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系統識別號 U0002-2507200711033200
中文論文名稱 台灣以自由貿易協定作為外交策略之研究 ─以台灣及瓜地馬拉之關係為例
英文論文名稱 Free Trade Agreements as Taiwan Diplomacy Strategy: Taiwan - Guatemala Case
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 瑪蓓菈
研究生英文姓名 Greta Mabela Mancilla Chavarria
學號 694260471
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-06-26
論文頁數 163頁
口試委員 指導教授-韋淑珊
委員-王高成
委員-余小云
中文關鍵字 全球化  決策決定  戰略  貿易  雙邊關係  外交  自由貿易協定 
英文關鍵字 globalization  decision making process  strategy  trade  bilateral relations  diplomacy  free trade agreement 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 冷戰過後,許多全球性的重大變化相繼發生,全球化成為國際時勢所趨,也宣示著全球社會的國際化將轉變成為單一社會。由此可見,人民、商品、服務、資本及思想穿越國家邊界相互交流的重要性。
當全球議題擴張並整合國家經濟的同時,政府政策的制定將扮演著更為重要的角色,在戰略決定及政策採用的過程中,為國家的穩定成長做擔保。由此觀之,貿易戰略被列入全球化議題之中,而在此議題中,貿易也是決定國家外交政策的重要因素之一。
貿易戰略政策來自於國內外壓力的基礎,此壓力塑造一個國家的戰略視野,並且決定一國在參與國際社會的貿易及非貿易因素。自由貿易協定是各國依照其特定外交政策所制定的策略,以達到俱競爭力的社會、政治與經濟之多元化目的。
瓜地馬拉與台灣的自由貿易協定的簽署,為促進雙方參與國際貿易的一大重要進程。隨著台瓜自由貿易協定的簽署,此協定將為台、瓜打開市場經濟的大門,一方面,台灣二千三百萬人的消費市場,將成為瓜地馬拉在亞洲拓展市場的第一站;另一方面,台灣更可藉此鞏固在中美洲地區的市場以打造雙贏的局面。
英文摘要 Many global changes have taken place since the end of the Cold War; globalization has become a popular trend that describes the internationalization of the global community into a single society. It can be observed the importance of exchanges of people, products, services, capital, and ideas across international borders.

As globalization has expanded and integrated national economies, there is a greater role’s recognition of the strategic government’s decision making process to figure out new strategies and adopt policies that help countries ensure a more equitable growth. At this point, trade strategies are inserted into current globalized context, in which international trade is one important factor affecting a nation’s foreign policy.

Trade policy strategies emerge out of a matrix of domestic and international pressures that shape a nation’s strategic vision and determine the trade and non-trade elements of the nation’s participation in the international community. Free Trade Agreements are strategies shaped according to the particular foreign policy of each country, which can achieve a variety of competitive social, economical and political goals.

