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系統識別號 U0002-2507201104074000
中文論文名稱 哥斯大黎加與古巴娼妓之研究
英文論文名稱 Study of prostitute in Costa Rica and Cuba.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Latin American Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 鄭作欣
研究生英文姓名 Tso-Hsin Cheng
學號 696310050
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2011-06-15
論文頁數 114頁
口試委員 指導教授-白方濟
委員-王秀琦
委員-余小云
中文關鍵字 哥斯大黎加  古巴  賣淫  雛妓  性旅遊 
英文關鍵字 Costa Rica  Cuba  Prostitution  Child Prostitution  Sex Tourism 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 娼妓賣淫是一種勞力密集、低技術、女性和高報酬的工作,在全世界,更是一種普遍之現象。在現今的社會中,娼妓賣淫是無法被社會大眾所接受的一種行為,因為它代表著是貶低和物化女性、侵犯且不尊重他人的身體,更是一種違背人類道德文化的行為。
事實上許多妓女早已經選擇在這一行業工作。女性認為她們選擇當妓女是因為沒有別的選擇餘地,且社會的結構也早已為她們做出選擇。她們對於這行業的所作所為也確實對女性造成了傷害。賣淫長期以來被人們稱為是最古老的職業。在歷史上,早已把賣淫拿來高談闊論、褒揚、辯論和否定。
位處中美洲的哥斯大黎加與加勒比海地區的古巴,由於當地特殊的社會、文化、經濟和政治等背景因素,以及拉丁美洲屬於第三世界未開發國家,它代表著貧窮和落後,再加上各國政府和官員貪污的情況非常嚴重,導致當地人民工作的所得也無法支付生活上的開銷,唯一的辦法就是靠賣淫維持生計,藉由賣淫之所得,讓當地人民脫離貧困的處境。由於上述種種的背景因素,讓賣淫演變成一種當地的特殊文化。
本論文以中美洲的哥斯大黎加與加勒比海地區的古巴兩國之賣淫問題為研究主軸,因此哥斯大黎加與古巴之特殊社會和文化,以及由賣淫所衍生出來之相關犯罪問題為該兩國所帶來的影響,在本論文中會詳盡地加以介紹和分析。
英文摘要 Prostitution is not a labor-intensive, low-skill, women, and high-Paying job, but also a general phenomenon in the world. Prostitution is a kind of behavior that cannot be accepted by people, because it represents degrade and objectify women, violate and does not respect for other people’s body, and even a behavior that against human moral and culture.
The fact that many prostitutes had already selected in this industry, women believe that they choose to be prostitutes because there is no other choice, and social structure have long been the choice for them. What they have done for this industry is indeed caused harm to women. Prostitution has long been known as the oldest profession, and has been talk, praise, debate, and denial.
Due to specific local social, culture, economic, political background factors, prostitution in Costa Rica, and Cuba is very popular. In addition, the corruption of governments and official is very serious, resulting of wages from the work of local people cannot pay for living, therefore, the only way to survive is prostitution. As a result, prostitution evolved in- to a special culture in these two countries.
