淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-2406201222213300
中文論文名稱 芬蘭參與歐洲聯盟共同外交暨安全政策之研究
英文論文名稱 A Study on Finland's Participation in the EU's CFSP
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 廖詠祥
研究生英文姓名 Yung-Hsiang Liao
學號 697290079
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-06-12
論文頁數 145頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭秋慶
委員-洪丁福
委員-卓忠宏
中文關鍵字 芬蘭  共同外交暨安全政策  北方政策  新自由制度主義  共同安全暨防衛政策 
英文關鍵字 Finland  CFSP  Neoliberal Institutionalism  Northern Dimension Policy  CSDP 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 蘇聯解體與冷戰的結束使芬蘭修正以往的中立政策,朝向更積極地參與各類的國際組織,藉由國際的合作來處理自身與國際之事務,並推動區域與國際和平。芬蘭於1995年加入歐盟後,也積極參與歐盟共同外交暨安全政策(Common Foreign and Security Policy, CFSP),在歐盟北方政策(Northern Dimension Policy)與歐盟共同安全暨防衛政策(Common Security and Defense Policy, CSDP)上更是大幅度推動其發展。

歐盟共同外交暨安全政策為政府間合作的類型,因此本文透過新自由制度主義(Neoliberal Institutionalism)之合作觀,依循其主要命題來探討芬蘭在其中的合作作為。首先,提升國家安全為芬蘭加入歐盟的主要考量之一;再者,歐盟外交安全合作機制在芬蘭展現其作為上提供了重要的平台。歐盟高峰會與歐盟理事會兩者機構對於歐盟對外政策的發展有著決定性的影響,芬蘭也曾於1999年與2006年擔任歐盟輪值主席,使其得以領導歐盟的決策機構、影響歐盟議程,並為歐盟外交安全政策的發展提供動力,同時也將其自身利益結合其中。

最後,芬蘭不僅善用了歐盟共同外交暨安全政策所賦予的制度平台,將自身利益與歐盟結合,歐盟共同外交暨安全政策的發展也影響著芬蘭的對外與國防政策,兩者相輔相成,一方面歐盟的政治實力得以拓展,另一方面透過歐盟制度內會員國彼此的外交與安全合作,不但提升了芬蘭在歐盟與國際上的地位與聲望,同時也確保芬蘭的國家安全與發展。
英文摘要 When amending neutral foreign policy after the end of the Cold War, Finland participated more actively in various international organizations to deal with regional and international affairs and to promote peace through the international cooperation. Finland is also actively involved in the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), especially by shaping and making substantial development for the Northern Dimension Policy and Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) since became a member of the EU on 1995.

The CFSP is an intergovernmental cooperation mechanism; therefore I discuss this topic through the Neoliberal Institutionalism. Firstly, enhancing the national security is one of the main reasons for Finland to join the EU; secondly, the CFSP provides an important platform for Finland to contribute, both of the European Council and the Council of the EU are playing a decisive role in the EU's foreign policy. Moreover, Finland once held the Presidency of the EU in 1999 and 2006, getting the chance to lead the two decision-making institutions, to influence the EU agenda and to provide impetus to the CFSP, so that Finland could promote the EU’s as well as its own interests.

