/04/900&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Simplifying access to the EU research Framework Programme”, EU Press Release, IP/05/745, June 16th 2005, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/745&format=HTML&aged=1&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Growth and Jobs: Commission tables 19 measures to boost innovation and research, EU Press Release, IP/05/1252, October 12th 2005, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/research/press/2005/pr1210en.cfm ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

The GALILEO family is further expanding: EU and India seal their agreement, EU Press Release, IP/05/1105, September 7th 2005, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/1105&guiLanguage=de , accessed: February 14 2008.

EU and Morocco reach agreement on GALILEO, IP/ 05/1384, November 8th 2005, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/1384&format=HTML&aged=1&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

European Union and Ukraine sign an agreement on GALILEO, IP/05/1515, December 1st 2005, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/1515 ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Commission launches five- year strategy to boost the digital economy, IP/05/643, January 6th 2006, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/643&format=HTML&aged=0&lan, accessed: February 14 2008.

The European Science Foundation and the European Commission Sign Contract for COST in FP7, COST Press Release, Jan 8th 2007, available from
http://www.cost.esf.org/index.php?id=18&no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=313&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=265&cHash=c6a288aafd ,
accessed: February 14 2008.
GALILEO: EU and the Republic of Korea seal their agreement, EU Press Release, IP/06/23, January 12th 2006, available from
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/06/23 ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Airbus forecasts a loss for 2006, International Tribune Business, January 17th 2007, available from
http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/01/17/business/eads.php?page=1 ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

European Institute of Technology – against all odds? Euractiv news, March 27th 2007, available from
http://www.euractiv.com/en/science/european-institute-technology-odds/article-162299, accessed: February 14 2008.

ICT drives 50% of EU growth, says Commission’s annual report on the digital economy, EU Press Release, IP/07/453, March 30th 2007, available from
http://www.europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/07/453&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Tiefensee wirft Industrie Versagen bei Milliarden-Satelliteprojekt vor ”, Spiegel Online, March 15th 2007, available from
http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/0,1518,472018,00.html ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

Space activities as key instrument for Europe's political goals, German EU Presidency press release, May 22nd 2007, available from
http://www.eu2007.de/en/News/Press_Releases/May/0522BMWI.html ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

EUREKA- A cornerstone of the European research and innovation area, Brussels, May 2006, p.8, available from
http://www.belspo.fgov.be/belspo/eureka/news/2006/Report2006.pdf ,
accessed: February 14 2008.

European Commission in World’s largest public investor in nanotechnology, European Press Release, IP/07/1321, September 13th 2007, available from
http://ec.europa.eu/research/index.cfm?pg=newsalert&lg=en&year=2007&na=na-130907 , accessed: February 14 2008.

Space and the ESDP, Assembly Fact Sheets No.7, Paris: Assembly of WEU Press and Information Office, December 2007, p.2, available from
http://www.assembly-weu.org/en/documents/Fact%20sheets/Fact%20sheet%207E%20PESD%20et%20Espace.pdf?PHPSESSID=f3137d60 ,
accessed: February 14 2008.


網路資訊
台灣-歐盟科研資訊網站
http://www.nsc.gov.tw/dept/belgium/News.htm
行政院國家科學委員會國際合作簡訊網 http://stn.nsc.gov.tw/view_list.asp?KIND_NO=A01
許榮富(2005)。〈歐盟積極推動歐洲為電子發展計畫〉,參閱網路http://www.nsc.gov.tw/dept/belgium/NEWSLETTER/s-report/SP200501/SP200501_02.htm , accessed: February 14 2008.
美國現代歐洲研究機構American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, http://www.aicgs.org/analysis/c/smk051007.aspx
美國匹茲堡大學歐洲聯盟中心European Union Center, University of Pittsburgh, US http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/main/
美國國家科學基金會National Science Foundation, US, http://www.nsf.gov/index.jsp
財團法人資訊工業策進會 http://www.iii.org.tw/
中華民國產業技術證測知識管理系統科技政策相關網站
http://itp.itri.org.tw/test.htm
經濟合作暨發展組織 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, http://www.oecd.org/home/
經濟部技術處全球資訊網
http://doit.moea.gov.tw/09webs/eu.asp
經濟部智慧財產局 http://www.tipo.gov.tw/
歐洲太空總署European Space Agency http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMFEPYV1SD_index_0.html
歐洲社會科學科技研究European Studies of Society, Science and Technology http://www.esst.uio.no/
歐洲科技研究合作計畫 European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research, COST
http://www.cost.esf.org/
歐洲科技發展研發資訊Cordis Information Service http://cordis.europa.eu/en/home.html
歐洲科學基金會European Science Foundation http://www.esf.org/
歐洲研究理事會European Research Council http://erc.europa.eu/
歐洲研究協調組織 European Research Co-ordinating Agency
http://www.eureka.be/home.do
歐洲研究區域計畫European Research Area, ERA http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/index_en.html
歐洲核子研究理事會European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN http://public.web.cern.ch/Public/Welcome.html
歐洲統計局Eurostat http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1090,30070682,1090_33076576&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
歐洲聯盟入口網站
http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
歐盟執委會歐洲研究總署European Commission DG XII Research http://ec.europa.eu/research/index.cfm
歐盟執委會聯合研究中心European Commission - DG Joint Research Centre http://www.jrc.cec.eu.int/welcome.htm
歐盟資訊科技研究發展策略 European Strategic Programme in Information Technology, ESPRIT http://cordis.europa.eu/esprit/home.html
駐歐盟兼駐比利時代表處科技組 http://belgium.nsc.gov.tw/welcome.htm
彭清次(1997)。〈歐聯第五期科學研究暨技術發展計畫架構簡介〉,駐歐盟兼駐比利時代表處科技組網站,http://www.nsc.gov.tw/dept/belgium/5thplan.htm , accessed: February 14 2008。



論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2009-02-27公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2009-02-27起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信