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系統識別號 U0002-2502201414483500
中文論文名稱 聯合國「保護責任」之研究:以2011年利比亞內戰為例
英文論文名稱 Research on United Nations’ Responsibility to Protect (R2P): The Case on Libyan Civil War in 2011
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 李函潔
研究生英文姓名 Han-Chieh Lee
學號 699330246
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-01-15
論文頁數 159頁
口試委員 指導教授-李大中
委員-翁明賢
委員-曾怡碩
中文關鍵字 人道干預  人類安全  人權  主權  保護責任  利比亞內戰 
英文關鍵字 humanitarian intervention  human security  human right  sovereignty  responsibility to protect (R2P)  Libyan civil war 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 隨著國際社會發展,國際人權法的發展與進步使人權成為國際法保障的一部分。國際社會無法忽視低度衝突,又須面對人道干預的執行困境。人道干預除了在使用武力方面多所爭議,根據歷史經驗人道干預也無法徹底根除衝突發生原因。2001年「干預與國際主權委員會」(ICISS)提出「保護責任」概念,主張當一國人民處與危險之中而該國政府又無力負起保護責任,國際社會有保護平民生命與福祉的責任,並在衝突後協助重建以促進和保護人權。

2011年3月聯合國安理會引用「保護責任」(responsibility to protect)之原則通過1973號決議在利比亞設立禁飛區。「保護責任」從概念轉為實際操作,使其干預合法性與權威性大增。本文針對「保護責任」的內涵、發展進行探討,同時以個案分析的研究方法分析2011年國際社會於利比亞進行的干預行動,探究其行動是否符合「保護責任」原則,以及評估其軍事干預的合法性與正當性,從此研究可顯示國際社會在實踐「保護責任」原則時所面臨到的困境,以及此干預行動對未來「保護責任」所帶來的影響。
英文摘要 With the development of the international community, the development and progress of international human rights law become more mature and complete. The international society cannot ignore the lower-level conflict and need to face the dilemma of intervention. According to historical experience, military intervention will cause big controversy without eliminating the roots of conflict. Therefore, the concept of “R2P” was introduced by “Intervention and State Sovereignty International Committee” in 2001. The main idea of “R2P” is that the sovereign state and ineternational society have responsibility to protect people’s lives and well-being, and to help them promoting their human right.
According to the principle of R2P, the United Nation Security Council, in order to protect Libyans from their government, adopted Resolution 1973 on 17 March 2011, setting up a no-fly zone in Libya. Having turned from concept into practice, R2P provided the Coalition with the legitimate authorisation to intervene. This thesis aims to realize the R2P principle and its development, while using case study to view the practice of the concept of R2P to evaluate the military intervention in Libyan. In the conclusion this article will disscuss the political impact of Libyan civil war on the development of R2P.
論文目次 第壹章 緒論 1
一、議題背景和研究動機 1
二、研究目的 4
三、研究方法 6
四、研究範圍 8
五、文獻檢閱 9
六、章節安排 22
第貳章 人道干預發展 24
第一節 主權與人權發展 24
一、內部主權 25
二、外部主權 27
三、人權思想 30
第二節 安全觀念改變 32
一、傳統安全觀 33
二、非傳統安全觀 34
三、主權至上不再 38
第三節 人道干預概念與實踐 40
一、人道干預概念 41
二、人道干預實踐 43
小結 50
第叁章 從人道干預到保護責任 52
第一節 人道干預爭議 52
一、人道干預與主權的衝突 52
二、人道干預與「禁止使用武力」的衝突 55
三、人道干預可能淪為霸權擴張工具 56
四、人道干預可能加深衝突 60
第二節 保護責任概念與發展 63
一、保護責任起源與發展背景 63
二、保護責任概念 68
三、「保護責任」的新突破 76
四、國際社會對「保護責任」的反應 79
小結 85
第肆章 利比亞內戰與保護責任 88
第一節 格達費時代的利比亞 88
一、完全掌控國家 89
二、推動統一阿拉伯民族大業 91
三、對外關係 93
四、部落間存有嫌隙 98
第二節 利比亞內戰與國際制裁 100
一、從內亂到內戰 100
二、國際社會制裁 102
第三節 檢視利比亞戰爭中的保護責任 112
一、危害人類罪-失去國家責任 112
二、由聯合國主導的國際社會「保護責任」 113
三、先以和平手段解決紛爭 113
四、軍事行動正當性問題 114
六、在利比亞的重建責任 123
小結 129
第伍章 結論 131
第一節 研究總結 131
一、人道干預的爭議 131
二、保護責任內涵 132
三、檢視利比亞戰爭中保護責任 132
四、從敘利亞內戰看「保護責任」的困境 136
五、「保護責任」的未來發展 140
第二節、未來研究方向 142
參考資料 144


圖表目錄
表 1:人道干預爭議與保護責任概念相比較 75
表 2:檢視利比亞軍事行動 122
表 3:評估軍事干預正當性 134
表 4:利比亞內戰後五常任理事國對「保護責任」之立場 135
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