Finally, not only does Finland promote the EU’s and national interests by making good use of the CFSP regime, but the development of the CFSP affects Finnish foreign and defense policy as well. By acting together, Finland assists the EU in expanding its political strength on the one hand; and on the other hand, it not only enhance Finland’s status and prestige on the EU and international stage, but also ensure the security and development of Finland through the diplomatic and security cooperation among the EU Member States.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
一、研究動機 1
二、研究目的 3
第二節 研究途徑與方法 3
一、研究途徑 3
二、研究方法 7
第三節 文獻評析 7
第四節 研究範圍與限制 13
第五節 研究架構 14
第二章 芬蘭中立政策的轉變 15
第一節 蘇聯對芬蘭外交的制約 15
一、兩次芬蘭抗蘇戰爭 16
二、芬蘇友好條約的限制 19
三、芬蘭的因應 21
第二節 冷戰後芬蘭追求合作加入歐盟 23
一、經濟因素驅動 25
二、政治因素驅動 28
三、安全因素驅動 29
第三章 歐盟外交與安全合作機制 35
第一節 共同外交暨安全政策發展與內涵 36
一、政策發展的演進 36
二、主要決策與推行之機構 43
三、外交安全機構合作模式 47
第二節 歐盟輪值主席在歐盟議程中扮演的角色 55
一、作為議程管理與形塑者 57
二、作為會員國集體代表 59
三、作為協調者 60
第四章 芬蘭在共同外交暨安全政策的積極作為 63
第一節 芬蘭形塑歐盟北方政策 64
一、北方政策倡議緣由 65
二、北方政策形塑過程 66
三、北方政策的內涵與運作 80
第二節 芬蘭在歐盟共同安全暨防衛政策的作為 87
一、共同安全暨防衛政策之演進與內涵 87
二、芬蘭深化共同安全暨防衛政策 92
三、芬蘭參與執行歐盟危機管理任務 109
第三節 芬蘭參與歐盟共同外交暨安全政策成效評估 119
一、在芬蘭形塑北方政策方面 119
二、在芬蘭參與共同安全暨防衛政策方面 122
第五章 結論 129
參考書目 135

圖目錄
圖1 本文研究架構 14
圖2 冬戰後芬蘭割讓給蘇聯的土地 18
圖3 續戰後芬蘭割讓給蘇聯的土地 19
圖4 1959年至1993年芬蘭暨其他四國出口至歐盟百分比 25
圖5 1860年至2005年芬蘭對俄羅斯/蘇聯貿易比重 27
圖6 CFSP參與機構在馬斯垂克條約架構下之互動關係 48
圖7 CFSP參與機構在阿姆斯特丹條約架構下之互動關係 50
圖8 CFSP參與機構在尼斯條約架構下之互動關係 52
圖9 CFSP參與機構在里斯本條約架構下之互動關係 54
圖10 北方政策合作涵蓋範圍 81
圖11 芬蘭參與國際危機管理一覽圖(2012年05月) 118
圖12 1990-2010年芬蘭國防支出 125

表目錄
表1 芬蘭歐盟公投中贊成加入的主要理由 30
表2 芬蘭歐盟公投中贊成選民的結構 32
表3 輪值主席角色與其正式/非正式權力 56
表4 北方政策發展沿革 68
表5 北方政策四個合作夥伴關係 84
表6 歐盟各會員國2000年軍力承諾會議承諾兵力 110
表7 芬蘭在歐盟軍力中的貢獻 112
表8 2007年至2012年歐盟戰鬥部隊輪值表 113
表9 芬蘭參與歐盟軍民事境外任務團一覽表(2003-2012) 115
表10 2010年歐盟國家國防支出占GDP百分比 125
參考文獻 中文部分
書籍
王晧昱(1997),《歐洲合眾國:歐洲政治統合理想之實踐》,台北:揚智文化。
施正鋒編(2010),《當代芬蘭民主政治》,台北:台灣國際研究學會。
洪丁福(2006),《國際政治新論》,台北:群英出版。
洪蘭譯(2008),Ilkka Taipale著,《芬蘭的100個社會創新》,台北:天下雜誌。
張亞中(2008),《小國崛起》,台北:聯經出版。
張福昌(2002),《邁向歐洲聯盟之路》,台北:三民書局。
黃琛瑜(1999),《歐洲聯盟-跨世紀政治工程》,台北:五南圖書出版。
楊宇光、陳寅章、楊炯譯(2000),Mauno Koivisto著,《歷史的見證:芬蘭總
  統科伊維斯托回憶錄 (1982-1994)》,上海:上海譯文出版社。
楚樹龍(2003),《國際關係基本理論》,北京 : 清華大學出版社。
郭秋慶(1999),《歐洲聯盟概論》,台北:五南圖書出版。
郭秋慶(2006),《歐洲國家的外交與安全政策》,台北:臺灣國際研究學會。
陳麗娟(2008),《歐洲共同體法導論》,台北:五南圖書出版。
陳麗娟(2010),《里斯本條約後歐洲聯盟新風貌》,台北:五南圖書出版。
鄒忠科(1996),《中立國家之新角色:奧地利加入歐洲聯盟與歐洲統合》,臺
  北:五南圖書出版。

