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中文論文名稱 偶然力與科學素養對創業成功影響之相關研究
英文論文名稱 Exploring Comparing the Effect of Serendipity and Scientific Literacy to Entrepreneurial Success
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學學系企業經營碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program In Business And Management, Department Of Management Sciences
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 沈德旻
研究生英文姓名 De-Min Shen
學號 607650172
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2019-06-18
論文頁數 95頁
口試委員 指導教授-牛涵錚
委員-王耀德
委員-陳水蓮
中文關鍵字 創新能力  偶然力  科學素養  恆毅力  自我實現  AMOS 
英文關鍵字 Innovation ability  Serendipity  Scientific literacy  Grit  Self-actualization  AMOS 
學科別分類
中文摘要 擁有好的創新能力是成為一個創業家的基礎。本研究延續之前陳天宇(2019)所發展之創新能力量表,衡量創業家的創新能力,並比較偶然力與科學素養的差別。本研究以偶然力與科學素養作為創新能力之內涵,以恆毅力與自我實現作為創業成功之依據,探討創新能力對創業成功的影響。問卷發放對象為台灣創業一年以上之創業者,有效樣本379份。透過SPSS與AMOS進行數據分析,使用模型配適度指標驗證量表的信度與配適度,其值皆達標準,再以結構方程模式探討偶然力與科學素養兩大核心因素對創業成功的影響,以及創業次數在模型上的調節效果。
驗證結果如下:一、創業者的偶然力對恆毅力有正向顯著影響;二、創業者的偶然力對自我實現有正向顯著影響;三、創業者的科學素養對恆毅力有正向顯著影響;四、創業次數高低對偶然力與自我實現存在調節效果。因此本研究建議創業者若想要創造成功的事業,須具備良好的創新能力,並且對創業家而言,偶然力的測量值會優於科學素養的測量值,此外若能輔以以堅持不懈的態度以及想要實現自我價值的信念,便能在競爭激烈的環境中脫穎而出,從而創造事業之成功。
英文摘要 Good innovation ability is the foundation for becoming an entrepreneur. This research continues the scale of innovation ability developed by Chen Tianyu (2019), which to measures entrepreneurs’ innovation ability, and compares the difference between serendipity and scientific literacy.
In this study, serendipity and scientific literacy are taken as the connotation of innovation ability, and grit and self-actualization are taken as the basis for entrepreneurial success, in which to understand the effect of innovation ability on entrepreneurial success is discussed. The questionnaire is distributed to entrepreneurs who have been in Taiwan, with 379 samples. SPSS and AMOS adopt to data analysis, and verify the reliability and fit of the scale with the appropriate index, and its value is up to the standard. Then the structural equation model is used to explore the impact of the two core factors of serendipity and scientific literacy on entrepreneurial success. And the adjustment effect of the number of startups on the model.
The results are as follows: 1. The entrepreneur’s serendipity has a positive and significant effect on grit. 2. The entrepreneur’s serendipity has a positive and significant effect on self-actualization. 3. The entrepreneur’s scientific literacy has a positive and significant effect on grit. 4. The number of start-ups has a moderating effect on serendipity on self-actualization. Therefore, this study suggests that entrepreneurs who want to create a successful business must have good innovation behavior, and in which serendipity measurement that better than scientific literacy measurement for entrepreneurs. In addition, supplemented by grit and belief in self-actualization to succeed in competition.
論文目次 目錄
謝詞 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 創業家與創新能力 6
第二節 偶然力 17
第三節 科學素養 22
第四節 恆毅力 24
第五節 自我實現 28
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究架構與假說 35
第二節 問卷設計 36
第三節 研究對象抽樣及樣本前測分析 40
第四節 資料分析方法 47
第四章 實證分析與解釋 49
第一節 樣本結構分析 49
第二節 描述性統計分析 54
第三節 相關分析 57
第四節 結構方程模式分析 59
第五節 獨立樣本T檢定分析 76
第六節 單因子變異數分析 77
第七節 研究假說彙整 82
第五章 研究結果與分析 83
第一節 研究結果 83
第二節 管理意涵與建議 84
第三節 研究限制與建議 85
參考文獻 87
網路資料 87
中文文獻 87
英文文獻 88
附錄 94
本研究問卷 94


表目錄
表1-1 台灣WEF競爭力4.0評比 2
表2-1 創業家的定義 8
表2-2 創新能力對照表 10
表2-3 MASLOW的自我實現者之心理特徵 31
表3-1 前測人口統計基本資料分析表 40
表3-2 偶然力前測信度 43
表3-3 科學素養前測信度 44
表3-4 恆毅力前測信度 45
表3-5 自我實現前測信度 46
表3-6 相關係數判斷標準 47
表4-1 人口統計基本資料分析表 50
表4-2 個別題項之描述性統計分析 54
表4-3 偶然力、恆毅力、自我實現之相關分析結果 57
表4-4 科學素養、恆毅力、自我實現之相關分析結果 58
表4-5 原始模型適配度指標檢定表 61
表4-6 刪除之題項 62
表4-7 調整後的模型適配度指標檢定表 64
表4-8 主架構變數信度效度 66
表4-9 主架構迴歸分析 69
表4-10 創業次數在偶然力與自我實現的調節結果 70
表4-11 創業次數對偶然力與恆毅力的調節結果 72
表4-12 創業次數對科學素養與自我實現的調節結果 73
表4-13 創業次數對科學素養與恆毅力的調節結果 74
表4-14 偶然力對性別之獨立樣本T檢定 76
表4-15 科學素養對性別之獨立樣本T檢定 76
表4-16 偶然力與人口統計變數之單因子變異數分析 77
表4-17 偶然力與婚姻之LSD事後比較表 78
表4-18 偶然力與年齡之LSD事後比較表 78
表4-19 偶然力與學歷之LSD事後比較表 79
表4-20 偶然力與創業次數之LSD事後比較表 79
表4-21 偶然力與月收入之LSD事後比較表 80
表4-22 科學素養與人口統計變數之單因子變異數分析 80
表4-23 科學素養與創業次數之TAMHANE'S T2事後比較表 81
表4-24 研究結果與假說彙整表 82


圖目錄
圖1-1 2019年全球競爭力報告台灣名次 2
圖1-2 研究流程圖 5
圖2-1 創業家矩陣圖 7
圖2-2 偶然力的面向 20
圖2-3 偶然力的五個要素圖 21
圖2-4 馬斯洛需求層級理論金字塔 30
圖4-1 主架構測量模型 60
圖4-2 調整後的主架構測量模型 63
圖4-3 主架構模型 68
圖4-4 以低創業次數作為偶然力與自我實現的調節作用 69
圖4-5 以高創業次數作為偶然力與自我實現的調節作用 70
圖4-6 以低創業次數作為偶然力與恆毅力的調節作用 71
圖4-7 以高創業次數作為偶然力與恆毅力的調節作用 71
圖4-8 以低創業次數作為科學素養與自我實現的調節作用 72
圖4-9 以高創業次數作為科學素養與自我實現的調節作用 73
圖4-10 以低創業次數作為科學素養與恆毅力的調節作用 74
圖4-11 以高創業次數作為科學素養與恆毅力的調節作用 74

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中小企業白皮書 (2019) https://book.moeasmea.gov.tw/book/doc_detail.jsp?pub_SerialNo=2019A01634&click=2019A01634
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