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系統識別號 U0002-2506201115380700
中文論文名稱 職業女性時間管理、工作家庭衝突、工作滿意度與生活滿意度之關聯性研究
英文論文名稱 Relationships Among Time Management、Work-Family Conflict、Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of Vocational Women.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 吳鳳茹
研究生英文姓名 Feng-Ju Wu
學號 798610225
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-06-01
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳坤山
委員-翁振益
委員-汪美伶
中文關鍵字 時間管理  工作家庭衝突  工作滿意度  生活滿意度 
英文關鍵字 relationships among time management  work-family conflict  job satisfaction  life satisfaction 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 由於社會型態的改變,家庭結構的改變、家庭經濟的需求,女性逐漸成為就業市場的主力,但是社會對女性在家庭中的角色要求與期望並沒有減少,一方面期望女性積極的參與社會工作,另一方面又期望她們扮演好家庭角色,因而經歷著比男性更嚴重的工作家庭衝突。工作家庭衝突會造成個人生理與心理的影響,從而造成家庭、婚姻及生活品質下降、工作滿足降低等現象,而有效的做好時間的利用與管理,是否能更少體驗到工作家庭衝突及提高工作滿意度及生活滿意度這些都是值得瞭解的,也是研究者想探討的問題。本研究主要目的是探討職業女性其時間管理、工作家庭衝突、工作滿意度及生活滿意度之間的關聯性。在確定研究動機、擬定研究方向及研究目的後,對國內外之相關文獻加以歸納整理,再根據其理論基礎建立本研究之架構與假說。問卷調查對象以職業女性為主要研究對象,並針對回收的有效樣本308份資料,進行敘述性統計、因素分析、信度分析、ANOVA分析、相關分析及多元迴歸分析,最後根據實證之結果提出主要研究結論如下:
1.職業女性的時間管理與工作家庭衝突有顯著負相關。
2.職業女性的工作家庭衝突與工作滿意度有顯著負相關。
3.職業女性的工作家庭衝突與生活滿意度有顯著負相關。
4.職業女性的時間管理與工作滿意度有顯著正相關。
5.職業女性的時間管理與生活滿意度有顯著正相關。
英文摘要 As a result of changing of the social type, family structure, and home economics' demand, the female becomes the employment market gradually the main force, but the society has not reduced to female's in family role request and the expectation, on the one hand expects the feminine positive participation social work, on the other hand expected that they play the family role, thus is experiencing compared to the male more serious working family conflict. The working family conflict can create individual physiological and the psychological influence, thus creates the family, the marriage and the life quality drops, the work to reduce as well as to reduce phenomena satisfaction and so on organization pledge, but effective makes the time the use and the management, whether can less experience the working family to conflict and to reduce the work degree of satisfaction and life degree of satisfaction these is worth finding, is also the question which the researcher wants to discuss.
The main purpose of this thesis is to study relationships among time management, work-family conflict, job satisfaction and life satisfaction of vocational women. This research began by reviewing the relevant articles, and then the research framework and hypotheses were developed according to relevant theories. The questionnaire survey was used as the research instrument to collect the empirical data. This study adopts judgment sampling to get the samples. To effective 308 materials of sample retrieving, analyze the descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis.
After the empirical research, the major findings as follows:
1.Time management is negatively related to work family conflict of vocational women.
2.Work family conflict is negatively related to work satisfaction of vocational women.
3.Work family conflict is negatively related to life satisfaction of vocational women.
4.Time management is positively related to work satisfaction of vocational women.
5.Time mment is positively related to life satisfaction of vocational women.