期刊
吳朝旺(2004),〈歐盟共同外交與安全政策研究〉,《復興崗學報》,(80),
  195-222。
吳萬寶(2011),〈備而不用?論歐盟戰鬥部隊〉,《巴黎視野》,(17),13-18。
沈玄池(2000),〈歐盟共同外交暨安全政策體制與運作方式改革之研究〉,《美
  歐季刊》,14(3),263-304。
卓忠宏(2004),〈歐盟地中海政策〉,《問題與研究》,43(4),95-114。
卓忠宏(2011),〈後里斯本條約歐盟對外關係的變革〉,《淡江大學歐盟資訊中
心通訊》,(29),17-22。
張惠玲(2000),〈歐盟「共同外交暨安全政策」之運作理論與發展〉,《問題
  與研究》,39(11),49-70。
趙春山(1979),〈芬蘭化:蘇聯對西歐的戰略設計〉,《東亞季刊》,10(4),51-74。
盧業中(2002),〈論國際關係理論之新自由制度主義〉,《問題與研究》,41(2),
  43-67。
鄭端耀(1997),〈國際關係「新自由制度主義」理論之評析〉,《問題與研究》,
  36(12),1-22。
蘇秀法(1994),〈從芬蘭加入歐體看中立國的義務〉,《問題與研究》,33(3),
  71-80。

學位論文
陳進益(2003),《歐洲聯盟安全暨防衛政策的發展之研究》,淡江大學歐洲研
  究所碩士論文。
張芊慧(2005),《小國與國際組織:芬蘭與歐盟關係的個案研究,1995-2005》,
  銘傳大學國際事務研究所碩士論文。
范國麒(2009),《德國在歐洲聯盟擔任輪值主席之角色研究》,淡江大學歐洲
  研究所碩士論文。
曾嘉文(2004),《歐洲共同安全暨防衛政策(1999~2003年)─基於新自由制度
  主義之研究》,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
廖琬瑜(2001),《芬蘭中立政策研究:中立與不結盟》,國立政治大學外交研
  究所碩士論文。
藍柏青(2011),《二次大戰後芬蘭安全戰略之研究—國家因應強鄰威脅之分
  析》,東吳大學政治學系博士論文。

西文部分
書籍
Archer, C. (2008), New Security Issues in Northern Europe: The Nordic and
  Baltic States and the ESDP, London: Routledge.
Austin, D. (1996), Finland as a gateway to Russia: Issues in European security,
  Aldershot, England: Avebury.
Bunse, S. (2009), Small states and EU governance: Leadership through the
  Council presidency, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Council of State of Finland. (1997), The European Security Development and
  Finnish Defence: Report by The Council of State to Parliament on 17 March
  1997, Helsinki: The Council of State of Finland.
Elgström, O. (2003), European Union Council Presidencies: A comparative
  perspective, London: Routledge.
Goetschel, L. (1998), Small States inside and outside the European Union:
  Interests and policies, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Haglund, A. (2004), The EU Presidency and the Northern Dimension Initiative:
  Applying International Regime Theory, Växjö: Växjö University Press.
Harden, S. (1994), Neutral States and the European Community, London:
  Brassey's.
Jakobson, M. (1998), Finland in the new Europe, Westport, Conn.: Praeger
  Paperback.
Keohane, R. O. (1989), International institutions and state power: Essays in
  international relations theory, Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.
Koivisto, M. (1997), The Memoirs of Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland,
  1982-1994, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Krasner, S. D. (1983), International Regimes, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University
  Press.
Ludlow, P. (2005), A view from Brussels: Leadership in an enlarged European
  Union: The European Council, the Presidency and the Commission,
  Brussels: EuroComment.
Luif, P. (1995), On the road to Brussels: The political dimension of Austria’s,
  Finland’s and Sweden’s accession to the European Union, Wien: Braumüller.
McGiffen, S. P. (2005), The European Union: A critical guide, London: Pluto
  Press.
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. (1995), Security in a Changing World:
  Guidelines for Finland's Security Policy - Report by the Council of State to
  the Parliament on 6 June 1995, Helsinki: Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
Munro, E. (2005), Challenges to Neutral & Non-aligned Countries in Europe and
  Beyond, Switzerland: Geneva Centre for Security Policy.
Nuttall, A. D. and Nuttall, M. (2009), Canada’s and Europe’s Northern
  Dimensions, Finland: University of Oulu.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. (1996), Documents
  concerning the accession of the republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland
  and the Kingdom of Sweden to the European Union, Luxembourg: Office for
  Official Publications of the European Communities.
Ojanen, H. (2001), The Northern Dimension: Fuel for the EU?, Helsinki: Finnish
  Institute of International Affairs.
Raunio, T. (2003), Finland in the European Union, London: Routledge.
Singleton, F. B. (1989), A short history of Finland, Cambridge: Cambridge
  University Press.
Solsten E. and Meditz S. W. (1990), Finland: A country study (2nd ed.),
  Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, department of the Army.
Tallberg, J. (2006), Leadership and negotiation in the European Union,
  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