This thesis will focus on the prostitution in Costa Rica and Cuba, consequently, particular social, cultural factors, and impact of crimes derived from prostitution in Costa Rica and Cuba will be presented and analyzed in detail.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 ..................................................................................................... 1
一、 研究動機 ................................................................................................................. 1
二、 研究問題 ................................................................................................................. 2
第二節 資料來源與研究限制 ............................................................................................. 3
一、 資料來源 ................................................................................................................. 3
二、 研究限制 ................................................................................................................. 4
第三節 研究方法與研究架構 ............................................................................................. 4
一、 研究方法 ................................................................................................................. 4
二、 研究架構 ................................................................................................................. 5
三、 研究流程圖 ............................................................................................................. 6
第二章 理論框架 ................................................................................ 7
第一節 激進女性主義的概念 ............................................................................................. 7
一、 激進女性主義、賣淫和道德 ................................................................................. 8
二、 女性賣淫的特徵 ................................................................................................... 10
第二節 激進女性主義的重要性 ....................................................................................... 17
一、 理論視野下對於有辱人格性質的賣淫 ............................................................... 20
二、 賣淫是一種形象,而不是在現實上有辱人格 ................................................... 21
第三節 激進女性主義對於賣淫的批判 ........................................................................... 21
一、 激進女性主義批判賣淫的分析 ........................................................................... 22
二、 賣淫和性自主 ....................................................................................................... 23
三、 真正的人體功能 ................................................................................................... 24
第四節 小結 ....................................................................................................................... 24
第三章 拉丁美洲賣淫概況 ............................................................... 27
第一節 中美洲和加勒比地區的賣淫現況 ....................................................................... 27
一、 中美洲的賣淫現況 ............................................................................................... 29
二、 加勒比地區的賣淫現況 ....................................................................................... 29
第二節 賣淫的類型 ........................................................................................................... 30
一、 泰國的賣淫文化 ................................................................................................... 36
二、 泰國雛妓:供養父母被視為一種文化 ............................................................... 37
第三節 人口販運和性販運 ............................................................................................... 39
一、 中美洲國家人口販運的概況 ............................................................................... 40
二、 拉丁美洲的人口販運 ........................................................................................... 42
三、 拉丁美洲非法人口販運之結構及因素 ............................................................... 44
四、 性販運的剖析 ....................................................................................................... 47
五、 性奴隸的命運 ....................................................................................................... 50
第四節 小結 ....................................................................................................................... 51
第四章 哥斯大黎加雛妓問題 ........................................................... 53
第一節 哥斯大黎加雛妓問題 ........................................................................................... 53
一、 獨立賣淫 ............................................................................................................... 55
二、 藉由第三方直接從事賣淫 ................................................................................... 57
三、 藉由第三方間接從事賣淫 ................................................................................... 57
第二節 分析哥斯達黎加的雛妓問題 ............................................................................... 58
一、 一個無法控制的地區 ........................................................................................... 59
二、 販運婦女從事賣淫活動 ....................................................................................... 62
三、 哥斯大黎加婦女和兒童與性剝削的關係 ........................................................... 63
四、 外籍人士和遊客對兒童的性剝削 ....................................................................... 64
第三節 造成未成年人性剝削的原因和對兒童的後果 ................................................... 65
一、 兒童賣淫的因素 ................................................................................................... 65
二、 雛妓所帶來的後果與影響 ................................................................................... 66
第四節 戀童癖 ................................................................................................................... 67
一、 客戶的類型 ........................................................................................................... 68
二、 戀童癖者的類型 ................................................................................................... 69
第五節 小結 ....................................................................................................................... 70
第五章 古巴的性旅遊....................................................................... 73
第一節 古巴的性旅遊 ....................................................................................................... 74
一、 古巴性旅遊的背景 ............................................................................................... 76
二、 「西內德主義」與「西內德」 ........................................................................... 76
第二節 古巴性旅遊的情況 ............................................................................................... 78
一、 當今古巴的賣淫概況 ........................................................................................... 81
二、 當局政府的相關行動 ........................................................................................... 83
三、 賣淫與社會的關係 ............................................................................................... 86
第三節 分析古巴性旅遊的概況 ....................................................................................... 88
一、 在性旅遊中尋找愛情的古巴人民 ....................................................................... 89
二、 法律和執法上與性旅遊的關係 ........................................................................... 90
三、 賣淫和旅遊 ........................................................................................................... 91
第四節 小結 ....................................................................................................................... 94
第六章 結論 ...................................................................................... 97
參考書目 ..........................................................................................101

圖表目錄
圖表 三-1賣淫強迫的層級 ........................................................................... 39
圖表 三-2 中美洲販運路線.......................................................................... 44
圖表 三-3性販運剖析圖 ............................................................................... 48
表格目錄
表格 二-1女性主義對於娼妓的立場 .......................................................... 13
表格 三-1 賣淫的形式 .................................................................................. 31
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