論文目次 目錄
目錄................................................................................................................................ I
圖目錄........................................................................................................................... II
表目錄..........................................................................................................................III
第一章 緒論..................................................................................................................1
第一節 研究背景與動機..........................................................................................1
第二節 研究目的......................................................................................................4
第三節 研究流程......................................................................................................5
第二章 文獻探討..........................................................................................................6
第一節 時間管理......................................................................................................6
第二節 工作家庭衝突............................................................................................10
第三節 工作滿意度................................................................................................19
第四節 生活滿意度................................................................................................21
第五節 時間管理、工作家庭衝突、工作滿意度及生活滿意度之關聯探討....24
第三章 研究方法........................................................................................................27
第一節 研究架構....................................................................................................27
第二節 研究假設....................................................................................................28
第三節 研究變項與操作型定義............................................................................28
第四節 研究對象與範圍........................................................................................34
第五節 統計分析....................................................................................................35
第四章 資料分析........................................................................................................37
第一節 預試分析....................................................................................................37
第二節 敘述性統計分析........................................................................................41
第三節 因素及信度分析........................................................................................47
第四節 差異性分析................................................................................................52
第五節 相關性分析................................................................................................62
第六節 研究變項間之因果關係............................................................................65
第五章 結論與建議....................................................................................................73
第一節 研究結論與發現........................................................................................73
第二節 管理意涵....................................................................................................76
第三節 研究限制....................................................................................................78
第四節 未來研究方向建議....................................................................................79
參考文獻......................................................................................................................80
附錄一:前測問卷....................................................................................................100
附錄二:正式問卷....................................................................................................104


圖目錄
圖1-1 研究流程圖.......................................................................................................5
圖3-1 本研究架構圖.................................................................................................27


表目錄
表2-1 時間管理的定義彙整表...................................................................................6
表2-2 時間管理量表說明...........................................................................................8
表2-3 工作家庭衝突定義彙整表.............................................................................10
表2-4 工作家庭衝突前因變項.................................................................................14
表2-5 工作家庭衝突後果變項.................................................................................16
表2-6 工作滿意的定義彙整表.................................................................................19
表2-7 生活滿意度的定義.........................................................................................21
表3-1 時間管理之衡量題項.....................................................................................29
表3-2 家庭干擾工作衝突之衡量題項.....................................................................31
表3-3 工作干擾家庭衝突之衡量題項.....................................................................32
表3-4 工作滿意度與生活滿意度之衡量題項.........................................................33
表4-1 各構面之Cronbach’s α 值..............................................................................39
表4-2 婚姻狀況統計.................................................................................................42
表4-3 年齡統計.........................................................................................................42
表4-4 教育程度統計.................................................................................................43
表4-5 每日工作時間統計.........................................................................................43
表4-6 工作年資統計.................................................................................................44
表4-7 職務層級統計.................................................................................................45
表4-8 從事行業別統計.............................................................................................45
表4-9 每日加班時數統計.........................................................................................46
表4-10 【時間管理】之KMO 值及Bartlett 球形檢定..........................................48
表4-11 【時間管理】之因素分析...........................................................................48
表4-12 【FWC】之KMO 值及Bartlett 球形檢定.................................................49
表4-13 【FWC】之因素分析...................................................................................49
表4-14 【WFC】之KMO 值及Bartlett 球形檢定.................................................50
表4-15 【WFC】之因素分析...................................................................................50
表4-16 各研究構面信度分析表...............................................................................51
表4-17 婚姻狀況對各變項之差異分析...................................................................52
表4-18 年齡對各變項之差異分析...........................................................................53
表4-19 教育程度對各變項之差異分析...................................................................54
表4-20 每日工作時間對各變項之差異分析...........................................................55
表4-21 工作年資對各變項之差異分析...................................................................57
表4-22 職務層級對各變項之差異分析...................................................................58
表4-23 行業別對各變項之差異分析.......................................................................59
表4-24 每日加班時數對各變項之差異分析...........................................................60
表4-25 時間管理工作家庭衝突與滿意度的相關係數表.......................................64
表4-26 時間管理對FWC 之迴歸分析彙整表.........................................................65
表4-27 時間管理之構面對FWC 之複迴歸分析彙整表.........................................66
表4-28 時間管理對WFC 之迴歸分析彙整表.........................................................67
表4-29 時間管理之構面對WFC 之複迴歸分析彙整表.........................................68
表4-30 時間管理對工作滿意度之迴歸分析彙整表...............................................68
表4-31 時間管理對生活滿意度之複迴歸分析彙整表...........................................69
表4-32 時間效能構面對生活滿意與工作滿意之複迴歸分析彙整表...................70
表4-33 工作家庭衝突對工作滿意度之迴歸分析彙整表.......................................70
表4-34【WFC】對生活滿意度之迴歸分析彙整表.................................................71
表4-35【WFC】構面對生活滿意與工作滿意之複迴歸分析彙整表.....................72
表5-1 研究假說彙整表.............................................................................................73
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