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系統識別號 U0002-2407200716054100
中文論文名稱 台灣的產業發展型態:鞋業之研究
英文論文名稱 Taiwan as a Model for Industrial Development:A Study of Shoe Industry
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 米卡洛
研究生英文姓名 Elvia Carolina Tzep Miranda
電子信箱 karolaguate@gmail.com
學號 694260463
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-06-25
論文頁數 144頁
口試委員 指導教授-林欽明
委員-曾銘深
委員-翁明賢
中文關鍵字 競爭力  產業發展  製鞋業  貿易政策  外人直接投資  政商互動 
英文關鍵字 Competitiveness  industrial development  shoe industry  trade policies  foreign direct investment  government-business interactions 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 台灣的經濟發展是一個值得其他經濟體制仿效的模式,其背後的動力是值得探究的。台灣企業在國際市場嚴酷的競爭中追求生存,歷經了許多個階段。在產業發展的過程裡,政府及企業的良好互動是重要的關鍵。本研究顯示,政府與企業的相互合作與協調賦予台灣發展的動能。政府的教育及技能訓練等政策,有助於企業創造更多的附加價值。
本研究並發現,台灣在產業發展的初期,實獲利於美國的若干貿易保護政策。在發展後期擇引進適當的技術,並結合人力資源,使得像是製鞋業等工商團體提升了生產品質,在國際市場發揮競爭力。雖然台灣製鞋業近年來國內產量大幅下滑,但透過產業外移(特別是到中國及其他亞洲國家),在台的總公司則保留研發活動,維持了台灣在世界貿易上重要的地位。
英文摘要 Taiwan’s economic development is a good model to be emulated by other economies and the forces behind it need to be understood.
Taiwan became an important player in the global market where competitiveness is crucial for businesses to survive. Taiwan gained its place after going through several stages, in which many elements come into play. During the stages of industrial development, government and business sectors played very important roles in this true story of success and competitiveness.
This study shows how different organizations of government and business sectors were joining with various actors of the Taiwanese economy in a cooperatively harmonious relationship. Government policies such as education and skill trainings were necessary to maintain the momentum of development and satisfy business sector’s desires to create more values and goods in order for Taiwan to become an important global player.
The shoe industry was analyzed using a scheme based on the Balance of Power theory to evaluate the effects of government measures of industrial regulations and their interactions with the business sectors. The study found that Taiwan’s government has played an active and important role in industrial development, especially in preparing the way in early stages for industries to take advantage of the U.S. restrictive trade policies and, in later stages, to develop appropriate technologies for such sectors as the shoe industry, combining with human capital to improve quality so as to compete effectively in the global market.
Production capacities of Taiwan’s shoe industry has fallen domestically in recent years, but through relocating factories abroad, especially to China and other Asian countries, and keeping headquarters and R&D activities in Taiwan, it is able to sustain important status in the world market.
論文目次 PRELUDE 1
1. STUDY MOTIVATIONS 1
2. STUDY PURPOSES 1
3. BASIS OF STUDY 2
4. HYPOTHESES 4
5. RESEARCH APPROACHES 4
6. METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH 5
I. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TAIWAN 6
1. OVERVIEW 6
1.1. Foreign Economic Relations 7
1.2. Land Reform 10
1.3. Monetary Policy and Capital Flows during the 1980s and 1990s 12
2. GOVERNMENT -BUSINESS RELATIONS IN TAIWAN 16
2.1. Defining Industrail Goals of the Main Players 17
2.2. Government-Business Interaction 20
3. CONCLUDING REMARKS 24
II. GOVERNMENT POLICIES 26
1. INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES 26
1.1. Trade Policies 27
1.2. Education and Skill Trainings 31
2. GOVERNMENT POLICIES TOWARD THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 34
2.1. Taiwan’s Opening -up 34
2.2. The Go-South Policy 35
3. GLOBAL TRADE REGIMES 36
3.1. Textile and Apparel 36
3.2. Generalized System of Preferences 37
3.3. Increasing International Linkages 38
4. CONCLUDING REMARKS 40
III. BUSINESS REACTIONS 42
1. LABOR DEMANDS 42
1.1. Managerial Practices in Early Stages 42
1.2. Labor behind Product Quality and Comparative Advantage 43
1.3. Industrial Relations 44
2. BUSINESS ALLIANCES 45
2.1. Businesses’ Response to Global Competition 45
2.2. Trade Performance 48
2.3. Sources of Technology 56
3. OVERSEAS INVESTMENT 59
3.1. Main Investment Destination 59
3.2. Expatriates in Taiwan’s Overseas Businesses 62
3.3. Barriers in Taiwan’s Investment Abroad 63
4. CONCLUDING REMARKS 64
IV. DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHOE INDUSTRY 66
1. BACKGROUND 66
1.1. Taiwan’s Export Expansion 67
1.2. Shoe Industry Boom 70
1.3. Slow Down of the Shoe Industry 72