期刊
Archer, C. and Etzold, T. (2008), “The EU’s Northern Dimension: Blurring
  Frontiers between Russia and the EU North?,” Nordeuropaforum, 18(1),
  7-28.
Arter, D. (1995), “The EU Referendum in Finland on 16 October 1994: A Vote for
  the West, not for Maastricht,” Journal of Common Market Studies, 33(3),
  361-387.
Arter, D. (2000), “Small State Influence Within the EU: The Case of Finland’s
  Northern Dimension Initiative',” Journal of Common Market Studies, 38(5),
  677-697.
Binder, E. and Endler, F. (2010), “EU Battlegroups - 10 Years after Helsinki,”
  Military Technology, 34(4), 34-37.
Blank, S. J. (1996), “Finnish Security and European Security Policy,” The
  Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College Publications, 1-29.
Browning, C. S. (2006), “Small, Smart and Salient? Rethinking Identity in the
  Small States Literature,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 19(4),
  669-684.
Center for Security Studies. (2010), “Finland: Crisis Management and Territorial
  Defence,” CSS Analysis in Security Policy, (68), 1-3.
Filtenborg, M. S., Gänzle, S. and Johansson, E. (2002), “An Alternative
  Theoretical Approach to EU Foreign Policy,” Cooperation and Conflict,
  37(4), 387-407.
Granell, F. (1995), “The European Union's enlargement negotiations with Austria,
  Finland, Norway and Sweden,” Journal of Common Market Studies, 33(1),
  117-141.
Heininen, L. and Nicol, H. N. (2007), “The Importance of Northern Dimension
  Foreign Policies in the Geopolitics of the Circumpolar North,” Geopolitics,
  12(1), 133-165.
Karsh, E. (1986), “Finland: Adaptation and conflict,” International Affairs, 62(2),
265-278
Keohane, R. O. (1988), “International institutions: Two approaches,”
  International Studies Quarterly, 32(4), 379-396.
Moisio, S. (2006), “Competing Geographies of Sovereignty, Regionality and
  Globalisation: The Politics of EU Resistance in Finland 1991-1994,”
  Geopolitics, 11(3), 439-464.
Moisio, S. (2008), “Finlandisation versus Westernisation: Political Recognition
  and Finland's European Union Membership Debate,” National Identities,
  10(1), 77-93.
Raunio, T. (2005), “Hesitant Voters, Committed Elite: Explaining the Lack of
  Eurosceptic Parties in Finland,” Journal of European Integration, 27(4),
  381-395.
Tallberg, J. (2003), “The agenda-shaping powers of the EU Council Presidency,”
  Journal of European Public Policy, 10(1), 1-19.
Tiilikainen, T. (2006), “Finland — an EU member with a small state identity,”
  Journal of European Integration, 28(1), 73-87.
Wivel, A. (2005), “The Security Challenge of Small EU Member States: Interests,
  Identity and the development of the EU as a Security Actor,” Journal of
  Common Market Studies, 43(2), 393-412.

