||This article attempts to, basing on the historical backgrounds of the times, Xiao Qian’s worldview, personality, and brilliance of writing, analyze the shifts in his literary thinking and creation.
The author divides Xiao Qian’s creation courses into three stages. Through the reading of the novel Under the Eaves, a representative work of his first stage, the author finds that Xiao Qian was affected deeply by his miserable childhood experience, and Jing-Pai bookmen’s creating viewpoint, especially Shen Cong-wen. At this stage, the miserable childhood experiences made him face the ruthless of life, but, on the same time, Jing-Pai bookmen’s aesthetics made him keep an implied writing style and glorify the roughscuffs’ bucolic spirit as well. He described the cruel reality in an implied strain, and reached his novel’s highest achievements.
Chestnuts is the representative work of Xiao Qian’s second stage. At this stage, with the influence of historical backgrounds and Ba Jin, he turned to write novels about politics and society. Through the reading of his antichristian novels and the patriotic novels, describing the student movements mainly, the author finds his hate to Christianity and resentment to the rich, which originated from his growing-up process. At this stage, Xiao Qian’s works was actually a mixture of personal feeling of gratitude or resentment and national sentiments and enmities.
At the third stage, he backed to the sentimental writing style. After a series works of the patriotic and political novels, Xiao Qian’s several autobiographic novel drew lots of attractions. The subject matter in The Low Eaves and Setting of the Sun seems like similar to the one in Under the Eaves, but the emotions expressed in those works are not implied anymore. Instead, Xiao Qian kept his blistering and precipitous mood which were shown in Chestnuts in the works during the third stage, toke an avenging writing stile, and disclosed his conscious of dichotomy of good and evil. While The Valley of Dream is highly appreciated by the scholars for its rich poetry, it exposed Xiao Qian’s self-centered consciousness.
It seemed to be very hard for Xiao Qian to avoid the tragedy to get himself into his own world, accordingly he decided to end up his novel-writing career and to devote himself to the write news reports regarding battlefield affair, which audaciously preach slogans and seemed to suit Xiao Qian’s innocent.