||When we learn everything, either knowledge or skills that based on language ability. The cultivation of ability is based on primary education. It’s expanded and enhanced gradually. This study uses data collection, data induction, and content analysis . According to the texts in the national textbooks of Kang Xuan and Hanlin in 104 academic year, analyze and compare two different versions of texts in different years to understand the proportion of different styles, the portion of poetry, the distribution situation, teaching methods, and teaching forms in different versions of Mandarin textbooks.
The contents of this study are as follows: The first chapter is an introduction of motivation, purpose, limitations, methods and steps. The second chapter is to explain the nouns, the meaning of the curriculum, rhetoric, etc. The third chapter is a comparative analysis of two versions of textbooks for Mandarin textbooks, summarizing the proportions, rhetorical types and poetic genre texts of each version. The fourth chapter is to provide teaching methods of poetry texts and writing for teaching reference. The fifth chapter is to reorganize the conclusion of this study. The conclusions are as follow.
1. The content of the textbook and rhetorical skills of the textbooks of Kang Xuan and Hanlin, have not left the scope of the nine-year syllabus. Therefore, students who accept different versions of the contents will not have too much difference in learning content.
2. The poetry body part of the text in these two versions, Kang Xuan and Hanlin, the proportion is gradually decreases with the grade. But in the middle and lower grades, there are supplementary poems, the content is related to the subject of the lesson or the theme of the unit. It allows teachers to extend and supplement when teaching.
3. In the teaching part, teachers can mix different teaching methods according to the degree of students and the learning situation to improve students' learning efficiency and understanding.
The author suggests that teaching guidelines (or teacher manuals) are important references for teachers when teaching. Therefore, the rhetorical skills of texts and assignments, the publishers should try to provide a complete explanation and more examples from the first volume to teachers. Teachers can find like-minded colleagues to organize a group as a way to improve their teaching. Or serch for online resources as the basis for the concept of innovative teaching content. Subsequent research can be based on the "12-year National Basic Education Curriculum Outline" to compare differences in Mandarin textbooks between different editions (Kang Xuan, Hanlin and Nanyi).