The Free Trade Agreement signed between Taiwan and Guatemala constitutes an important step to improve the countries’ world trade participation. With the signature of a trade treaty, a big market door is open for both sides, on one hand, Guatemala will have its first open door in Asia, with a market of almost 23 millions of people, on the other, Taiwan is able to consolidate its market with the Central America region.
論文目次 1. INTRODUCTION.......................................- 1 -
1.1 MOTIVATIONS OF THE RESEARCH ......... ........... - 2 -
1.2 GOALS.............................. ........... - 2 -
1.3 TIME AND SPACE LOCATION .......................... - 3 -
1.4 RESTRICTIONS ............ ................... - 3 -
1.5 HYPOTHESIS ............................. - 3 -
1.6 THEORY................................... - 4 -
1.7 METHODOLOGY
1.8 SOURCES ................................... - 6 -
1.9 STRUCTURE....................................... - 6 -
1.10 GLOSARY ...................................... - 9 -
2. INTERNATIONAL THEORETICAL DISCUSSION AND LITERATURE REVIEW........- 13 -
2.1 POLITICAL DIMENSION OF GLOBALIZATION............. - 13 -
2.1.1 Definition and Theoretical Overview.... ........- 14 -
2.1.2 Opportunities and Risks.........................- 16 -
2.1.3 Challenges .....................................- 18 -
2.2 STRATEGIES IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS............ - 20 -
2.2.1 Definitions and Decision-Making Process ........- 21 -
2.2.2 Types of Strategies ............................- 23 -
2.2.3 Evolution of Strategies until 21st Century .....- 26 -
2.3 COMPLEX INTERDEPENDENCE THEORY................... - 28 -
2.3.1 Definition and Characteristics..................- 31 -
2.3.2 Analysis and Applicability .....................- 36 -
2.3.3 Limitations and Observations ...................- 37 -
2.4 SUMMARY.......................................... - 39 -
3. FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS AND DIPLOMACY ...............- 41 -
3.1 FREE TRADE AGREEMENT’S DEFINITIONS.............. - 41 -
3.1.1 Trade without Limits............................- 45 -
3.1.2 Economic advantages ............................- 47 -
3.1.3 Motivations and Interests.......................- 49 -
3.1.4 Conformity with WTO agreements..................- 51 -
3.2 BARGAINING STRATEGIES ........................... - 51 -
3.2.1 Justification of Free Trade Agreement ..........- 54 -
3.2.2 Negotiation Process.............................- 54 -
3.2.3 Negotiation Rounds............ .................- 58 -
3.2.4 More than Economic Advantages ..................- 60 -
3.3 DIPLOMACY ....................................... - 61 -
3.3.1 Tasks of Diplomacy and Recent Development ......- 63 -
3.3.2 Commercial Diplomacy ...........................- 64 -
3.3.3 Trade and Diplomacy Implications ...............- 65 -
3.4 SUMMARY.......................................... - 67 -
4. ACTORS IN THE GUATEMALA-TAIWAN CASE STUDY..........- 69 -
4.1 GUATEMALA ....................................... - 69 -
4.1.1 General Data .............. ...................- 69 -
4.1.2 Economy Aspects .......................- 70 -
4.1.3 Social and Political Aspects....................- 72 -
4.1.4 Foreign Policy Orientation......................- 74 -
4.2 TAIWAN........................................... - 75 -
4.2.1 General Data ...................................- 76 -
4.2.2 Economy Aspects ................................- 76 -
4.2.3 Social and Political Aspects....................- 80 -
4.2.4 Foreign Policy Orientation.....................- 83 -
4.3 LOOKING FOR COMMON GROUNDS ................... - 87 -
4.3.1 Cooperation .................................- 88 -
4.3.2 Possible Strategies.........................- 90 -
4.3.3 Challenges ...........................................- 92 -
4.4 SUMMARY.......................................... - 93 -
5. TAIWAN - GUATEMALA FOREIGN AFFAIRS ................- 95 -
5.1 TAIWAN - GUATEMALA RELATIONS BACKGROUND; COOPERATION, MUTUAL ASSISTANCE, AND
EDUCATION ............... - 95 -
5.1.1 Taiwan - Guatemala Relations from 1930 to 1960...........................................................- 97 -
5.1.2 Taiwan - Guatemala Relations from 1960 to 2006...........................................................- 98 -
5.2 TRADE RELATIONS................................. - 99 -
5.2.1 Bilateral Trade Exchange.......................- 100 -
5.2.2 What Guatemala Exports?........................- 102 -
5.2.3 What Taiwan Exports?...........................- 104 -
5.2.4 Taiwan and Guatemala External Trade............- 106 -
5.3 FACTS TO SIGN A FREE TRADE AGREEMENT............ - 107 -
5.3.1 Interpreting the Decision to Negotiate.........- 108 -
5.3.2 Main Concerns and Achievements........... .....- 109 -
5.4 SUMMARY......................................... - 111 -
6. TAIWAN - GUATEMALA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT ANALYSIS..............................- 113 -
6.1 FREE TRADE AGREEMENT OVERVIEW............. - 113 -
6.1.1 Free Trade Agreement Structure ...............- 116 -
6.1.2 Objectives ...................................- 120 -
6.1.3 Essential Measures ............................- 120 -
6.1.4 National Treatment and Merchandise Access .....- 123 -
6.2 ASPECTS THAT CAN INFLUENCE IN THE AGREEMENT’S EFFECTIVENESS.............................. - 124 -
6.2.1 Transparency ..................................- 124 -
6.2.2 Disloyal Measures ..........................- 125 -
6.2.3 Dispute Settlement ..........................- 126 -
6.2.4 Influence of External Countries .............- 129 -
6.3 PERSPECTIVES AND CHALLENGES .................. - 129 -
6.3.1 Short and Long-Term Perspectives..............- 131 -
6.3.2 Taiwan and Free Trade Agreements with the Central American Region .......................- 133 -
6.3.3 Complex Interdependence Theory Applied to the Case ..................................................- 135 -
6.4 SUMMARY........................................ - 137 -
7. CONCLUSIONS ...............................- 139 -
BIBLIOGRAPHY.....................................- 147 -
BOOKS........................................... - 147 -
ARTICLES ....................................... - 150 -
ELECTRONIC SOURCES ............................. - 152 -
ON LINE NEWSPAPERS.............................. - 157 -
INTERVIEWS...................................... - 158 -
ANNEXES..........................................- 159 -
INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRES...................... - 160 -
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Interviews
- Interview with Ambassador of the Republic of Guatemala, Sr. Ricardo Putzeys Uriguen. (May 4, 2007).

- Interview with the Panama’s Chief of Negotiations, Mrs. Diana Salazar. (April 19, 2007).









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