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系統識別號 U0002-2601201005583000
中文論文名稱 國際刑事司法互助之引渡制度在拉美的實踐
英文論文名稱 The practice of extradition on international legal assistance in criminal matters: a case study in Latin America
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Latin American Studies
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 楊佳蓉
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Jung Yang
學號 695310051
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-01-12
論文頁數 127頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳雅鴻
委員-王秀琦
委員-周文勇
中文關鍵字 引渡  國際刑法  國際刑事司法互助  拉丁美洲  皮諾契  藤森 
英文關鍵字 Extradition  international criminal law  international legal assistance in criminal matters  Latin America  Pinochet  Fujimori 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 藉由全球化之平台,世界各國或人民之間均得以產生更為緊密的互動關係,國家疆界的藩籬業無法侷限犯罪者的活動範圍,復以跨國犯罪與日俱增的情況,亦使得犯罪模式愈加龐雜。據此,為遏止此等犯罪的持續發生,交付人犯予引渡請求國,使其接受應有的法律制裁,更是國家實行引渡的主要目的。

引渡係具有高度國家主權之行為,其過程中必然會牽涉各國之利益,從而影響渠等間的國際外交關係。尤有甚者,大多數拉美國家對於引渡請求的審核機制係採用司法與行政機關共同參與的折衷審核制,藉此決定何者擁有最後裁量是否引渡的權力。於是乎,政治因素、人權、法律政策等考量,無可避免地成為左右被請求國准否引渡的影響原因。

為達到提昇引渡實踐的效力,實有必要加以了解拉美普遍阻礙引渡程序的情況。據此,本研究即以個案研究之方式,輔以拉美特殊的歷史與國情發展,希冀藉此提出適合拉美國家援用的改善辦法。
英文摘要 The interaction of international community had been highly increased in recent years due to the globalization, which, in other hand, increases the frequency of the mobility of fugitive offender from one nation to another. Therefore, in order to prevent and reduce the transnational organized crime, to extradite fugitive offender to the requesting state for the purpose of prosecution, is also the major motivation for States to initiate extradition.

However, various uncertain non-legal factors existed and involved within the process of extradition, which turned to be one of the major reasons that determines a successful extradition. Especially the treaties and municipal law for extradition among most of Latin America countries are very often a combination system that involved by both institutions of judicial and executive, which makes it inevasible for the extradition process to take the factors e.g., Politics, Human Right, Policies, and Laws and so on into consideration.

In order to obtain more practical understanding about the practice of extradition in Latin America countries, it is necessary to study the external factors which would influence the decision making of their judiciary or administrative authorities on the matter of extradition. After that, this thesis would combine case analysis, relevant documents of history and of states development of Latin America countries, to conclude an appropriate suggestion for improving and strengthening their extradition practice.
論文目次 目次

第壹章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與目的1
第二節 研究方法2
第三節 研究範圍與架構2

第貳章 國際刑事司法之意義與發展4
第一節 國際刑法之概要5
第一項 國際刑法的概念5
第二項 國際刑法與國內刑法之差異14
第二節 國際刑法的歷史發展20
第三節 國際刑法之基本原則26
第一項 國家主權平等原則27
第二項 尊重基本人權原則28
第三項 個人刑事責任原則30
第四項 國際合作原則32
第四節 國際刑事司法互助之概論33

第参章 國際引渡制度之概論40
第一節 引渡之法律依據44
第二節 國際刑事管轄原則於引渡中之意涵47
第一項 領域管轄原則49
第二項 國籍管轄原則51
第三項 保護管轄原則53
第四項 普遍管轄原則54
第五項 管轄之免除與限制58
第三節 引渡之一般法律原則59
第一項 可以引渡之犯罪60
第二項 雙重犯罪原則61
第三項 引渡效果有限原則62
第四節 引渡之法律限制62
第一項 政治犯不引渡原則63
第二項 軍事與財政犯不引渡原則65
第三項 本國國民不引渡原則67
第四項 其他限制68
第一款 時效68
第二款 請求引渡之犯罪正在審理中68
第三款 一事不再理69
第四款 缺席審判69
第五款 死刑69
第六款 酷刑、不人道處罰與不公正審判70

第肆章 拉美引渡個案分析72
第一節 引渡成功與否之考量72
第一項 各國法律因素72
第二項 國家利益與政治因素73
第三項 人權因素考量73
第四項 作業程序之考量74
第二節 拉美對國際法與引渡之立場75
第三節 皮諾契引渡案79
第一項 案例事實79
第二項 法院判決83
第三項 個案評析89
第四節 藤森引渡案91
第一項 案例事實92
第二項 法院判決97
第三項 個案評析107

第伍章 結論110

參考文獻118
參考文獻 參考文獻

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