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系統識別號 U0002-2506201913200600
中文論文名稱 父權中的女性之困境: 論愛麗斯‧渥克的《紫色姐妹花》中性別不公、種族主義與覺醒
英文論文名稱 Women’s Predicaments under Patriarchy: Gender Inequality, Racism and Awakening in Alice Walker’s The Color Purple
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 林憶如
研究生英文姓名 I-Ru Lin
電子信箱 abc315661@gmail.com
學號 605110088
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-06-20
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄧秋蓉
委員-陳佩筠
委員-林宛瑄
中文關鍵字 父權制  種族主義  性別不平等  黑人女性  女性情誼  主體性 
英文關鍵字 Patriarchy  racism  gender inequality  black women  female bonding  subjectivity 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文主要研究非裔女性作家愛麗絲‧沃克的紫色姐妹花中黑人女性處於最低下的位置,並且在美國南方種族主義及性別歧視的狀況比其它區域更加嚴重。這也就是黑人女性始終無法建構自身的主體性並且反抗種族及性別的不公平。
第一張討論由於父權制的偏見造成女性缺乏教育的機會,並且導致女性長久以來的自卑及服從。父權社會想壟斷婦女的權利,只讓女性接受次等或者低下的教育,造成女性的知識及智力薄弱並且遠不如男性。此主要的目的是,以維持父權社會的持續性及合理性,更重要的是不允許女性擁有發展自我意識(subjectivity)的權利及空間。
第二章討論種族主義與性別歧視是如何直接地影響黑人女性的位置。因為種族認同也造成黑人女性失去自我及地位。第三章主要探討女主角Celie成功的建構自我意識並且找回自我的認同,並且拿回自主權及脫離男性的壓迫,其中最重要的因素是女性情誼(female bonding)的協助及愛。
英文摘要 This thesis studies African-American feminist Alice Walker’s The Color Purple, to examine colored women’s position situated in the lowest. In the South of the U.S., where sexism and racism are more serious than in other parts. Therefore, it it rather hard to get rid of opposition and to obtain a sense of subjectivity for black women. Moreover, most women of color are still stuck in the oppression of racism and sexism in their life.
In Chapter One, I indicate that women’s subordination and inferiority derive from lack of education and biased social system within patriarchy. Women are prohibited from working because they must obey the patriarchal order, that is entering marriage to take care of children and households. For centuries, women have been deprived of opportunities to obtain, which turns them into fragile beings and makes them unable to complete for authority with men.
Chapter Two presents how sexism and racism affect women of color. Being a double minority, they have to endure the imposition of sexism and racism. Thus, one of the elements of the construction of Celie’s subjectivity ethnic identification--- as black woman. In Chapter Three, I exhibit how Celie constructs her subjectivity with the help of female bonding, sisterhood. Furthermore, it is an important factor that the economic independence makes women actually emancipated from subjugation. Therefore, the protagonist, Celie, eventually finds her subjectivity and self-identity as she gains economic independence.
論文目次 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….. 1
Chapter One: Women's Role in Patriarchal Society: Gender Inequality and Hierarchy in The Color Purple.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Chapter Two: Can Black Women Speak?: Racism and Sexism Faced by Black Women The Influence of Racism……………………………………………………………. ……………. 36
Chapter Three: Female Bonding, Sisterhood and Celie’s Construction of Subjectivity…........................................................................................ 56
Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………... 75
WorksCited………………………………………………………………………. 80
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Berlant, Lauren. “Race, Gender, and Nation in The Color Purple.” Modern Critical Views: Alice Walker. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and K.A., Appiah. New York: Chelses House, 1989. 211-238. Print.
Byerman, Keith. “Walker's Blues.” Modern Critical Views: Alice Walker. Ed. Bloom, Harold. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1989. 59-67. Print.
Butler-Evans, Elliot. “Rewriting and Revising in the 1980s: Tar Baby, The Color Purple, and The Salt Eaters.” Race, Gender, and Desire: Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1989. 151-87.
Chow, Rey. “Where Have All the Natives Gone?” Displacement: Cultural Identities in Question. Ed. Bammer, Angelika. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1994. 125-149.
Christian, Barbara. Black Feminist Criticism: Perspectives on Black Women Writers. NY: Pergamon Press, 1985.
----, “Alice Walker: The Black Woman Artist as Wayward.” Ed. Mari Evans. New York: Doubleday, 1984. 457-477. Print.
Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge, 2000. Print.
Christian, Barbara. Black Feminist Criticism: Perspectives on Black Women Writers. New York: Pergamon Press,1985. Print.
Davis, Thadious M. “Walker’s Celebration of Self in Southern Generations.” Ed. Harold, Bloom. Modern Critical Views: Alice Walker. New York: Chelses House, 1989. 25-37. Print.
de Beauvoir, Simone. The Second Sex. New York: Vintage, 1949. Print.
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hooks, bell. Ain’t I An Women: Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press, 1981. Print.
Hall, C. Margaret. Women and Identity: Value Choices in a Changing World. New
York: Hemisphere, 1990.
Henderson, Mae G. “The Color Purple: Revisions and Redefinitions.” Modern Critical Views: Alice Walker. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelses House, 1989. 67-80. Print.
Hernton, Calvin C. Sex and Racism in America. New York: Anchor Books, 1965.
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Hunter, Margaret L.” If You're Light You're Alright”: Light Skin Color as Social Capital for Women of Color.” Gender and Society 16.2 (2002): 175-193. Print.
Jamison-Hall, Angelene. “She's Just Too Womanish for Them: Alice Walker and The Color Purple.” Censored Books: Critical Viewpoints. Ed. Nicholas J. Karolides, Lee Burress, and John M. Kean. Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1993. 191-200.
Rubin, Gayle. “The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex.” The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory. Ed. Linda Nicbolson. New York: Routledge, 1997. 27-62. Print.
Renzetti, Claire M., and Daniel J. Curran. Women, Men and Society. Ed. Karen Hanson. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995. Print.
Richardson, Diane. Women, Motherhood and Childrearing. London: Macmillan. 1993. Print.
Singh, Sonal and Sushma Guta. “Celie’s Emancipation in the novel The Color Purple.” International Transactions in Humanities and Social Sciences 2.2 (2010): 218-222. Print.
Scott, Joan Wallach. Feminism & History. New York: Oxford UP, 1996. Print.
Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Harvest Book, 1982.
---. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens. New York: Harvester, 1984.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakrvotry. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory. Ed. Patrick Williams, and Laura Chrisman. New York: Columbia UP, 1994. 67-104. Print.
Wilentz, Gay Alden. Binding Cultures: Black Women Writers in Africa and the Diaspora. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.
Williams, Yolanda. Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers. London: Greenwood Press, 2007. Print.
Wollstonecraft, Mary. A Vindication of the Rights of Women.1792. New York: Bartleby, 1999.
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