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中文論文名稱 供應鍊協同合作對新產品開發績效影響之研究
英文論文名稱 The Influence of Supply Chain Collaboration on the Performance of New Product Development
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 94
學期 1
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 王圓
研究生英文姓名 Teresa Yuan Wang
學號 792450123
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2006-01-12
論文頁數 108頁
口試委員 指導教授-李月華
委員-陳中獎
委員-吳坤山
委員-李月華
中文關鍵字 新產品開發績效  供應鍊協同合作  虛擬團隊  產品資料管理 
英文關鍵字 Supply Chain Collaboration  e-PDM  New Product Development  NPD  Virtual Team 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 資訊產品利潤越來越低,企業必需面臨市場高度競爭,企業唯有及時提供更好品質與價廉的新產品才較有機會獲得優勢與競爭對手競技,企業積極找尋解決困境的方案以增加競爭優勢:縮短產品開發時程、提昇產品設計品質、並提供較優惠的產品是新產品開發績效的三項重要指標。為了達成此三項績效指標,企業必需思考與上下游廠商和客戶合作,形成一虛擬團隊協同合作,來提昇企業競爭優勢。供應鍊協同合作包含客戶協同合作、供應廠商協同合作、虛擬團隊協同合作與e化產品資料管理系統協同合作的組成運作,可以提昇新產品開發績效。本研究目的有三項:
1.找出新產品開發績效的影響因素。
2.證實供應鍊協同合作對新產品開發績效有正面的影響。
3.進而找出改善現有開發C流程的改善方案。

本研究方法採用個案研究,以新產品開發專案資料的搜集與研究分析為主軸,再加上研究高階管理層峰與專案執行人員的深入訪談為輔,以獲得信度與效度較高的資料。E-company積極找尋解困方案,並執行供應鍊協同合作,而得以為本研究之研究個案公司。本研究將其新產品開發績效與執行供應鍊協同合作做一研究分析,共搜集30個新產品專案與24場深入訪談,經t檢定與ANOVA分析,再加上深入訪談的佐證,發現執行供應鍊協同合作後,新產品開發績效的三項指標都有顯著正面的影響。從資料分析與研究中,也找出影響新產品開發績效的影響因素與新產品開發C流程的改善方案,本研究的三項目的皆獲得解答。影響新產品開發績效的影響因素非常多,本研究發現,在執行完善的供應鍊協同合作以後,影響新產品開發績效的影響因素可控制並歸納為以下三項:
1.產品規格
2.企業的核心技術
3.創新

本研究對新產品開發績效與影響因素做一新方向,並有系統的評估與研究,整合供應鍊上下游伙伴協同合作,組成新產品開發的虛擬團隊,此為一創新的論點,可解決目前新產品開發流程的瓶頸,新產品開發績效中,尚有許多的困境與議題值得企業與學者深入探討研究,以獲得更佳的優勢與競爭力。本研究提供一可行的解決方案,做一拋磚引玉的思考方向,讓企業可以作為擺脫困境,增加競爭優勢的新方向。最後,本研究除結論外,亦提出對新產品開發績效管理上新的思考方向與建議,以作為未來的研究發展參考。
英文摘要 Since IT products are not profitable as they were, reduction of product life cycles and better quality with lower price product will have higher chance of success in the market place (Jayaram, 1998). Firms need to find the solutions to integrate with whole supply chain collaboration to have the better competition. There are three research objectives in this study.
1. To find the affected factor for the NPD performance in IT environment.
2. To expose there is a positive influence on NPD performance for supply chain collaboration.
3. To disclose the contribution on the NPD C-Process for supply chain collaboration.
Case study was selected to be the research method in this research. The data collection consists of internal project data of NPD and in-depth interviews. In this research, it assumes to find the influence for supply chain collaboration on the NPD performance. Supply chain collaboration includes customer collaboration, supplier collaboration, virtual team collaboration and e-PDM system. Three performance indicators for NPD are time-to-market, design quality and cost. There are thirty NPD projects have been selected as the unit of analysis. Twenty-four top management and key executive persons were invited for the in-depth interview. The project data is also examined by T-test and ANOVA analysis. They are approved to have significant influence for implementation of supply chain collaboration. The new affected factor of NPD performance will be controlled to be the following three issues after well implementation of supply chain collaboration. There are product specifications, firm’s core-technology and innovation.

This study is a first step in a new direction toward systematic assessment for NPD performance. This study is one of the first empirical investigations to study the supply chain collaboration including customers, vendors and virtual team collaboration and e-PDM system for NPD. It is approved that supply chain collaborations have a positive influence on the NPD performance. Furthermore, the improvement method of NPD C-process was found in the end of this study. Three objectives of this research have been achieved. There are still many areas need extra attention and discussion in order to keep firm’s competency and make them successful in the future. This study provides the insights of critical success factors in managing NPD projects, which will result in an improved knowledge of global collaboration. This study is particularly important because it will provide insights for firms to have the feasible solutions for NPD bottlenecks. Firms have a new direction of resolution to face the challenge in order to manage the global collaboration teams for NPD. It also supports to fulfill the customers’ demand and succeed in the market.
