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系統識別號 U0002-2501201009102100
中文論文名稱 S&P500指數與歐元兌美元之關聯性研究
英文論文名稱 The Study on the Relationship between S&P500 and USD/euro Rate
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 財務金融學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Banking and Finance
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 胡雲竫
研究生英文姓名 Yun-Cheng Hu
學號 796530250
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-01-04
論文頁數 45頁
口試委員 指導教授-聶建中
共同指導教授-王友珊
委員-許振明
委員-沈中華
委員-楊朝成
中文關鍵字 S&P500指數  歐元兌美元匯率  動差門檻自我迴歸模型  門檻誤差修正模型 
英文關鍵字 S&P500 index  Dollor/euro exchange rate  momentum-threshold autoregressive model  Asymmetric Threshold Error Correction Model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 2007年8月美國次級房貸市場損失造成全球金融市場的動盪,進而在2008年9月擴大成全球金融危機,改變世界的經濟前景,引發自1930年代大蕭條以來最嚴重的全球經濟衰退。但在美國政府採取經濟刺激措施,且全球貿易反彈受到大型新興經濟體不斷增加的需求所支撐,以及商業復甦重振股市和房市逐漸穩定,這些因素都有助於美國經濟逐漸復甦。在投資者預期Fed將調升利率之下,2010年初美元匯率可能開始升值;由於短期消息有利於美元升值,然退場機制和其它不利消息仍抑制美元走勢。龐大的政府債務和居高不下的政府赤字嚴重影響美元長期為儲備貨幣的角色,也使得美元面臨貶值壓力。長期而言美元再次成為避險貨幣的誘因減少,美元相對於其他主要貨幣將持續貶值,以幫助美國穩定貿易失衡的情況。
本文旨在探討S&P500指數與歐元兌美元匯率的關聯性,運用Enders and Granger (1998)的門檻自我迴歸模型(threshold autoregressive model, TAR),及動差門檻自我迴歸模型(momentum-threshold autoregressive model, M-TAR)進行門檻共整合檢定,捕捉S&P500指數與歐元兌美元匯率間可能存在的非線性關係。並進一步利用Enders and Siklos (2001)的門檻誤差修正模型(threshold error-correction model, TECM)檢驗其長短期非對稱互動關係。實證結果發現S&P500指數與歐元兌美元匯率呈現非對稱門檻共整合關係。當前期S&P500指數產生變動,會對本期S&P500指數造成影響,當期匯率亦會受到前一期匯率之影響,若以長期動態關係而言,S&P500指數對歐元兌美元匯率具有領先關係,但歐元兌美元匯率卻對S&P500指數不具有領先關係。
英文摘要 The global financial crisis upheaval in September 2008 resulted from the enormous loss as a result of exposure to US Subprime Mortgages Crisis market in August 2007 and which moreover lead way to the global financial crisis, altering the world's perspective on future economy and consequently cause the most serious global economical recession after the Great Depression in 1930s. But with the U.S government stimulus, global trade rebound is supported by the expansionary demand of emerging economy countries, stock market revitalization by reviving business and the gradually stable real estate are the major factors aim on US economy recovery. With the investor’s expectation on the gradual-rising interest rate from FED, US currency will probably start to appreciate at the beginning of 2010; despite the short-term news will beneficially cause US dollar to appreciate, but governmental exit mechanism and other detrimental news still suppress the trend of US dollars. Tremendous government debt and record-high government deficit seriously affect the US dollar as the role of long-term reserve currency, and therefore face the depreciation pressure. Over the long term, dollar will continuously depreciate against other major currencies to help US trade imbalance.
The main purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between the index of S&P 500 and the exchange rate of dollar/euro. By employing Enders and Granger’s (1998) threshold autoregressive model (TAR) and momentum-thresholds autoregressive model (M-TAR), this research tests for the threshold-cointrgration to explore the possible existence of non-linear long term relations between the two variables considered. Applying threshold error-correction model (TECM) by Enders and Siklos (2001), this research further examine short/long terms asymmetrical interactive relations. The empirical finding illustrates that the index of S&P 500 and the exchange rate of dollar/euro shows an asymmetrical threshold co-integrated relations. Furthermore, both the stock index and exchange rate were influenced by their own previous stage. The final finding is that, for the long term dynamic relations, the index of S&P500 leads the exchange rate of dollar/euro, but not on the contrary.
論文目次 謝辭…………………………………………………………………… i
中文摘要……………………………………………………………… ii
英文摘要……………………………………………………………… iv
目錄…………………………………………………………………… vi
圖目錄………………………………………………………………… viii
表目錄………………………………………………………………… viii
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………… 5
第三節 研究架構與流程…………………………………………… 5
第二章 文獻回顧……………………………………………………… 7
第一節 國外文獻回顧……………………………………………… 7
第二節 國內文獻回顧……………………………………………… 10
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………… 13
第一節 單根檢定…………………………………………………… 13
第二節 門檻共整合檢定…………………………………………… 20
第三節 門檻誤差修正模型………………………………………… 24
第四章 實證結果與分析……………………………………………… 28
第一節 資料來源與變數選取……………………………………… 28
第二節 單根檢定之實證結果……………………………………… 29
第三節 門檻共整合檢定之實證結果……………………………… 31
第四節 門檻誤差修正模型檢定之實證結果……………………… 33
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………………… 39
第一節 結論………………………………………………………… 39
第二節 研究建議…………………………………………………… 40

參考文獻……………………………………………………………… 42
圖 目 錄
圖1-1 1999年至2009年10月歐元兌美元匯率……………………… 4
圖1-2 1999年至2009年10月S&P500指數………………………… 4
圖1-3 研究流程圖…………………………………………………… 6

表 目 錄
表4-1 S&P500指數與歐元兌美元匯率的基本統計量……………… 29
表4-2 KSS單根檢定…………………………………………………… 30
表4-3 PP、NP及KPSS單根檢定…………………………………… 31
表4-4 S&P500與歐元兌美元匯率之模型設定及門檻共整合檢定… 33
表4-5 S&P500與歐元兌美元匯率之門檻誤差修正模型…………… 37
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