官方文件
“The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, 1939,” Fordham University,
   (10 Jun. 2012).
“Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance between the Republic
  of Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,” Library of Congress,
   (10 Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (1999), “1999 Helsinki European Council Presidency
  Conclusions,” Council of the EU,
    ACFA4C.htm> (10 Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (1999), “Helsinki Headline Goal,” Council of the EU,
    Headline%20Goal.pdf> (10 Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (2000), “2000 Santa Maria da Feira European Council
  Presidency Conclusions,” Council of the EU,
    /en/ec/00200-r1.en0.htm> (10 Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (2003), “A Secure Europe in a Better World - European
  Security Strategy,” Council of the EU,
   (10 Jun.
  2012).
Council of the EU. (2006), “Presidency Report on ESDP - December 2006,”
  Council of the EU,
   (10
  Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (2006), “Reinforcing the European Union's emergency and
  crisis response capacities,” Council of the EU,   europa.eu/pdf/en/06/st16/st16642.en06.pdf> (10 Jun. 2012).
Council of the EU. (2008), “Report on The Implementation of The European
  Security Strategy - Providing Security in A Changing World,” Council of the
  EU,   EN/reports/104630.pdf> (10 Jun. 2012).
the European Commission. (1998), “a Northern Dimension for the Policies of the
  Union” University of Pittsburgh,
  (10 Jun. 2012).
Finland’s EU Presidency. (2006), “Northern Dimension Policy Framework
  Document,” NDPHS, (10 Jun. 2012).
Finland’s EU Presidency. (2006), “Political Declaration on the Northern
  Dimension Policy,” NDPHS, (10 Jun.
  2012).
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. (2011), “Summary: Evaluation Report -
  Finnish­Russian neighbouring area cooperation,” Ministry for Foreign
  Affairs of Finland,
    2&culture=en-US> (10 Jun. 2012).
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. (2009), “Northern Dimension,” Ministry
  for Foreign Affairs of Finland,
    {B2BCF396-9FE7-4B11-A8EB-73472C22468D}> (10 Jun. 2012).
Public Information Division of Defence Command Finland. (2009), “Facts about
  National Defence,” The Finnish Defence Forces,
    facts_about_national_defence_08.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CONVERT_TO=
  url&CACHEID=58926d804fc07da3914af7fa0e27a8ed> (10 Jun. 2012).
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. (2010), “Human Rights and Crisis
  Management - A handbook for members of CSDP missions,”
    2&culture=en-US> (10 Jun. 2012).

歐盟條約
Single European Act
  OJ L 169 of 29 June 1987
Treaty of Amsterdam (Consolidated version)
  OJ C 340 of 10 November 1997
Treaty of Lisbon (Consolidated version)
  OJ C 83 of 30 March 2010
Treaty of Maastricht (Consolidated version)
  OJ C 224 of 31 August 1992
Treaty of Nice (Consolidated version)
  OJ C 325 of 24 December 2002

網路
2006 Finland's EU Presidency Web
  http://www.eu2006.fi/EN_GB/INDEX.HTM
Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)
  http://www.ceps.be/
Center for Security Studies (CSS)
  http://www.css.ethz.ch/index_EN
CIA - The World Factbook
  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
The CVCE: A European integration studies research and documentation centre
  http://www.cvce.eu/
EUROPA - the official EU website
  http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
European External Action Service
  http://eeas.europa.eu/index_en.htm
European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
  http://www.iss.europa.eu/
EUR-Lex
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm
The Finnish Defence Forces
  http://www.puolustusvoimat.fi/en/
Finnish Government
  http://www.government.fi/etusivu/en.jsp
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland
  http://formin.finland.fi/public/default.aspx?culture=en-US&contentlan=2
Paasikivi society
  http://www.paasikivi-seura.fi/25
Sitra - The Finnish Innovation Fund
  http://www.sitra.fi/en
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
  http://www.sipri.org/
NDEP
  http://www.ndep.org/
NDPHS
  http://www.ndphs.org/
Wikipedia
  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2012-07-03公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2012-07-03起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信