論文目次 LIST OF FIGURES IV
LIST OF TABLES V
1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 The Problem Statement 2
1.3 Research Objective 4
1.4 Scope of the Research 5
1.5 Organization of the Study 6
2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 8
2.1 New Product Development (NPD) Process 8
2.2 Product Data Management (PDM) 12
2.2.1 The Definition of PDM 12
2.2.2 The Significant of PDM 13
2.2.3 The Benefit of PDM 13
2.2.4 Collaborative Product Commerce (CPC) 15
2.2.5 Web-based PDM (e-PDM) 17
2.3 Virtual Team 19
2.3.1 The Successful Factors of Virtual Team 20
2.3.2 The Multi-Culture of Virtual Team 21
2.3.3 The Trust of Virtual Team 23
2.3.4 The IT Management for Virtual Team 25
2.3.5 The Organization Management for Virtual Team 26
2.4 Supply Chain Collaboration 27
2.4.1 Supply Chain Collaboration 27
2.4.2 Supply Chain collaboration for NPD 28
2.5 Literature Review Conclusion 29
3. METHODOLOGY 30
3.1 Research Concept 30
3.2 The Hypothesis of Research 32
3.2.1 Supply Chain Collaboration 32
3.2.1.1 Customer Collaboration Practices 33
3.2.1.2 Supplier Collaboration Practices 33
3.2.1.3 Virtual Team Collaboration Practices 33
3.2.2 IT Management System – e-PDM system 34
3.2.3 Research Hypothesis 34
3.3 Research Method and Data Collection 37
3.3.1 Research Case Selection 38
3.3.2 Research Data Collection 38
3.3.2.1 In-Depth Interview 38
3.3.2.2 Outline of Interview 39
3.3.2.3 Project Profiles 41
3.3.2.4 Project Data Collection 42
4. CASE STUDY COMPANY INTRODUCTION 43
4.1 The Background for Case Study Company 43
4.2 Original NPD Introduction 45
4.2.1 The Bottleneck for Original NPD Process 45
4.2.2 Original Product Development Model 45
4.2.2.1 NPD C-Process 45
4.2.2.2 The Collaboration of Business Process 46
4.2.2.3 Current IT Management System 49
4.3 New NPD Collaboration and e-PDM System 51
4.3.1 e-PDM System Implementation 51
4.3.1.1 Product Design Guiding System (Create Future Roadmap) : 51
4.3.1.2 Virtual Team Collaboration Management System 51
4.3.1.3 Tooling Center Information Management System 52
4.3.1.4 Product Design Management System 52
4.3.2 New Supply Chain Collaboration 53
4.3.2.1 New Collaboration of Business Process 54
4.3.2.2 Supply Chain Collaboration and e-PDM System 55
5. DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDING 57
5.1 Customer Collaboration Practice Analysis 57
5.1.1 Performance Analysis for Customer Collaboration Practice 57
5.1.2 Performance Analysis with e-PDM System for Customer Collaboration 60
5.2 Supplier Collaboration Practice Analysis 65
5.2.1 Performance Analysis for Supplier Collaboration 65
5.2.2 Performance Analysis with e-PDM System for Supplier Collaboration 68
5.3 Virtual Team Collaboration Practice Analysis 73
5.3.1 Performance Analysis for Virtual Team 73
5.3.2 Performance Analysis with e-PDM System for Virtual Team Collaboration 75
5.4 e-PDM System Practice Analysis 80
5.4.1 Performance Analysis for e-PDM System 80
5.5 Conclusion of Data Analysis 84
6. CONCLUSION 85
6.1 Major Finding 86
6.1.1 Affected Factor of NPD Performance 86
6.1.1.1 The NPD Performance of Time-to-Market 86
6.1.1.2 The NPD Performance of Design Quality 87
6.1.1.3 The NPD Performance of Cost 88
6.1.2 New Affected Factor in NPD Process 89
6.1.2.1 Product Specification 89
6.1.2.2 Firm’s Core-Technology 89
6.1.2.3 Innovation 89
6.1.3 e-PDM System Variable 91
6.2 The Advantage and Contribution 92
6.2.1 The NPD Process Improvement 92
6.2.2 The Contributions and Advantages 93
6.2.3 The Benefit for the System 96
6.3 Research Limitation 98
6.4 Future Study 99
6.4.1 Supply Chain Collaboration 99
6.4.2 Affected factor for NPD integration mechanisms 99
6.5 Conclusion 100
REFERENCES 101
APPENDIX A 108
List of Figures
FIGURE 1: ORGANIZATION FLOW OF STUDY....................................................................................................7
FIGURE 2: NPD PROCESS ......................................................................................................................... 11
FIGURE 3: PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CONCURRENT PROCESS (KELLY, 2001) ..................................................15
FIGURE 4: CPC SCOPE (KELLY, 2001)........................................................................................................16
FIGURE 5: INCREMENTAL APPROACH TO PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT DEPLOYMENT (BAILEY & VERDUIN, 2000) ....17
FIGURE 6: THE INFLUENCE OF PRODUCT DESIGN COST IN THE PRODUCT COST OF GOOD SOLD (CHANG, M.J., 2003)
.....................................................................................................................................................18
FIGURE 7: THE PRINCIPLE OF VIRTUAL TEAM (LIPNACK & STAMPS,1997) .......................................................21
FIGURE 8: THE RESEARCH CONCEPT OF SUPPLY CHAIN COLLABORATION IN NPD ...........................................32
FIGURE 9: RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS FRAMEWORK .........................................................................................36
FIGURE 10: DATA COLLECTION FRAMEWORK................................................................................................37
FIGURE 11: C-PROCESS CHART..................................................................................................................46
