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中文論文名稱 美中關係正常化時期美國對台灣防務的支持
英文論文名稱 U.S. Support of Taiwan’s Defense during the Normalization of U.S.-China Diplomatic Relations
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Taiwan and Asia-Pacific Studies, College of International Studies (English-Taugh
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 藍凱裘
研究生英文姓名 Joel Lancaster
電子信箱 joellanc82@gmail.com
學號 606245198
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-06-21
論文頁數 72頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯大衛
委員-陳思寬
委員-萬哲鈺
中文關鍵字 台灣關係法  美中標準化 
英文關鍵字 Taiwan Relations Act  U.S.-China Normalization 
學科別分類
中文摘要 美利堅合眾國於1979年在總統吉米卡特的領導下切斷了與台灣的官方外交關係。美國選擇這樣做是為了使與中華民國的外交關係正常化。然後,就像今天一樣,中國拒絕允許外交承認台灣,因為前者認為台灣是一個叛徒省。美國總統理查德尼克松和吉米卡特認為承認中國和終止承認台灣是合理的。這一決定發生在冷戰時期的美蘇競爭中。美國領導人認為這樣做是為了阻止蘇聯擴張和與共產主義中國的重新調整。無論從現實的角度來看,這個決定是否合理,在終止對一個長期盟友的認識時,存在許多道德問題/違規行為。美國國會將這些道德/道德問題作為自己的職責。國會不同意絕對放棄台灣。因此,美國國會起草了“與台灣關係法”,並於1979年4月將其通過成為法律。從1971年到1979年,正常化時期使台灣人民和領導人感到擔憂,官方切斷關係是毀滅性的。但是,“與台灣關係法”為美國繼續為該島繼續提供防禦能力提供了法律框架。今年是上述立法40週年。重新審視和分析美中台三角關係中的這一轉折點是一個審慎的時刻。
英文摘要 The United States of America severed official diplomatic ties with Taiwan in 1979 under president Jimmy Carter. The U.S. chose to do so in order to normalize diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China. Then, as today, China refused to allow diplomatic recognition of Taiwan as the former saw the latter as a renegade province. U.S. presidents Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter decided it was rational to recognize China and derecognize Taiwan. This decision occurred in the Cold War context of U.S.-Soviet competition. The U.S. leadership deemed such a move necessary to thwart Soviet expansion and realignment with communist China. However rational the decision was in realist terms, there were many ethical issues/violations when it came to derecognizing a long-time ally. The U.S. Congress took on these moral/ethical issues as their duty. Congress disagreed with absolute abandonment of Taiwan. Therefore, the U.S. Congress drafted the Taiwan Relations Act and passed it into law in April of 1979. The normalization period worried the people and leaders of Taiwan from 1971-1979, and the official severing of ties was devastating. However, the Taiwan Relations Act provided a legal framework for the U.S. to continue supplying defensive capabilities to the island has continued to do so. This year is the 40th anniversary of said legislation. It is a prudent time to revisit and analyze this turning point in the U.S.-Taiwan-China triangular relationship.
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Historical Background 1
1.2 Research Topic, Questions and Arguments 5
1.3 Research Motivation 8
1.4 Research Methodology 9
1.5 Research Limitations 10
1.6 Results 11
Chapter 2 English Language Literature Review 13
Chapter 3 Theoretical and Historical Analysis of U.S. Decision Making during Normalization 19
3.1 The Rational Actor Model (RAM) 19
3.2 Apply Model to U.S.-China Normalization Process’ Impact on Taiwan Defense 23
3.3 Historical Analysis of the Nixon Administration and the Shanghai Communiqué 25
3.4 Historical Analysis of the Carter Administration and the Joint Communiqué 30
3.5 Historical Analysis of Congress’ Decision to Create the Taiwan Relations Act 38
Chapter 4 Empirical Findings 43
4.1 Major Congressional Resolutions and Laws in Support of Taiwan’s Defense 43
4.2 U.S. Arms Sales from the U.S. to Taiwan 1971-1981 54
4.3 Conclusion Based on the Two Sources of Support for Taiwan’s Defense 56
Chapter 5 Conclusion 57

References 60
Appendix 1 62
Appendix 2 65


Table 1 1973-1974 Resolutions 45
Table 2 1975-1976 Resolutions 46
Table 3 1977-1978 Resolutions 47
Table 4 1979-1980 Resolutions 48

Figure 1 Main Arms Sales Categories from the U.S. to Taiwan 1971-1981 54
Figure 2 Total United States Arms Sales to Taiwan 1971-1981 55
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