2. THE ROLE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES) IN THE SHOE INDUSTRY 75
2.1. Small and Medium Shoe Factories 76
2.2. Taiwanese SMEs in China after 1987 76
3. PRODUCTION NETWORKS 78
3.1. Establishment of Networks 78
3.2. Taiwan’s Competitive Advantages 80
4. HUMAN RESOURCES 81
4.1. Working Conditions of Those Employed by Taiwanese Owners and Managers 82
4.2. Work Schedule and Wages 83
4.3. Industry Health and Environment Conditions 84
4.4. Worker Accommodations 86
5. TECHNOLOGY AND MARKET PROMOTION 88
5.1. Upgrading Technology Levels in Footwear Manufacturing 88
5.2. Market Promotion 90
5.3. Enhancing Communications with Customers 91
5.4. TFMA as Promoter 92
6. CONCLUDING REMARKS 93
V. AN EVALUATION OF TAIWAN’S SHOE INDUSTRY 95
1. LABOR MARKET 95
2. TRADE PERFORMANCE 98
3. INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT 99
4. TECHNOLOGY 100
5. OTHER POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES 101
VI. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 104
1. CONCLUSIONS 104
2. CONTRIBUTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 106
2.1. To Industry 106
2.2. To Students 106
2.3. To Foreign Readers (in Latin America, particularly in Guatemala) 106
BIBLIOGRAPHY 107
APPENDICES 119
APPENDIX A: MAJOR DEVELOPMENT THEMES OF REPUBLIC OF CHINA 119
APPENDIX B: TAIWAN’S EDUCATIONAL EARLY ACHIEVEMENTS 121
APPENDIX C: INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRES 122
1. Interview with a Factory Owner 122
2. Interview with a Manager of Multinational Shoes Company 128
3. Interview with a Taiwan Footwear Manufacturer Association Chief. 134
APPENDIX D: EVOLUTION OF FACTORY MEMBERS OF TFMA AND UNITS SOLD, 1999-2006 139
APPENDIX E: CHART E.1. FOOTWEAR TRADE PATTERN OF TFMA MEMBERS 140
APPENDIX E: CHART E.2. FOOTWEAR EXPORTS BY COUNTRY AND CATEGORY 140
APPENDIX E: CHART E.3. AVERAGE PRICE UNIT THROUGH THE YEARS 1969-2005 140
PICTURE A.1. MAKING SHOES 143
PICTURES A.2. MACHINERY IN A SHOE FACTORY IN CHINA 144

CHARTS
CHART 1.1 SUMMARY OF MONETARY POLICY CHANGES, 1979-95……………………………..16
CHART 4.1 MEMBER FACTORIES 1969-2005………………………………………………………… 73
CHART 4.2 TAIWAN’S FOOTWEAR EXPORT DESTINATION 2006………………….……………. 74
TABLES
TABLE 2.1 EDUCATION REFORM IN THE 1990S .............................................................................................. 33
TABLE 2.2 TAIWAN IN WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION.................................................................................. 40
TABLE 3.1 STATISTICS OF SMES IN TAIWAN 200-2005 .................................................................................. 47
TABLE 3.2 TRADE BETWEEN TAIWAN AND THE U.S., 1991-2005................................................................... 49
TABLE 3.3 TRADE BETWEEN TAIWAN AND JAPAN, 1991-2005 (IN BILLIONS U.S. DOLLARS) ......................... 50
TABLE 3.4 TRADE BETWEEN TAIWAN AND HONG KONG, 1991-2005............................................................. 52
TABLE 3.5 TRADE BETWEEN TAIWAN AND MAINLAND CHINA, 1991-2005 ................................................... 53
TABLE 3.6 EXPORTS TO COUNTRIES/REGIONS OF ASIA.................................................................................. 54
TABLE 3.7 EUROPEAN UNION’S TRADE WITH TAIWAN (2001-2005) .............................................................. 55
TABLE 3.8 TAIWAN TOP TRADE PARTNERS, 2005........................................................................................... 56
TABLE 3.9 APPROVED OUTWARD INVESTMENTS ........................................................................................... 60
TABLE 4.1 TAIWAN’S SHOE INDUSTRY PRODUCTION, 1984-2000 .................................................................. 68
TABLE 4.2 FOOTWEAR EXPORTS FROM TAIWAN, 1969-2006 ........................................................................ 69
TABLE 4.3 MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS BEHIND INVESTMENT TOWARD THE MAINLAND FOR TAIWAN’S SHOE
INDUSTRY ........................................................................................................................................... 77
TABLE 4.4 INSTITUTIONS CHRONOLOGY ....................................................................................................... 92
TABLE 5.1 TOTAL LABOR FORCES AND EMPLOYMENT IN MANUFACTURING SECTOR, 1985-2006................. 96
TABLE 5.2 MANUFACTURING SECTOR EMPLOYEE STATISTICS....................................................................... 97
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