FIGURE 12: THE ORIGINAL BUSINESS COLLABORATION PROCESS FOR E-COMPANY..........................................47
FIGURE 13: ORIGINAL MANUFACTURE COLLABORATION PROCESS FLOW OF E-COMPANY ..................................48
FIGURE 14: E-COMPANY COLLABORATION DEVELOPMENT PROJECT PLAN.......................................................52
FIGURE 15: BARE-BONE SYSTEM OPM COLLABORATION QUICK RESPONSE PLATFORM .....................................53
FIGURE 16: NPD BUSINESS COLLABORATION ANALYSIS................................................................................54
FIGURE 17: NPD COLLABORATION PROCESS FLOW .....................................................................................55
FIGURE 18: NEW NPD PROCESS CONCEPT FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.............................................................90
FIGURE 19: E-PDM SYSTEM SUPPORTS SUPPLY CHAIN COLLABORATION ON NPD PERFORMANCE...................91
List of Tables
TABLE 1: CHARACTERISTICS BETWEEN HIGH-TRUST AND LOW-TRUST TEAMS..................................................25
TABLE 2: E-COMPANY BACKGROUND............................................................................................................44
TABLE 3: ORIGINAL BUSINESS PROCESS FLOW DESCRIPTION ........................................................................49
TABLE 4: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR ALL PRODUCT LINES: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION .................58
TABLE 5: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR OVERALL PRODUCT LINES: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM
SYSTEM..........................................................................................................................................60
TABLE 6: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DESKTOP PC PRODUCT LINES: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND
E-PDM SYSTEM..............................................................................................................................62
TABLE 7: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR LCD PC: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM..62
TABLE 8: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR SERVER: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM...63
TABLE 9: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR MEDIA CENTER: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM
.....................................................................................................................................................63
TABLE 10: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR ALL PRODUCT LINES: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION .................66
TABLE 11: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR OVERALL PRODUCT LINES: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM
SYSTEM..........................................................................................................................................68
TABLE 12: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DESKTOP: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM.70
TABLE 13: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR LCD PC: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM..70
TABLE 14: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR SERVER: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM...71
TABLE 15: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR MEDIA CENTER: SUPPLIER COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM
.....................................................................................................................................................71
TABLE 16: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR OVERALL PRODUCTS LINES: VIRTUAL TEAM COLLABORATION73
TABLE 17: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR OVERALL: VIRTUAL TEAM COLLABORATION AND E-PDM SYSTEM
.....................................................................................................................................................75
TABLE 18: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DESKTOP PC: VIRTUAL TEAM AND E-PDM SYSTEM .............77
TABLE 19: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR LCD PC: VIRTUAL TEAM AND E-PDM SYSTEM....................77
TABLE 20: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR SERVER: VIRTUAL TEAM AND E-PDM SYSTEM.....................78
TABLE 21: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR MEDIA CENTER: VIRTUAL TEAM AND E-PDM SYSTEM...........78
TABLE 22: PROJECT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR OVERALL PRODUCT LINE: E-PDM SYSTEM .........................81
TABLE 23: THE INFLUENCE RESULT FOR RESEARCH HYPOTHESES..................................................................84
TABLE 24: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IMPROVEMENT ...............................................................93
TABLE 25: THE CONTRIBUTIONS FOR SUPPLY CHAIN PARTNERS .....................................................................95
TABLE 26: SUPPLY CHAIN COLLABORATION BENEFITS DETAILS.......................................................................96
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